ancient and medieval dyes

Download Book Ancient And Medieval Dyes in PDF format. You can Read Online Ancient And Medieval Dyes here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Ancient And Medieval Dyes

Author : William Ferguson Leggett
ISBN : 9781789128215
Genre : History
File Size : 60. 33 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 555
Read : 326

Get This Book


William F. Leggett’s classic text, Ancient and Medieval Dyes, is an informative and easy-to-read introduction to the most common animal and vegetable dyes used before the introduction of synthetic chemical dyes. “Trade in dyestuffs began as soon as the sources of one district were recognized as superior to those used in another district, and, ultimately, this led to the elimination of many of the anciently used dyestuffs, so that of the many hundreds of original primitive dyes only a few survived to ancient and medieval times. The most important of these, divided into vegetable, animal, and mineral groups, are discussed in this book.”—Introduction

Medieval Textile Dyeing

Author : John Edmonds
ISBN : 9781291103212
Genre :
File Size : 54. 54 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 609
Read : 195

Get This Book



Transnationalism In Ancient And Medieval Societies

Author : Michael C. Howard
ISBN : 9780786490332
Genre : History
File Size : 86. 17 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 676
Read : 1051

Get This Book


While scholars have long documented the migration of people in ancient and medieval times, they have paid less attention to those who traveled across borders with some regularity. This study of early transnational relations explores the routine interaction of people across the boundaries of empires, tribal confederacies, kingdoms, and city-states, paying particular attention to the role of long-distance trade along the Silk Road and maritime trade routes. It examines the obstacles voyagers faced, including limited travel and communication capabilities, relatively poor geographical knowledge, and the dangers of a fragmented and shifting political landscape, and offers profiles of better-known transnational elites such as the Hellenic scholar Herodotus and the Venetian merchant Marco Polo, as well lesser known servants, merchants, and sailors. By revealing the important political, economic, and cultural role cross-border trade and travel played in ancient society, this work demonstrates that transnationalism is not unique to modern times. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

Encyclopaedia Of The History Of Science Technology And Medicine In Non Westen Cultures

Author : Helaine Selin
ISBN : 0792340663
Genre : History
File Size : 84. 77 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 522
Read : 621

Get This Book


Offer more than six hundred entries on developments in Asia, Africa, the Islamic world, Native America, and the Pacific

Vegetable Dyes

Author : Ethel M. Mairet
ISBN : 1482745046
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 24. 90 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 621
Read : 271

Get This Book


Vegetable Dyes: Being a book of Recipes and other information useful to the Dyer by Ethel M. Mairet. Natural dyes are dyes or colorants derived from plants, invertebrates, or minerals. The majority of natural dyes are vegetable dyes from plant sources -roots, berries, bark, leaves, and wood - and other organic sources such as fungi and lichens. Archaeologists have found evidence of textile dyeing dating back to the Neolithic period. In China, dyeing with plants, barks and insects has been traced back more than 5,000 years. The essential process of dyeing changed little over time. Typically, the dye material is put in a pot of water and then the textiles to be dyed are added to the pot, which is heated and stirred until the color is transferred. Textile fiber may be dyed before spinning ("dyed in the wool"), but most textiles are "yarn-dyed" or "piece-dyed" after weaving. Many natural dyes require the use of chemicals called mordants to bind the dye to the textile fibers; tannin from oak galls, salt, natural alum, vinegar, and ammonia from stale urine were used by early dyers. Many mordants, and some dyes themselves, produce strong odors, and large-scale dyeworks were often isolated in their own districts. Throughout history, people have dyed their textiles using common, locally available materials, but scarce dyestuffs that produced brilliant and permanent colors such as the natural invertebrate dyes, Tyrian purple and crimson kermes, became highly prized luxury items in the ancient and medieval world. Plant-based dyes such as woad (Isatis tinctoria), indigo, saffron, and madder were raised commercially and were important trade goods in the economies of Asia and Europe. Across Asia and Africa, patterned fabrics were produced using resist dyeing techniques to control the absorption of color in piece-dyed cloth. such as cochineal and logwood (Haematoxylum campechianum) were brought to Europe by the Spanish treasure fleets, and the dyestuffs of Europe were carried by colonists to America.

Natural Dyes

Author : Source Wikipedia
ISBN : 1230623264
Genre :
File Size : 82. 45 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 214
Read : 402

Get This Book


Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 22. Chapters: Aurantinidin, Betalain, Chica (dye), Crimson, Curcumin, Haematoxylin, Juglone, Lawsone, Morindone, Mushroom dye, Natural dye, Orcein, Phaeolus schweinitzii, Stil de grain yellow, Traditional dyes of the Scottish Highlands. Excerpt: Natural dyes are dyes or colorants derived from plants, invertebrates, or minerals. The majority of natural dyes are vegetable dyes from plant sources -roots, berries, bark, leaves, and wood - and other organic sources such as fungi and lichens. Archaeologists have found evidence of textile dyeing dating back to the Neolithic period. In China, dyeing with plants, barks and insects has been traced back more than 5,000 years. The essential process of dyeing changed little over time. Typically, the dye material is put in a pot of water and then the textiles to be dyed are added to the pot, which is heated and stirred until the color is transferred. Textile fiber may be dyed before spinning ("dyed in the wool"), but most textiles are "yarn-dyed" or "piece-dyed" after weaving. Many natural dyes require the use of chemicals called mordants to bind the dye to the textile fibers; tannin from oak galls, salt, natural alum, vinegar, and ammonia from stale urine were used by early dyers. Many mordants, and some dyes themselves, produce strong odors, and large-scale dyeworks were often isolated in their own districts. Throughout history, people have dyed their textiles using common, locally available materials, but scarce dyestuffs that produced brilliant and permanent colors such as the natural invertebrate dyes, Tyrian purple and crimson kermes, became highly prized luxury items in the ancient and medieval world. Plant-based dyes such as woad (Isatis tinctoria), indigo, saffron, and madder were raised commercially and were important trade goods in the economies of Asia and Europe. Across Asia...

Textual Studies In Ancient And Medieval Geometry

Author : W.R. Knorr
ISBN : 0817633871
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 75. 72 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 382
Read : 564

Get This Book


For textual studies relating to the ancient mathematical corpus the efforts by the Danish philologist, 1. L. Heiberg (1854-1928), are especially significant. Beginning with his doctoral dissertation, Quaestiones Archimedeae (Copen hagen, 1879), Heiberg produced an astonishing series of editions and critical studies that remain the foundation of scholarship on Greek mathematical 4 science. For comprehensiveness and accuracy, his editions are exemplary. In his textual studies, as also in the prolegomena to his editions, he carefully described the extant evidence, organized the manuscripts into stemmata, and drew out the implications for the state of the text. 5 With regard to his Archimedean work, Heiberg sometimes betrayed signs of the philologist's occupational disease - the tendency to rewrite a text deemed on subjective grounds to be unworthy. 6 But he did so less often than his prominent 7 contemporaries, and not as to detract appreciably from the value of his editions. In examining textual questions bearing on the Archimedean corpus, he attempted to exploit as much as possible evidence from the ancient commentators, and in some instances from the medieval translations. It is here that opportunities abound for new work, extending, and in some instances superseding, Heiberg's findings. For at his time the availability of the medieval materials was limited. In recent years Marshall Clagett has completed a mammoth critical edition of the medieval Latin tradition of Archimedes,8 while the bibliographical instruments for the Arabic tradition are in good order thanks to the work of Fuat Sezgin.

Encyclopaedia Of Untouchables Ancient Medieval And Modern

Author : Raj Kumar
ISBN : 8178356643
Genre : Dalits
File Size : 89. 13 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 557
Read : 481

Get This Book


The book entitled Encyclopaedia of Untouchables, Ancient, Medieval and Modern compiled in 2 volumes witnesses to the fact that how the Brahminical ideology used to behave with the poor people of the Father which is totally unbearable to a normal person, even though they used to clean the cities, latrines, skin of the dead animals which were owned by the Brahmans. Hence, the Dalit literature is not a simple literature, it is associated with a movement to bring about a change in the society by working personally to realize the basic facts of the life, but Brahmans are only the philosophers of their literature, working for their personal benefit not for others. It has established its own strong tradition with anti-caste or untouchables thinker like Buddha, Ved Vyash, Valmiki, Qutab-ud-Din Aebik, Balban, Balban, Firoz Shah Tuglaq, Barani the great writer, Amir Timur, Sultan Sikandar of Kashmir, Zain-ul- Abidin, Mirza Haidar Dughlat, Babar, Ravidas, Akbar, Guru Nanak, Kabir, Phule, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, many more as its sign posts.

India Art And Architecture In Ancient And Medieval Period

Author :
ISBN : 8123006578
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 36. 64 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 385
Read : 559

Get This Book



Discoveries Colors

Author : François Delamare
ISBN : UVA:X004472713
Genre : Art
File Size : 46. 49 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 188
Read : 913

Get This Book


Chronicles the history of dyes and pigments and their related industries, discussing colors in the Middle Ages; the explosion of supply and demand in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries; and advances in industrial chemistry.

Top Download:

Best Books