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Algorithmic And Symbolic Combinatorics

Author : Stephen Melczer
ISBN : 9783030670801
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 86. 66 MB
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This book uses new mathematical tools to examine broad computability and complexity questions in enumerative combinatorics, with applications to other areas of mathematics, theoretical computer science, and physics. A focus on effective algorithms leads to the development of computer algebra software of use to researchers in these domains. After a survey of current results and open problems on decidability in enumerative combinatorics, the text shows how the cutting edge of this research is the new domain of Analytic Combinatorics in Several Variables (ACSV). The remaining chapters of the text alternate between a pedagogical development of the theory, applications (including the resolution by this author of conjectures in lattice path enumeration which resisted several other approaches), and the development of algorithms. The final chapters in the text show, through examples and general theory, how results from stratified Morse theory can help refine some of these computability questions. Complementing the written presentation are over 50 worksheets for the SageMath and Maple computer algebra systems working through examples in the text.

Analytic Combinatorics

Author : Philippe Flajolet
ISBN : 9781139477161
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 40. 89 MB
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Analytic combinatorics aims to enable precise quantitative predictions of the properties of large combinatorial structures. The theory has emerged over recent decades as essential both for the analysis of algorithms and for the study of scientific models in many disciplines, including probability theory, statistical physics, computational biology, and information theory. With a careful combination of symbolic enumeration methods and complex analysis, drawing heavily on generating functions, results of sweeping generality emerge that can be applied in particular to fundamental structures such as permutations, sequences, strings, walks, paths, trees, graphs and maps. This account is the definitive treatment of the topic. The authors give full coverage of the underlying mathematics and a thorough treatment of both classical and modern applications of the theory. The text is complemented with exercises, examples, appendices and notes to aid understanding. The book can be used for an advanced undergraduate or a graduate course, or for self-study.

Analytic Combinatorics For Multiple Object Tracking

Author : Roy Streit
ISBN : 9783030611910
Genre : Combinatorial analysis
File Size : 58. 85 MB
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The book shows that the analytic combinatorics (AC) method encodes the combinatorial problems of multiple object tracking--without information loss--into the derivatives of a generating function (GF). The book lays out an easy-to-follow path from theory to practice and includes salient AC application examples. Since GFs are not widely utilized amongst the tracking community, the book takes the reader from the basics of the subject to applications of theory starting from the simplest problem of single object tracking, and advancing chapter by chapter to more challenging multi-object tracking problems. Many established tracking filters (e.g., Bayes-Markov, PDA, JPDA, IPDA, JIPDA, CPHD, PHD, multi-Bernoulli, MBM, LMBM, and MHT) are derived in this manner with simplicity, economy, and considerable clarity. The AC method gives significant and fresh insights into the modeling assumptions of these filters and, thereby, also shows the potential utility of various approximation methods that are well established techniques in applied mathematics and physics, but are new to tracking. These unexplored possibilities are reviewed in the final chapter of the book.

Introduction To Enumerative And Analytic Combinatorics

Author : Miklos Bona
ISBN : 9781482249101
Genre : Computers
File Size : 54. 68 MB
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Introduction to Enumerative and Analytic Combinatorics fills the gap between introductory texts in discrete mathematics and advanced graduate texts in enumerative combinatorics. The book first deals with basic counting principles, compositions and partitions, and generating functions. It then focuses on the structure of permutations, graph enumeration, and extremal combinatorics. Lastly, the text discusses supplemental topics, including error-correcting codes, properties of sequences, and magic squares. Strengthening the analytic flavor of the book, this Second Edition: Features a new chapter on analytic combinatorics and new sections on advanced applications of generating functions Demonstrates powerful techniques that do not require the residue theorem or complex integration Adds new exercises to all chapters, significantly extending coverage of the given topics Introduction to Enumerative and Analytic Combinatorics, Second Edition makes combinatorics more accessible, increasing interest in this rapidly expanding field. Outstanding Academic Title of the Year, Choice magazine, American Library Association.

An Invitation To Combinatorics

Author : Shahriar Shahriari
ISBN : 9781108476546
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 86. 16 MB
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A conversational introduction to combinatorics for upper undergraduates, emphasizing problem solving and active student participation.

Invitation To Discrete Mathematics

Author : Ji%rí Matousek
ISBN : 9780198570431
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 84. 58 MB
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Invitation to Discrete Mathematics is an introduction and a thoroughly comprehensive text at the same time. A lively and entertaining style with mathematical precision and maturity uniquely combine into an intellectual happening and should delight the interested reader. A master example of teaching contemporary discrete mathematics, and of teaching science in general.

Invitation To Combinatorial Topology

Author : Maurice Fréchet
ISBN : 9780486147888
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 22. 37 MB
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Elementary text, accessible to anyone with a background in high school geometry, covers problems inherent to coloring maps, homeomorphism, applications of Descartes' theorem, topological polygons, more. Includes 108 figures. 1967 edition.

An Invitation To Algebraic Numbers And Algebraic Functions

Author : Franz Halter-Koch
ISBN : 9780429014666
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 87. 56 MB
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The author offers a thorough presentation of the classical theory of algebraic numbers and algebraic functions which both in its conception and in many details differs from the current literature on the subject. The basic features are: Field-theoretic preliminaries and a detailed presentation of Dedekind’s ideal theory including non-principal orders and various types of class groups; the classical theory of algebraic number fields with a focus on quadratic, cubic and cyclotomic fields; basics of the analytic theory including the prime ideal theorem, density results and the determination of the arithmetic by the class group; a thorough presentation of valuation theory including the theory of difference, discriminants, and higher ramification. The theory of function fields is based on the ideal and valuation theory developed before; it presents the Riemann-Roch theorem on the basis of Weil differentials and highlights in detail the connection with classical differentials. The theory of congruence zeta functions and a proof of the Hasse-Weil theorem represent the culminating point of the volume. The volume is accessible with a basic knowledge in algebra and elementary number theory. It empowers the reader to follow the advanced number-theoretic literature, and is a solid basis for the study of the forthcoming volume on the foundations and main results of class field theory. Key features: • A thorough presentation of the theory of Algebraic Numbers and Algebraic Functions on an ideal and valuation-theoretic basis. • Several of the topics both in the number field and in the function field case were not presented before in this context. • Despite presenting many advanced topics, the text is easily readable. Franz Halter-Koch is professor emeritus at the university of Graz. He is the author of “Ideal Systems” (Marcel Dekker,1998), “Quadratic Irrationals” (CRC, 2013), and a co-author of “Non-Unique Factorizations” (CRC 2006).

An Invitation To C* Algebras

Author : W. Arveson
ISBN : 9781461263715
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 33. 81 MB
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This book gives an introduction to C*-algebras and their representations on Hilbert spaces. We have tried to present only what we believe are the most basic ideas, as simply and concretely as we could. So whenever it is convenient (and it usually is), Hilbert spaces become separable and C*-algebras become GCR. This practice probably creates an impression that nothing of value is known about other C*-algebras. Of course that is not true. But insofar as representations are con cerned, we can point to the empirical fact that to this day no one has given a concrete parametric description of even the irreducible representations of any C*-algebra which is not GCR. Indeed, there is metamathematical evidence which strongly suggests that no one ever will (see the discussion at the end of Section 3. 4). Occasionally, when the idea behind the proof of a general theorem is exposed very clearly in a special case, we prove only the special case and relegate generalizations to the exercises. In effect, we have systematically eschewed the Bourbaki tradition. We have also tried to take into account the interests of a variety of readers. For example, the multiplicity theory for normal operators is contained in Sections 2. 1 and 2. 2. (it would be desirable but not necessary to include Section 1. 1 as well), whereas someone interested in Borel structures could read Chapter 3 separately. Chapter I could be used as a bare-bones introduction to C*-algebras. Sections 2.

Invitation To Complex Analysis

Author : Ralph P. Boas
ISBN : 9780883857649
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 28. 19 MB
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Ideal for a first course in complex analysis, this book can be used either as a classroom text or for independent study. Written at a level accessible to advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students, the book is suitable for readers acquainted with advanced calculus or introductory real analysis. The treatment goes beyond the standard material of power series, Cauchy's theorem, residues, conformal mapping, and harmonic functions by including accessible discussions of intriguing topics that are uncommon in a book at this level. The flexibility afforded by the supplementary topics and applications makes the book adaptable either to a short, one-term course or to a comprehensive, full-year course. Detailed solutions of the exercises both serve as models for students and facilitate independent study. Supplementary exercises, not solved in the book, provide an additional teaching tool. This second edition has been painstakingly revised by the author's son, himself an award-winning mathematical expositor.

Lectures On The Combinatorics Of Free Probability

Author : Alexandru Nica
ISBN : 9780521858526
File Size : 49. 46 MB
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This 2006 book is a self-contained introduction to free probability theory suitable for an introductory graduate level course.

Aperiodic Order Volume 1 A Mathematical Invitation

Author : Michael Baake
ISBN : 9781316184387
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 90. 34 MB
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Quasicrystals are non-periodic solids that were discovered in 1982 by Dan Shechtman, Nobel Prize Laureate in Chemistry 2011. The underlying mathematics, known as the theory of aperiodic order, is the subject of this comprehensive multi-volume series. This first volume provides a graduate-level introduction to the many facets of this relatively new area of mathematics. Special attention is given to methods from algebra, discrete geometry and harmonic analysis, while the main focus is on topics motivated by physics and crystallography. In particular, the authors provide a systematic exposition of the mathematical theory of kinematic diffraction. Numerous illustrations and worked-out examples help the reader to bridge the gap between theory and application. The authors also point to more advanced topics to show how the theory interacts with other areas of pure and applied mathematics.

Algebraic Combinatorics

Author : Peter Orlik
ISBN : 9783540683759
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 26. 53 MB
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Each year since 1996 the universities of Bergen, Oslo and Trondheim have organized summer schools in Nordfjordeid in various topics in algebra and related ?elds. Nordfjordeid is the birthplace of Sophus Lie, and is a village on the western coast of Norway situated among fjords and mountains, with sp- tacularscenerywhereveryougo. AssuchitisawelcomeplaceforbothNor- gian and international participants and lecturers. The theme for the summer school in 2003 was Algebraic Combinatorics. The organizing committee c- sisted of Gunnar Fløystad and Stein Arild Strømme (Bergen), Geir Ellingsrud and Kristian Ranestad (Oslo), and Alexej Rudakov and Sverre Smalø (Tro- heim). The summer school was partly ?nanced by NorFa-Nordisk Forsker- danningsakademi. With combinatorics reaching into and playing an important part of ever more areas in mathematics, in particular algebra, algebraic combinatorics was a timely theme. The ?st lecture series “Hyperplane arrangements” was given by Peter Orlik. He came as a refugee to Norway, eighteen years old, after the insurrection in Hungary in 1956. Despite now having lived more than four decades in the United States, he impressed us by speaking ?uent Norwegian without a trace of accent. The second lecture series “Discrete Morse theory and free resolutions” was given by Volkmar Welker. These two topics ori- nate back in the second half of the nineteenth century with simple problems on arrangements of lines in the plane and Hilberts syzygy theorem.

2015 Proceedings Of The Twelfth Workshop On Analytic Algorithmics And Combinatorics Analco

Author : Robert Sedgewick
ISBN : 1611973767
Genre : Combinatorial analysis
File Size : 78. 31 MB
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An Invitation To The Rogers Ramanujan Identities

Author : Andrew V. Sills
ISBN : 9781498745260
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 63. 62 MB
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The Rogers--Ramanujan identities are a pair of infinite series—infinite product identities that were first discovered in 1894. Over the past several decades these identities, and identities of similar type, have found applications in number theory, combinatorics, Lie algebra and vertex operator algebra theory, physics (especially statistical mechanics), and computer science (especially algorithmic proof theory). Presented in a coherant and clear way, this will be the first book entirely devoted to the Rogers—Ramanujan identities and will include related historical material that is unavailable elsewhere.

Infinite Groups Geometric Combinatorial And Dynamical Aspects

Author : Laurent Bartholdi
ISBN : 3764374462
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 31. 19 MB
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This book offers a panorama of recent advances in the theory of infinite groups. It contains survey papers contributed by leading specialists in group theory and other areas of mathematics. Topics include amenable groups, Kaehler groups, automorphism groups of rooted trees, rigidity, C*-algebras, random walks on groups, pro-p groups, Burnside groups, parafree groups, and Fuchsian groups. The accent is put on strong connections between group theory and other areas of mathematics.

Ergodic Theory And Dynamical Systems In Their Interactions With Arithmetics And Combinatorics

Author : Sébastien Ferenczi
ISBN : 9783319749082
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 32. 54 MB
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This book concentrates on the modern theory of dynamical systems and its interactions with number theory and combinatorics. The greater part begins with a course in analytic number theory and focuses on its links with ergodic theory, presenting an exhaustive account of recent research on Sarnak's conjecture on Möbius disjointness. Selected topics involving more traditional connections between number theory and dynamics are also presented, including equidistribution, homogenous dynamics, and Lagrange and Markov spectra. In addition, some dynamical and number theoretical aspects of aperiodic order, some algebraic systems, and a recent development concerning tame systems are described.

Colored Discrete Spaces

Author : Luca Lionni
ISBN : 9783319960234
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 26 MB
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This book provides a number of combinatorial tools that allow a systematic study of very general discrete spaces involved in the context of discrete quantum gravity. In any dimension D, we can discretize Euclidean gravity in the absence of matter over random discrete spaces obtained by gluing families of polytopes together in all possible ways. These spaces are then classified according to their curvature. In D=2, it results in a theory of random discrete spheres, which converge in the continuum limit towards the Brownian sphere, a random fractal space interpreted as a quantum random space-time. In this limit, the continuous Liouville theory of D=2 quantum gravity is recovered. Previous results in higher dimension regarded triangulations, converging towards a continuum random tree, or gluings of simple building blocks of small sizes, for which multi-trace matrix model results are recovered in any even dimension. In this book, the author develops a bijection with stacked two-dimensional discrete surfaces for the most general colored building blocks, and details how it can be used to classify colored discrete spaces according to their curvature. The way in which this combinatorial problem arrises in discrete quantum gravity and random tensor models is discussed in detail.

2011 Proceedings Of The Eighth Workshop On Analytic Algorithmics And Combinatorics Analco

Author : Philippe Flajolet
ISBN : 1611973015
Genre : Combinatorial analysis
File Size : 61. 67 MB
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Excursions Into Combinatorial Geometry

Author : Vladimir Boltyanski
ISBN : 9783642592379
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 37. 3 MB
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