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Civility And Society In Western Europe 1300 1600

Author : Marvin B. Becker
ISBN : UOM:39015013488641
Genre : History
File Size : 60. 56 MB
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Becker's richly allusive essay in social and cultural history traces the emergence of a new civil society in fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Italy and its later exportation to England. This new society was characterized by measure and control, by a separation of private from public concerns, by self-cultivation and self-conscious role playing, and by an inward and personal, rather than outward and social, orientation. The contours of this new social paradigm are revealed in Becker's careful examination of particular aspects of Tuscan culture and society during this period and their translation to England some two centuries later.

Civility And Society In Western Europe 1300 1600

Author : Marvin B. Becker
ISBN : UOM:39015012435171
Genre : History
File Size : 83. 49 MB
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Becker's richly allusive essay in social and cultural history traces the emergence of a new civil society in fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Italy and its later exportation to England. This new society was characterized by measure and control, by a separation of private from public concerns, by self-cultivation and self-conscious role playing, and by an inward and personal, rather than outward and social, orientation. The contours of this new social paradigm are revealed in Becker's careful examination of particular aspects of Tuscan culture and society during this period and their translation to England some two centuries later.

Mere Civility

Author : Teresa M. Bejan
ISBN : 9780674545496
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 49. 11 MB
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In liberal democracies committed to tolerating diversity as well as disagreement, the loss of civility in the public sphere seems critical. But is civility really a virtue, or a demand for conformity that silences dissent? Teresa Bejan looks at early modern debates about religious toleration for answers about what a civil society should look like.

Prophecy Without Contempt

Author : Cathleen Kaveny
ISBN : 9780674969384
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 78. 36 MB
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The culture wars have as much to do with rhetorical style as moral substance. Cathleen Kaveny focuses on a powerful stream of religious discourse in American political speech: the Biblical rhetoric of prophetic indictment. It can be strong medicine against threats to the body politic, she shows, but used injudiciously it does more harm than good.

Engaging Violence

Author : David Simpson
ISBN : 9781503633094
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 66. 41 MB
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Recent thinking has resuscitated civility as an important paradigm for engaging with a violence that must be deemed endemic to our lives. But, while it is widely acknowledged that civility works against violence, and that literature generates or accompanies civility and engenders tolerance, civility has also been understood as violence in disguise, and literature, which has only rarely sought to claim the power of violence, has often been accused of inciting it. This book sets out to describe the ways in which these words—violence, literature and civility—and the concepts they evoke are mutually entangled, and the uses to which these entanglements have been put. Simpson's argument follows a broadly historical trajectory through the long modern period from the Renaissance to the present, drawing on the work of historians, political scientists, literary scholars and philosophers. The result is a distinctly new argument about the complex and often mystified entanglements between literature, civility and violence in the anglophone Atlantic sphere. What now are our expectations of civility and literature, separately and together? How do these long-familiar but residually imprecise concepts stand up to the demands of the modern world? Simpson's argument is that, despite and perhaps because of their imperfect conceptualization, both persist as important protocols for the critique of violence.

Sociability And Power In Late Stuart England

Author : Susan E. Whyman
ISBN : 0199250235
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 42 MB
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This work seeks to contribute to our understanding of social networks and hierarchies of the Stuart period. Destabilizing established stereotypes of omnipotent patriarchs and powerless wives, the book offers a view revealing more subtle power-play.

Shaftesbury And The Culture Of Politeness

Author : Lawrence E. Klein
ISBN : 9780521418065
Genre : History
File Size : 54. 68 MB
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A study of the social and political thought of the third Earl of Shaftesbury, a pivotal figure in eighteenth-century thought and culture.

Early Modern Civil Discourses

Author : J. Richards
ISBN : 9780230505063
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 73. 17 MB
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This collection explores the concept of civility in the early modern period. It addresses a range of writings in English and Scots - among them, conduct manuals, colonial tracts, diaries, letters, dialogues, poetry, drama, chronicles - by English, Welsh and Scots men and women in and about the Atlantic archipelago. It explores the many meanings of civility in the early modern period; it recovers some of the lost associations of civility as well as the complex use of the adjectives 'civil' and 'barbarous' in cultural and colonial encounters.

Civility And Its Development

Author : David C. Schak
ISBN : 9789888455973
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 25. 29 MB
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This is the first book-length study of the development of civility in Chinese societies. Although some social scientists and political philosophers have discussed civility, none has defined it as an analytical tool to systematically measure attitudes and behavior, and few have applied it to a non-Western society. By comparing the development of civility in mainland China and Taiwan, Civility and Its Development: The Experiences of China and Taiwan analyzes the social conditions needed for civility to become established in a society. Schak argues that the attempts to impose civility top-down from the state are ineffective. Civility appeared in Taiwan only after state efforts to impose it ceased at the end of the 1980s when Taiwan began to democratize, and the PRC government civility campaigns have so far had only limited success. The book concludes with an examination of various differences between Taiwan and the PRC relevant to Taiwan’s having become a society with civility while the PRC still encounters difficulties in doing so. The essential factor in developing civility in Taiwan, Schak contends, was its evolution from a place composed of myriad small, inward-looking communities to a society in which everyone shares a strong identity and civic consciousness, and people consider others as fellow members, not anonymous strangers. “This book represents the most thorough review of what social scientists once called ‘the civilizing process’ in Chinese society. David C. Schak builds on the earlier studies on this issue and goes well beyond the established literature.” —James Watson, Fairbank Professor of Chinese Society and Professor of Anthropology, Emeritus, Harvard University “This is a topic that people talk about all the time, and David C. Schak draws a lot of material together in a systematic and comprehensive way that can stimulate important discussions beyond the academy.” —Thomas Gold, Professor of Sociology, University of California, Berkeley

Moral Aims

Author : Cheshire Calhoun
ISBN : 9780199328796
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 65. 9 MB
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'Moral Aims' brings together nine previously published essays that focus on the significance of the social practice of morality for what we say as moral theorists, the plurality of moral aims that agents are trying to realize and that sometimes come into tension, and the special difficulties that conventionalised wrongdoing poses.

Bonds Of Civility

Author : Eiko Ikegami
ISBN : 0521601150
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78. 84 MB
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Eiko Ikegami uncovers a complex history of social life in which aesthetic images became central to Japan's cultural identities.

The Emergence Of Civil Society In The Eighteenth Century

Author : Marvin B. Becker
ISBN : 0253311292
Genre : History
File Size : 25. 9 MB
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Although there were differences in the ways their societies were transformed, eighteenth-century England and Scotland provide the clearest expression of the newly emerged civil society.

Making The Modern Criminal Law

Author : Lindsay Farmer
ISBN : 9780191058592
Genre : Law
File Size : 90. 17 MB
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The Criminalization series arose from an interdisciplinary investigation into criminalization, focussing on the principles that might guide decisions about what kinds of conduct should be criminalized, and the forms that criminalization should take. Developing a normative theory of criminalization, the series tackles the key questions at the heart of the issue: what principles and goals should guide legislators in deciding what to criminalize? How should criminal wrongs be classified and differentiated? How should law enforcement officials apply the law's specifications of offences? This, the fifth book in the series, offers a historical and conceptual account of the development of the modern criminal law in England and as it has spread to common law jurisdictions around the world. The book offers a historical perspective on the development of theories of criminalization. It shows how the emergence of theories of criminalization is inextricably linked to modern understandings of the criminal law as a conceptually distinct body of rules, and how this in turn has been shaped by the changing functions of criminal law as an instrument of government in the modern state. The book is structured in two main parts. The first traces the development of the modern law as a distinct, and conceptually distinct body of rules, looking in particular at ideas of jurisdiction, codification and responsibility. The second part then engages in detailed analysis of specific areas of criminal law, focusing on patterns of criminalization in relation to property, the person, and sexual conduct.

On The Postcolony

Author : Achille Mbembe
ISBN : 9780520204348
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88. 89 MB
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Refreshing a stale debate about power in the postcolonial state, this book addresses a topic debated across the humanities and social sciences: how to define, discuss, and address power and the subjective experience of ordinary people in the face of power?

Civil Histories

Author : Peter Burke
ISBN : 9780191542671
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 15 MB
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Sir Keith Thomas is one of the most innovative and influential of English historians, and a scholar of unusual range. These essays, presented to him on his retirement as President of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, concentrate on one of the broad themes illuminated by his work - changing notions of civility in the past. From the sixteenth century onwards, civility was a term applied to modes of behaviour as well as to cultural and civic attributes. Its influence extended from styles of language and sexual mores to funeral ceremonies and commercial morality. It was used to distinguish the civil from the barbarous and the English from the Irish and Welsh, and to banish superstition and justify imperialism. The contributors - distinguished historians who have been Keith Thomas's pupils - illustrate the many implications of civility in the early modern period and its shifts of meaning down to the twentieth century.

Empire Of Political Thought

Author : Bruce Buchan
ISBN : 9781317314653
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58. 31 MB
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A book about how European colonists in Australia represented the Indigenous peoples they found there, and the tasks of governing them within the terms of Western political thought. It emphasises how the framework of ideas drawn from the traditions of Western political thought was employed in the imperial government of Indigenous peoples.

Early Modern Europe

Author : James B. Collins
ISBN : 9781405152075
Genre : History
File Size : 28. 73 MB
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This reader brings together original and influential recent work in the field of early modern European history. Provides a thought-provoking overview of current thinking on this period. Key themes include evolving early-modern identities; changes in religion and cultural life; the revolution of the mind; roles of women in early-modern societies; the rise of the modern state; and Europe and the new world system Incorporates new scholarship on Eastern and Central Europe. Includes an article translated into English for the first time.

By Honor Bound

Author : Nancy Shields Kollmann
ISBN : 9781501706950
Genre : History
File Size : 25. 34 MB
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In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Russians from all ranks of society were bound together by a culture of honor. Here one of the foremost scholars of early modern Russia explores the intricate and highly stylized codes that made up this culture. Nancy Shields Kollmann describes how these codes were manipulated to construct identity and enforce social norms—and also to defend against insults, to pursue vendettas, and to unsettle communities. She offers evidence for a new view of the relationship of state and society in the Russian empire, and her richly comparative approach enhances knowledge of statebuilding in premodern Europe. By presenting Muscovite state and society in the context of medieval and early modern Europe, she exposes similarities that blur long-standing distinctions between Russian and European history. Through the prism of honor, Kollmann examines the interaction of the Russian state and its people in regulating social relations and defining an individual's rank. She finds vital information in a collection of transcripts of legal suits brought by elites and peasants alike to avenge insult to honor. The cases make clear the conservative role honor played in society as well as the ability of men and women to employ this body of ideas to address their relations with one another and with the state. Kollmann demonstrates that the grand princes—and later the tsars—tolerated a surprising degree of local autonomy throughout their rapidly expanding realm. Her work marks a stark contrast with traditional Russian historiography, which exaggerates the power of the state and downplays the volition of society.

The Oxford Handbook Of Political Communication

Author : Kate Kenski
ISBN : 9780199793488
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 32. 98 MB
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Since its development shaped by the turmoil of the World Wars and suspicion of new technologies such as film and radio, political communication has become a hybrid field largely devoted to connecting the dots among political rhetoric, politicians and leaders, voters' opinions, and media exposure to better understand how any one aspect can affect the others. In The Oxford Handbook of Political Communication Kate Kenski and Kathleen Hall Jamieson bring together leading scholars, including founders of the field of political communication Elihu Katz, Jay Blumler, Doris Graber, Max McCombs, and Thomas Paterson,to review the major findings about subjects ranging from the effects of political advertising and debates and understandings and misunderstandings of agenda setting, framing, and cultivation to the changing contours of social media use in politics and the functions of the press in a democratic system. The essays in this volume reveal that political communication is a hybrid field with complex ancestry, permeable boundaries, and interests that overlap with those of related fields such as political sociology, public opinion, rhetoric, neuroscience, and the new hybrid on the quad, media psychology. This comprehensive review of the political communication literature is an indispensible reference for scholars and students interested in the study of how, why, when, and with what effect humans make sense of symbolic exchanges about sharing and shared power. The sixty-two chapters in The Oxford Handbook of Political Communication contain an overview of past scholarship while providing critical reflection of its relevance in a changing media landscape and offering agendas for future research and innovation.

Men And The Emergence Of Polite Society Britain 1660 1800

Author : Philip (Research Editor, New Dictionary Of National Biography) Carter
ISBN : 9781317882268
Genre : History
File Size : 72. 83 MB
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This book presents an account of masculinity in eighteenth century Britain. In particular it is concerned with the impact of an emergent polite society on notions of manliness and the gentleman. From the 1660s a new type of social behaviour, politeness, was promoted by diverse writers. Based on continental ideas of refinement, it stressed the merits of genuine and generous sociability as befitted a progressive and tolerant nation. Early eighteenth century writers encouraged men to acquire the characteristics of politeness by becoming urbane town gentlemen. Later commentators promoted an alternative culture of sensibility typified by the man of feeling. Central to both was the need to spend more time with women, now seen as key agents of refinement. The relationship demanded a reworking of what it meant to be manly. Being manly and polite was a difficult balancing act. Refined manliness presented new problems for eighteenth century men. What was the relationship between politeness and duplicity? Were feminine actions such as tears and physical delicacy acceptable or not? Critics believed polite society led to effeminacy, not manliness, and condemned this failure of male identity with reference to the fop. This book reveals the significance of social over sexual conduct for eighteenth century definitions of masculinity. It shows how features traditionally associated with nineteenth century models were well established in the earlier figure of the polite town-dweller or sentimental man of feeling. Using personal stories and diverse public statements drawn from conduct books, magazines, sermons and novels, this is a vivid account of the changing status of men and masculinity as Britain moved into the modern period.

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