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Understanding Stone Tools And Archaeological Sites

Author : Brian Patrick Kooyman
ISBN : 9781552380352
Genre : Archaeology
File Size : 55. 38 MB
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Understanding Stone Tools and Archaeological Sites is a valuable volume of investigative archaeology focuses on stone tools, the artifacts produced by these tools, and the revealing debris left behind at sites where they were produced. The majority of study sites discussed are in western North America, including Alberta's own Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump, a World Heritage Site. Suitable for both the scholar and the interested layperson, provides a comprehensive study in archaeological lithic analysis. This concise, "hands-on" guide to practical exploration at stone tool sites will become required reading for those pursuing studies of any sort in prehistoric lithic artifacts. The inclusion of maps, illustrations, and photographs broadens the reader's understanding of deriving meaning and relevance in the study of stone tool technology.

Archaeology As A Tool Of Civic Engagement

Author : Barbara J. Little
ISBN : 0759110603
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24. 67 MB
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Little and Shackel use case studies from different regions across the world to challenge archaeologists to create an ethical public archaeology that is concerned not just with the management of cultural resources, but with social justice and civic responsibility.

Archaeologist S Tools

Author : Anders Hanson
ISBN : 1616135778
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 31. 90 MB
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Learn about the tools used by archaeologists.

A Complete Manual Of Field Archaeology

Author : Martha Joukowsky
ISBN : UOM:39076001548424
Genre : Archaeology
File Size : 38. 69 MB
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Time Energy And Stone Tools

Author : Robin Torrence
ISBN : 0521253500
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74. 22 MB
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This collection aims to refocus archaeological and anthropological interest in technology.

Stone Tool Use At Cerros

Author : Suzanne M. Lewenstein
ISBN : 9780292741270
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75. 59 MB
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For centuries scholars have pondered and speculated over the uses of the chipped stone implements uncovered at archaeological sites. Recently a number of researchers have attempted to determine prehistoric tool function through experimentation and through observation of the few remaining human groups who still retain this knowledge. Learning how stone tools were made and used in the past can tell us a great deal about ancient economic systems, exchange networks, and the social and political structure of prehistoric societies. Suzanne M. Lewenstein used the artifacts from Cerros, an important Late Preclassic (200 BC–AD 200) Mayan site in northern Belize, to study stone tool function. Through a comprehensive program of experimentation with stone tool replicas, she was able not only to infer the tasks performed by individual tool specimens but also to recognize a wide variety of past activities for which stone tools were used. Unlike previous works that focused on hunter-gatherer groups, Stone Tool Use at Cerros is the first comprehensive experimental study of tool use in an agricultural society. The lithic data are used in an economic interpretation of a lowland Mayan community within a hierarchically complex society. Apart from its significance to Mayan studies, this innovative work offers the beginnings of a reference collection of identifiable tool functions that may be documented for sedentary, complex society. It will be of major interest to all archaeologists and anthropologists, as well as those interested in economic specialization and artisanry in complex societies.

Stone Tools In Human Evolution

Author : John J. Shea
ISBN : 9781107123090
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 83. 85 MB
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An exploration of how the evolution of behavioral differences between humans and other primates affected the archaeological stone tool evidence.

Lithic Analysis

Author : George H. Odell
ISBN : 0306480670
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 44. 30 MB
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This practical volume does not intend to replace a mentor, but acts as a readily accessible guide to the basic tools of lithic analysis. The book was awarded the 2005 SAA Award for Excellence in Archaeological Analysis. Some focuses of the manual include: history of stone tool research; procurement, manufacture and function; assemblage variability. It is an incomparable source for academic archaeologists, cultural resource and heritage management archaeologists, government heritage agencies, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students of archaeology focused on the prehistoric period.

Anthropology And The Study Of Humanity

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1181857408
Genre : Anthropology
File Size : 48. 2 MB
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Shift your attention from biology to archaeology, where you will dig up several answers about the Homo sapiens family tree. Here, Professor Lacy introduces what archaeologists do and how they work. He then examines the history of tools such as the hand-ax and the microlith, which had a tremendous impact on human population.

Weapons And Tools In Rock Art

Author : Ana M. S. Bettencourt
ISBN : 1789254906
Genre :
File Size : 46. 1 MB
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Analysis of the subjective and metaphorical value of weapons and tools in rock art and their contexts in prehistoric, protohistoric and traditional contexts throughout the world.

Experimental Determination Of Stone Tool Uses

Author : Lawrence H. Keeley
ISBN : 0226428893
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48. 35 MB
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A major problem confronting archeologists is how to determine the function of ancient stone tools. In this important work, Lawrence H. Keeley reports on his own highly successful course of research into the uses of British Paleolithic flint implements. His principal method of investigation, known as "microwear analysis," was the microscopic examination of traces of use left on flint implements in the form of polishes, striations, and breakage patterns. The most important discovery arising from Keeley's research was that, at magnifications of 100x to 400x, there was a high correlation between the detailed appearance of microwear polishes formed on tool edges and the general category of material worked by that edge. For example, different and distinctive types of microwear polish were formed during use on wood, bone, hide, meat, and soft plant material. These correlations between microwear polish and worked material were independent of the method of use (cutting, sawing, scraping, and so on). In combining evidence of polish type with other traces of use, Keeley was able to make precise reconstructions of tool functions. This book includes the results of a "blind test" of Keeley's functional interpretations which revealed remarkable agreement between the actual and inferred use of the tools tested. Keeley applied his method of microwear analysis to artifacts from three excavation sites in Britain—Clacton-on-the-sea, Swanscombe, and Hoxne. His research suggests new hypotheses concerning such Paleolithic problems as inter-assemblage variability, the function of Acheulean hand axes, sidescrapers, and chopper-cores and points the way to future research in Stone Age studies.

Lithics After The Stone Age

Author : Steven A. Rosen
ISBN : 0761991247
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 90. 70 MB
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The first in-depth analysis of post-Stone-Age tools. Rosen provides the first comprehensive typology and description of post-Neolithic tools allowing for the easy identification of lithic materials. For lithics specialists of all geographical regions, he offers insightful interpretive essays on the organization of production and distribution, tool function, style, and the complex relationship between lithic and metal technology. Over 100 illustrations.

Archaeology Of Digital Environments

Author : Andrew Douglas Reinhard
ISBN : OCLC:1197772540
Genre :
File Size : 81. 18 MB
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Flintknapping

Author : John C. Whittaker
ISBN : 9780292792555
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48. 23 MB
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Flintknapping is an ancient craft enjoying a resurgence of interest among both amateur and professional students of prehistoric cultures. In this new guide, John C. Whittaker offers the most detailed handbook on flintknapping currently available and the only one written from the archaeological perspective of interpreting stone tools as well as making them. Flintknapping contains detailed, practical information on making stone tools. Whittaker starts at the beginner level and progresses to discussion of a wide range of techniques. He includes information on necessary tools and materials, as well as step-by-step instructions for making several basic stone tool types. Numerous diagrams allow the reader to visualize the flintknapping process, and drawings of many stone tools illustrate the discussions and serve as models for beginning knappers. Written for a wide amateur and professional audience, Flintknapping will be essential for practicing knappers as well as for teachers of the history of technology, experimental archaeology, and stone tool analysis.

Tools Textiles And Contexts

Author : Eva Andersson Strand
ISBN : 184217472X
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 30. 52 MB
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Textile production is one of the most important crafts in Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean Bronze Age societies and recent interdisciplinary and collaborative work offers crucial new perspectives into this field. The new and updated catalogue of archaeological textile finds presented here clearly demonstrates, even from the few extant finds, that knowledge of the use of fibers and of elaborate textile techniques that were used to produce textiles of different qualities was well developed. The functional analysis of spindle whorls and loom weights can be explored through experimental archaeology employing newly developed methodologies. The results bring new insights into the types of textile that may potentially have been made by such tools. This is highly pertinent as textile tools often constitute the single most important and plentiful type of evidence for the various stages of textile production in the archaeological record. The combination of experimental archaeology, analyses of textile tools and find contexts allows for a discussion of the nature of textile production at different sites, regions and time periods. A collaboration between archaeologists specialized in their site and textile tool specialists has produced data sets of a large number of textile tools from several Bronze Age settlements, including Khania, Malia, Midea, Tiryns, Troia and Tel Kabri. The results of these analyses provide unique insights into both the production processes and, significantly, into the range of types of textiles that could have been produced at specific sites. These results illustrate the central, social and economic impact of textile production in the Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean Bronze Age societies.

Animal Teeth And Human Tools

Author : Christy G. Turner II
ISBN : 9781107067653
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58. 66 MB
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The culmination of more than a decade of fieldwork and related study, this unique book uses analyses of perimortem taphonomy in Ice Age Siberia to propose a new hypothesis for the peopling of the New World. The authors present evidence based on examinations of more than 9000 pieces of human and carnivore bone from 30 late Pleistocene archaeological and palaeontological sites, including cave and open locations, which span more than 2000 miles from the Ob River in the West to the Sea of Japan in the East. The observed bone damage signatures suggest that the conventional prehistory of Siberia needs revision and, in particular, that cave hyenas had a significant influence on the lives of Ice Age Siberians. The findings are supported by more than 250 photographs, which illustrate the bone damage described and provide a valuable insight into the context and landscape of the fieldwork for those unfamiliar with Siberia.

Beyond Illustration

Author : Bernard Frischer
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131736998
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 25. 34 MB
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This volume contains thirteen papers which demonstrate the usefulness of 2D and 3D digital modelling in archaeology, which as the title states goes well beyond simply producing illustrative site maps, but can be used as a creative form of experimental archaeology.

Testing Ancient Textile Tools In Southern Etruria Central Italy Experimental Archaeology Versus Experiential Archaeology

Author : Romina Laurito
ISBN : 9788849243055
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 63. 38 MB
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Published in Origini n. XL/2017. Rivista annuale del Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Antichità – “Sapienza” Università di Roma | Preistoria e protostoria delle civiltà antiche – Prehistory and protohistory of ancient civilizations | The debate regarding experimental archaeology versus the experience of archaeology is currently quite heated in Italy. Experience of archaeology, storytelling and historical re-enactment are the latest trends. Experts and non-expert enthusiasts are often involved in experimental activities as well as in experience of archaeology and re-enacting. Treating these very different aspects of archaeology in the same way is creating confusion. My paper aims to contribute to this discussion. This paper presents the experience of re-enactments and storytelling that were developed during 2014-2016 at the Etruscan Museum of Villa Giulia, Rome, as well the as activities that formed part of an experimental archaeology approach that were conducted during research into Etruscan textile tools. I will first outline the experiences of archaeology as a means to disseminate and communicate knowledge. The events recently organised at the National Etruscan Museum of Villa Giulia in Rome will be used as examples. The second part will be dedicated to the recent practical experiments carried out at La Sapienza University of Rome in collaboration with the Villa Giulia Museum to understand the function of some pre-Etruscan and Etruscan textile tools (10th-5th centuries BC). The focus will be on the theoretical approaches we adopted.

Tools For Tomorrow

Author : Ontario Archaeological Society. Ottawa Chapter
ISBN : 0969841108
Genre : Archaeology
File Size : 67. 66 MB
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Designing Experimental Research In Archaeology

Author : Jeffrey R. Ferguson
ISBN : 1607320231
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 25. 9 MB
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Designing Experimental Research in Archaeology is a guide for the design of archaeological experiments for both students and scholars. Experimental archaeology provides a unique opportunity to corroborate conclusions with multiple trials of repeatable experiments and can provide data otherwise unavailable to archaeologists without damaging sites, remains, or artifacts. Each chapter addresses a particular classification of material culture-ceramics, stone tools, perishable materials, composite hunting technology, butchering practices and bone tools, and experimental zooarchaeology-detailing issues that must be considered in the development of experimental archaeology projects and discussing potential pitfalls. The experiments follow coherent and consistent research designs and procedures and are placed in a theoretical context, and contributors outline methods that will serve as a guide in future experiments. This degree of standardization is uncommon in traditional archaeological research but is essential to experimental archaeology. The field has long been in need of a guide that focuses on methodology and design. This book fills that need not only for undergraduate and graduate students but for any archaeologist looking to begin an experimental research project.

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