chemistry for environmental and earth sciences

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Chemistry For Environmental And Earth Sciences

Author : Catherine Vanessa Anne Duke
ISBN : 9781420005691
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 45 MB
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Tackling environmental issues such as global warming, ozone depletion, acid rain, water pollution, and soil contamination requires an understanding of the underlying science and chemistry of these processes in real-world systems and situations. Chemistry for Environmental and Earth Sciences provides a student-friendly introduction to the basic chemistry used for the mitigation, remediation, and elimination of pollutants. Written and organized in a style that is accessible to science as well as non-science majors, this textbook divides its content into four intuitive chapters: Fire, Earth, Water, and Air. The first chapter explains classical concepts in chemistry that occur in nature such as atomic and molecular structures, chemical bonding and reactions, states of matter, phase transitions, and radioactivity. Subsequent chapters focus on the chemistry relating to the geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere—including the chemical aspects of soil, water, and air pollution, respectively. Chemistry for Environmental and Earth Sciences uses worked examples and case studies drawn from current applications along with clear diagrams and concise explanations to illustrate the relevance of chemistry to geosciences. In-text and end-of-chapter questions with complete solutions also help students gain confidence in applying concepts from this book towards solving current, real-world problems.

The Diatoms

Author : E. F. Stoermer
ISBN : 0521004128
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 79 MB
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Timely synopsis of applications in environment and industry using ubiquitous microscopic algae.

Numerical Simulations In The Environmental And Earth Sciences

Author : Fernando Garcia-Garcia
ISBN : 0521580471
Genre : Computers
File Size : 38. 3 MB
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A wide-ranging account of modelling environmental and earth processes through numerical simulations.

Environmental Science And Technology

Author : Stanley E. Manahan
ISBN : 1566702135
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 20 MB
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This broad overview covers the four traditional spheres of the environment: water, air, earth, and life, and introduces a fifth sphere - the "anthrosphere" - which the author defines as the sphere of human activities, especially technology, that affect the earth. Environmental Science and Technology is organized into six major areas; one for each of the five spheres and one introductory section that explains the fundamentals of chemistry, biology, biochemistry, and environmental chemistry. Throughout the book, the relationships among the five spheres and their connections to the sciences are emphasized. For better or worse, technology is closely intertwined with the other four spheres. Humans utilize resources, manufacture goods, practice agriculture, and engage in other activities that have profound effects on the planet. This unique text/reference takes a realistic look at the environmental effects of human activities, and shows how constructively directed technology can have a beneficial effect on the Earth.

Environmental Chemistry

Author : John Wright
ISBN : 9781134589654
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 31 MB
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Many controversial issues revolve around complex scientific arguments which can be better understood with at least a minimal knowledge and understanding of the chemical reactions and processes going on in the world around us. This textbook offers an accessible introduction to chemical principles and concepts, and applies them to relevant environmental situations and issues. Written for students who have not taken A' level chemistry, this book bridges the gap between GSCE chemistry and first year undergraduate level.

Mechanics In The Earth And Environmental Sciences

Author : Gerard V. Middleton
ISBN : 0521446694
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 7 MB
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The study of the Earth and the environment requires an understanding of the physical processes within and at the surface of the Earth. This book will allow the student to develop a broad working knowledge of mechanics and its application to the earth and environmental sciences. The mathematics are introduced at a level that assumes only an understanding of first-year calculus. The concepts are then developed to allow an understanding of the basic physics for a wide range of natural processes. These are illustrated by examples from many real situations, such as the application of the theory of flow through porous media to the study of groundwater, the viscosity of fluids to the flow of lava, and the theory of stress to the study of faults. The breadth of topics will allow students and professionals to gain an insight into the workings of many aspects of the Earth's systems.

Environmental And Low Temperature Geochemistry

Author : Peter Ryan
ISBN : 9781118867495
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 20 MB
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Environmental and Low-Temperature Geochemistry presentsconceptual and quantitative principles of geochemistry in order tofoster understanding of natural processes at and near theearth’s surface, as well as anthropogenic impacts on the natural environment. It provides the reader with theessentials of concentration, speciation and reactivity of elementsin soils, waters, sediments and air, drawing attention to boththermodynamic and kinetic controls. Specific featuresinclude: • An introductory chapter that reviews basic chemicalprinciples applied to environmental and low-temperaturegeochemistry • Explanation and analysis of the importance of minerals inthe environment • Principles of aqueous geochemistry • Organic compounds in the environment • The role of microbes in processes such asbiomineralization, elemental speciation and reduction-oxidationreactions • Thorough coverage of the fundamentals of importantgeochemical cycles (C, N, P, S) • Atmospheric chemistry • Soil geochemistry • The roles of stable isotopes in environmentalanalysis • Radioactive and radiogenic isotopes as environmentaltracers and environmental contaminants • Principles and examples of instrumental analysis inenvironmental geochemistry The text concludes with a case study of surface water andgroundwater contamination that includes interactions and reactionsof naturally-derived inorganic substances and introduced organiccompounds (fuels and solvents), and illustrates theimportance of interdisciplinary analysis in environmentalgeochemistry. Readership: Advanced undergraduate and graduate studentsstudying environmental/low T geochemistry as part of an earthscience, environmental science or related program. Additional resources for this book can be found at: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/ryan/geochemistry"www.wiley.com/go/ryan/geochemistry/a.

Quality Assurance For Chemistry And Environmental Science

Author : Günther Meinrath
ISBN : 9783540712732
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 13 MB
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Metrology and its applications e.g. in chemical or food analysis or in environmental monitoring are entering our daily life. This book provides a basic overview over the relevant metrological concepts like traceability, ISO uncertainties or cause-and-effect diagrams. The applications described in great detail range from progression-of-error type evaluation of the measurement uncertainty budget to complex applications like pH measurement or speciation calculations for aqueous solutions. The consequences of a measurement uncertainty concept for chemical data are outlined for geochemical modeling applied to transport in the subsurface and to nuclear waste disposal. Special sections deal with the deficits of existing thermodynamic data for these applications and with the current position of chemical metrology in respect to other quality assurance measures, e.g. ISO 900x, GLP, European and U.S.-American standards.

Principles Of Environmental Geochemistry

Author : G. Nelson Eby
ISBN : 9781478633648
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 19 MB
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Many geochemists focus on natural systems with less emphasis on the human impact on those systems. Environmental chemists frequently approach their subject with less consideration of the historical record than geoscientists. The field of environmental geochemistry combines these approaches to address questions about the natural environment and anthropogenic effects on it. Eby provides students with a solid foundation in basic aqueous geochemistry before discussing the important role carbon compounds, isotopes, and minerals play in environmental issues. He then guides students through how these concepts apply to problems facing our atmosphere, continental lands, and oceans. Rather than broadly discussing a variety of environmental problems, the author focuses on principles throughout the text, leading students to understand processes and how knowledge of those processes can be applied to environmental problem solving. A wide variety of case studies and quantitative problems accompany each chapter, giving each instructor the flexibility to tailor the material to his/her course. Many problems have no single correct answer, illustrating the analytical nature of solving real-world environmental problems.

Environmental Chemistry

Author : R. Raiswell
ISBN : 9781483293608
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85. 24 MB
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Environmental Chemistry provides an introduction to fundamental concepts in environmental chemistry. The book emerged from a short lecture and practical course given to first year students in the School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia. It adopts the earth-air-water factory as an analogue to illustrate the way in which chemical principles operate in the environment. The book traces the hydrological cycle and the chemical processes which occur as water, with its dissolved and particulate load, moves from the atmosphere onto the land surface, into rivers, lakes, and oceans and is eventually incorporated into marine sediment. A glossary of terms is provided for readers who do not have an extensive background in chemistry. Although aimed at first year students studying environmental sciences, chemistry, geology, biology, or other science subjects, this book should also appeal to sixth formers studying chemistry or other sciences to ""A"" level, as well as to anyone with (or willing to acquire) a basic knowledge of chemistry and interested in how the natural environment operates as a chemical system.

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