charging the internal combustion engine powertrain

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Charging The Internal Combustion Engine Powertrain Hermann Hiereth Peter Prenninger 2003

Author : Spriner Wien-New York
ISBN : 9783211330333
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29. 10 MB
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Supercharging the reciprocating piston internal combustion engine is as old as the engine itself. Early on, it was used to improve the high-altitude performance of aircraft engines and later to increase the short-term peak performance in sporty or very expensive automobiles. It took nearly 30 years until it reached economic importance in the form of the efficiency-improving exhaust gas turbocharging of slow- and medium-speed diesel engines. It took 30 more years until it entered high-volume automotive engine production, in the form of both mechanically driven displacement compressors and modern exhaust gas turbocharging systems. Since, in spite of promising alternative developments for mobile applications, the internal combustion engine will remain dominant for the foreseeable future, its further development is essential. Today many demands are placed on automobile engines: on the one hand, consumers insist on extreme efficiency, and on the other hand laws establish strict standards for, e.g., noise and exhaust gas emissions. It would be extremely difficult for an internal combustion engine to meet these demands without the advantages afforded by supercharging. The purpose of this book is to facilitate a better understanding of the characteristics of superchargers in respect to their physical operating principles, as well as their interaction with piston engines. This applies both to the displacement compressor and to exhaust gas turbocharging systems, which often are very complex. It is not intended to cover the layout, calculation, and design of supercharging equipment as such – this special area is reserved for the pertinent technical literature – but to cover those questions which are important for an efficient interaction between engine and supercharging system, as well as the description of the tools necessary to obtain an optimal engine–supercharger combination. Special emphasis is put on an understandable depiction of the interrelationships in as simple a form as possible, as well as on the description and exemplified in-depth discussion of modern supercharging system development processes. As far as possible, the principal interactions are described, and mathematical functions are limited to the necessary minimum, without at the same time disregarding how indispensable simulation and layout programs today are for a fast, costefficient, and largely application-optimized engine–supercharger adaptation. This book is written for students as well as engineers in research and development, whom we presume to be significantly more knowledgeable about the basics of the internal combustion engine than about supercharging systems. When compiling the bibliography, we – due to the extensive number of relevant publications – have emphasized those texts which influence or support the descriptions and statements within the book. We have to thank a large number of persons and companies that have enabled this book via their encouragement and who provided us with illustrations. Our special thanks go to the editor of the series “Der Fahrzeugantrieb/Powertrain”, Prof. Helmut List, who encouraged us to tackle this book and who actively supported the editing VI Preface and the preparation of the illustrations. We thank the companies ABB, DaimlerChrysler, Garrett- Honeywell, 3K-Warner, and Waertsilae-New Sulzer Diesel for permitting us to use extensive material with results and illustrations and the Motortechnische Zeitschrift for their permission to republish numerous illustrations. We thank Univ.-Prof. Dr. R. Pischinger and Dipl.-Ing. G.Withalm for their useful suggestions and systematic basic research. For special hints and additions in regard to fluid mechanics we thank Dipl.-Ing. S. Sumser, Dipl.-Ing. H. Finger and Dr.-Ing. F. Wirbeleit. Also, for their extensive simulation and test results we thank the highly committed colleagues from the AVL departments Thermodynamics as well as Diesel and Gasoline Engine Research. We thank Dipl.-Ing. N. Hochegger for the excellent preparation of the illustrations. Without the kind assistance of all companies and individuals mentioned above this book would not have been possible. We thank Springer Wien New York for the professional execution and production of this book. H. Hiereth, P. Prenninger

Charging The Internal Combustion Engine

Author : Hermann Hiereth
ISBN : 9783211471135
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68. 71 MB
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This book covers all aspects of supercharging internal combustion engines. It details charging systems and components, the theoretical basic relations between engines and charging systems, as well as layout and evaluation criteria for best interaction. Coverage also describes recent experiences in design and development of supercharging systems, improved graphical presentations, and most advanced calculation and simulation tools.

Solving The Powertrain Puzzle

Author : Schaeffler Technologies GmbH & Co. KG
ISBN : 9783658064303
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64. 73 MB
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Every four years, Schaeffler provides an insight into its latest developments and technologies from the engine, transmission and chassis as well as hybridization and electric mobility sectors. In 2014 the Schaeffler Symposium with the motto “Solving the Powertrain Puzzle” took place from 3th to 4th of April in Baden-Baden. Mobility for tomorrow is the central theme of this proceeding. The authors are discussing the different requirements, which are placed on mobility in different regions of the world. In addition to the company's work in research and development, a comprehensive in-house mobility study also provides a reliable basis for the discussion. The authors are convinced that there will be a paradigm shift in the automotive industry. Issues such as increasing efficiency and advancing electrification of the powertrain, automatic and semi-automatic driving, as well as integration in information networks will define the automotive future. In addition, the variety of solutions available worldwide will become increasingly more complex and mobility patterns will also change rapidly. However, this does not mean that cars will drive virtually in the future. Powertrains based on internal combustion engines will still dominate for a very long time and demonstrate new strengths in combination with hybrid drives. Transmissions will also gain in importance as the link between the internal combustion engine and electric motor. The proceeding “Solving the Powertrain Puzzle” contains 34 technical papers from renowned experts and researchers in the field of automotive engineering.

Electric Powertrain

Author : John G. Hayes
ISBN : 9781119063643
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71. 60 MB
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The why, what and how of the electric vehicle powertrain Empowers engineering professionals and students with the knowledge and skills required to engineer electric vehicle powertrain architectures, energy storage systems, power electronics converters and electric drives. The modern electric powertrain is relatively new for the automotive industry, and engineers are challenged with designing affordable, efficient and high-performance electric powertrains as the industry undergoes a technological evolution. Co-authored by two electric vehicle (EV) engineers with decades of experience designing and putting into production all of the powertrain technologies presented, this book provides readers with the hands-on knowledge, skills and expertise they need to rise to that challenge. This four-part practical guide provides a comprehensive review of battery, hybrid and fuel cell EV systems and the associated energy sources, power electronics, machines, and drives. The first part of the book begins with a historical overview of electromobility and the related environmental impacts motivating the development of the electric powertrain. Vehicular requirements for electromechanical propulsion are then presented. Battery electric vehicles (BEV), fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV), and conventional and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) are then described, contrasted and compared for vehicle propulsion. The second part of the book features in-depth analysis of the electric powertrain traction machines, with a particular focus on the induction machine and the surface- and interior-permanent magnet ac machines. The brushed dc machine is also considered due to its ease of operation and understanding, and its historical place, especially as the traction machine on NASA’s Mars rovers. The third part of the book features the theory and applications for the propulsion, charging, accessory, and auxiliary power electronics converters. Chapters are presented on isolated and non-isolated dc-dc converters, traction inverters, and battery charging. The fourth part presents the introductory and applied electromagnetism required as a foundation throughout the book. • Introduces and holistically integrates the key EV powertrain technologies. • Provides a comprehensive overview of existing and emerging automotive solutions. • Provides experience-based expertise for vehicular and powertrain system and sub-system level study, design, and optimization. • Presents many examples of powertrain technologies from leading manufacturers. • Discusses the dc traction machines of the Mars rovers, the ultimate EVs from NASA. • Investigates the environmental motivating factors and impacts of electromobility. • Presents a structured university teaching stream from introductory undergraduate to postgraduate. • Includes real-world problems and assignments of use to design engineers, researchers, and students alike. • Features a companion website with numerous references, problems, solutions, and practical assignments. • Includes introductory material throughout the book for the general scientific reader. • Contains essential reading for government regulators and policy makers. Electric Powertrain: Energy Systems, Power Electronics and Drives for Hybrid, Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicles is an important professional resource for practitioners and researchers in the battery, hybrid, and fuel cell EV transportation industry. The book is a structured holistic textbook for the teaching of the fundamental theories and applications of energy sources, power electronics, and electric machines and drives to engineering undergraduate and postgraduate students. Textbook Structure and Suggested Teaching Curriculum This is primarily an engineering textbook covering the automotive powertrain, energy storage and energy conversion, power electronics, and electrical machines. A significant additional focus is placed on the engineering design, the energy for transportation, and the related environmental impacts. This textbook is an educational tool for practicing engineers and others, such as transportation policy planners and regulators. The modern automobile is used as the vehicle upon which to base the theory and applications, which makes the book a useful educational reference for our industry colleagues, from chemists to engineers. This material is also written to be of interest to the general reader, who may have little or no interest in the power electronics and machines. Introductory science, mathematics, and an inquiring mind suffice for some chapters. The general reader can read the introduction to each of the chapters and move to the next as soon as the material gets too advanced for him or her. Part I Vehicles and Energy Sources Chapter 1 Electromobility and the Environment Chapter 2 Vehicle Dynamics Chapter 3 Batteries Chapter 4 Fuel Cells Chapter 5 Conventional and Hybrid Powertrains Part II Electrical Machines Chapter 6 Introduction to Traction Machines Chapter 7 The Brushed DC Machine Chapter 8 Induction Machines Chapter 9 Surface-permanent-magnet AC Machines Chapter 10: Interior-permanent-magnet AC Machines Part III Power Electronics Chapter 11 DC-DC Converters Chapter 12 Isolated DC-DC Converters Chapter 13 Traction Drives and Three-phase Inverters Chapter 14 Battery Charging Chapter 15 Control of the Electric Drive Part IV Basics Chapter 16 Introduction to Electromagnetism, Ferromagnetism, and Electromechanical Energy Conversion The first third of the book (Chapters 1 to 6), plus parts of Chapters 14 and 16, can be taught to the general science or engineering student in the second or third year. It covers the introductory automotive material using basic concepts from mechanical, electrical, environmental, and electrochemical engineering. Chapter 14 on electrical charging and Chapter 16 on electromagnetism can also be used as a general introduction to electrical engineering. The basics of electromagnetism, ferromagnetism and electromechanical energy conversion (Chapter 16) and dc machines (Chapter 7) can be taught to second year (sophomore) engineering students who have completed introductory electrical circuits and physics. The third year (junior) students typically have covered ac circuit analysis, and so they can cover ac machines, such as the induction machine (Chapter 8) and the surface permanent-magnet ac machine (Chapter 9). As the students typically have studied control theory, they can investigate the control of the speed and torque loops of the motor drive (Chapter 15). Power electronics, featuring non-isolated buck and boost converters (Chapter 11), can also be introduced in the third year. The final-year (senior) students can then go on to cover the more advanced technologies of the interior-permanent-magnet ac machine (Chapter 10). Isolated power converters (Chapter 12), such as the full-bridge and resonant converters, inverters (Chapter 13), and power-factor-corrected battery chargers (Chapter 14), are covered in the power electronics section. This material can also be covered at the introductory postgraduate level. Various homework, simulation, and research exercises are presented throughout the textbook. The reader is encouraged to attempt these exercises as part of the learning experience. Instructors are encouraged to contact the author, John Hayes, direct to discuss course content or structure.

Vehicle Dynamics

Author : Martin Meywerk
ISBN : 9781118971352
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85. 88 MB
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Vehicle Dynamics comprehensively covers the fundamentals of vehicle dynamics with application to automotive mechatronics. It is divided into the three parts covering longitudinal, vertical and lateral dynamics and considers the application of these to modern mechatronic systems including the anti-lock braking system and dynamic stability control. It also covers driving resistances, powertrain with IC engines and converters, hybrid powertrains and wheel loads and braking process. The conflict Between safety and comfort is discussed, and dynamic behaviour, the suspension system and the electronic stability program are also all considered. Vehicle Dynamics includes exercise problems, MATLAB® codes and is accompanied by a website hosting animations.

A Comparative Investigation Of Nine Optimized Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrains To Determine The Viability Of A 2 94 1 100 Km 80 Mpg Automobile Capable Of Reducing Exhaust Emissions

Author : Gregory Jacob Reimers
ISBN : UCAL:X57393
Genre : Mechanical engineering
File Size : 52. 61 MB
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Second International Conference On New Developments In Powertrain And Chassis Engineering At The Palais Des Congr S Strasbourg 14 16 June 1989

Author : Institution of Mechanical Engineers (Great Britain)
ISBN : UOM:39015016978051
Genre : Automobiles
File Size : 54. 91 MB
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Plug In Vehicles Plugged In Policy

Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Transport Committee
ISBN : 0215048512
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58. 58 MB
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Consumer demand for plug-in vehicles remains very low and the Government grant to encourage demand may not be proving effective. The Government must do more to show that its plug-in vehicle strategy is a good use of public money. Carbon emissions from transport must be reduced if the UK is to meet its climate change targets, but public money must be targeted on effective policies. So far, Department for Transport expenditure on plug-in cars - some £11 million - has benefited just a handful of motorists. There is a risk that the Government is basically subsidising second cars for affluent households. It is also unclear whether the provision of public charging infrastructure encourages demand for plug-in cars. Indeed, the Government does not even have a register of all the chargepoints installed at public expense

Modeling And Control Of Engines And Drivelines

Author : Lars Eriksson
ISBN : 9781118479995
Genre : TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING
File Size : 52. 23 MB
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A reference guide to modeling, analysis, and control of engines and drivelines for engineers and an introduction for students in the areas of modeling, analysis, and control of engines and drivelines; Covers the basic dynamics of internal combustion engines and drivelines; Discusses the goals that engine control design system aims for, and how these targets can be achieved; Provides a set of standard models and includes examples and case studies; Includes an overview of hybrid vehicles and powertrains. The aim of the book is to provide a set of standard models and serve as a reference material for engineers in the field. Highlights the interplay between the engine and driveline systems, and the integration between systems that is needed for successfully engineering a complete vehicle powertrain. In addition it also emphasises that systems should be designed such that they can be maintained and diagnosed over the vehicle life time, which is also an important engineering task in the development of control systems.--

Effectiveness And Impact Of Corporate Average Fuel Economy Cafe Standards

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309170567
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 59 MB
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Since CAFE standards were established 25 years ago, there have been significant changes in motor vehicle technology, globalization of the industry, the mix and characteristics of vehicle sales, production capacity, and other factors. This volume evaluates the implications of these changes as well as changes anticipated in the next few years, on the need for CAFE, as well as the stringency and/or structure of the CAFE program in future years.

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