baseball s great experiment

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Baseball S Great Experiment

Author : Jules Tygiel
ISBN : 0195106202
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 70. 25 MB
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Offers a history of African American exclusion from baseball, and assesses the changing racial attitudes that led up to Jackie Robinson's acceptance by the Brooklyn Dodgers

Ethnicity Sport Identity

Author : J. A. Mangan
ISBN : 9780714655741
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50. 36 MB
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The struggle for status within sport is a microcosm of the struggle for rights, freedom and recognition within society. Injustices within sport often reflect larger injustices in society as a whole. In South Africa, for example, sport has been crucial in advancing the rights and liberty of oppressed groups. The geographical and chronological range of the essays in Ethnicity, Sport, Identity reveal the global role of sport in this advance. The collection examines cases of discrimination directed at individuals or groups, resulting in their exclusion from full participation in sport and their consequent struggle for inclusion. It shows how ethnic and national identity are sources of social cohesion and political assertion within sport, and it illustrates the manner in which sport has served to project ethnicity in various, often contradictory ways. It depicts sport as an agent of conservatism and radicalism, superiority and subordination, confidence and lack of confidence, and as a source of disenfranchisement and enfranchisement. That sport has been, and continues to be, a potent means of both ethnic restriction and release can no longer be ignored.

Baseball And The American Dream

Author : Robert Elias
ISBN : 9781317325185
Genre : History
File Size : 24. 29 MB
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A fascinating look at how America's favorite sport has both reflected and shaped social, economic, and

Extra Bases

Author : Jules Tygiel
ISBN : 0803294476
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 53. 19 MB
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A collection of previously published essays exploring various aspects of baseball history includes an introduction to baseball historiography and a discussion of Jackie Robinson and Jim Crow baseball.


Author : Benjamin G. Rader
ISBN : 0252070135
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 42. 72 MB
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A history of baseball in America provides in a second edition the author's commentary on the sport in the 1990s, from the influence of Latino players and the building of retroparks to the race for new home-run records. Simultaneous.


Author : Simon Henderson
ISBN : 9780813141565
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 99 MB
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In 1968, noted sociologist Harry Edwards established the Olympic Project for Human Rights, calling for a boycott of that year's games in Mexico City as a demonstration against racial discrimination in the United States and around the world. Though the boycott never materialized, Edwards's ideas struck a chord with athletes and incited African American Olympians Tommie Smith and John Carlos to protest by raising their black-gloved fists on the podium after receiving their medals. Sidelined draws upon a wide range of historical materials and more than forty oral histories with athletes and administrators to explore how the black athletic revolt used professional and college sports to promote the struggle for civil rights in the late 1960s. Author Simon Henderson argues that, contrary to popular perception, sports reinforced the status quo since they relegated black citizens to stereotypical roles in society. By examining activists' successes and failures in promoting racial equality on one of the most public stages in the world, Henderson sheds new light on an often-overlooked subject and gives voice to those who fought for civil rights both on the field and off.

Professional Sports Team Histories Baseball

Author : Michael L. LaBlanc
ISBN : 0810388596
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 45. 91 MB
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Explores the history of North American professional football, baseball, basketball, and hockey teams

Two Pioneers

Author : Robert C. Cottrell
ISBN : 9781597978439
Genre : History
File Size : 34. 19 MB
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As the first great Jewish player in the major leagues and the first African American to play major-league baseball during the twentieth century, respectively, Hank Greenberg and Jackie Robinson are forever linked because of the barriers they encountered, the discrimination they endured, the athletic gifts they exhibited, and especially the courage and dignity they displayed. Both suffered ridicule and abuse as they participated in the national pastime. Nevertheless, each excelled. Greenberg became one of the preeminent sluggers of the 1930s and 1940s who took a break from baseball to serve in the war. Robinson, from the mid-1940s into the following decade, helped bring back speed and a thinking man’s approach to the game, both of which had largely been discarded for a generation. Two Pioneers presents these remarkable players’ experiences while competing in a nation that was deeply divided on social issues such as anti-Semitism and racism. Both men earned nearly as much attention off the field as they did on it. Greenberg called into question the idea of a "master race” as Adolf Hitler rose to power and gained supporters all over the world. Likewise, Robinson contested racial notions regarding the supposed inferiority of people of African ancestry, even though segregationists proved determined to maintain social barriers separating blacks and whites. It is only fitting that when Robinson finally crossed baseball’s color line, Greenberg was one of the first players to welcome him publicly. Robert Cottrell’s well-researched work shows how two baseball superstars became important figures in the civil rights crusade to ensure that all Americans, no matter their religion or race, are given equal opportunity.

A Game Of Inches

Author : Peter Morris
ISBN : UOM:39015064735106
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 82. 41 MB
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An encyclopedic fan's reference of baseball contains nearly five hundred entries covering ballparks, fans, money, variants, inclusion, participants, competition, and statistics.

The Negro Leagues

Author : David Craft
ISBN : 0517073420
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 67. 49 MB
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Uses old photographs and personal accounts to summarize the history of African Americans in baseball during the days of the old Negro Leagues and includes such legends as Josh Gibson, Satchel Paige, and Jackie Robinson.

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