blood and belief the pkk and the kurdish fight for independence

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Blood And Belief

Author : Aliza Marcus
ISBN : 9780814795873
Genre : History
File Size : 21. 56 MB
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During the Progressive Era, over 150 African American women's clubs flourished in Chicago. Through these clubs, women created a vibrant social world of their own, seeking to achieve social and political uplift by educating themselves and the members of their communities. In politics, they battled legal discrimination, advocated anti-lynching laws, and fought for suffrage. In the tradition of other mothering, in which the the community shares in the care and raising of all its children, the club women established kindergartens, youth clubs, and homes for the elderly. In Toward a Tenderer Humanity and a Nobler Womanhood, Anne Meis Knupfer documents how the club women created multiple allegiances through social and club networks and sheds light on the life experiences of African American women in urban centers throughout the country. Drawing upon the primary documents of African American newspapers, journals, and speeches of the time, this book chronicles and analyzes the complexity and richness of the African American club women's lives as they lifted while others climbed.

Peace In Turkey 2023

Author : Tim Jacoby
ISBN : 9780739143414
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 67. 36 MB
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"Peace in Turkey 2023: The Question of Human Security and Conflict Transformation, by Tim Jacoby and Alpaslan èOzerdem, explores how the Kurdish conflict could possibly be transformed towards positive peace. Using scenario-writing derived from peace theory to highlight new ways to consider political violence in Turkey, this study will appeal to both specialist and non-specialist students and teachers from a diverse range of disciplinary backgrounds"--

The Routledge Handbook Of Modern Turkey

Author : Metin Heper
ISBN : 9780415558174
Genre : History
File Size : 43. 94 MB
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In recent years, there has been growing interest in Turkey, stemming from the country’s developing role in regional and global politics, its expanding economic strength, and its identity as a predominantly Muslim country with secular political institutions and democratic processes. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and wide-ranging profile of modern Turkey. Bringing together original contributions from leading scholars with a wide range of backgrounds, this important reference work gives a unique in-depth survey of Turkish affairs, past and present. Thematically organised sections cover: Turkish history from the early Ottoman period to the present Turkish culture Politics and international relations Social issues Geography The Turkish economy and economics Presenting diverse and often competing views on all aspects of Turkish history, politics, society, culture, geography, and economics, this handbook will be an essential reference tool for students and scholars of Middle East studies, comparative politics, and culture and society.

Out Of Nowhere

Author : Michael Gunter
ISBN : 9781849045322
Genre : History
File Size : 54. 83 MB
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In mid-2012 the previously almost forgotten Syrian Kurds suddenly emerged as a potential game-changer in the country's civil war when in an attempt to consolidate its increasingly desperate position the Assad government abruptly withdrew its troops from the major Kurdish areas in Syria. The Kurds in Syria had suddenly won autonomy, a situation that has huge implications for neighboring Turkey and the near independent Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in Iraq. Indeed, their precipitous rise may prove a tipping-point that alters the boundaries imposed on the Middle East by the Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916. These important events and what they portend for the future are scrutinized by the renowned scholar of the Kurds Michael Gunter. He also analyses the sudden rise of Salih Muslim and his Democratic Union Party (PYD) - which was created by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and remains affiliated to it - and the extremely complex and deadly fighting between factions of the Syrian Opposition affiliated with al-Qaeda such as the Jabhat al-Nusra jihadists and the PYD, among others.

The Unseen War In Iraq

Author : Richard Saccone
ISBN : 9781565911345
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52. 65 MB
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“There is a war outside the wire and we fight it every day on patrol, but the enemy is among us. There is another war, inside the wire, that although fought in silence is no less important to your safety. In some ways it is even more important because a man with his guard down is more vulnerable than a soldier prepared to meet his enemy in battle.” As a Senior Counterintelligence Agent in Iraq, this is what Dr. Richard Saccone warned during staff meetings with combat troops facing bullets every day. Today's modern leaner military requires the hiring of thousands of contract workers and local nationals to work on U.S. bases performing services from translation to manual labor, light construction, maintenance and more. Out of the several thousand non-military personnel hired, insurgents are unceasing in their attempts to infiltrate, living and working right next to U.S. soldiers every day. Access and information are highly valuable commodities. Whether they are insurgents, sympathizers or working under threat of harm to themselves or their loved ones, it is difficult to know where true loyalties lie. Sifting through this human haystack, searching for the proverbial insurgent needle is the job of Counterintelligence (CI). Skilled CI agents work closely with Force Protection soldiers to identify and eliminate infiltrators and spies before they can harm U.S. forces in the sanctuary of their homes. This is the unseen war; the war not captured by the media. Without revealing classified methods that would undermine the CI effort, Dr. Saccone exposes the reader to the Unseen War in Iraq, a war of cloak-and-dagger and intrigue, a war interesting in its methods and critical to overall success. He reflects on his time spent at Abu Ghraib prison, raises thought-provoking questions relating to the difference between torture and coercive techniques, methods to distinguish between the “good guys” and the “bad guys” and provides deep insight into ways the military could improve their counterintelligence strategy.


Author : Andrew Finkel
ISBN : 9780199939107
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 73. 24 MB
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Turkey occupies a strategic position in today's world: the only predominantly Muslim nation to be a member of NATO and an ally of Israel, it straddles both Europe and Asia. Turkey is the link between Islam and Western democracy, between Europe and the Middle East. In this concise introduction, Andrew Finkel, who has spent twenty years in Turkey writing about the country for publications such as The Economist and Time magazine, unravels Turkey's complexities. He sets the complications and transformations of present-day Turkey against the historical background of the Ottoman Empire, the secular nationalist revolution led by Kemal Atat?rk, and repeated political interventions by the military, which sees itself as the guardian of Atat?rk's legacy. Finkel reveals a nation full of surprises. Where else but in Turkey, Finkel writes, would secularist liberals have supported a prime minister who was once jailed for promoting religious extremism? From the Kurdish question to economic policy, from Turkey's role in Iraq to its quest for EU membership, Finkel illuminates the past and present of this unique, and uniquely consequential, country in Turkey: What Everyone Needs to Know?. What Everyone Needs to Know? is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press.

Arab Studies Journal

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000122765815
Genre : Arab countries
File Size : 82. 60 MB
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Official Reports Of The Supreme Court

Author :
ISBN : OSU:32435084547967
Genre : Law reports, digests, etc
File Size : 90. 17 MB
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Blood Beliefs And Ballots

Author : Robert W. Olson
ISBN : 1568592752
Genre : History
File Size : 57. 59 MB
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This essay concludes with the 29 March 2009 elections and an analysis of how successful the instruments of Turkey's management of Kurdish national movements were during the period under analysis and what this bodes for the future of relations between Kurds and Turks in Turkey, Turkey and Iraq, Turkey and the KRG, and the impact of these relations on the politics of the wider Middle East."--BOOK JACKET.

Hastings Law Journal

Author :
ISBN : OSU:32437121954560
Genre :
File Size : 47. 71 MB
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