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Biometric Systems

Author : James L. Wayman
ISBN : 9781846280641
Genre : Computers
File Size : 27. 94 MB
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Biometric Systems provides practitioners with an overview of the principles and methods needed to build reliable biometric systems. It covers three main topics: key biometric technologies, design and management issues, and the performance evaluation of biometric systems for personal verification/identification. The four most widely used technologies are focused on - speech, fingerprint, iris and face recognition. Key features include: in-depth coverage of the technical and practical obstacles which are often neglected by application developers and system integrators and which result in shortfalls between expected and actual performance; and protocols and benchmarks which will allow developers to compare performance and track system improvements.

Biometric Technologies And Verification Systems

Author : John R. Vacca
ISBN : 9780080488394
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 40 MB
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Biometric Technologies and Verification Systems is organized into nine parts composed of 30 chapters, including an extensive glossary of biometric terms and acronyms. It discusses the current state-of-the-art in biometric verification/authentication, identification and system design principles. It also provides a step-by-step discussion of how biometrics works; how biometric data in human beings can be collected and analyzed in a number of ways; how biometrics are currently being used as a method of personal identification in which people are recognized by their own unique corporal or behavioral characteristics; and how to create detailed menus for designing a biometric verification system. Only biometrics verification/authentication is based on the identification of an intrinsic part of a human being. Tokens, such as smart cards, magnetic stripe cards, and physical keys can be lost, stolen, or duplicated. Passwords can be forgotten, shared, or unintentionally observed by a third party. Forgotten passwords and lost "smart cards" are a nuisance for users and an expensive time-waster for system administrators. Biometric security solutions offer some unique advantages for identifying and verifying/ authenticating human beings over more traditional security methods. This book will serve to identify the various security applications biometrics can play a highly secure and specific role in. * Contains elements such as Sidebars, Tips, Notes and URL links * Heavily illustrated with over 150 illustrations, screen captures, and photographs * Details the various biometric technologies and how they work while providing a discussion of the economics, privacy issues and challenges of implementing biometric security solutions

Biometric System And Data Analysis

Author : Ted Dunstone
ISBN : 9780387776279
Genre : Computers
File Size : 54. 71 MB
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This book brings together aspects of statistics and machine learning to provide a comprehensive guide to evaluating, interpreting and understanding biometric data. It naturally leads to topics including data mining and prediction to be examined in detail. The book places an emphasis on the various performance measures available for biometric systems, what they mean, and when they should and should not be applied. The evaluation techniques are presented rigorously, however they are always accompanied by intuitive explanations. This is important for the increased acceptance of biometrics among non-technical decision makers, and ultimately the general public.

Biometric Systems

Author : Zahid Riaz
ISBN : 9789533075426
Genre : Computers
File Size : 66. 82 MB
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Biometric authentication has been widely used for access control and security systems over the past few years. The purpose of this book is to provide the readers with life cycle of different biometric authentication systems from their design and development to qualification and final application. The major systems discussed in this book include fingerprint identification, face recognition, iris segmentation and classification, signature verification and other miscellaneous systems which describe management policies of biometrics, reliability measures, pressure based typing and signature verification, bio-chemical systems and behavioral characteristics. In summary, this book provides the students and the researchers with different approaches to develop biometric authentication systems and at the same time includes state-of-the-art approaches in their design and development. The approaches have been thoroughly tested on standard databases and in real world applications.

Biometric Systems

Author :
ISBN : 9781789841879
Genre : Computers
File Size : 37. 45 MB
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Biometrics are used widely in various real-life applications today. There are a number of potential biometric applications that include different areas such as personal recognition, identification, verification, and others. It may be needed for safety, security, permission, banking, crime prevention, forensics, medical applications, communication, face finding, and others. This book is specifically dedicated to biometric research, applications, techniques, tools, and algorithms that originate from different fields such as image processing, computer vision, pattern recognition, signal processing, artificial intelligence, intelligent systems, and soft computing. The main objective of this book is to provide the international community with an effective platform in the area of people identity verification and authentication from physiological and behavioral aspects. This publication provides an effective platform for helping and guiding readers, professionals, researchers, academicians, engineers, scientists, and policy makers involved in the area of biometrics.

Biometric Systems

Author : Loris Nanni
ISBN : 9783036511283
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80. 46 MB
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Because of the accelerating progress in biometrics research and the latest nation-state threats to security, this book's publication is not only timely but also much needed. This volume contains seventeen peer-reviewed chapters reporting the state of the art in biometrics research: security issues, signature verification, fingerprint identification, wrist vascular biometrics, ear detection, face detection and identification (including a new survey of face recognition), person re-identification, electrocardiogram (ECT) recognition, and several multi-modal systems. This book will be a valuable resource for graduate students, engineers, and researchers interested in understanding and investigating this important field of study.

Adaptive Biometric Systems

Author : Ajita Rattani
ISBN : 9783319248653
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23. 21 MB
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This interdisciplinary volume presents a detailed overview of the latest advances and challenges remaining in the field of adaptive biometric systems. A broad range of techniques are provided from an international selection of pre-eminent authorities, collected together under a unified taxonomy and designed to be applicable to any pattern recognition system. Features: presents a thorough introduction to the concept of adaptive biometric systems; reviews systems for adaptive face recognition that perform self-updating of facial models using operational (unlabeled) data; describes a novel semi-supervised training strategy known as fusion-based co-training; examines the characterization and recognition of human gestures in videos; discusses a selection of learning techniques that can be applied to build an adaptive biometric system; investigates procedures for handling temporal variance in facial biometrics due to aging; proposes a score-level fusion scheme for an adaptive multimodal biometric system.

Multimodal Biometric Systems

Author : Rashmi Gupta
ISBN : 9781000453775
Genre : Computers
File Size : 70. 14 MB
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Many governments around the world are calling for the use of biometric systems to provide crucial societal functions, consequently making it an urgent area for action. The current performance of some biometric systems in terms of their error rates, robustness, and system security may prove to be inadequate for large-scale applications to process millions of users at a high rate of throughput. This book focuses on fusion in biometric systems. It discusses the present level, the limitations, and proposed methods to improve performance. It describes the fundamental concepts, current research, and security-related issues. The book will present a computational perspective, identify challenges, and cover new problem-solving strategies, offering solved problems and case studies to help with reader comprehension and deep understanding. This book is written for researchers, practitioners, both undergraduate and post-graduate students, and those working in various engineering fields such as Systems Engineering, Computer Science, Information Technology, Electronics, and Communications.

Design And Implementation Of Healthcare Biometric Systems

Author : Kisku, Dakshina Ranjan
ISBN : 9781522575269
Genre : Medical
File Size : 37. 33 MB
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Healthcare sectors often deal with a large amount of data related to patients’ care and hospital workforce management. Mistakes occur, and the impending results are disastrous for individuals’ personal identity information. However, an innovative and reliable way to safeguard the identity of individuals and provide protection of medical records from criminals is already in effect. Design and Implementation of Healthcare Biometric Systems provides innovative insights into medical identity theft and the benefits behind biometrics technologies that could be offered to protect medical records from hackers and malicious users. The content within this publication represents the work of ASD screening systems, healthcare management, and patient rehabilitation. It is designed for educators, researchers, faculty members, industry practitioners, graduate students, and professionals working with healthcare services and covers topics centered on understanding the practical essence of next-generation healthcare biometrics systems and future research directions.

Biometric Based Physical And Cybersecurity Systems

Author : Mohammad S. Obaidat
ISBN : 9783319987347
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68. 54 MB
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This book presents the latest developments in biometrics technologies and reports on new approaches, methods, findings, and technologies developed or being developed by the research community and the industry. The book focuses on introducing fundamental principles and concepts of key enabling technologies for biometric systems applied for both physical and cyber security. The authors disseminate recent research and developing efforts in this area, investigate related trends and challenges, and present case studies and examples such as fingerprint, face, iris, retina, keystroke dynamics, and voice applications . The authors also investigate the advances and future outcomes in research and development in biometric security systems. The book is applicable to students, instructors, researchers, industry practitioners, and related government agencies staff. Each chapter is accompanied by a set of PowerPoint slides for use by instructors.

Vulnerabilities And Attack Protection In Security Systems Based On Biometric Recognition

Author :
Genre :
File Size : 43. 78 MB
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Multimodal Biometrics And Intelligent Image Processing For Security Systems

Author : Marina L. Gavrilova
ISBN : 9781466636477
Genre : Law
File Size : 83. 58 MB
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"This book provides an in-depth description of existing and fresh fusion approaches for multimodal biometric systems, covering relevant topics affecting the security and intelligent industries"--Provided by publisher.

Biometric Technology

Author : Ravi Das
ISBN : 9781466592452
Genre : Computers
File Size : 26. 7 MB
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Most biometric books are either extraordinarily technical for technophiles or extremely elementary for the lay person. Striking a balance between the two, Biometric Technology: Authentication, Biocryptography, and Cloud-Based Architecture is ideal for business, IT, or security managers that are faced with the task of making purchasing, migration, or adoption decisions. It brings biometrics down to an understandable level, so that you can immediately begin to implement the concepts discussed. Exploring the technological and social implications of widespread biometric use, the book considers the science and technology behind biometrics as well as how it can be made more affordable for small and medium-sized business. It also presents the results of recent research on how the principles of cryptography can make biometrics more secure. Covering biometric technologies in the cloud, including security and privacy concerns, the book includes a chapter that serves as a "how-to manual" on procuring and deploying any type of biometric system. It also includes specific examples and case studies of actual biometric deployments of localized and national implementations in the U.S. and other countries. The book provides readers with a technical background on the various biometric technologies and how they work. Examining optimal application in various settings and their respective strengths and weaknesses, it considers ease of use, false positives and negatives, and privacy and security issues. It also covers emerging applications such as biocryptography. Although the text can be understood by just about anybody, it is an ideal resource for corporate-level executives who are considering implementing biometric technologies in their organizations.

Guide To Biometrics For Large Scale Systems

Author : Julian Ashbourn
ISBN : 9780857294678
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59. 31 MB
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This book considers biometric technology in a broad light, integrating the concept seamlessly into mainstream IT, while discussing the cultural attitudes and the societal impact of identity management. Features: summarizes the material covered at the beginning of every chapter, and provides chapter-ending review questions and discussion points; reviews identity verification in nature, and early historical interest in anatomical measurement; provides an overview of biometric technology, presents a focus on biometric systems and true systems integration, examines the concept of identity management, and predicts future trends; investigates performance issues in biometric systems, the management and security of biometric data, and the impact of mobile devices on biometrics technology; explains the equivalence of performance across operational nodes, introducing the APEX system; considers the legal, political and societal factors of biometric technology, in addition to user psychology and other human factors.

Advancements In Smart Card And Biometric Technology

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform. Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations, and the Census
ISBN : PURD:32754075286017
Genre : Biometric identification
File Size : 51. 64 MB
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Adopting Biometric Technology

Author : Ravindra Das
ISBN : 9781315360034
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 41. 15 MB
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Many types of security technologies are currently in use, with biometrics being one of the latest and most cutting-edge forms that has been produced for mass application. Biometrics, while intriguing, is often broached with hesitation and poor understanding. Adopting Biometric Technology: Challenges and Solutions advocates increased implementation of biometric technology areas of the world where it has been least accepted, particularly in the United States. This book looks at several specific applications of biometric technology, challenging issues that have obstructed the use of biometrics in security and offering realistic solutions for increasing its worldwide utilization. It is divided into three sections, with the first discussing societal barriers against the adoption of biometric technology in security. The second section presents case studies of specific applications, such as e-passports and e-voting, that have already been implemented and could be expanded into regions where usage is low. The third section lays out a case for the general practicality and value that biometrics offers to relevant business sectors, including the benefits of implementing the currently controversial technology in place of the conventional forms of verification. While biometric technology has been poorly accepted and adopted in the United States as well as other developed nations, it is already a popular tool in developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Eastern Europe. Adopting Biometric Technology examines the societal resistance hindering the broader usage of biometrics and provides practical solutions for overcoming those barriers while showing how its increased application would be overall advantageous.

Introducing Biometric Technology In Elections

Author : Peter Wolf
ISBN : 9789176712054
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 57. 31 MB
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A credible voter register gives legitimacy to the electoral process and helps prevent electoral fraud. However, voter registration remains a complex and contested task. It is one of the most important activities that an electoral management body needs to conduct, but it is also one of the most costly in terms of both time and resources. Many countries that face challenges in creating an accurate voter register are considering reforming their voter registration systems through the introduction of biometric technologies. The drive towards biometrics has been facilitated by its largely apolitical nature. Investing in high-tech solutions allows stakeholders to demonstrate their commitment to resolving electoral problems. At the same time, expectations on biometric solutions may be exaggerated. This guide provides an overview of key concepts and considerations for all stakeholders involved in discussions about the application of biometrics in elections, both for voter registration before an election and for voter verification at polling stations on election day.

Biometric Security

Author : Jiankun Hu
ISBN : 9781443874991
Genre : Computers
File Size : 90. 21 MB
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Modern biometrics delivers an enhanced level of security by means of a “proof of property”. The design and deployment of a biometric system, however, hide many pitfalls, which, when underestimated, can lead to major security weaknesses and privacy threats. Issues of concern include biometric identity theft and privacy invasion because of the strong connection between a user and his identity. This book showcases a collection of comprehensive references on the advances of biometric security technology. It compiles a total of fourteen articles, all contributed by thirty-two eminent researchers in the field, thus providing concise and accessible coverage of not only general issues, but also state-of-the-art solutions. The book is divided into five parts: (1) Biometric Template Protection, which covers cancellable biometrics and parameter management protocol; (2) Biometric Key and Encryption, focusing on biometric key generation and visual biometric cryptography; (3) Biometric Systems Analysis, dealing with biometric system security, and privacy evaluation and assessment; (4) Privacy-Enhanced Biometric Systems, covering privacy-enhanced biometric system protocol design and implementation; and (5) Other Biometric Security Technologies. The book will be of particular interest to researchers, scholars, graduate students, engineers, practitioners and developers interested in security and privacy-related issues in biometric systems. It will also be attractive to managers of various organizations with strong security needs.

Identity Security And Democracy

Author : Emilio Mordini
ISBN : 9781586039400
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75. 71 MB
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Many people think of personal identification as only part of the security/surveillance apparatus. This is likely to be an oversimplification, which largely misrepresents the reality. 'Personal identity' means two separate concepts, namely that an individual belongs to specific categories and also that this individual is distinguished by other persons and understood as one. In other words, there are two different aspects involved in personal recognition: distinguishing between individuals and distinguishing between sets of people. The latter is likely to be the real issue. Dictatorships of any kind and totalitarian regimes have always ruled by categorizing people and by creating different classes of subjects. When rules want their subjects to humiliate themselves or their fellows, they create categories of people or exploit existing categories. From social and political points of view this allows a process known as 'pseudospeciation' to be produced. Pseudospeciation is a process which turns social and cultural differences into biological diversities. It promotes cooperation within social groups, overpowering the selfish interests of individuals in favor of collective interests, yet it also inhibits cooperation between groups, and it fosters conflict and mistrust. This work is dedicated to the thorny and multifaceted relations between identity, security and democracy. Identity, Security and Democracy shows how full of nuances the process of human identification is. IOS Press is an international science, technical and medical publisher of high-quality books for academics, scientists, and professionals in all fields.

Information Communication And Computing Technology

Author : Costin Badica
ISBN : 9789811596711
Genre : Computers
File Size : 83. 27 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Information, Communication and Computing Technology, ICICCT 2020, held in New Delhi, India*, in May 2020. The 24 full papers and one short paper presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 220 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on data communication & networking; advanced computing using machine learning. *The conference was held virutally due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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