biofuel cropping systems carbon land and food

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Biofuel Cropping Systems

Author : Hans Langeveld
ISBN : 9781134624775
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 47. 47 MB
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Choosing appropriate practices and policies for biofuel production requires an understanding of how soils, climate, farm types, infrastructure, markets and social organisation affect the establishment and performance of these crops. The book highlights land use dynamics, cultivation practices related to conversion and wider impacts. It explores how biofuel production chain development is steered by emerging technologies and management practices and how both can be influenced by effective policies designed to encourage sustainable biofuel production. The book highlights major biofuel production chains including: cane cultivation in Brazil corn ethanol in the USA wheat and rapeseed in Europe oil palm in the Far East cane in Asia and Africa SRC and other lignocellulosic crops. In each case the development, cropping systems and impacts are discussed, system dynamics are shown and lessons drawn for the way things could or should change. Biofuel Cropping Systems is a vital resource for all those who want to understand the way biofuels are produced and how they impact other elements of society and especially how improvements can be made. It is a handbook for students, biofuel producers, researchers and policymakers in energy and agriculture.

Bioenergy Crops For Ecosystem Health And Sustainability

Author : Alex Baumber
ISBN : 9781317559009
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 19 MB
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The growing of crops for bioenergy has been subject to much recent criticism, as taking away land which could be used for food production or biodiversity conservation. This book challenges some commonly-held ideas about biofuels, bioenergy and energy cropping, particularly that energy crops pose an inherent threat to ecosystems, which must be mitigated. The book recognises that certain energy crops (e.g. oil palm for biodiesel) have generated sustainability concerns, but also asks the question "is there a better way?" of using energy crops to strategically enhance ecosystem functions. It draws on numerous case studies, including where energy crops have had negative outcomes as well as well as cases where energy crops have produced benefits for ecosystem health, such as soil and water protection from the cropping of willow and poplar in Europe and the use of mallee eucalypts to fight salinity in Western Australia. While exploring this central argument, the volume also provides a systematic overview of the socio-economic sustainability issues surrounding bioenergy.

Biofuel Crop Sustainability

Author : Bharat Singh
ISBN : 9780470963043
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 84 MB
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Biofuel Crop Sustainability brings together the basic principles of agricultural sustainability and special stipulations for biofuels, from the economic and ecological opportunities and challenges of sustainable biofuel crop production to the unique characteristics of particular crops which make them ideal for biofuel applications. This book will be a valuable resource for researchers and professionals involved in biofuels development and production as well as agriculture industry personnel. Chapters focus the broad principles of resource management for ecological, environmental and societal welfare, the sustainability issues pertaining to several broad categories of biofuel crops , as well as the economics and profitability of biofuels on both a local and international scale. Coverage includes topics such as utilizing waste water for field crop irrigation and algae production, reliability of feedstock supply, marginal lands, and identifying crops with traits of significance for survival and growth on low fertility soils. The development of production practices with low external inputs of fertilizer, irrigation, and pesticides is also covered. Biofuel Crop Sustainability will be a valuable, up-to-date reference for all those involved in the rapidly expanding biofuels industry and sustainable agriculture research fields.

Carbon Footprints And Food Systems

Author : Paul Brenton
ISBN : 9780821385449
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 44. 12 MB
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This report addresses carbon labeling schemes, a high-profile issue and one that has important economic implications for developing countries. Carbon accounting and labeling instruments are designed to present information on greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from supply chains. These instruments have become an important awareness-raising channel for governments, producers, retailers and consumers to bring about the reduction of GHGs. At the same time, they have emerged as a crucial element of supply chain management, trade logistics and, potentially, trade regulations between countries. But the underlying science of GHG emissions is only partially developed. Many of these schemes are based on rudimentary knowledge of GHG emissions and have mainly been designed by industrialized countries. There is a concern that these systems do not accurately reflect production processes in developing countries, and that they may even shift consumer preferences away from developing country exports. The report includes an analysis of current and emerging carbon labeling schemes and an assessment of available data, emissions factors and knowledge gaps of carbon footprinting methodologies. The report also analyzes carbon accounting methodologies for sugar and pineapple products from Zambia and Mauritius according to PAS 2050 guidelines, to illustrate whether these schemes accurately represent the production systems in developing countries. The report concludes with a series of recommendations on how carbon footprint labeling can be made more development-friendly

Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

Author : Douglas L. Karlen
ISBN : 9781118676325
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 71 MB
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Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems presents acomprehensive overview of how cellulosic energy crops can besustainably produced and converted to affordable energy throughliquid fuels, heat and electricity. The book begins with an introduction to cellulosic feedstocks,discussing their potential as a large-scale sustainable energysource, and technologies for the production of liquid fuels, heatand electricity. Subsequent chapters examine miscanthus,switchgrass, sugarcane and energy cane, sorghums and crop residues,reviewing their phylogeny, cultural practices, and opportunitiesfor genetic improvement. This is followed by a detailed focus onwoody crops, including eucalyptus, pine, poplar and willow.Critical logistical issues associated with both herbaceous andwoody feedstocks are reviewed, and alternate strategies forharvesting, transporting, and storing cellulosic materials are alsoexamined. The final sectionof the booktackles the challenge ofachieving long-term sustainability, addressing economic,environmental and social factors. Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems is a valuable resourcefor academics, students and industry professionals working in thefield of biomass cultivation and conversion, bioenergy, cropscience and agriculture. Topics covered include: Identifying suitable cellulosic energy crops that are adaptedto a wide range of climates and soils Best management practices for sustainably growing, harvesting,storing, transporting and pre-processing these crops The development of integrated cellulosic energy croppingsystems for supplying commercial processing plants Challenges and opportunities for the long-term sustainabilityof cellulosic energy crops This book was conceived and initiated by David I.Bransby, Professor of Energy and Forage Crops in the Department ofCrop, Soil and Environmental Sciences at Auburn University,USA. For more information on the Wiley Series inRenewable Resources, visit ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/rrs"www.wiley.com/go/rrs/a

Introduction To The Us Food System

Author : Roni Neff
ISBN : 9781118913055
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58. 97 MB
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A public health approach to the US food system Introduction to the US Food System: Public Health,Environment, and Equity is a comprehensive and engagingtextbook that offers students an overview of today's US foodsystem, with particular focus on the food system'sinterrelationships with public health, the environment, equity, andsociety. Using a classroom-friendly approach, the text covers thecore content of the food system and provides evidence-basedperspectives reflecting the tremendous breadth of issues and ideasimportant to understanding today's US food system. The book is richwith illustrative examples, case studies, activities, anddiscussion questions. The textbook is a project of the Johns Hopkins Center for aLivable Future (CLF), and builds upon the Center's educationalmission to examine the complex interrelationships between diet,food production, environment, and human health to advance anecological perspective in reducing threats to the health of thepublic, and to promote policies that protect health, the globalenvironment, and the ability to sustain life for futuregenerations. Issues covered in Introduction to the US Food Systeminclude food insecurity, social justice, community and workerhealth concerns, food marketing, nutrition, resource depletion, andecological degradation. Presents concepts on the foundations of the US food system,crop production, food system economics, processing and packaging,consumption and overconsumption, and the environmental impacts offood Examines the political factors that influence food and how itis produced Ideal for students and professionals in many fields, includingpublic health, nutritional science, nursing, medicine, environment,policy, business, and social science, among others Introduction to the US Food System presents a broad viewof today's US food system in all its complexity and providesopportunities for students to examine the food system's stickiestproblems and think critically about solutions.

Agriculture Rural Development Food And Drug Administration And Related Agencies Appropriations For 2010

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
ISBN : STANFORD:36105050521041
Genre : United States
File Size : 87. 4 MB
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Water Security

Author : The World Economic Forum Water Initiative
ISBN : 9781610910262
Genre : Nature
File Size : 71. 10 MB
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The world is on the brink of the greatest crisis it has ever faced: a spiraling lack of fresh water. Groundwater is drying up, even as water demands for food production, for energy, and for manufacturing are surging. Water is already emerging as a headline geopolitical issue—and worsening water security will soon have dire consequences in many parts of the global economic system. Directed by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon at the 2008 Davos Annual Meeting, the World Economic Forum assembled the world’s foremost group of public, private, non-governmental-organization and academic experts to examine the water crisis issue from all perspectives. The result of their work is this forecast—a stark, non-technical overview of where we will be by 2025 if we take a business-as-usual approach to (mis)managing our water resources. The findings are shocking. Perhaps equally stunning are the potential solutions and the recommendations that the group presents. All are included in this landmark publication. Water Security contains compelling commentary from leading decision-makers, past and present. The commentary is supported by analysis from leading academics of how the world economy will be affected if world leaders cannot agree on solutions. The book suggests how business and politics need to manage the energy-food-water-climate axis as leaders negotiate the details of the climate regime that replace Kyoto Protocols.

Global Energy Assessment

Author : GEA Writing Team
ISBN : 9780521182935
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48. 48 MB
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Independent, scientifically based, integrated, policy-relevant analysis of current and emerging energy issues for specialists and policymakers in academia, industry, government.

North America And Europe Nae Report

Author : Beverly D. McIntyre
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132264859
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 15 MB
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The International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science, and Technology for Development (IAASTD) looks realistically at how we could effectively use agriculture/AKST to help us meet development and sustainability goals. An unprecedented three-year collaborative effort, the IAASTD involved more than 400 authors in 110 countries and cost more than $11 million. It reports on the advances and setbacks of the past fifty years and offers options for the next fifty years. The results of the project are contained in seven reports: a Global Report, five regional Sub-Global Assessments, and a Synthesis Report. The Global Report gives the key findings of the Assessment, and the five Sub-Global Assessments address regional challenges. The volumes present options for action. All of the reports have been extensively peer-reviewed by governments and experts and all have been approved by a panel of participating governments. The Sub-Global Assessments all utilize a similar and consistent framework: examining and reporting on the impacts of AKST on hunger, poverty, nutrition, human health, and environmental/social sustainability. The five Sub-Global Assessments cover the following regions: Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA) East and South Asia and the Pacific (ESAP) Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) North America and Europe (NAE) Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)

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