captive-continent

Download Book Captive Continent in PDF format. You can Read Online Captive Continent here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Captive Continent

Author : Philip Pilevsky
ISBN : UOM:39015014329042
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 35. 5 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 919
Read : 439

Get This Book


A provocative contribution to the international relations literature, Captive Continent argues that there has been a shift in Western European sympathies in recent years. According to Pilevsky, this shift has taken the form of either nationalistic neutralism or a pro-Soviet position on many significant issues. Further, Pilevsky contends, Western Europe's new distrust of its ally, the U.S., and its seeming trust of its enemy, the USSR, is analogous to hostage behavior as characterized by the Stockholm Syndrome--which posits that the effects of fear on an individual or group will often lead to an identification with that which is feared. Pilevsky's discussion of the Stockholm Syndrome and its relevance to Europe proceeds along two parallel paths. First, he clearly delineates the syndrome and explores its bearing on the current situation in Europe--a situation in which nominal allies of the U.S. often seem more ready to side with the USSR in policy disputes. According to the author, Western Europe is, in a profoundly psychological way, a captive of the Soviet Union. In this relationship, based on fear and dependence, Western Europe comes increasingly to identify with its captor at the expense of the U.S. The second focus of the discussion is the identification of Russia's active participation in a strategy to make Europe hostage. As Pilevsky demonstrates, recent events support his contention that the Soviet Union not only benefits from the Stockholm Syndrome, but continues to take steps to foster the hostage-captor relationship. In his conclusion, Pilevsky suggests ways for the U.S. to more successfully deal with its allies and makes 10 recommendations for NATO.

Indian Captivity In Spanish America

Author : Fernando Operé
ISBN : 0813925878
Genre : History
File Size : 47. 43 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 953
Read : 559

Get This Book


Even before the arrival of Europeans to the Americas, the practice of taking captives was widespread among Native Americans. Indians took captives for many reasons: to replace—by adoption—tribal members who had been lost in battle, to use as barter for needed material goods, to use as slaves, or to use for reproductive purposes. From the legendary story of John Smith's captivity in the Virginia Colony to the wildly successful narratives of New England colonists taken captive by local Indians, the genre of the captivity narrative is well known among historians and students of early American literature. Not so for Hispanic America. Fernando Operé redresses this oversight, offering the first comprehensive historical and literary account of Indian captivity in Spanish-controlled territory from the sixteenth to the twentieth century. Originally published in Spanish in 2001 as Historias de la frontera: El cautiverio en la América hispánica, this newly translated work reveals key insights into Native American culture in the New World’s most remote regions. From the "happy captivity" of the Spanish military captain Francisco Nuñez de Pineda y Bascuñán, who in 1628 spent six congenial months with the Araucanian Indians on the Chilean frontier, to the harrowing nineteenth-century adventures of foreigners taken captive in the Argentine Pampas and Patagonia; from the declaraciones of the many captives rescued in the Rio de la Plata region of Argentina in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, to the riveting story of Helena Valero, who spent twenty-four years among the Yanomamö in Venezuela during the mid-twentieth century, Operé's vibrant history spans the entire gamut of Spain’s far-flung frontiers. Eventually focusing on the role of captivity in Latin American literature, Operé convincingly shows how the captivity genre evolved over time, first to promote territorial expansion and deny intercultural connections during the colonial era, and later to romanticize the frontier in the service of nationalism after independence. This important book is thus multidisciplinary in its concept, providing ethnographic, historical, and literary insights into the lives and customs of Native Americans and their captives in the New World.

The Oxford Handbook Of Modern African History

Author : John Parker
ISBN : 9780191667558
Genre : History
File Size : 52. 68 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 166
Read : 1003

Get This Book


The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History represents an invaluable tool for historians and others in the field of African studies. This collection of essays, produced by some of the finest scholars currently working in the field, provides the latest insights into, and interpretations of, the history of Africa - a continent with a rich and complex past. An understanding of this past is essential to gain perspective on Africa's current challenges, and this accessible and comprehensive volume will allow readers to explore various aspects - political, economic, social, and cultural - of the continent's history over the last two hundred years. Since African history first emerged as a serious academic endeavour in the 1950s and 1960s, it has undergone numerous shifts in terms of emphasis and approach, changes brought about by political and economic exigencies and by ideological debates. This multi-faceted Handbook is essential reading for anyone with an interest in those debates, and in Africa and its peoples. While the focus is determinedly historical, anthropology, geography, literary criticism, political science and sociology are all employed in this ground-breaking study of Africa's past.

John Clare Society Journal 15 1996

Author : Edmund Blunden
ISBN : 0952254131
Genre :
File Size : 33. 33 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 309
Read : 1246

Get This Book


The official Journal of the John Clare Society, published annually to reflect the interest in, and approaches to, the life and work of the poet John Clare.

The British Captives In Abyssinia

Author : Charles Tilstone Beke
ISBN : BL:A0021512126
Genre : Ethiopia
File Size : 86. 90 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 426
Read : 582

Get This Book



White Captives

Author : June Namias
ISBN : 080784408X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75. 25 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 172
Read : 1022

Get This Book


White Captives offers a new analysis of Indian-white coexistence on the American frontier. June Namias shows that visual, literary, and historical accounts of the capture of Euro-Americans by Indians during the colonial Indian Wars, the American Revolutio

Congressional Record

Author : United States. Congress
ISBN : UIUC:30112099131549
Genre : Law
File Size : 62. 39 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 358
Read : 723

Get This Book



Captives And Cousins

Author : James F. Brooks
ISBN : 9781458718617
Genre : History
File Size : 74. 58 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 717
Read : 161

Get This Book


This sweeping, richly evocative study examines the origins and legacies of a flourishing captive exchange economy within and among native American and Euramerican communities throughout the Southwest Borderlands from the Spanish colonial era to the end of the nineteenth century. Indigenous and colonial traditions of capture, servitude, and kinship met and meshed in the borderlands, forming a ''slave system'' in which victims symbolized social wealth, performed services for their masters, and produced material goods under the threat of violence. Slave and livestock raiding and trading among Apaches, Comanches, Kiowas, Navajos, Utes, and Spaniards provided labor resources, redistributed wealth, and fostered kin connections that integrated disparate and antagonistic groups even as these practices renewed cycles of violence and warfare. Always attentive to the corrosive effects of the ''slave trade'' on Indian and colonial societies, the book also explores slavery's centrality in intercultural trade, alliances, and ''communities of interest'' among groups often antagonistic to Spanish, Mexican, and American modernizing strategies. The extension of the moral and military campaigns of the American Civil War to the Southwest in a regional ''war against slavery'' brought differing forms of social stability but cost local communities much of their economic vitality and cultural flexibility.

Guinea Pigs Of The New World Order

Author : JOACHIM ONYEAKOR
ISBN : 9781479714971
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56. 53 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 484
Read : 349

Get This Book


The author believes that those labelled as blacks in the world are the greatest victims of racial discrimination and will be highly victimised as the New World Government takes full force. According to the author, racism is not a problem as humans seem to have evolved with some seemingly physical differences resulting in different races, but the main problem is racial discrimination which has resulted in series of racially driven ugliness that people of colour, most especially blacks, face in the world in these present times, including the treatment they shall receive from the New World Government. The African continent harbours this breed of humans called blacks, and many studies have been undertaken to prove whether African natives are inferior in intelligence therefore incapable of higher thoughts and higher arts. The author begs to disagree, hence race has nothing to do with human intelligence, and the reasons why there is insignificant human development in Africa according to the author are human slavery which happened in the past, which was a plot to use African natives as human machines; forced dominance which resulted in land seizures in some part of Africa and colonial invasion which was a plot to acquire land and natural resources and not to help Africa as the imperialists’ conspiracy propagandists want all to believe. Colonialism came with religious tools enforced with guns and brute force, and without the invasion of the colonialists, Africans would have developed considering the pyramids ofEgypt, the axioms ofEthiopia, the medical institutes inTimbuktuin the ancient times and more. According to the author, the reason why the African continent is paralysed in terms of economic development is mental slavery leading to economic slavery. Mental slavery is caused by racial discrimination, mind diversion using information and religious tools, pseudoscience or superstitions, faulty education, colonialism, and colonial destruction of African cultural evolution. The author believes that since Chinese and Indians could develop and attain economic freedom, so also canAfricadevelop, but Africans must first deal with mental slavery. Mental slavery leads to economic slavery. Today, Africans cannot produce what they consume nor consume what they produce all because of mental slavery. An endangered species is a population of organisms which is facing a high risk of becoming extinct because it is either few in numbers or threatened by changing environmental or predation parameters. Technically speaking, African natives are facing predation parameters, and it seems that the New World Order since its creation and inception designated the African natives (that they call blacks) as guinea pigs that will be used in its operations and to advance its cause. The black man has faced cruel slavery, colonialism, forced dominance and subjugation, neo-colonialism, and he is now also facing mental slavery, a far more dangerous situation. It is a situation not recognisable with the naked eye yet exists and poses more danger than all of the former, creating a cloud of mental slaves who are moving in the wrong direction applying the wrong life operational parameters. Development is extremely slow in the African continent, and the advanced nations have ceased that opportunity to transform the continent into a huge market for their finished goods, in the process also fuelling mind slavery to impair development. They hypocritically condemn the African continent as incapable of self-sustenance, but it has never occurred to anyone that ifAfricastands up today, those advance nations will lose their market. In exchange directly or indirectly for the rich natural resources of the African continent, the advanced nations have fuelled wars and mental slavery in the continent while still condemning the continent. Unfortunately, the same mercenaries of the New World Government who enslaved the African people in

Connecting Continents

Author : Kenneth G. Kelly
ISBN : 9781000297515
Genre : History
File Size : 42. 56 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 713
Read : 994

Get This Book


This volume draws together richly textured and deeply empirical accounts of rice and how its cultivation in the Carolina low country stitch together a globe that maps colonial economies, displacement, and the creative solutions of enslaved people conscripted to cultivate its grain. If sugar fueled the economic hegemony of North Europe in the 18th and 19th century, rice fed it. Nowhere has this story been a more integral part of the landscape than Low Country of the coasts of Georgia, South and North Carolina. Rice played a key role in the expansion of slavery in the Carolinas during the 18th century as West African captives were enslaved, in part for their expertise in growing rice. Contributors to this volume explore the varied genealogies of rice cultivation in the Low Country through archaeological, anthropological, and historical research. This multi-sited volume draws on case studies from Guinea, Sierra Leone, and South Carolina, the Caribbean and India to both compare and connect these disparate regions. Through these studies the reader will learn how the rice cultivation knowledge of untold numbers of captive Africans contributed to the development of the Carolinas and by extension, the United States and Europe. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Atlantic Studies.

Captives Cousins

Author : James F. Brooks
ISBN : 9781458718570
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 78. 40 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 770
Read : 352

Get This Book


This sweeping, richly evocative study examines the origins and legacies of a flourishing captive exchange economy within and among native American and Euramerican communities throughout the Southwest Borderlands from the Spanish colonial era to the end of the nineteenth century. Indigenous and colonial traditions of capture, servitude, and kinship met and meshed in the borderlands, forming a ''slave system'' in which victims symbolized social wealth, performed services for their masters, and produced material goods under the threat of violence. Slave and livestock raiding and trading among Apaches, Comanches, Kiowas, Navajos, Utes, and Spaniards provided labor resources, redistributed wealth, and fostered kin connections that integrated disparate and antagonistic groups even as these practices renewed cycles of violence and warfare. Always attentive to the corrosive effects of the ''slave trade'' on Indian and colonial societies, the book also explores slavery's centrality in intercultural trade, alliances, and ''communities of interest'' among groups often antagonistic to Spanish, Mexican, and American modernizing strategies. The extension of the moral and military campaigns of the American Civil War to the Southwest in a regional ''war against slavery'' brought differing forms of social stability but cost local communities much of their economic vitality and cultural flexibility.

Historical Sources On Slavery

Author : Chet'la Sebree
ISBN : 9781502640888
Genre : Young Adult Nonfiction
File Size : 26. 30 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 729
Read : 862

Get This Book


In 1619, Dutch traders sold twenty Africans to English settlers for the purposes of slave labor. By the late seventeenth century, enslaved Africans would become the primary source of labor in America, especially in the South. While the North relied more on technology after the Industrial Revolution, the Southern economy was based on agriculture. Despite the aversion of many Northerners to slavery after the American Revolution, the demand for cotton and tobacco in the North kept slavery, on which the antebellum Southern economy was based, alive. Students will read accounts about the lives of those enslaved laborers. Through primary sources, they'll also learn about the laws designed to protect the institution of slavery and how the institution was dismantled.

The National Christian Council Review

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015078380352
Genre : Christianity
File Size : 79. 14 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 102
Read : 676

Get This Book



The Princeton Companion To Atlantic History

Author : Joseph C. Miller
ISBN : 9781400852215
Genre : Reference
File Size : 58. 59 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 245
Read : 417

Get This Book


The first encyclopedic reference to Atlantic history Between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries, the connections among Africa, the Americas, and Europe transformed world history—through maritime exploration, commercial engagements, human migrations and settlements, political realignments and upheavals, cultural exchanges, and more. This book, the first encyclopedic reference work on Atlantic history, takes an integrated, multicontinental approach that emphasizes the dynamics of change and the perspectives and motivations of the peoples who made it happen. The entries—all specially commissioned for this volume from an international team of leading scholars—synthesize the latest scholarship on central themes, including economics, migration, politics, war, technologies and science, the physical environment, and culture. Part one features five major essays that trace the changes distinctive to each chronological phase of Atlantic history. Part two includes more than 125 entries on key topics, from the seemingly familiar viewed in unfamiliar and provocative ways (the Seven Years' War, trading companies) to less conventional subjects (family networks, canon law, utopias). This is an indispensable resource for students, researchers, and scholars in a range of fields, from early American, African, Latin American, and European history to the histories of economics, religion, and science. The first encyclopedic reference on Atlantic history Features five major essays and more than 125 alphabetical entries Provides essential context on major areas of change: Economies (for example, the slave trade, marine resources, commodities, specie, trading companies) Populations (emigrations, Native American removals, blended communities) Politics and law (the law of nations, royal liberties, paramount chiefdoms, independence struggles in Haiti, the Hispanic Americas, the United States, and France) Military actions (the African and Napoleonic wars, the Seven Years' War, wars of conquest) Technologies and science (cartography, nautical science, geography, healing practices) The physical environment (climate and weather, forest resources, agricultural production, food and diets, disease) Cultures and communities (captivity narratives, religions and religious practices) Includes original contributions from Sven Beckert, Holly Brewer, Peter A. Coclanis, Seymour Drescher, Eliga H. Gould, David S. Jones, Wim Klooster, Mark Peterson, Steven Pincus, Richard Price and Sophia Rosenfeld, and many more Contains illustrations, maps, and bibliographies

My Roots Continents Apart

Author : Elsa Moravek Perou de Wagner
ISBN : 9780595345373
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 31. 3 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 672
Read : 197

Get This Book


It is 1934 in La Paz when Elsa, a charming Bolivian of Inca descent, meets Jan, a handsome Czech engineer. Three days later he proposed marriage to her. In 1938, when multitudes abandon the Old Continent, they move to Prague with two children born in Argentina. My Roots Continents Apart is an inspiring account of a family's struggle to survive and stay together during the turmoil of Second World War in Europe. The narrative unfolds across venturesome places and situations in Czechoslovakia, Romania and the Balkans, alongside Jan's role as member of the Czech Resistance. The Nazis convicted him, yet Albert Goering, brother of Herman, saved his life. During the harsh winter of 1946 the family escapes from the Russian invaders and ultimately returns to South America's post war autocratic Argentina. Elsa Wagner started to write this story motivated by the ubiquitous "live" television coverage of warfare since the 1990's, which brought back memories of her childhood. Based on her mother's book El Frente Desarmado, published in 1952, and after further research of her roots, Elsa realized that she was creating a whole new story involving centuries of history and cultures so diverse and apart as Bolivia and Czechoslovakia.

Shifting Continents Colliding Cultures

Author : Ralph J. Crane
ISBN : 9042012617
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 38. 8 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 472
Read : 771

Get This Book


This book explores the aftermath of British colonialism on the Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka, including the resulting Diaspora. The essays also examine zones of intersection between theories of postcolonial writing and models of Diaspora and the nation.

Shifting Continents Colliding Cultures

Author :
ISBN : 9789004486676
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 45. 41 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 147
Read : 526

Get This Book


In the wake of the steady expansion and more recent explosion of Anglo-Indian and Indo-Anglian writing, and following the success of Salman Rushdie's Midnight's Children, the literature of the Indian diaspora has become the object of close attention. As a body of literature, it simultaneously represents an important multicultural perspective within individual ‘national' literatures (such as those of Canada or Australia) as well as a more global perspective taking in the phenomena of transculturalism and diaspora. However, while readers may share an interest in the writing of the Indian diaspora, they do not always interpret the notion of ‘Indian diaspora' in the same way. Indeed, there has been much debate in recent years about the appropriateness of terms such as diaspora and exile. Should these terms be reserved for the specifically historical nature of problems encountered in the process of acquiring new nationality and citizenship, or can they be extended to the writing of literature itself or used to describe ‘economic' migration arising out of privilege? As a response to these debates, Shifting Continents/Colliding Cultures explores the aftermath of British colonialism on the Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka, including the resulting diaspora. The essays also examine zones of intersection between theories of postcolonial writing and models of diaspora and the nation. Particular lines of investigation include: how South-Asian identity is negotiated in Western spaces, and its reverse, how Western identity is negotiated in South-Asian space; reading identity by privileging history; the role of diasporic women in the (Western) nation; how diaspora affects the literary canon; and how diaspora is used in the production of alternative identities in films such as Gurinder Chadha's Bhaji on the Beach.

Popular Voyages And Travels Throughout The Continents And Islands Of Asia Africa And America

Author : Frances Thurtle Jamieson
ISBN : UCSD:31822031035033
Genre : Africa
File Size : 44. 7 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 519
Read : 597

Get This Book



Popular Voyages And Travels Throughout The Continents And Islands Of Asia Africa And America

Author : Mrs. Jamieson (Frances Thurtle)
ISBN : NYPL:33433000561898
Genre : Africa
File Size : 88. 39 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 564
Read : 1316

Get This Book



The Captive S Position

Author : Teresa Toulouse
ISBN : 9780812239584
Genre : History
File Size : 66. 83 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 182
Read : 951

Get This Book


Why do narratives of Indian captivity emerge in New England between 1682 and 1707 and why are these texts, so centrally concerned with women's experience, supported and even written by a powerful group of Puritan ministers? In The Captive's Position, Teresa Toulouse argues for a new interpretation of the captivity narrative—one that takes into account the profound shifts in political and social authority and legitimacy that occurred in New England at the end of the seventeenth century. While North American narratives of Indian captivity had been written before this period by French priests and other European adventurers, those stories had focused largely on Catholic conversions and martyrdoms or male strategies for survival among the Indians. In contrast, the New England texts represented a colonial Protestant woman who was separated brutally from her family but who demonstrated qualities of religious acceptance, humility, and obedience until she was eventually returned to her own community. Toulouse explores how the female captive's position came to resonate so powerfully for traditional male elites in the second and third generation of the Massachusetts colony. Threatened by ongoing wars with Indians and French as well as by a range of royal English interventions in New England political and cultural life, figures such as Increase Mather, Cotton Mather, and John Williams perceived themselves to be equally challenged by religious and social conflicts within New England. By responding to and employing popular representations of female captivity, they were enabled to express their ambivalence toward the world of their fathers and toward imperial expansion and thereby to negotiate their own complicated sense of personal and cultural identity. Examining the captivity narratives of Mary Rowlandson, Hannah Dustan, Hannah Swarton, and John Williams (who comes to stand in for the female captive), Toulouse asserts the need to read these gendered texts as cultural products that variably engage, shape, and confound colonial attitudes toward both Europe and the local scene in Massachusetts. In doing so, The Captive's Position offers a new story of the rise and breakdown of orthodox Puritan captivities and a meditation on the relationship between dreams of authority and historical change.

Top Download:

Best Books