complex-adaptive-systems

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Complex Adaptive Systems

Author : John H. Miller
ISBN : 1400835526
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 34. 44 MB
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This book provides the first clear, comprehensive, and accessible account of complex adaptive social systems, by two of the field's leading authorities. Such systems--whether political parties, stock markets, or ant colonies--present some of the most intriguing theoretical and practical challenges confronting the social sciences. Engagingly written, and balancing technical detail with intuitive explanations, Complex Adaptive Systems focuses on the key tools and ideas that have emerged in the field since the mid-1990s, as well as the techniques needed to investigate such systems. It provides a detailed introduction to concepts such as emergence, self-organized criticality, automata, networks, diversity, adaptation, and feedback. It also demonstrates how complex adaptive systems can be explored using methods ranging from mathematics to computational models of adaptive agents. John Miller and Scott Page show how to combine ideas from economics, political science, biology, physics, and computer science to illuminate topics in organization, adaptation, decentralization, and robustness. They also demonstrate how the usual extremes used in modeling can be fruitfully transcended.

Complex Adaptive Systems

Author : Ted Carmichael
ISBN : 9783030203092
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 25. 60 MB
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​This book emerged out of international conferences organized as part of the AAAI Fall Symposia series, and the Swarmfest 2017 conference. It brings together researchers from diverse fields studying these complex systems using CAS and agent-based modeling tools and techniques. In the past, the knowledge gained in each domain has largely remained exclusive to that domain. By bringing together scholars who study these phenomena, the book takes knowledge from one domain to provide insight into others. Most interesting phenomena in natural and social systems include constant transitions and oscillations among their various phases – wars, companies, societies, markets, and humans rarely stay in a stable, predictable state for long. Randomness, power laws, and human behavior ensure that the future is both unknown and challenging. How do events unfold? When do they take hold? Why do some initial events cause an avalanche while others do not? What characterizes these events? What are the thresholds that differentiate a sea change from a non-event? Complex adaptive systems (CAS) have proven to be a powerful tool for exploring these and other related phenomena. The authors characterize a general CAS model as having a large number of self-similar agents that: 1) utilize one or more levels of feedback; 2) exhibit emergent properties and self-organization; and 3) produce non-linear dynamic behavior. Advances in modeling and computing technology have led not only to a deeper understanding of complex systems in many areas, but they have also raised the possibility that similar fundamental principles may be at work across these systems, even though the underlying principles may manifest themselves differently.

Society A Complex Adaptive System

Author : Walter Frederick Buckley
ISBN : 9057005379
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 22. 73 MB
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This volume traces the modern critical and performance history of this play, one of Shakespeare's most-loved and most-performed comedies. The essay focus on such modern concerns as feminism, deconstruction, textual theory, and queer theory.

Viruses As Complex Adaptive Systems

Author : Ricard Solé
ISBN : 9780691158846
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 79 MB
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How complex systems theory sheds new light on the adaptive dynamics of viral populations Viruses are everywhere, infecting all sorts of living organisms, from the tiniest bacteria to the largest mammals. Many are harmful parasites, but viruses also play a major role as drivers of our evolution as a species and are essential regulators of the composition and complexity of ecosystems on a global scale. This concise book draws on complex systems theory to provide a fresh look at viral origins, populations, and evolution, and the coevolutionary dynamics of viruses and their hosts. New viruses continue to emerge that threaten people, crops, and farm animals. Viruses constantly evade our immune systems, and antiviral therapies and vaccination campaigns can be powerless against them. These unique characteristics of virus biology are a consequence of their tremendous evolutionary potential, which enables viruses to quickly adapt to any environmental challenge. Ricard Solé and Santiago Elena present a unified framework for understanding viruses as complex adaptive systems. They show how the application of complex systems theory to viral dynamics has provided new insights into the development of AIDS in patients infected with HIV-1, the emergence of new antigenic variants of the influenza A virus, and other cutting-edge advances. Essential reading for biologists, physicists, and mathematicians interested in complexity, Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems also extends the analogy of viruses to the evolution of other replicators such as computer viruses, cancer, and languages.

Exam Prep For Complex Adaptive Systems ; An Introduction

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Complex Adaptive Systems Resilience And Security In Cameroon

Author : Manu Lekunze
ISBN : 9781000020212
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 21. 44 MB
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Complex Adaptive Systems, Resilience and Security in Cameroon comprehensively maps and analyses Cameroon’s security architecture to determine its resilience. The author examines the key actors involved in Cameroon’s security and evaluates the organisational structures, before analysing the different security systems that arise from the interplay between the two. He also shows how these security networks can be better conceived as complex adaptive systems, interdependent on other environmental, economic and societal systems. In this regard, security actors become security agents. Finally, arguing that security should be pursed from a resilience perspective, this book seeks to comment on the contemporary situation in Cameroon and its possible trajectory for the future. Providing a timely assessment of security in Cameroon, this book will be of interest to scholars and students of African politics and Security Studies.

Intelligent Complex Adaptive Systems

Author : Yang, Ang
ISBN : 9781599047195
Genre : Computers
File Size : 69. 24 MB
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"This book explores the foundation, history, and theory of intelligent adaptive systems, providing a fundamental resource on topics such as the emergence of intelligent adaptive systems in social sciences, biologically inspired artificial social systems, sensory information processing, as well as the conceptual and methodological issues and approaches to intelligent adaptive systems"--Provided by publisher.

Applications Of Complex Adaptive Systems

Author : Shan, Yin
ISBN : 9781599049632
Genre : Computers
File Size : 41. 48 MB
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"This book provides an estimable global view of the most up-to-date research on the strategies, applications, practice, and implications of complex adaptive systems, to better understand the various critical systems that surround human life. Researchers will find this book an indispensable state-of-art reference"--Provided by publisher.

Managing Forests As Complex Adaptive Systems

Author : Christian C. Messier
ISBN : 9780415519779
Genre : Nature
File Size : 36. 58 MB
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This book links the emerging concepts of complexity, complex adaptive system (CAS) and resilience to forest ecology and management. It explores how these concepts can be applied in various forest biomes of the world with their different ecological, economic and social settings, and history. Individual chapters stress different elements of these concepts based on the specific setting and expertise of the authors. Regions and authors have been selected to cover a diversity of viewpoints and emphases, from silviculture and natural forests to forest restoration, and from boreal to tropical forests. The chapters show that there is no single generally applicable approach to forest management that applies to all settings. The first set of chapters provides a global overview of how complexity, CAS and resilience theory can benefit researchers who study forest ecosystems. A second set of chapters provides guidance for managers in understanding how these concepts can help them to facilitate forest ecosystem change and renewal (adapt or self-organize) in the face of global change while still delivering the goods and services desired by humans. The book takes a broad approach by covering a variety of forest biomes and the full range of management goals from timber production to forest restoration to promote the maintenance of biodiversity, quality of water, or carbon storage.

Coordination And Cooperation In Complex Adaptive Systems Theory And Application

Author : Xiaojie Chen
ISBN : 9782889458448
Genre :
File Size : 61. 48 MB
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During the past decade, plenty of studies have been carried out in the literature to address the coordination and cooperation problems in complex adaptive systems, and have continued to grow. This Research Topic eBook publishes 14 papers by 39 authors, and most of these published papers present current research illustrating the depth and breadth of ongoing work on the coordination and cooperation problems in complex adaptive systems. It thus provides a timely discussion for researchers on the hotspots and challenges of the study on coordination and cooperation in theoretical models and applied systems.

Complex Adaptive Systems Of Systems Casos Engineering And Foundations For Global Design

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ISBN : OCLC:1065992156
Genre :
File Size : 77. 34 MB
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Complex Adaptive Systems of Systems, or CASoS, are vastly complex ecological, sociological, economic and/or technical systems which must be recognized and reckoned with to design a secure future for the nation and the world. Design within CASoS requires the fostering of a new discipline, CASoS Engineering, and the building of capability to support it. Towards this primary objective, we created the Phoenix Pilot as a crucible from which systemization of the new discipline could emerge. Using a wide range of applications, Phoenix has begun building both theoretical foundations and capability for: the integration of Applications to continuously build common understanding and capability; a Framework for defining problems, designing and testing solutions, and actualizing these solutions within the CASoS of interest; and an engineering Environment required for 'the doing' of CASoS Engineering. In a secondary objective, we applied CASoS Engineering principles to begin to build a foundation for design in context of Global CASoS.

Complex Adaptive Systems Adapting And Managing Teams And Team Conflict

Author : John R. Turner
ISBN : OCLC:1154207501
Genre : Economics
File Size : 34. 60 MB
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Complexity comes from dramatic structural changes to organizations and governments such as globalization, global competition, workforce diversity, and continual innovations. Complex adaptive systems (CAS) are organizations that are a composite of the interconnected whole. Teams must manage and operate in emerging ecosystems, understand factors that lead to team effectiveness when managing and facilitating teams and team conflict, and understand the development of conflict models. This chapter provides an overview of teams, CAS, conflict stages, and conflict models. This chapter presents adaptive leadership as one leadership style that offers organizations with the capabilities of reacting to changing environments quickly. Adaptive leadership offers a prescriptive approach for managers and leaders to follow when dealing with organizational conflict while operating in today's complex and global environment.

Harbours And Maritime Networks As Complex Adaptive Systems

Author : Falko Daim
ISBN : 3795430402
Genre :
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The concept of complex systems allows for a better understanding of the interplay between social and environmental factors for the emergence and maintenance of maritime infrastructure and route systems in the ancient and medieval period. Complexity theory and network analysis provide a analytical framework to describe social configurations (cities, maritime communities, polities) and environmental phenomena (hydrosphere, climate) as complex systems, entangled via mechanisms of feedbacks, adaptation or disruption. In this volume, this approach is applied on various phenomena of maritime history as discussed within the DFG-funded Special Research Programme (SPP 1630) "Harbours from the Roman Period to the Middle Ages" (ww.spp-haefen.de).

Thriving At The Edge Of Chaos

Author : Jonathan Sapir
ISBN : 9781000732474
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 39. 57 MB
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For many organizations, the way in which projects are managed is a fundamental factor in how well they can prosper in today’s marketplace. Unfortunately, the current solutions available to companies for managing projects are proving to be increasingly ineffective in a complex world that is becoming more and more dynamic and unpredictable. Organization’s pay for this complexity in delayed time-to-market, slow response to customer needs, and decreased productivity. While tweaking the current project management paradigm may provide some minimal gains, to have a real impact requires a fundamental change in mindset. New business models like Uber and AirBnB show us that the most efficient operations in today’s business environment behave like complex adaptive systems (CAS) where self-managing participants, following a set of simple rules, organize themselves to solve incredibly complex problems. Instead of trying to function like a "well-oiled machine" where things "work like clockwork", companies like Uber function more like an organism that is alive and constantly changing. They fully embrace the characteristics of a CAS. Viewing an organization as a complex adaptive system drives a radically new philosophy of project management that is much better suited to the needs of the 21st-century organization and can provide the quantum leap improvement in project production that we are looking for. This book exposes the assumptions underlying the accepted paradigm of project management, describes the common practices that are based on those assumptions, analyzes why these practices are unhelpful and even harmful, and proposes an alternative, sometimes seemingly counter intuitive approach to project management based on CAS thinking. By the end of the book, the reader will have a completely new perspective on the way projects can be managed in their organization, and how they can quickly start reaping the benefits provided by a CAS-driven management methodology and supporting toolset that is more in tune with today’s business demands - and that turns complexity into a competitive advantage.

Systems

Author : Source Wikipedia
ISBN : 1230618627
Genre :
File Size : 51. 14 MB
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 40. Chapters: Buddy system, Complexity theory and organizations, Complex adaptive system, Complex system, Complex systems, Complex system biology, Context aware delegation, Cybernetics, Deterministic system (philosophy), Dynamical system, Goal-oriented, Safety assurance, Structure, Systematic process, Systems theory, Trapping region, User (system).

The Mind The Brain And Complex Adaptive Systems

Author : Harold J. Morowitz
ISBN : 9780429972393
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 37. 58 MB
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Based upon a conference held in May 1993, this book discusses the intersection of neurobiology, cognitive psychology and computational approaches to cognition.

Understanding Complex Adaptive Systems

Author : Shahin A. Shayan
ISBN : 1700420194
Genre :
File Size : 52. 51 MB
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Any system that has many parts, pieces, elements, or agents that can choose and interact dynamically in nonlinear fashions would be considered as Complex Adaptive. These systems show the spontaneous formation of distinctive temporal, spatial, or functional structures. They evolve through time, are dynamic, and can change their internal and external interactions or structures. Complex Adaptive Systems offer macro and holistic mental models to resolve challenging issues such as international socio-political tensions, urban development growth, the electric grids, global internet networks, economic and technological dynamics, to name a few. In this book, we plan to explain introductory concepts and more qualitative aspects of what Complex Adaptive Systems are, and why we need to understand them.

Dimensions Of War

Author : Samuel Solvit
ISBN : 9782296997219
Genre : Adaptive control systems
File Size : 77. 65 MB
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With today mutable identities and various kinds of warfare, how do we further our understanding of war? Reviewing influential war theories from Machiavelli to the present, this book analyses how they reduce war in terms of time, space, interaction, purpose, aim, and/or evolution. Considering war as a complex adaptive system allows us to increase our overall comprehension of contemporary wars.

Complexity

Author : John H. Holland
ISBN : 9780199662548
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 29 MB
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In this Very Short Introduction, John Holland presents an introduction to the science of complexity. Using examples from biology and economics, he shows how complexity science models the behaviour of complex systems.

Exploring A Complex Adaptive Systems Approach To The Study Of Urban Change

Author : Darren Nel
ISBN : OCLC:1057341231
Genre : City planning
File Size : 35. 57 MB
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Cities are one of humankind s more enduring creations. Although historically cities have perished, urbanism has not; declining urban areas have either revived or new cities have taken their place. Additionally, with the increasing rate of urbanisation cities have not only increased in number but also in size, while simultaneously their impact on the environment has grown, giving rise to debate on the sustainability of cities. However, this becomes a difficult task given that our cities are experiencing unprecedented challenges, of rapid urbanisation, strained and aging infrastructure, social unrest, and the increasing impacts and concerns of climate change. The need for cities to adapt or die has never been greater. The concept of resilience presents a possible solution to help deal with this unpredictable nature of the future. It refers to a system s (a city for example) ability to withstand sudden shocks, like floods, while at the same time having the capacity to adapt to long?term, incremental, changes, like climate change and global warming. As the concept of resilience has become ever more popular within the scientific and planning community, the need to understand this concept and its implications is becoming more important. However, to do this we must first take a step back and understand the theoretical principles/foundations on which resilience theory has been built. Resilience is an emergent property of complex adaptive systems (CAS). Thus, to understand resilience, we must first understand CAS. Complexity theory seeks to understand how complex systems work. One of the ways that complexity theory does this is by understanding properties and mechanisms that allow complex systems to function and survive. Cities can be described as complex adaptive systems as they are undeniably complex and exhibit the same properties that can be found in any CAS. Through the study of social?ecological systems (SES), which are also CAS, researchers have identified that social?ecological systems go through periodic cycles of change, each cycle with its own identifiable characteristics. These cycles of change have been described through the concepts of Panarchy' and the Adaptive Cycle . This study seeks to apply these concepts to the study of urban change in an attempt to test their usefulness in understanding the urban system and how it changes. The concepts from complexity theory and SES theory have been brought together and presented in this study in the form of a framework. The aim of the framework is to describe the urban system and how it changes. The proposed framework has potential to be both a useful theoretical construct and, with some adaptions, a useful tool or manual for practitioners in the field who need to make sense of the complex environments in which they find themselves. It is expected that the framework will become another instrument in a planner s toolbox by means of which they can make better informed decisions.

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