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Catalysis By Metals And Alloys

Author : V. Ponec
ISBN : 0080528651
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 91 MB
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Catalysis by Metals and Alloys

Catalysis By Metals

Author : Daniel Joseph Sajkowski
ISBN : STANFORD:36105032366192
Genre :
File Size : 85. 94 MB
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Surface Properties And Catalysis By Non Metals

Author : J.P. Bonnelle
ISBN : 9789400971608
Genre : Science
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In the field of heterogeneous catalysis. it is convenient to distinguish. in a perfectly unjustified and over··simplified way. bet:leen metal catalysts. 2nd the other catalysts. The fj.J"st are easy to define : they are those in which a reduced metal is the active phase. It is thus easy to circumscribe. by exclusion, the other class namely the "non-metals". We have adopted this definition for the sake of our colleagues working on catalysis by metals, and to avoid a lengthy title like "sm' face pl"operties and catalysts by transi tion metal oxides. sulftdes, carbides, nitriles, etc. Defined in this manner, non-metal catalysts represented, in 1980, 84 wt. % of the industrial heterogeneous catalysts. To be more specific, this proportion corresponds to catalysts which, under the working conditions in the industrial ?lant. contain their catalytically active metallic elements in a non-reduced state. It should however be recalled that most metal catalysts are supported on oxides, which, often, repl'esent over 90% (sometimes 99.4% in the case of the platinum reforming catalysts) of the total weight.

Early Main Group Metal Catalysis

Author : Sjoerd Harder
ISBN : 9783527344482
Genre : Technology & Engineering
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Early Main Group Metal Catalysis gives a comprehensive overview of catalytic reactions in the presence of group 1 and group 2 metals. Chapters are ordered to reaction type, contain educational elements and deal with concepts illustrated by examples that cover the main developments. After a short introduction on polar organometallic chemistry and synthesis of early main group metal complexes, a variety of catalytic reactions are described, e.g. polymerization of alkenes, hydroamination and phosphination reactions, hydrosilylation, hydroboration and hydrogenation catalysis, as well as enantioselective and Lewis-acid catalysis. The book addresses organic chemists and researchers in industry interested in the state-of-the-art and new possibilities of early main group metal catalysis as well as newcomers to the field. Written by a team of leaders in the field, it is a very welcome addition to the area of main group metal chemistry, and to the field of catalysis.

An Introduction To Chemisorption And Catalysis By Metals

Author : Robert Paul Holland Gasser
ISBN : STANFORD:36105017811246
Genre : Catalysis
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This text presents a unified approach to the wide range of interactions and events which may follow the impact of gas molecules with a metal surface. The scope extends from the physical interactions which lead only to energy exchanges, through physical adsorption, to a discussion of various catalytic processes. Through specific examples, students of adsorption and catalysis are shown how to conduct and interpret experiments. These examples illustrate both the close conceptual and experimental links between adsorption and catalysis, and explore the experimental techniques most often encountered. The work concludes with a detailed case study of the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide on palladium and platinum, an important process in the control of automobile exhaust emissions.

Metal Support And Metal Additive Effects In Catalysis

Author : B. Imelik
ISBN : 0080954367
Genre : Technology & Engineering
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Metal-Support and Metal-Additive Effects in Catalysis, Volume 11, documents the proceedings of an international symposium organized by the Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse - CNRS – Villeurbanne and sponsored by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Ecully (Lyon), September 14-16, 1982. This volume contains 40 manuscripts that cover a wide range of topics. Among these are studies of metal-support interactions involving Pt/Al2O3, Pt/TiO2,Fe/TiO2, Pt/MgO, Rh /Al2O3, and Pt/CeO2 catalysts. There are also separate chapters dealing with ethane, n-butane, and cyclohexane hydrogenolysis; skeletal isomerization of methylpentanes; the catalytic activity and selectivity of noble metals; CO hydrogenation over supported on SiO2, Al2O3, Ti O2,and Zr O2 nickel catalysts; and the role of promoters in Pd catalysts for methanol synthesis. Subsequent chapters cover the poisoning of platinum and nickel by sulfur; C6H6 and CO chemisorption on Pt78Ni22 (111) single crystal alloy; the surface composition of industrial ammonia synthesis catalysts; and the role of alkalis and electronegative promoters on Fe and Ni catalysts.

Non Noble Metal Catalysis

Author : Robertus J. M. Klein Gebbink
ISBN : 9783527340613
Genre : Technology & Engineering
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An expert overview of current research, applications, and economic and environmental advantages The study and development of new homogeneous catalysts based on first-row metals (Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu) has grown significantly due to the economic and environmental advantages that non-noble metals present. Base metals offer reduced cost, greater supply, and lower toxicity levels than noble metals?enabling greater opportunity for scientific investigation and increased development of practical applications. Non-Noble Metal Catalysis provides an authoritative survey of the field, from fundamental concepts and computational methods to industrial applications and reaction classes. Recognized experts in organometallic chemistry and homogeneous catalysis, the authors present a comprehensive overview of the conceptual and practical aspects of non-noble metal catalysts. Examination of topics including non-innocent ligands, proton-coupled electron transfer, and multi-nuclear complexes provide essential background information, while areas such as kinetic lability and lifetimes of intermediates reflect current research and shifting trends in the field. This timely book demonstrates the efficacy of base metal catalysts in the pharmaceutical, fine-chemical, and agrochemical industries, addressing both environmental and economic concerns. Providing essential conceptual and practical exploration, this valuable resource: -Illustrates how unravelling new reactivity patterns can lead to new catalysts and new applications -Highlights the multiple advantages of using non-noble metals in homogenous catalysis -Demonstrates how the availability of non-noble metal catalysis reduces costs and leads to immense savings for the chemical industry -Reveals how non-noble metal catalysis are more sustainable than noble metals such as palladium or platinum Non-Noble Metal Catalysis: Molecular Approaches and Reactions is an indispensable source of up-to-date information for catalytic chemists, organic chemists, industrial chemists, organometallic chemists, and those seeking to broaden their knowledge of catalytic chemistry.

Sustainable Catalysis

Author : Michael North
ISBN : 9781782626398
Genre :
File Size : 62. 75 MB
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Catalysis Without Precious Metals

Author : R. Morris Bullock
ISBN : 9783527632404
Genre : Science
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Written for chemists in industry and academia, this ready reference and handbook summarizes recent progress in the development of new catalysts that do not require precious metals. The research thus presented points the way to how new catalysts may ultimately supplant the use of precious metals in some types of reactions, while highlighting the remaining challenges. An essential copanion for organic and catalytic chemists, as well as those working with/on organometallics and graduate students. From the contents: * Catalysis Involving the H' Transfer Reactions of First-Row Transition Metals * Catalytic Reduction of Dinitrogen to Ammonia by Molybdenum Complexes * Molybdenum and Tungsten Catalysts for Hydrogenation, Hydrosilylation and Hydrolysis * Iron in Catalytic Alkene and Carbonyl Hydrogenation Reactions * Olefin Oligomerizations and Polymerizations Catalyzed by Iron and Cobalt Complexes * Cobalt and Nickel Catalyzed Reactions Involving C-H and C-N Activation Reactions * Development of Molecular Electrocatalysts for H2 Oxidation and Production Based on Inexpensive Metals * Nickel-Catalyzed Reductinve Couplings and Cyclizations * Copper-Catalyzed Ligand Promoted Ullmann-Type Coupling Reactions * Copper-Catalyzed Azide-Alkyne Cycloaddition * "Frustrated Lewis Pairs": A Metal-Free Strategy for Hydrogenation Catalysis

Hydrogenation With Low Cost Transition Metals

Author : Jacinto Sa
ISBN : 9781498730549
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 88 MB
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Hydrogenation with Low-Cost Transition Metals describes recent developments in the preparation of catalysts and their catalytic abilities in chemoselective hydrogenation for the production of fine chemicals and pharmaceutical compounds. Emphasizing the use of low-cost metals (Cu, Ni, Fe, and Ag) that are often present in the form of nanoparticles, the book provides valuable reaction mechanism schemes, engineering solutions, and perspective for the field.

Catalysis By Metal Complexes And Nanomaterials

Author : Meng Zhou (Chemistry professor)
ISBN : 084123437X
Genre : Catalysis
File Size : 79. 59 MB
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"Catalysis is truly an interdisciplinary field to which chemists, biologists, physicists, and engineers have made seminal contributions. This book aims to address the notably diverse topic of transition-metal catalysis in a single volume. The first half of the book is dedicated to the discrete and atomically precise metal complexes for homogeneous catalysis. Bimetallic, organometallic, and coordination complexes of early, late, and post-transition metals are described. Catalytic hydrogenation, oxidation, and coupling reactions are presented. The second half of the book focuses on three distinct types of nanomaterials: (1) zero- valent metallic nanoparticles, (2) titanium dioxide semiconductors, and (3) the porous coordination polymer known as the metal-organic framework. The chapters illustrate how deeply catalysis is influenced by other disciplines (e.g., coordination chemistry, bioinorganic chemistry, organometallic chemistry, computational chemistry, organic synthesis, photochemistry, materials science, environmental chemistry, green chemistry, and renewable energy). Advancements in these areas fuel the rapid growth of catalysis science. This book allows readers to reach a high-level of understanding in catalysis by learning from the perspectives of active practitioners. Unlike a textbook that provides a systematic, comprehensive, and historical education on the general topics of catalysis, this book offers critical case studies on select topics. Substantial emphasis is placed on the structural and fundamental properties that dictate catalyst performance, enabling readers to quickly understand and apply knowledge from cutting-edge studies and applications detailed within. This book can be utilized as a handbook, a textbook or textbook supplement, or a reference to guide future work"--

Late Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysis

Author : Bernhard Rieger
ISBN : 9783527605262
Genre : Technology & Engineering
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At the start of the 1950s, Ziegler and Natta discovered that simple metallorganic catalysts are capable of transforming olefins into linear polymers with highly ordered structures. This pioneering discovery was recognized with a Nobel Prize in 1963. In the 80s and 90s, the development of molecular defined metallocenes led to a renaissance for non-polar polyolefin materials. Designer catalysts allowed a greater precision in defining properties of the material. The past 10 years have seen the discovery of new catalysts based on late transition metals, which allow the combination of polar monomers with non-polar olefins and thus lead to innovative materials. Here, the world's leading authors from industry and academia describe the latest developments in this fascinating field for the first time in such comprehensive detail. In so doing, they introduce readers systematically to the basic principles and show how these new catalysts can effectively be used for polymerization reactions. This makes the book an ideal and indispensable reference for specialists, advanced students, and scientists of various disciplines dealing with research into catalysts and materials science.

Heterogeneous Catalysis For The Synthetic Chemist

Author : Robert L. Augustine
ISBN : 9781000148213
Genre : Science
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This work delineates the effect of different reaction variables on the outcome of heterogeneously catalyzed reactions, and explains how to optimize the product yield of specific compounds. Metal catalysis, simple and complex oxides, zeolites and clays are discussed, both as catalysts and as potential supports for catalytically active metals.

Industrial Applications Of Homogeneous Catalysis

Author : A. Mortreux
ISBN : 9789400938977
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 5 MB
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Catalysts are now widely used in both laboratory and industrial-scale chemistry. Indeed, it is hard to find any complex synthesis or industrial process that does not, at some stage, utilize a catalytic reaction. The development of homogeneous transition metal catalysts on the laboratory scale has demonstrated that these systems can be far superior to the equivalent heterogeneous systems, at least in terms of selectivity. is an increasing interest in this field of research from both an Thus, there academic and industrial point of view. In connection with the rapid developments in this area, four universities from the E.E.C (Aachen, FRG; Liege, Belgium; Milan, Italy; and Lille, France) have collaborated to organise a series of seminars for high-level students and researchers. These meetings have been sponsored by the Commission of the E.E.C and state organizations. The most recent of these meetings was held in Lille in September 1985 and this book contains updated and expanded presentations of most of the lectures given there. These lectures are concerned with the field of homogeneous transition metal catalysis and its application to the synthesis of organic intermediates and fine chemicals from an academic and industrial viewpoint. The continuing petroleum crisis which began in the early 1970s has given rise to the need to develop new feedstocks for the chemical industry.

Homogeneous Transition Metal Catalysis

Author : Christopher Masters
ISBN : 9789400958807
Genre : Science
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Soluble catalysts are used extensively in many branches of chemistry and are indeed a vital constituent of many natural processes. They find wide application throughout the chemical industry where they assist in the production of several million tonnes of chemicals each year. Since homogeneous systems, especially those incorporating transition metals, often function effectively under milder conditions than their heterogeneous counterparts, they are becoming increasingly important at a time when the chemical industry in particular, and society in general, is seeking ways of conserving energy and of making the best possible use of available resources. My principal objective in- writing this book is to engender sufficient enthusiasm for, and knowledge of, the subject in the reader that he or she will be encouraged to begin, or continue, to make their own contribution to advancing our knowledge of homogeneous catalysis. After attempting to acquaint the reader with some of the ground rules I have tried to describe the present scope, and the future potential, of this fascinating field of chemistry by drawing both on academic and on industrial data sources. This approach stems from a personal conviction that future progress could be considerably hastened by a more meaningful dialogue between chemists working both in industrial and in academic research institutions. Wherever possible, examples of the commercial application of homogeneous catalyst systems have been included and no attempt has been made in any way to disguise the many unresolved questions and exciting challenges which still pervade this rapidly developing area.

Adsorption And Catalysis On Transition Metals And Their Oxides

Author : Vsevolod F. Kiselev
ISBN : 9783642738876
Genre : Technology & Engineering
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This book deals with adsorption and catalysis on the surface of transition elements and their compounds, many of which are in teresting because of their particular electronic structure. The authors have worked through a vast body of experimental evi dence on the structure and properties of surfaces of transition metals and relevant oxides. Consideration is given mostly to simple (as opposed to mixed) oxides of transition elements, to common metals and to the adsorption of simple gases. A great deal of attention is paid to the nature of active surface sites responsible for chemisorption and catalytic transformations. The description relies mainly on the simplified ligand-field theory, which, however, proves quite satisfactory for predicting the adsorptive and catalytic activity of species. In many cases simple systems were explored with the aid of novel techniques, and it is only for such systems that the mechanism of the ele mentary act of adsorption and catalysis can be given adequate treatment. The present monograph has emerged from our earlier work in Russian, which appeared in the Khimiya Publishing House (Mos cow) in 1981. This English edition has, however, been revised completely to broaden its scope and to include more recent a chievements. For fruitful discussions the authors are grateful to A.A.

Theoretical Aspects Of Transition Metal Catalysis

Author : Gernot Frenking
ISBN : 3540235108
Genre : Science
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Transition metal catalysis belongs to the most important chemical research areas because a ubiquitous number of chemical reactions are catalyzed by transition metal compounds. Many efforts are being made by industry and academia to find new and more efficient catalysts for chemical processes. Transition metals play a prominent role in catalytic research because they have been proven to show an enormous diversity in lowering the activation barrier for chemical reactions. For many years, the search for new catalysts was carried out by trial and error, which was costly and time consuming. The understanding of the mechanism of the catalytic process is often not very advanced because it is difficult to study the elementary steps of the catalysis with experimental techniques. The development of modern quantum chemical methods for calculating possible intermediates and transition states was a breakthrough in gaining an understanding of the reaction pathways of transition metal catalyzed reactions. This volume, organized into eight chapters written by leading scientists in the field, illustrates the progress made during the last decade. The reader will obtain a deep insight into the present state of quantum chemical research in transition metal catalysis.

Transition Metals In Coordination Environments

Author : Ewa Broclawik
ISBN : 9783030117146
Genre : Science
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This book focuses on the electronic properties of transition metals in coordination environments. These properties are responsible for the unique and intricate activity of transition metal sites in bio- and inorganic catalysis, but also pose challenges for both theoretical and experimental studies. Written by an international group of recognized experts, the book reviews recent advances in computational modeling and discusses their interplay using experiments. It covers a broad range of topics, including advanced computational methods for transition metal systems; spectroscopic, electrochemical and catalytic properties of transition metals in coordination environments; metalloenzymes and biomimetic compounds; and spin-related phenomena. As such, the book offers an invaluable resource for all researchers and postgraduate students interested in both fundamental and application-oriented research in the field of transition metal systems.

Nickel Catalysis In Organic Synthesis

Author : Sensuke Ogoshi
ISBN : 9783527344079
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 19 MB
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A comprehensive reference to nickel chemistry for every scientist working with organometallic catalysts Written by one of the world?s leading reseachers in the field, Nickel Catalysis in Organic Synthesis presents a comprehensive review of the high potential of modern nickel catalysis and its application in synthesis. Structured in a clear and assessible manner, the book offers a collection of various reaction types, such as cross-coupling reactions, reactions for the activation of unreactive bonds, carbon dioxide fixation, and many more. Nickel has been recognized as one of the most interesting transition metals for homogeneous catalysis. This book offers an overview to the recently developed new ligands, new reaction conditions, and new apparatus to control the reactivity of nickel catalysts, allowing scientists to apply nickel catalysts to a variety of bond-forming reactions. A must-read for anyone working with organometallic compounds and their application in organic synthesis, this important guide: -Reviews the numerous applications of nickel catalysis in synthesis -Explores the use of nickel as a relatively cheap and earth-abundant metal -Examines the versatility of nickel catalysis in reactions like cross-coupling reactions and CH activations -Offers a resource for academics and industry professionals Written for catalytic chemists, organic chemists, inorganic chemists, structural chemists, and chemists in industry, Nickel Catalysis in Organic Synthesis provides a much-needed overview of the most recent developments in modern nickel catalysis and its application in synthesis.

Catalysis And Surface Properties Of Liquid Metals And Alloys

Author : Keizo Ogino
ISBN : 0824776992
Genre : Science
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This book presents up-to-date information about the catalysis and surface properties of liquid metals and liquid alloys. It is intended for use by chemical engineers and researchers in catalysis, surface science, liquid metals, and chemical process technologies.

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