ancient ocean crossings

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Ancient Ocean Crossings

Author : Stephen C. Jett
ISBN : 9780817319397
Genre : History
File Size : 73. 35 MB
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Ancient Ocean Crossings paints a compelling picture of impressive pre-Columbian cultures and Old World civilizations that, contrary to many prevailing notions, were not isolated from one another, evolving independently, each in its own hemisphere. Instead, they constituted a “global ecumene,” involving a complex pattern of intermittent but numerous and profoundly consequential contacts. In Ancient Ocean Crossings: Reconsidering the Case for Contacts with the Pre-Columbian Americas, Stephen Jett encourages readers to reevaluate the common belief that there was no significant interchange between the chiefdoms and civilizations of Eurasia and Africa and peoples who occupied the alleged terra incognita beyond the great oceans. More than a hundred centuries separate the time that Ice Age hunters are conventionally thought to have crossed a land bridge from Asia into North America and the arrival of Columbus in the Bahamas in 1492. Traditional belief has long held that earth’s two hemispheres were essentially cut off from one another as a result of the post-Pleistocene meltwater-fed rising oceans that covered that bridge. The oceans, along with arctic climates and daunting terrestrial distances, formed impermeable barriers to interhemispheric communication. This viewpoint implies that the cultures of the Old World and those of the Americas developed independently. Drawing on abundant and concrete evidence to support his theory for significant pre-Columbian contacts, Jett suggests that many ancient peoples had both the seafaring capabilities and the motives to cross the oceans and, in fact, did so repeatedly and with great impact. His deep and broad work synthesizes information and ideas from archaeology, geography, linguistics, climatology, oceanography, ethnobotany, genetics, medicine, and the history of navigation and seafaring, making an innovative and persuasive multidisciplinary case for a new understanding of human societies and their diffuse but interconnected development.

Arab Seafaring In The Indian Ocean In Ancient And Early Medieval Times

Author : George F. Hourani
ISBN : 0691000328
Genre : History
File Size : 90. 35 MB
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In this classic work George Hourani deals with the history of the sea trade of the Arabs in the Indian Ocean from its obscure origins many centuries before Christ to the time of its full extension to China and East Africa in the ninth and tenth centuries. The book comprises a brief but masterly historical account that has never been superseded. The author gives attention not only to geography, meteorology, and the details of travel, but also to the ships themselves, including a discussion of the origin of stitched planking and of the lateen fore-and-aft sails. Piracy in the Indian Ocean, day-to-day life at sea, the establishment of ancient lighthouses and the production of early maritime guides, handbooks, and port directories are all described in fascinating detail. Arab Seafaring will appeal to anyone interested in Arab life or the history of navigation. For this expanded edition, John Carswell has added a new introduction, a bibliography, and notes that add material from recent archaeological research.

The Molecule Hunt Archaeology And The Search For Ancient Dna

Author : Martin Jones
ISBN : 9781628722253
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41. 33 MB
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A revolution is underway in archaeology. Working at the cutting edge of genetic and molecular technologies, researchers have been probing the building blocks of ancient life-DNA, proteins, fats-to rewrite our understanding of the past. Their discoveries (including a Mitochondrial Eve, the woman from whom all modern humans descend) and analyses have helped revise the human genealogical tree and answer such questions as: How different are we from the Neanderthals? Who first domesticated horses and ancient grasses? What was life like for our ancestors? Here is science at its most engaging.

A Messiah Among The Maya

Author : David B. Brown
ISBN : 9780359373437
Genre : Religion
File Size : 21. 95 MB
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Understanding the sacred belief system of the Maya has historically been complex and confusing. This study reviews the BC Maya murals found at San Bartolo, the prolific inscriptions and bi-reliefs at Palenque and the enigmatic structural design at Teotihuacan to see what they have in common. From the in-depth research performed it is determined that the esoteric aspects that connect them all is...the Judeo-Christian gospel belief system. This tome provides detailed consideration of the imagery provided in artwork and structural design used in architecture to teach the fundamental tenants of the gospel to students who visited these sites anciently. This work is destined to be seminal to major changes that are about to take place in Central American archaeology and a long overdue rewriting of Western Civilization history.

A Short History Of The Ancient World

Author : Nicholas K. Rauh
ISBN : 9781442603851
Genre : History
File Size : 32. 86 MB
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"Short History of the Ancient World examines the emergence of urban civilization on the continents of Africa, Europe, and Asia. Tracing developments from prehistoric times through the end of antiquity, the book investigates the unique social, cultural, religious, economic, and political characteristics of each civilization. Use of evidence from material cultural reconstructs patterns of social development and quality of life, while ancient texts help assess the belief systems and cultural aspirations of those civilizations."--

Sea People In Search Of The Ancient Navigators Of The Pacific

Author : Christina Thompson
ISBN : 9780008339036
Genre : History
File Size : 24. 51 MB
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‘Wonderfully researched and beautifully written’ Philip Hoare, author of Leviathan ‘Succeeds in conjuring a lost world’ Dava Sobel, author of Longitude ‘Fascinating and satisfying’ Simon Winchester, author of The Map that Changed the World

Our Cosmic Ancestors

Author : Maurice Chatelain
ISBN : 9781622336722
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 70. 82 MB
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Our Cosmic Ancestors is a dynamic work unraveling the messages of these 'universal astronauts' and decoding the symbols and visual mathematics they have left for us in the Egyptian Pyramids, Stonehenge, the Mayan calendar, the Maltese Cross and the Sumerian zodiac. The book is captivating reading from beginning to end. However Mr. Chatelain's purpose in sharing these exciting discoveries lies in the hope that all humans will extend their horizons, to release fear of the unknown just enough that another generation will exhibit growing curiosity to continue the search for signs of purposeful nurturing of this planet.

Course Of Ancient Geography

Author : Henry Immanuel Smith
ISBN : NYPL:33433000469381
Genre : Geography, Ancient
File Size : 77. 41 MB
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The Encyclopedia Of Psychoactive Substances

Author : Richard Rudgley
ISBN : 9781466886001
Genre : Medical
File Size : 41. 45 MB
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For all those who might like to believe that drug use has been relegated to the suburban rec rooms and ghetto crack houses of the late twentieth century, The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Substances offers shocking, yet thoroughly enlightening evidence to the contrary. In fact, from Neolithic man to Queen Victoria, humans have abused all sorts of drugs in the name of religion, tradition, and recreation, including such "controlled substances" as chocolate, lettuce, and toads. From glue-sniffing to LSD to kava, The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Substances provides the first reliable, comprehensive exploration of this fascinating and controversial topic. With over one hundred entries, acclaimed author Richard Rudgley covers not only the chemical and botanical background of each substance, but its physiological and psychological effect on the user. Of particular value is Rudgley's emphasis on the historical and cultural role of these mind-altering substances. Impeccably researched and hugely entertaining, The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Substances will appeal to anyone interested in one of the most misunderstood and yet also most widespread of human activities - the chemical quest for an altered state of consciousness.

Arab Seafaring In The Indian Ocean In Ancient And Early Medieval Times

Author : George Fadlo Hourani
ISBN : CHI:10416716
Genre : Indian Ocean
File Size : 61. 43 MB
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