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Breeding Of Ornamental Crops

Author : Darbeshwar Roy
ISBN : 1783323736
Genre : Gardening
File Size : 24. 18 MB
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Discusses the evolution and genetic resources of flowers and ornamental crops. Biosynthetic pathways of various floral pigments, scent and aroma and its genetics have been described which will help in the manipulation of these traits. Considering that the interspecific and intergeneric hybridisation has played an important role in the evolution of these methods for overcoming pre- and post-zygotic barriers in hybridisation have been described, which will guide breeders to design hybridization program accordingly. This book will be invaluable to undergraduate and postgraduate students, teachers and researchers in the field of ornamental crops breeding.

Ornamental Crops

Author : Johan Van Huylenbroeck
ISBN : 9783319906980
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 85 MB
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Ornamental plants are economically important worldwide. Both growers and consumers ask continuously for new, improved varieties. Although there are numerous ornamental species, ornamental plant breeding and plant breeding research is mainly limited to some major species. This book focuses on the recent advances and achievements in ornamental plant breeding. The first part of the book focuses on plant traits and breeding techniques that are typical for ornamental plants. Eminent research groups write these general chapters. For plant traits like flower colour or shape, breeding for disease resistance and vase or shelf life are reviewed. General technical plant breeding chapters deal with mutation breeding, polyploidisation, in vitro breeding techniques and new developments in molecular techniques. The second part of the book consists of crop-specific chapters. Here all economically major ornamental species are handled together with selected representative species from different plant groups (cut flowers, pot plants, woody ornamental plants). In these crop-specific chapters, the main focus is on recent scientific achievements over the last decade.

Flower Breeding And Genetics

Author : Neil O. Anderson
ISBN : 9781402044281
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 36 MB
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Floriculture is one of the fastest-growing sectors of commercial agriculture. This book provides a unique and valuable resource on the many issues and challenges facing flower breeders, as well as the industry at-large. Featuring contributions from 32 international authorities, it offers tools and directions for future crop domestication and enhancement as well as offers essential information for breeding a wide range of floriculture crops.

Breeding Ornamental Plants

Author : Dorothy Johnson Callaway
ISBN : WISC:89075826370
Genre : Gardening
File Size : 38. 9 MB
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Resource added for the Landscape Horticulture Technician program 100014.

Breeding And Biotechnology Of Flowers

Author : A. K. Singh
ISBN : 9383305401
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 25 MB
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Flowers are the precious gift which beautify the nature through its different colours and enhance human health. Ornamental plants provide environmental security for immediate living surroundings, thus intensive research in floriculture particularly on the crops were initiated earlier. This book will vividly highlights genetical and breeding application in flower crops covering wide range of aspects. Breeding techniques are largely focused around expediting the production of superior and stable lines in the case of self pollinating crops. Wide hybridization, tissue culture and mutagenesis are employed by breeders to generate new alleles. Broaden available genetic resources; molecular markers are used to assist breeders through marker assisted selection and to identify quantitative trait loci for traits of interest. The book makes the knowhow of breeding in its easiest way to the readers. It has been designed to cover all the aspects of breeding, the basic objectives, different breeding methods, methodology for improvement of specific crops, stress resistance, quality improvement, mutagenesis, molecular breeding and genetic engineering.

Wild Crop Relatives Genomic And Breeding Resources

Author : Chittaranjan Kole
ISBN : 3642212018
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 14 MB
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Wild crop relatives are now playing a significant part in the elucidation and improvement of the genomes of their cultivated counterparts. This work includes comprehensive examinations of the status, origin, distribution, morphology, cytology, genetic diversity and available genetic and genomic resources of numerous wild crop relatives, as well as of their evolution and phylogenetic relationship. Further topics include their role as model plants, genetic erosion and conservation efforts, and their domestication for the purposes of bioenergy, phytomedicines, nutraceuticals and phytoremediation. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources comprises 10 volumes on Cereals, Millets and Grasses, Oilseeds, Legume Crops and Forages, Vegetables, Temperate Fruits, Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, Industrial Crops, Plantation and Ornamental Crops, and Forest Trees. It contains 125 chapters written by nearly 400 well-known authors from about 40 countries.

The Glasshouse Environment And Objectives In Breeding New Varieties Of Ornamental Crops

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:258634614
Genre :
File Size : 83. 74 MB
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Genetics And Breeding Of Ornamental Species

Author : J. Harding
ISBN : UOM:39015025216691
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 8 MB
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Ornamental Plants

Author : S. K. Datta
ISBN : 8170351685
Genre : Mutation breeding
File Size : 53. 3 MB
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In recent years ornamental crops became very economically important horticultural branch. In order to meet the ever increasing demand for export and internal consumption, it is imperative that production technology of ornamental crops has to be modernized. For a modern and industrialized horticulture there is always a demand and necessity for new varieties. Mutation breeding is now an established method for crop improvement. The book has described how mutation breeding technique can be successfully utilised in floriculture trade for evolving new varieties in different ornamental crops. The book covers both applied and basic aspects of mutation in general and vegetatively propagated ornamentals in particular. The book presents practical results of mutation investigations on Chrysanthemum, garden rose, Rosa damascena and Lantana depressa. All basic aspects of mutagen induced mutations in flower colour/shape and isolation and establishment of new variety have been described in depth in lucid language. The book covers a wide aspects of radiosensitivity, use of recurrent gamma irradiation, use of colchicine for altering flower colour, screening techniques for detection and isolation of mutants, comparative cytomorphological, anatomical, palynological and biochemical analysis. Origin of somatic flower colour mutation has been given special attention. The book is extremely well prepared and contains huge volume of informations on mutations. The book will serve as an extremely comprehensive guide to the researchers and the student alike. Contents Chapter 1: Introduction; Chapter 2: Materials and Methods; Chapter 3: Results; Chapter 4: Discussion; Chapter 5: Conclusion; Chapter 6: Summary.

Proceedings Of The Nineteenth International Symposium On Improvement Of Ornamental Plants

Author : Alain Cadic
ISBN : WISC:89064725245
Genre : Plants, Ornamental
File Size : 35. 86 MB
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Breeding For Ornamentals Classical And Molecular Approaches

Author : A. Vainstein
ISBN : 9789401709569
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 98 MB
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In this book we bring together the most up-to-date information on developments, both basic and applied, that already have or are expected to impact the field of ornamental breeding. These include classical and molecular techniques, traditional and high-throughput approaches and future trends. Since not only professional scientists, but also thousands of future scientists/students as well as amateur breeders around the world contribute heavily to the field of ornamental breeding, an introductory section dealing with the basics of molecular and classical genetics and the evolution of floral diversity is included. This should enable the reader to bridge the gap between traditional and molecular genetics. Classical approaches to the creation/selection of genetic variability, including mutation and tissue culture-aided breeding, are presented. Processes affecting ornamental and agronomic traits at the molecular level are delineated, along with an in-depth analysis of developments in the protection of intellectual property rights. The thoughts and strategies of molecular and classical geneticists, which are not always complementary or even compatible, are presented side by side in this book, and will serve to spark the imaginations of breeders as well as students entering the exciting world of state-of-the-art ornamentals.

A Handbook On Breeding Ornamental Plants

Author : Brooklyn Botanic Garden
ISBN : WISC:89043231307
Genre : Hybridization
File Size : 69. 40 MB
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Wild Crop Relatives Genomic And Breeding Resources

Author : Chittaranjan Kole
ISBN : 3642431437
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 87 MB
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Wild crop relatives are now playing a significant part in the elucidation and improvement of the genomes of their cultivated counterparts. This work includes comprehensive examinations of the status, origin, distribution, morphology, cytology, genetic diversity and available genetic and genomic resources of numerous wild crop relatives, as well as of their evolution and phylogenetic relationship. Further topics include their role as model plants, genetic erosion and conservation efforts, and their domestication for the purposes of bioenergy, phytomedicines, nutraceuticals and phytoremediation. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources comprises 10 volumes on Cereals, Millets and Grasses, Oilseeds, Legume Crops and Forages, Vegetables, Temperate Fruits, Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, Industrial Crops, Plantation and Ornamental Crops, and Forest Trees. It contains 125 chapters written by nearly 400 well-known authors from about 40 countries.

An Introduction To Plant Breeding

Author : Jack Brown
ISBN : 9781444357707
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34. 85 MB
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Plants have been successfully selectively bred for thousands of years, culminating in incredible yields, quality, resistance and so on that we see in our modern day crops and ornamental plants. In recent years the techniques used have been rapidly advanced and refined to include molecular, cell and genetic techniques. An Introduction to Plant Breeding provides comprehensive coverage of the whole area of plant breeding. Covering modes of reproduction in plants, breeding objectives and schemes, genetics, predictions, selection, alternative techniques and practical considerations. Each chapter is carefully laid out in a student friendly way and includes questions for the reader. The book is essential reading for all those studying, teaching and researching plant breeding.

Glasshouse Environment And Objectives In Breeding New Varieties Of Ornamental Crops

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:903685232
Genre :
File Size : 69. 59 MB
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Applied Mutation Breeding For Vegetatively Propagated Crops

Author : C. Broertjes
ISBN : 9781483289991
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29. 1 MB
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When the first edition of this book appeared in 1978, it was warmly received. Most readers and reviewers especially valued the extensive coverage of the literature in the chapters dealing with the different crops. ``... a valuable and timely addition to plant breeders and of outstanding value to breeders of ornamental plants. The book's special strength resides in the extensive review of literature ...'' (International Journal for Breeding Research). This is also reflected by the many times that the work has been referred to in other publications. This new edition provides plant breeders as well as scientists with an up-to-date overview of methods and results of the application of mutation breeding in order to genetically improve vegetatively propagated crops. General principles and background information about mutation breeding in general, methods of treatment, material to be treated and results are discussed in the introductory chapters, followed by a description of the specific situation in each of the vegetatively propagated crops ever used in a mutation breeding project. This volume brings together all the important and relevant literature in the field. It provides a complete account of mutation breeding of vegetatively produced crops, presenting conclusions about the value of the method, its possibilities, limitations and shortcomings and the possible difficulties of further application in various crops. The initial chapters deal with the interactions between mutagenic treatment and plant material, such as aspects of mutagenic treatment, post-irradiation behaviour of shoot apices and adventitious bud techniques. All available literature is then discussed crop by crop and critically evaluated. Almost 1700 references are covered and whenever possible suggestions for more efficient application of mutation breeding methods are given.

The Breeding Of Horticultural Crops

Author : Food Fertilizer Technology Center
ISBN : OCLC:708505342
Genre :
File Size : 89. 51 MB
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The breeding of vegetable crops; The breeding of fruit crops; The breeding of fruit and vegetable crops: some country reports; The breeding of ornamental crops; Genetic Resources.

Application Of Mutation Breeding Methods In The Improvement Of Vegetatively Propagated Crops

Author : C. Broertjes
ISBN : 9780444601636
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 88 MB
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Application of Mutation Breeding Methods in the Improvement of Vegetatively Propagated Crops: An Interpretive Literature Review summarizes advances in the use of artificially induced mutations to improve cultivated plants, particularly those that are vegetatively propagated. It brings together all available and accessible references that examine the advantages, drawbacks, and possibilities of the mutation breeding method, as well as the challenges that prevent it from being applied to various crops. Comprised of eight chapters, this volume begins with an overview of various aspects of mutagenic treatment using chemical and physical mutagens. It then discusses the structure and functioning of shoot apices and their behavior after irradiation; adventitious bud techniques and other in vivo or in vitro methods of asexual propagation; and breeding of root and tuber crops, such as cassava and potato, ornamental crops such as foliage plants and cut flowers, fruit crops, and other crops. Plant breeders who want to better understand how to apply mutation breeding to their crops will find this book extremely helpful.

Somaclonal Variation And Induced Mutations In Crop Improvement

Author : S.M. Jain
ISBN : 9789401591256
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 83 MB
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Genetic variability is an important parameter for plant breeders in any con ventional crop improvement programme. Very often the desired variation is un available in the right combination, or simply does not exist at all. However, plant breeders have successfully recombined the desired genes from cultivated crop gerrnplasm and related wild species by sexual hybridization, and have been able to develop new cultivars with desirable agronomie traits, such as high yield, disease, pest, and drought resistance. So far, conventional breeding methods have managed to feed the world's ever-growing population. Continued population growth, no further scope of expanding arable land, soil degradation, environ mental pollution and global warrning are causes of concern to plant biologists and planners. Plant breeders are under continuous pressure to improve and develop new cultivars for sustainable food production. However, it takes several years to develop a new cultivar. Therefore, they have to look for new technologies, which could be combined with conventional methods to create more genetic variability, and reduce the time in developing new cultivars, with early-maturity, and improved yield. The first report on induced mutation of a gene by HJ. Muller in 1927 was a major mi1estone in enhancing variation, and also indicated the potential applica tions of mutagenesis in plant improvement. Radiation sources, such as X-rays, gamma rays and fast neutrons, and chemical mutagens (e. g. , ethyl methane sulphonate) have been widely used to induce mutations.

Integration Of In Vitro Techniques In Ornamental Plant Breeding

Author : J. de Jong
ISBN : OCLC:256069769
Genre :
File Size : 74. 65 MB
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