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Biology Of Floral Scent

Author : Natalia Dudareva
ISBN : 142000400X
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 64 MB
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As with nearly all living creatures, humans have always been attracted and intrigued by floral scents. Yet, while we have been manufacturing perfumes for at least 5000 years to serve a myriad of religious, sexual, and medicinal purposes, until very recently, the limitation of our olfactory faculty has greatly hindered our capacity to clearly and ob

Molecular Biology Of Floral Scent Evolution

Author : Leland James Cseke
ISBN : UOM:39015041794754
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Molecular Biology Of Floral Scent In Damask Rose

Author : Akbar Karami
ISBN : 3659280240
Genre :
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The Damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) is the most important species used to produce rose water, attar of rose, and essential oils in the perfume and medicinal industry. However, despite the importance of Damask rose scent, the molecular and biochemical investigations of flower fragrance of this species are still in its primary stage. This book provides molecular, chemical diversities and physiological characterizations of floral scent production in R. damascena that were investigated by different experiments.

Mechanisms Of Floral Scent Production And Hawkmoth Pollination In Clarkia Breweri Onagraceae

Author : Robert Andrew Raguso
ISBN : UOM:39015035018376
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Reproduction Biology Floral Visitors Floral Scent And Reproductive Success Of The Bohemian Gentian Gentianella Bohemica

Author : Bastian Göldel
ISBN : OCLC:796207832
Genre :
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Biology Of Plant Volatiles

Author : Eran Pichersky
ISBN : 9780429849251
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 98 MB
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Plant volatiles—compounds emitted from plant organs to interact with the surrounding environment—play essential roles in attracting pollinators and defending against herbivores and pathogenes, plant-plant signaling, and abiotic stress responses. Biology of Plant Volatiles, with contributions from leading international groups of distinguished scientists in the field, explores the major aspects of plant scent biology. Responding to new developments in the detection of the complex compound structures of volatiles, this book details the composition and biosynthesis of plant volatiles and their mode of emission. It explains the function and significance of volatiles for plants as well as insects and microbes whose interactions with plants are affected by these compounds. The content also explores the biotechnological and commercial potential for the manipulation of plant volatiles. Features: Combines widely scattered literature in a single volume for the first time, covering all important aspects of plant volatiles, from their chemical structures to their biosynthesis to their roles in the interactions of plants with their biotic and abiotic environment Takes an interdisciplinary approach, providing multilevel analysis from chemistry and genes to enzymology, cell biology, organismal biology and ecology Includes up-to-date methodologies in plant scent biology research, from molecular biology and enzymology to functional genomics This book will be a touchstone for future research on the many applications of plant volatiles and is aimed at plant biologists, entomologists, evolutionary biologists and researchers in the horticulture and perfume industries.

The Pollination And Floral Scent Biology Of Phlox Divaricata L Polemoniaceae

Author : Shelly D'Ann Wiggam Harper
ISBN : OCLC:52723987
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Orchid Biochemistry

Author : Jen-Tsung Chen
ISBN : 9783036512969
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 66 MB
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Orchids are fascinating, with attractive flowers that sell in the markets and an increasing demand around the world. Additionally, some orchids are edible or scented and have long been used in preparations of traditional medicine. This book presents recent advances in orchid biochemistry, including original research articles and reviews. It provides in-depth insights into the biology of flower pigments, floral scent formation, bioactive compounds, pollination, and plant–microbial interaction as well as the biotechnology of protocorm-like bodies in orchids. It reveals the secret of orchid biology using molecular tools, advanced biotechnology, multi-omics, and high-throughput technologies and offers a critical reference for the readers. This book explores the knowledge about species evolution using comparative transcriptomics, flower spot patterning, involving the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathways, the regulation of flavonoid biosynthesis, which contributes to leaf color formation, gene regulation in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites and bioactive compounds, the mechanism of pollination, involving the biosynthesis of semiochemicals, gene expression patterns of volatile organic compounds, the symbiotic relationship between orchids and mycorrhizal fungi, techniques using induction, proliferation, and regeneration of protocorm-like bodies, and so on. In this book, important or model orchid species were studied, including Anoectochilus roxburghii, Bletilla striata, Cymbidium sinense, Dendrobium officinale, Ophrys insectifera, Phalaenopsis ‘Panda’, Pleione limprichtii.

Food Aroma Evolution

Author : Matteo Bordiga
ISBN : 9780429807237
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 62. 58 MB
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Of the five senses, smell is the most direct and food aromas are the key drivers of our flavor experience. They are crucial for the synergy of food and drinks. Up to 80% of what we call taste is actually aroma. Food Aroma Evolution: During Food Processing, Cooking, and Aging focuses on the description of the aroma evolution in several food matrices. Not only cooking, but also processing (such as fermentation) and aging are responsible for food aroma evolution. A comprehensive evaluation of foods requires that analytical techniques keep pace with the available technology. As a result, a major objective in the chemistry of food aroma is concerned with the application and continual development of analytical methods. This particularly important aspect is discussed in depth in a dedicated section of the book. Features Covers aromatic evolution of food as it is affected by treatment Focuses on food processing, cooking, and aging Describes both classic and new analytical techniques Explains how the flavor perception results are influenced by other food constituents The book comprises a good mix of referenced research with practical applications, also reporting case studies of these various applications of novel technologies. This text represents a comprehensive reference book for students, educators, researchers, food processors, and food industry personnel providing an up-to-date insight. The range of techniques and materials covered provides engineers and scientists working in the food industry with a valuable resource for their work. Also available in the Food Analysis & Properties Series: Ambient Mass Spectroscopy Techniques in Food and the Environment, edited by Leo M.L. Nollet and Basil K. Munjanja (ISBN: 9781138505568) Hyperspectral Imaging Analysis and Applications for Food Quality, edited by N.C. Basantia, Leo M.L. Nollet, and Mohammed Kamruzzaman (ISBN: 9781138630796) Fingerprinting Techniques in Food Authentication and Traceability, edited by Khwaja Salahuddin Siddiqi and Leo M.L. Nollet (ISBN: 9781138197671) For a complete list of books in this series, please visit our website at: www.crcpress.com/Food-Analysis--Properties/book-series/CRCFOODANPRO

Scent

Author : Elise Vernon Pearlstine
ISBN : 9780300246964
Genre : Nature
File Size : 45. 56 MB
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A fascinating exploration of the natural history of scent and human perceptions of fragrance from the viewpoint of plant and pollinator Plants have long harnessed the chemical characteristics of aromatic compounds to shape the world around them. Frankincense resin from the genus Boswellia seals injured tissues and protects trees from invading pathogens. Jasmine produces a molecule called linalool that attracts pollinating moths with its flowery scent. Tobacco uses a similarly sweet-smelling compound called benzyl acetone to attract pollinators. Only recently in the evolutionary history of plants, however, have humans learned to co-opt their fragrances to seduce, heal, protect, and alter moods themselves. In this wide-ranging and accessible new book, biologist-turned-perfumer Elise Vernon Pearlstine turns our human-centered perception of fragrance on its head and investigates plants' evolutionary reasons for creating aromatic molecules. Delving into themes of spirituality, wealth, power, addiction, royalty, fantasy, and more, Pearlstine uncovers the natural history of aromatic substances and their intersection with human culture and civilization.

Floral Mimicry

Author : Steven D. Johnson
ISBN : 9780191047237
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 24 MB
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Mimicry is a classic example of adaptation through natural selection. The traditional focus of mimicry research has been on defence in animals, but there is now also a highly-developed and rapidly-growing body of research on floral mimicry in plants. This has coincided with a revolution in genomic tools, making it possible to explore which genetic and developmental processes underlie the sometimes astonishing changes that give rise to floral mimicry. Being literally rooted to one spot, plants have to cajole animals into acting as couriers for their pollen. Floral mimicry encompasses a set of evolutionary strategies whereby plants imitate the food sources, oviposition sites, or mating partners of animals in order to exploit them as pollinators. This first definitive book on floral mimicry discusses the functions of visual, olfactory, and tactile signals, integrating them into a broader theory of organismal mimicry that will help guide future research in the field. It addresses the fundamental question of whether the evolutionary and ecological principles that were developed for protective mimicry in animals can also be applied to floral mimicry in plants. The book also deals with the functions of floral rewardlessness, a condition which often serves as a precursor to the evolution of mimicry in plant lineages. The authors pay particular attention to the increasing body of research on chemical cues: their molecular basis, their role in cognitive misclassification of flowers by pollinators, and their implications for plant speciation. Comprehensive in scope and conceptual in focus, Floral Mimicry is primarily aimed at senior undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers in plant science and evolutionary biology.

Annual Plant Reviews Flowering And Its Manipulation

Author : Charles Ainsworth
ISBN : 9781405172400
Genre : Science
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The flowering plants now dominate the terrestrial ecosystems of theplanet, and there are good reasons for supposing that the floweritself has been a major contributing factor to the spread of theAngiosperms. The flowers of higher plants not only contain theorgans of plant reproduction but are of fundamental importance ingiving rise to fruits and seeds which constitute a major componentof the human diet. This volume opens with a chapter describing a model for theevolution of the Angiosperm flower. Chapters 2 to 5 describe thecore development of the flower and include floral induction, floralpattering and organ initiation, floral shape and size, andinflorescence architecture. Chapters 6 to 8 focus on morespecialised aspects of floral development: monoecy, cytoplasmicmale sterility and flowering in perennials. Chapters 9 and 10address more functional aspects: flower colour and scent. The bookconcludes, appropriately, with a chapter on flowersenescence. Applied aspects are stressed wherever appropriate, and the book isdirected at researchers and professionals in plant genetics,developmental and molecular biology. The volume has been designed to complement an earlier volume in ourAnnual Plant Reviews series, O'Neill, S. D. and Roberts, J. A.(2002) Plant Reproduction.

Floral Scent And Pollination Of Greenhouse Tomatoes

Author : University of Guelph. Department of Environmental Biology
ISBN : OCLC:1087364236
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Issues In Life Sciences Botany And Plant Biology Research 2013 Edition

Author :
ISBN : 9781490110059
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 24 MB
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Issues in Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Chemoreception. The editors have built Issues in Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Chemoreception in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Biodiversity Evolution And Biogeography Of Plants

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015061907021
Genre : Botany
File Size : 53. 75 MB
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Floral Mimicry

Author : Steven D. Johnson
ISBN : 9780191047244
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 1 MB
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Mimicry is a classic example of adaptation through natural selection. The traditional focus of mimicry research has been on defence in animals, but there is now also a highly-developed and rapidly-growing body of research on floral mimicry in plants. This has coincided with a revolution in genomic tools, making it possible to explore which genetic and developmental processes underlie the sometimes astonishing changes that give rise to floral mimicry. Being literally rooted to one spot, plants have to cajole animals into acting as couriers for their pollen. Floral mimicry encompasses a set of evolutionary strategies whereby plants imitate the food sources, oviposition sites, or mating partners of animals in order to exploit them as pollinators. This first definitive book on floral mimicry discusses the functions of visual, olfactory, and tactile signals, integrating them into a broader theory of organismal mimicry that will help guide future research in the field. It addresses the fundamental question of whether the evolutionary and ecological principles that were developed for protective mimicry in animals can also be applied to floral mimicry in plants. The book also deals with the functions of floral rewardlessness, a condition which often serves as a precursor to the evolution of mimicry in plant lineages. The authors pay particular attention to the increasing body of research on chemical cues: their molecular basis, their role in cognitive misclassification of flowers by pollinators, and their implications for plant speciation. Comprehensive in scope and conceptual in focus, Floral Mimicry is primarily aimed at senior undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers in plant science and evolutionary biology.

Molecular Characterization Of An O Methyltransferase Involved In Floral Scent Production In Clarkia Breweri

Author : Jihong Wang
ISBN : UOM:39015043228652
Genre :
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The Reason For Flowers

Author : Stephen Buchmann
ISBN : 9781476755533
Genre : Gardening
File Size : 51. 52 MB
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An exploration of the roles flowers play in the production of our foods, spices, medicines, and perfumes reveals their origins, myriad shapes, colors, textures and scents, bizarre sex lives, and how humans-- and the natural world-- relate and depend upon them.

Secretions And Exudates In Biological Systems

Author : Jorge M. Vivanco
ISBN : 9783642230479
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 34 MB
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Secretions and emissions in biological systems play important signaling roles within the organism but also in its communications with the surrounding environment. This volume brings together state-of-the-art information on the role of secretions and emissions in different organs and organisms ranging from flowers and roots of plants to nematodes and human organs. The plant chapters relate information regarding the biochemistry of flower volatiles and root exudates, and their role in attracting pollinators and soil microbial communities respectively. Microbial chapters explain the biochemistry and ecology of quorum sensing and how microbial communities highly co-adapted to plants can aid in bio-energy applications by degrading ligno-cellulosic materials. Other chapters explain the biology of secretions by nematodes, algae and humans, among other organisms. This volume will be a welcome addition to the literature, as no other book covers aspects related to biological secretion in such a holistic and integrative manner.

Perfumery

Author : Steve Van Toller
ISBN : 9789401725583
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 65 MB
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THE SENSE OF SMELL The nose is normally mistakenly assumed to be the organ of smell reception. It is not. The primary function of the nose is to regulate the temperature and humidity of inspired air, thereby protecting the delicate linings of the lungs. This is achieved by the breathed air passing through narrow passageways formed by three nasal turbinates in each nostril. The turbinates are covered by spongy vascular cells which can expand or contract to open or close the nasal pathways. The olfactory receptors, innervated by the 1st cranial nerve, are located at the top of the nose. There are about 50 million smell receptors in the human olfactory epithelia, the total size of which, in humans, is about that of a small postage stamp, with half being at the top of the left and half at the top of the right nostril. The receptive surfaces of olfactory cells are ciliated and extend into a covering layer of mucus. There is a constant turnover of olfactory cells. Their average active life has been estimated to be about 28 days.

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