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Beyond Traffic Safety

Author : John Peter Rothe
ISBN : 1412818125
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 86. 57 MB
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Peter Rothe's absorbing volume ex-amines one of the most important areas of modern life, the culture of the automobile. Rothe takes a problem central to everyday life--auto safety-- and reconstructs it into a means of revealing the human condition. His goal is to motivate the reader to think differently about traffic safety, and to suspend all inherited epidemiological, engineering, and psychological beliefs. Because traffic arises from the interac-tion between people, he argues that traffic safety is a social process, one that is created, formed, and changed by human interaction. Beyond Traffic Safety presents con-troversial critiques and provocative positions. It stimulates insight into the question of why traffic safety issues have become so important today. Rothe explores new social boundaries and crosses old ones. He demonstrates that interlinking social factors in a motorist's behavior reveal traffic safety as a significant facet of social behavior worthy of in-depth exploration. This may well be the first work of fundamen-tal theory in an area thus far dominated by crude empiricism. Beyond Traffic Safety describes responsibilities of drivers and ex-amines how basic trust in traffic routines sustains an orderly traffic flow. It shows how physical risks are negotiated to accommodate social ex-pectations. Part of the text is devoted to the role played by the driver's license as a form of social control, emphasiz-ing the way in which various images of licensing convey different ideas about traffic safety. Rothe focuses on the development of traffic laws and how laws affect driver behavior. He also traces the roles that discretion and tolerance play in police work. In par-ticular, the dominant traffic violation, speeding, is analyzed. Rothe looks at traffic safety in a new way by presenting it as part of a social scientific framework. He provides a basis for future exploration of this kind. Beyond Traffic Safety is an im-portant and insightful analysis for road users, traffic safety educators, policymakers, psychologists, and sociologists.

Compendium Of Traffic Safety Research Projects 1987 1997

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015075376981
Genre : Traffic accidents
File Size : 81. 55 MB
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Compendium Of Traffic Safety Research Projects 1987 1997

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015075376981
Genre : Traffic accidents
File Size : 69. 55 MB
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Compendium Of Traffic Safety Research Projects

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000042420806
Genre : Drinking and traffic accidents
File Size : 59. 21 MB
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The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA's) Office of Program Development and Evaluation (OPDE) conducts research and evaluation projects dealing with human attitudes, behaviors, and failures (motor vehicle crashes). This compendium is an annotated bibliography of 10-year's worth of behavioral research sponsored by NHTSA and conducted by OPDE. It provides a brief description of nearly two hundred OPDE projects past, present, and on-going. The compendium also includes information on how individual reports can be obtained.

Psychology On The Road

Author : David Shinar
ISBN : UOM:39015002056011
Genre : Automobile drivers
File Size : 34. 14 MB
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Transportation Traffic Safety And Health Man And Machine

Author : Hans von Holst
ISBN : 3540674438
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 41. 94 MB
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Hans von Holst Royal Institute of Technology, WHO Collaborating Center, Sweden Ake Nygren Karolinska Institute, WHO Collaborating Center, Sweden Ake E. Andersson Institute for Futures Studies, Sweden n a recent study initiated by Harvard University, World Bank and I World Health Organization it was concluded that road injuries will be ranked from number 9 today to number 3 within the next two to three decades if authorities all over the world do not pay more attention to this significant problem. Injuries in traffic do not only concern the patient himself but also the relatives from an emotional point of view and the society from a socio economic point. Both emerging markets and industrial countries have significant experi ence of the events following a traffic accident. Much effort has been directed towards transportation of the victim from the scene of the accident to intensive care unit in the hospital. Simultaneously, the awareness of our knowledge about how these injuries should be prevented is striking. The focus of this second book of transportation, traffic safety and health is to further present some of the latest aspects in the area of mobility and its rela tion to planning of an optimal traffic safety with respect to our present knowl edge in the field. The volume contains a collection of contributions presented of scientists, clinicians and administrators at The Second International Conference on Transportation, Traffic Safety and Health, held in Brussels, Belgium, 1996.

Transport Planning And Traffic Safety

Author : Geetam Tiwari
ISBN : 9781315351278
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34. 92 MB
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In recognition of the importance of road safety as a major health issue, the World Health Organization has declared 2011-2021 the Decade of Safety Action. Several countries in Europe, North America, and Asia have been successful in reducing fatalities and injuries due to road traffic crashes. However, many low-income countries continue to experience high rates of traffic fatalities and injuries. Transport Planning and Traffic Safety: Making Cities, Roads, and Vehicles Safer offers a source book for road safety training courses as well as an introductory textbook for graduate-level courses on road safety taught in engineering institutes. It brings together the international experiences and lessons learned from countries which have been successful in reducing traffic crashes and their applicability in low-income countries. The content is based on lectures delivered during an international course on transportation planning and traffic safety, sponsored annually by the Transportation Research and Injury Prevention Programme (TRIPP) at the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. The book is interdisciplinary and aimed at professionals—traffic and road engineers, vehicle designers, law enforcers, and transport planners. The authors examine trends in performance of OECD countries and highlight the public health and systems approach of traffic safety with the vulnerable road user in focus. Topics include land use (transportation planning, mobility, and safety), safety education and legislation, accident analysis, road safety research, human tolerance to injury, vehicle design, safety in construction zones, safety in urban areas, traffic calming, public transportation, safety laws and policies, and pre-hospital care of the injured.

Transforming Air Traffic Management Beyond Evolution

Author : James Andrew Lewis
ISBN : 0892064471
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59. 27 MB
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Beyond Safety Accountability

Author : E. Scott Geller
ISBN : 9781461732334
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51. 43 MB
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Written in an easy-to-read conversational tone, Beyond Safety Accountability explains how to develop an organizational culture that encourages people to be accountable for their work practices and to embrace a higher sense of personal responsibility. The author begins by thoroughly explaining the difference between safety accountability and safety responsibility. He then examines the need of organizations to improve safety performance, discusses why such performance improvement can be achieved through a continuous safety process, as distinguished from a safety program, and provides the practical tools you can use to build personal responsibility in your workplace.

Traffic Safety Digest

Author :
ISBN : NWU:35556043257740
Genre : Traffic safety
File Size : 75. 76 MB
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The Regulation Of Motor Vehicle And Traffic Safety

Author : Glenn C. Blomquist
ISBN : 9789400926837
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48. 80 MB
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Decisions twenty years ago during the fIrst generation of modern traffIc safety policymaking were easier than today. Afterall, the mandate for specifIc mandatory motor vehicle safety standards was dermed rather clearly during legislative hearings. Since the initial standards, decisions have been based on the more general guidelines of "practicality" and avoiding "unreasonable risks. " Now, with more diffIcult decisions pending, the demand for analysis is greater. My purpose in writing this book is to promote second generation policymaking in traffic safety. The dominant theme is that an "individual net benefIt approach" is useful in the design, evaluation and improvement of traffic safety policy. Hopefully, this book provides some guidance for today's tougher decisions. Evaluative review of modern traffic safety policy, especially automobile safety standards, yields several results. The technological approach, the basis for the 1966 legislation, is shown to produce mistakes. Benefits are overestimated and endangerment of nonoccupants is ignored. The risk homeostatic approach, the devil's idea to some in the safety community, is shown to be a limiting case of the more general individual net benefIt approach. Rationality and competency in travelers' safety decisions are reviewed in a broad context. Evidence beyond the realm of behavioral ix x The Regulation of Motor Vehicle and Traffic Safety psychology indicates considerable, albeit imperfect, competency in traffic safety decisions. Conventional benefit-cost analysis is critiqued. Existing studies of passive restraints are shown to overestimate net benefits because travelers' responses and costs are ignored.

Ending The Scandal Of Complacency

Author : House of Commons
ISBN : 0215524039
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53. 30 MB
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Although road accident deaths have halved between 1958 and 2007 whilst the number of licensed motor vehicles and vehicle mileage covered increased by 400 per cent, the current rate of 3,000 deaths and 250,000 injuries is still an unacceptably high level. Road accidents are the largest single cause of death for people between the ages of 5 and 35 in Britain, and road accidents cost our economy some £18 billion each year. The number of deaths and injuries on roads far outweighs the deaths and injuries in other transport modes, and should be viewed as a major public health problem. The Government should establish a British Road Safety Survey to track overall casualty and safety trends, and review current methods for recording road-traffic injuries. The Committee recommends a systems approach to road safety: ensuring the vehicle, the road infrastructure, regulations and driver training are designed to similar safety and performance standards. Other recommendations include: more 20 mph speed limits; a more proactive approach to determining the safety benefits of new vehicle technologies; action on young drivers - who represent a disproportionate risk to road users - and vulnerable users: motorcyclists, elderly and child pedestrians and cyclists, horse riders; a higher priority given to enforcement of drink-drive and drug-drive offences. The Committee recommends the establishment of an independent Road Safety Commission with powers to work across the whole of government, ensuring that a high priority and adequate resources are given to road safety and that all government departments and agencies give active support. The Government should also establish a road accident investigation branch, like those in aviation, rail and marine.

Beyond The Limits

Author : DIANE Publishing Company
ISBN : 0788107496
Genre :
File Size : 45. 87 MB
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Promotes more effective enforcement of laws and regulations governing all posted speed limits, builds public support for traffic laws, and hopes to change unsafe driving behavior. 23 appendices include: glossary, training modules, new technology, sample programs in various states, photo radar, drone radar and much more.

Beyond The Influence

Author : Katherine Ketcham
ISBN : 9780307571991
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 79. 63 MB
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"This invaluable work will contribute much to the battle against our number one disease."—from the Foreword by George McGovern, former senator and author of Terry: My Daughter's Life-and-Death Struggle with Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease. It's time we started treating it like one. Science has offered undisputed proof that alcoholism is a disease rather than a weakness of character, yet millions of alcoholics continue to suffer due to inappropriate treatment. Now the co-author of the modern classic Under the Influence has teamed up with prominent alcoholism experts to provide new answers to this national epidemic. Based on the latest scientific research, Beyond the Influence clearly explains the neurological nature of the disease and reveals why some people drink addictively and others do not. It also spells out what needs to be done to treat alcoholism, including: Steps to take for an intervention How to find the right treatment program Which psychological approaches work best Why spirituality is essential to recovery New insights into relapse prevention What you should know about diet, exercise, and nontraditional treatments such as acupuncture Provocative and eye-opening, compelling and compassionate, Beyond the Influence is not only a message of hope for alcoholics--it is a blueprint for saving lives. Beyond the Influence explains that alcoholism is a disease of the body, not a weakness of character. Drawing on the latest scientific studies, the authors present new research on the central role of genetics and neurotransmitters in addiction. Continuing where the prior book left off, it also includes: Steps for diagnosis and intervention, plus ways to prevent relapses Various treatment models, including inpatient and out-patient programs and a review of new drug treatments The most effective types of psychological counseling The critical role of nutrition Non-traditional healing methods for recovery The importance of a spiritual component to recovery The authors also critique our nation's alcoholism policies, including education and prevention programs, efforts to curtail college bingeing and underage drinking, and the advertising and marketing strategies of the alcohol industry.

The Way Forward Transportation Planning And Road Safety

Author : Geetam Tiwari
ISBN : 140392502X
Genre :
File Size : 68. 60 MB
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The Way Forward presents for the first time, a comprehensive text which documents the scientific evidence on various aspects of road safety. This book moves well beyond the mere compilation of data and analyses. It examines road safety from such diverse points of view as biomechanics ergonomics, transportation, road planning, epidemiology, medicine, vehicle design and the social sciences. The book will prove useful in training courses in road safety by city, traffic and transport planning, public health professionals, and graduate-level students in departments and centres for transportation research and planning in universities across the world.

Moving Forward

Author : Education Development Center
ISBN : IND:30000042397780
Genre : Automobiles
File Size : 23. 78 MB
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Moving Forward

Author : DIANE Publishing Company
ISBN : 9780788133282
Genre : Automobiles
File Size : 74. 75 MB
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A collection of case studies, each of which is introduced with a brief history of the state's public health/highway safety collaborations. Includes: Arizona: buckle up baby; Black Hawk County, Iowa: arrive alive community traffic safety program; Missoula, Montana: traffic safety task force; North Dakota: "we care how you ride -- say yes to seat belts" and "buckle up and win"; West Valley, Utah: reduction of child pedestrian injuries. The project is described and indicates the variety of strategies that can be used in a collaborative effort.

Traffic Management And Road Safety

Author : Planning and Transport Research and Computation (International) Co. Meeting
ISBN : NWU:35556022300149
Genre : Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems
File Size : 73. 45 MB
Format : PDF
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Beyond The Limits A Law Enforcement Guide To Speed Enforcement

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015075168990
Genre :
File Size : 68. 13 MB
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Manual On Uniform Traffic Control Devices

Author : Department of Transportation
ISBN : 1579809294
Genre : Reference
File Size : 55. 78 MB
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