big-data-and-competition-policy

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Big Data And Competition Policy

Author : Professor Maurice Stucke
ISBN : 0198788134
Genre :
File Size : 45. 89 MB
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Big Data and Big Analytics are a big deal today. Big Data is playing a pivotal role in many companies' strategic decision-making. Companies are striving to acquire a 'data advantage' over rivals. Data-driven mergers are increasing. These data-driven business strategies and mergers raise significant implications for privacy, consumer protection and competition law. At the same time, European and United States' competition authorities are beginning to consider the implications of a data-driven economy on competition policy. In 2015, the European Commission launched a competition inquiry into the e-commerce sector and issued a statement of objections in its Google investigation. The implications of Big Data on competition policy will likely be a part of the mix. Big Data and Competition Policy is the first work to offer a detailed description of the important new issue of Big Data and explains how it relates to competition laws and policy, both in the EU and US. The book helps bring the reader quickly up to speed on what is Big Data, its competitive implications, the competition authorities' approach to data-driven mergers and business strategies, and their current approach's strengths and weaknesses. Written by two recognized leading experts in competition law, this accessible work offers practical guidance and theoretical discussion of the potential benefits (including data-driven efficiencies) and concerns for the practitioner, policy maker, and academic alike.

Competition Law And Big Data

Author : Beata Mäihäniemi
ISBN : 9781788974264
Genre : Law
File Size : 40. 6 MB
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In this timely book, Beata Mäihäniemi analyses and evaluates how the characteristics of information as a good, as well as the characteristics of digital platforms, affect the application of competition law in both theory and practice.

Exam Prep For Big Data And Competition Policy

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Exam Prep For Big Data And Competition Policy

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The Roles Of Innovation In Competition Law Analysis

Author : Paul Nihoul
ISBN : 9781788972444
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File Size : 74. 84 MB
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Rapid technological innovations have challenged the conventional application of antitrust and competition law across the globe. Acknowledging these challenges, this original work analyses the roles of innovation in competition law analysis and reflects on how competition and antitrust law can be refined and tailored to innovation.

Big Data And Innovation

Author :
ISBN : 0660252449
Genre : Big data
File Size : 38. 5 MB
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"On September 18, 2017 the Competition Bureau (Bureau) released a discussion paper titled "Big data and Innovation: Implications for Competition Policy in Canada". Consistent with its commitment to engage with stakeholders on important areas of public policy, that paper was meant to prompt discussion on how big data should affect competition law enforcement under the Competition Act (Act). To facilitate this discussion, the Bureau solicited public comments on its website and engaged with stakeholders in a variety of international and domestic fora. This document is a synthesis of key themes revealed in the Bureau's review of this important topic informed by this feedback"--Introd., p. 4.

Eu Competition Law Data Protection And Online Platforms Data As Essential Facility

Author : Inge Graef
ISBN : 9789041183255
Genre : Law
File Size : 28. 12 MB
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All are agreed that the digital economy contributes to a dynamic evolution of markets and competition. Nonetheless, concerns are increasingly raised about the market dominance of a few key players. Because these companies hold the power to drive rivals out of business, regulators have begun to seek scope for competition enforcement in cases where companies claim that withholding data is needed to satisfy customers and cut costs. This book is the first focus on how competition law enforcement tools can be applied to refusals of dominant firms to give access data on online platforms such as search engines, social networks, and e-commerce platforms – commonly referred to as the ‘gatekeepers’ of the Internet. The question arises whether the denial of a dominant firm to grant competitors access to its data could constitute a ‘refusal to deal’ and lead to competition law liability under the so-called ‘essential facilities doctrine', according to which firms need access to shared knowledge in order to be able to compete. A possible duty to share data with rivals also brings to the forefront the interaction of competition law with data protection legislation considering that the required information may include personal data of individuals. Building on the refusal to deal concept, and using a multidisciplinary approach, the analysis covers such issues and topics as the following: – data portability; – interoperability; – data as a competitive advantage or entry barrier in digital markets; – market definition and dominance with respect to data; – disruptive versus sustaining innovation; – role of intellectual property regimes; – economic trade-off in essential facilities cases; – relationship of competition enforcement with data protection law and – data-related competition concerns in merger cases. The author draws on a wealth of relevant material, including EU and US decision-making practice, case law, and policy documents, as well as economic and empirical literature on the link between competition and innovation. The book concludes with a proposed framework for the application of the essential facilities doctrine to potential forms of abuse of dominance relating to data. In addition, it makes suggestions as to how data protection interests can be integrated into competition policy. An invaluable contribution to ongoing academic and policy discussions about how data-related competition concerns should be addressed under competition law, the analysis clearly demonstrates how existing competition tools for market definition and assessment of dominance can be applied to online platforms. It will be of immeasurable value to the many jurists, business persons, and academics concerned with this very timely subject.

Regulating Industrial Internet Through Ipr Data Protection And Competition Law

Author : Rosa Maria Ballardini
ISBN : 9789403503417
Genre : Law
File Size : 72. 51 MB
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The digitization of industrial processes has suddenly taken a great leap forward, with burgeoning applications in manufacturing, transportation and numerous other areas. Many stakeholders, however, are uncertain about the opportunities and risks associated with it and what it really means for businesses and national economies. Clarity of legal rules is now a pressing necessity. This book, the first to deal with legal questions related to Industrial Internet, follows a multidisciplinary approach that is instructed by law concerning intellectual property, data protection, competition, contracts and licensing, focusing on business, technology and policy-driven issues. Experts in various relevant fields of science and industry measure the legal tensions created by Industrial Internet in our global economy and propose solutions that are both theoretically valuable and concretely practical, identifying workable business models and practices based on both technical and legal knowledge. Perspectives include the following: regulating Industrial Internet via intellectual property rights (IPR); data ownership versus control over data; artificial intelligence and IPR infringement; patent owning in Industrial Internet; abuse of dominance in Industrial Internet platforms; data collaboration, pooling and hoarding; legal implications of granular versioning technologies; and misuse of information for anticompetitive purposes. The book represents a record of a major collaborative project, held between 2016 and 2019 in Finland, involving a number of universities, technology firms and law firms. As Industrial Internet technologies are already being used in several businesses, it is of paramount importance for the global economy that legal, business and policy-related challenges are promptly analyzed and discussed. This crucially important book not only reveals the legal and policy-related issues that we soon will have to deal with but also facilitates the creation of legislation and policies that promote Industrial-Internet-related technologies and new business opportunities. It will be warmly welcomed by practitioners, patent and other IPR attorneys, innovation economists and companies operating in the Industrial Internet ecosystem, as well as by competition authorities and other policymakers.

Kritika Essays On Intellectual Property

Author : Peter Drahos
ISBN : 9781839101342
Genre : Law
File Size : 41. 47 MB
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The fields of intellectual property have broadened and deepened in so many ways that commentators struggle to keep up with the ceaseless rush of developments and hot topics. Kritika: Essays on Intellectual Property is a series that is designed to help authors escape this rush. It creates a forum for authors who wish to more deeply question, investigate and reflect upon the evolving themes and principles of the discipline.

Legal Challenges Of Big Data

Author : Joe Cannataci
ISBN : 9781788976220
Genre : Law
File Size : 32. 82 MB
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This groundbreaking book explores the new legal and economic challenges triggered by big data, and analyses the interactions among and between intellectual property, competition law, free speech, privacy and other fundamental rights vis-à-vis big data analysis and algorithms.

Antitrust Between Eu Law And National Law Antitrust Fra Diritto Nazionalee Diritto Dell Unione Europea

Author : Enrico Adriano Raffaelli
ISBN : 9782802764915
Genre : Law
File Size : 86. 68 MB
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This work contains the papers of the thirteenth Conference on “Antitrust between EU Law and national law”, held in Treviso on May 24 and 25, 2018 under the patronage of the European Lawyers Union – Union des Avocats Européens (UAE), the Associazione Italiana per la Tutela della Concorrenza - the Italian section of the Ligue Internationale du Droit de la Concurrence (LIDC)-, the Associazione Italiana Giuristi di Impresa (AIGI), the European Company Lawyers Association (ECLA), and the Associazione Antitrust Italiana (AAI). Some of the papers have been extensively reviewed and updated by the authors prior to publication. The contributions contained in this volume are the result of an in-depth analysis and study of the most salient issues arising from the application of antitrust rules, carried out by experienced and high-ranking professionals, in-house lawyers, academics and EU/national and international institutional representatives who attended the Conference. They deal with extremely topical issues, lying at the heart of current antitrust debate. Some of the most contemporary topics include those related to private antitrust enforcement after the implementation of Directive 2014/104/EU, and to the interplay between antitrust and intellectual property rights. Ample consideration is also given to recent developments in the field of new technologies and the related antitrust issues, as well as to the relations between consumer protection and antitrust. * * * Questo volume contiene gli atti del XIII Convegno sul tema “Antitrust fra Diritto Nazionale e Diritto dell’Unione Europea”, tenutosi a Treviso il 24 e 25 maggio 2018 con il patrocinio dell’Unione degli Avvocati Europei (UAE), dell’Associazione Italiana per la Tutela della Concorrenza - sezione italiana della Ligue Internationale du Droit de la Concurrence (LIDC) -, dell’Associazione Italiana dei Giuristi di Impresa (AIGI), della European Company Lawyers Association (AEJE-ECLA) e dell’Associazione Antitrust Italiana (AAI). Alcuni contributi sono stati sostanzialmente rivisti ed aggiornati dagli autori prima della pubblicazione. Gli articoli contenuti nel presente volume sono il frutto del prezioso lavoro di studio e approfondimento delle più interessanti tematiche correlate all’applicazione del diritto antitrust, svolto da qualificati esponenti del mondo professionale, imprenditoriale, accademico ed istituzionale, intervenuti al Convegno. I contributi pubblicati affrontano temi di estrema rilevanza, che rappr sentano il cuore delle problematiche antitrust oggi maggiormente dibattute, tra le quali spiccano, per attualità, quelle connesse al private enforcement ed al risarcimento dei danni in seguito dell’attuazione della Direttiva 2014/104/UE, nonché alle interazioni tra diritto antitrust e diritti di proprietà intellettuale. Ampio spazio è inoltre dedicato alle tematiche concernenti le nuove tecnologie e la loro rilevanza dal punto di vista antitrust, nonché ai rapporti tra tutela del consumatore e diritto antitrust.

Communications And Competition Law

Author : Fabrizio Cugia
ISBN : 904115146X
Genre : Antitrust law
File Size : 42. 81 MB
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For reasons hard to define, the communications field is not subject to the general rules of competition law e and more so now than ever. With the increasingly complex competitive battleground entailed by the bundling of networks and services, matters such as intellectual property of content, consumer protection, privacy, and data security come to the fore in a legal environment very different from that in which such matters are handled in other fields."

Virtual Competition

Author : Ariel Ezrachi
ISBN : 9780674545472
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 49. 52 MB
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Ariel Ezrachi and Maurice Stucke take a hard look at today’s app-assisted paradise of digital shopping. The algorithms and data-crunching that make online purchasing so convenient are also changing the nature of the market by shifting power into the hands of the few, with risks to competition, our democratic ideals, and our overall well-being.

Data And Competition

Author : Alexandre De Cornière
ISBN : OCLC:1142100777
Genre : Big data
File Size : 73. 93 MB
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What role does data play in competition? This question has been at the center of a fierce debate around competition policy in the digital economy. We use a competition-in-utilities approach to provide a general framework for studying the competitive effects of data, encompassing a wide range of markets where data has many different uses. We identify conditions for data to be unilaterally pro- or anti-competitive (UPC or UAC). The conditions are simple and often requires no information about market demand. We apply our framework to study various applications of data, including training algorithms, targeting advertisements, and personalizing prices. We also show that whether data is UPC or UAC has important implications for policy issues such as data-driven mergers, market structure, and privacy policy.

The Evolution Of Antitrust In The Digital Era

Author : Allan Fels
ISBN : 1950769615
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File Size : 35. 28 MB
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This collection of essays represents the first in a series of two volumes that set out to reflect the state of the art of antitrust thinking in digital markets in jurisdictions around the world. The issues it tackles are many: the role of innovation, the conundrum of big data, the evolution of media markets, and the question of whether existing antitrust tools are sufficient to deal with the challenges of digital markets. Each author tackles the overarching themes from their unique national perspective. The resulting tapestry reflects the challenges and opportunities presented by the modern digital era, viewed through the lens of competition enforcement.

Neue Wohnungsgemeinn?tzigkeit

Author : Jan Kuhnert
ISBN : 9783658175702
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 30. 79 MB
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In diesem Buch werden umsetzungsorientierte Konzepte zur Einführung einer neuen Wohnungsgemeinnützigkeit in Deutschland auf der Grundlage der Erfahrungen in ihrer langen Geschichte (1851 bis 1989) entwickelt. Hierfür werden historische, rechtliche und politische Gesichtspunkte sowie die europarechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen aufbereitet. Anhand der Beispiele von Österreich und den Niederlanden werden auch zwei aktuelle Wege einer sozialen Wohnraumversorgung analysiert und nutzbar gemacht. Für eine neue Wohnungsgemeinnützigkeit werden schnell umsetzbare Maßnahmen sowie ein detailliertes Konzept für den Aufbau eines größeren gemeinwohlorientierten Wohnungsangebotes vorgeschlagen.

Competition Policy In An Interdependent World Economy

Author : Erhard Kantzenbach
ISBN : STANFORD:36105061106832
Genre : Competition, International
File Size : 47. 94 MB
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The Evolution Of Antitrust In The Digital Era Essays On Competition Policy Volume Ii

Author : David S. Evans
ISBN : 1950769682
Genre : Law
File Size : 47. 69 MB
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This collection of essays represents the second in a series of two volumes that set out to reflect the state of the art of antitrust thinking in digital markets in jurisdictions around the world. The issues it tackles are many: the role of innovation, the conundrum of big data, the evolution of media markets, and the question of whether existing antitrust tools are sufficient to deal with the challenges of digital markets. Each author tackles the overarching themes from their unique national perspective. The resulting tapestry reflects the challenges and opportunities presented by the modern digital [email protected], viewed through the lens of competition enforcement.

Lancaster House Competition Policy Inquiry

Author : Lancaster House Competition Policy Inquiry
ISBN : UVA:X001605634
Genre : Competition
File Size : 78. 82 MB
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Very Good,No Highlights or Markup,all pages are intact.

De Monopolization And Competition Policy In Post Communist Economies

Author : Ben Slay
ISBN : UOM:39015038442052
Genre : Government monopolies
File Size : 36. 18 MB
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Even in developed capitalist economies, markets function poorly without regulation by competitive forces. The countries that once were part of the Eastern bloc are introducing market forces into industries created according to the monopolistic logic of central planning, so that competition policy plays an important role in the transition to capitalism.This interdisciplinary study examines how barriers to the development of competitive markets and competition policy are being overcome in Russia, Poland, Hungary, and Mongolia. A group of U.S., Russian, and East European specialists explores the institutions and programs of competition policy as well as its role in the overall post-Communist transition. Providing a complete, comparative picture of the development of competition policy in a broad cross section of formerly socialist countries, the contributors consider the extent of the post-Communist monopoly problem as well as progress in de-monopolization.--

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