climate and the oceans

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Climate And The Oceans

Author : Geoffrey K. Vallis
ISBN : 9780691150284
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 68 MB
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Explores climate and oceans, providing a look at the basics of climate, a descriptive overview of the oceans, a brief introduction to dynamics, and coverage of other related topics.

Climate Change And The Oceans

Author : Robin Warner
ISBN : 9781781006160
Genre : Nature
File Size : 78. 24 MB
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Climate Change and the Oceans investigates the effects of climate change on the ocean environment and its implications for maritime activities, both globally and within the Asia Pacific region. This detailed work draws together informed opinion from a range of disciplines to examine the impacts of climate change on marine and coastal areas and review legal and policy responses to the rapidly changing ocean environment. Issues including the effects on fisheries and marine biodiversity in the Asia Pacific region, maritime security, global shipping, marine jurisdiction and marine geo-engineering are also explored. Examining the multiple impacts of climate change on the oceans and ocean based solutions to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change, this thought-provoking book will prove invaluable to academics, researchers and students in the fields of law, environment, ecology and political science. Oceans and marine environmental policymakers will also find this to be an essential resource.

Climate And Oceans Karl Turekian 2010

Author : Academic Press - Elsevier Ltd
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 11 MB
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CLIMATE AND OCEANS: INTRODUCTION The role of the oceans in climate locally has been known for a long time. The warming and cooling of land masses close to the oceans is controlled in part by the ocean temperature since the high heat capacity of water dampens the seasonal changes in heating by sunlight received by adjacent continental areas as a function of the seasons. In lower latitudes the oceans dominate the air temperature of islands giving rise to the description of the climate on these islands as ‘‘maritime climates.’’ These effects globally are more extensive than these two elementary examples. Ocean currents and atmospheric circulation over the oceans cause a variety of interactions such as the ENSO (El Nin˜ o Southern Oscillation) process and Gulf Stream transport of heat northward in the Atlantic Ocean–atmosphere interactions are thus an important part of the local as well as the global climate regime as a function of seasons and location. The role of the cryosphere in influencing climate and in turn being influenced by climate is an important part of the ocean-climate relationship, especially as we seek to understand the role of potentially increasing global warming as a result of the enhancement, by human actions, of radiatively important gases, such as carbon dioxide, and aerosols. The oceans play an important role in deciphering the history of climate change over the past several million years, during the ice ages, as well as over the past hundreds of million years. The source of our information comes from deep sea cores. There the changing ocean proxies for climate changes are preserved in the sedimentary components. The study of the distribution of the remains of marine tests provide not only evidence of ecological changes with time including temperature, but marine tests also provide the material for detailed studies of oxygen isotope variations, sensitive indicators of temperature and continental ice storage typical of the ice ages. The chemistry of these tests and other recorders of past ocean environments, such as coral reefs, provide many other proxies including element ratios and isotopic indicators of environment. Properly dated cores allow the calibration of patterns of variation as a function of time and associated climate indicators. The role of orbital forcing in controlling climate has been indicated by detailed studies of hundreds of cores raised by standard piston coring techniques and more recently by ocean drilling. The coupling of the knowledge of contemporary ocean-climate relationships to the ancient record allows for a reconstruction of ancient locations of critical currents. In addition the influence of land mass and elevation on controlling ancient ocean-climate relationships has been inferred from these records. Karl K. Turekian Editor

Ocean Circulation And Climate

Author : Gerold Siedler
ISBN : 0126413517
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 87 MB
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This book presents the views of leading scientists on the knowledge of the global ocean circulation following the completion of the observational phase of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment. WOCE's in situ physical and chemical measurements together with satellite altimetry have produced a data set which provides for development of ocean and coupled ocean-atmosphere circulation models used for understanding ocean and climate variability and projecting climate change. This book guides the reader through the analysis, interpretation, modelling and synthesis of this data.

Weather Climate And Climate Change

Author : Greg O'Hare
ISBN : 9781317904823
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 33 MB
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A timely and accessible analysis of one of the most crucial and contentious issues facing the world today – the processes and consequences of natural and human induced changes in the structure and function of the climate system. Integrating the latest scientific developments throughout, the text centres on climate change control, addressing how weather and climate impact on environment and society.

The Oceans And Climate

Author : Grant R Bigg
ISBN : 0521016347
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 18 MB
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New edition of successful textbook that introduces the multi-disciplinary controls on air-sea interaction.

Oceans And Marine Resources In A Changing Climate

Author : Roger Griffis
ISBN : 9781610914802
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 53 MB
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Prepared for the 2013 National Climate Assessment and a landmark study in terms of its breadth and depth of coverage, Oceans and Marine Resources in a Changing Climate is the result of a collaboration among numerous local, state, federal, and nongovernmental agencies to develop a comprehensive, state of the art look at the effects of climate change on the oceans and marine ecosystems under U.S. jurisdiction. This book provides an assessment of scientific knowledge of the current and projected impacts of climate change and ocean acidification on the physical, chemical, and biological components and human uses of marine ecosystems under U.S. jurisdiction. It also provides assessment of the international implications for the U.S. due to climate impacts on ocean ecosystems and of efforts to prepare for and adapt to climate and acidification impacts on ocean ecosystem, including · Climate-Driven Physical and Chemical Changes in Marine Ecosystems · Impacts of Climate Change on Marine Organisms · Impacts of Climate Change on Human Uses of the Ocean · International Implications of Climate Change · Ocean Management Challenges, Adaptation Approaches, and Opportunities in a Changing Climate · Sustaining the Assessment of Climate Impacts on Oceans and Marine Resources Rich in science and case studies, it examines the latest climate change impacts, scenarios, vulnerabilities, and adaptive capacity and offers decision makers and stakeholders a substantial basis from which to make informed choices that will affect the well-being of the region’s inhabitants in the decades to come.

Ocean Atmosphere Interaction And Climate Modeling

Author : Boris A. Kagan
ISBN : 0521025931
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 33 MB
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A comprehensive 1995 treatment of all aspects of ocean-atmosphere interactions, for advanced students and professional researchers.

The World Ocean In Globalisation

Author : Davor Vidas
ISBN : 9789004191754
Genre : Law
File Size : 53. 40 MB
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This book addresses emerging challenges for the World Ocean in the Anthropocene epoch and the effects of increasing globalisation on the seas. The issues explored in particular include climate change, sustainable fisheries, biodiversity, shipping and regional seas adjoining Europe.

Atmosphere Ocean And Climate Dynamics

Author : John Marshall
ISBN : 0080957838
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 92 MB
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For advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in atmospheric, oceanic, and climate science, Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics is an introductory textbook on the circulations of the atmosphere and ocean and their interaction, with an emphasis on global scales. It will give students a good grasp of what the atmosphere and oceans look like on the large-scale and why they look that way. The role of the oceans in climate and paleoclimate is also discussed. The combination of observations, theory and accompanying illustrative laboratory experiments sets this text apart by making it accessible to students with no prior training in meteorology or oceanography. * Written at a mathematical level that is appealing for undergraduates and beginning graduate students * Provides a useful educational tool through a combination of observations and laboratory demonstrations which can be viewed over the web * Contains instructions on how to reproduce the simple but informative laboratory experiments * Includes copious problems (with sample answers) to help students learn the material.

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