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Consumer Choice In Historical Archaeology

Author : S.M. SpencerWood
ISBN : 9781475798173
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 46. 72 MB
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Historical archaeology has made great strides during the last two decades. Early archaeological reports were dominated by descriptions of features and artifacts, while research on artifacts was concentrated on studies of topology, technology, and chronology. Site reports from the 1960s and 1970s commonly expressed faith in the potential artifacts had for aiding in the identifying socioeconomic status differences and for understanding the relationships be tween the social classes in terms of their material culture. An emphasis was placed on the presence or absence of porcelain or teaware as an indication of social status. These were typical features in site reports written just a few years ago. During this same period, advances were being made in the study of food bone as archaeologists moved away from bone counts to minimal animal counts and then on to the costs of various cuts of meat. Within the last five years our ability to address questions of the rela tionship between material culture and socioeconomic status has greatly ex panded. The essays in this volume present efforts toward measuring expendi ture and consumption patterns represented by commonly recovered artifacts and food bone. These patterns of consumption are examined in conjunction with evidence from documentary sources that provide information on occupa tions, wealth levels, and ethnic affiliations of those that did the consuming. One of the refreshing aspects of these papers is that the authors are not afraid of documents, and their use of them is not limited to a role of confirmation.

Historical Archaeology

Author : Pedro Paulo A. Funari
ISBN : 9780415117876
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56. 29 MB
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Historical Archaeology demonstrates the potential of adopting a flexible, encompassing definition of historical archaeology which involves the study of all societies with documentary evidence. It encourages research that goes beyond the boundaries between prehistory and history. Ranging in subject matter from Roman Britain and Classical Greece, to colonial Africa, Brazil and the United States, the contributors present a much broader range of perspectives than is currently the trend.

Encyclopedia Of Historical Archaeology

Author : Charles E. Orser Jnr
ISBN : 9781134608621
Genre : Reference
File Size : 20. 5 MB
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The Encyclopedia of Historical Archaeology is a ground-breaking compendium of information about this ever-growing field. Concentrating on the post-1400 period as well as containing generic explanations of historical archaeology where needed, the encyclopedia is compiled by over 120 experts from around the world and contains more than 370 entries covering important concepts and sites.

Historical Archaeology

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89081238628
Genre : America
File Size : 38. 60 MB
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Historical Archaeology Of Gendered Lives

Author : Deborah Rotman
ISBN : 0387896686
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59. 91 MB
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During the last half of the nineteenth century, a number of social and economic factors converged that resulted in the rural village of Deerfield, Massachusetts becoming almost entirely female. This drastic shift in population presents a unique lens through which to study gender roles and social relations in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. The lessons gleaned from this case study will provide new insight to the study of gender relations throughout other historical periods as well. Through an intensive examination of both historical and archaeological evidence, the author presents a clear picture of the gendered social relations in Deerfield over the span of seventy years. While gender relations in urban settings have been studied extensively, this unique work provides the same level of examination to gender relations in a rural setting. Likewise, where previous studies have often focused only on relations between married men and women, the unique case of Deerfield provides insight into the experiences of single women, particularly widows and “spinsters”. This work presents a unique contribution that will be essential for anyone studying the historical archaeology of gender, or gender roles in the Victorian era and beyond.

Methods In The Mediterranean

Author : David B. Small
ISBN : 9004095810
Genre : Art
File Size : 82. 73 MB
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Archaeologists and historians address particular issues of the correlation of archaeology and texts, treating important issues such as linking survey and ancient documents, the contextual independence of historical and archaeological evidence, and the classical site as text itself.

Images Of The Recent Past

Author : Charles E. Orser
ISBN : 0761991425
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 55. 89 MB
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Historical archaeology has been without a definitive, up-to-date collection that reflects the breadth of the field-until now. Orser's book brings together classic and contemporary articles that demonstrate the development of the field over the last twenty years, both in North America and throughout the world. Orser's selections represent a wide variety of locales and perspectives and include works by many of the leading figures in the field. Engaging articles make it accessible to any interested reader, and superb for historical archaeology classes.

Doing Historical Archaeology

Author : Russell J. Barber
ISBN : UCSD:31822016869638
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86. 6 MB
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Appropriate for the upper level Historical Archaeology or Archaeological Field Methods courses taught in anthropology departments. This exercise book provides a cross-section of the diverse kinds of work that historical archaeologists actually do, and illustrates the different paradigms current in historical archaeology today.

Historical Archaeology In Nigeria

Author : Kit W. Wesler
ISBN : UOM:39015045986380
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 82. 30 MB
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Historical archaeology is experiencing a surge of interest in West Africa, after decades of relative obscurity. The papers in this volume represent the most recent findings by scholars who are committed to melding written history, oral tradition, and archaeological data into a dynamic understanding of the recent centuries in Nigeria. These papers demonstrate that historical archaeology will make a critical contribution to exploring the heritage of modern West Africa from pre-colonial states and empires, through the years of European trade and colonization, into the modern era.

The Art And Mystery Of Historical Archaeology

Author : Anne E. Yentsch
ISBN : UOM:39015025385082
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26. 52 MB
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The Art and Mystery of Historical Archaeology is essential reading for anyone concerned with the past. In it, archaeologists write of "revolutions of the imagination," and wrest secrets from old objects to recreate our multi-cultured heritage. Material culture is focal-large cities, small potsherds, big and little bones. The book is interdisciplinary and goes inside the process of artifact interpretation to reveal how artifacts "talk" about people. The emphasis is context, ethnography, ordinary and extraordinary men, women, and children. Here is local history in material form as well as stories of global expansion and culture contact. The book draws on the seminal influence of James Deetz's work on American culture and merges history, folklore, anthropology, African-American, Native American, and gender studies. The essays illustrate the power and potency of folk beliefs and how myths of the past are constantly remade. The authors show how people use objects to converse about themselves, their worlds, and relationships with others. They examine messages writ on brick and stone, buried in earth and passed in legend. They then demonstrate how archaeologists, historians, museologists, and students of material culture can read these to bring the past to light.

Ontario Archaeology

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89096108345
Genre : Indians of North America
File Size : 62. 32 MB
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Historical Archaeology And The Study Of American Culture

Author : Winterthur Conference (1991)
ISBN : UOM:39015041012025
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 33. 41 MB
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In this volume of essays, historical archaeologists and scholars from a variety of other fields explore creative approaches to material culture as a form of cultural expression. The essays, derived from papers first presented at the 1991 Winterthur Conference, emphasize material culture's communicative qualities; its roles in social performance, the construction of identity, and the mediation of interaction; and its interpretive limitations. A special concern with contexts in their myriad forms resonates throughout the volume. The contributors not only describe time and place but they seek the intimate social and symbolic details of human agency in all their diversity. The essays reveal how dynamic archaeological thinking can appeal to a broader audience. The first section, "Construction of Context: Negotiating Consumer Culture", groups six essays that foreground people and their choices in diverse consumer contexts. The authors examine the ways that material culture illuminates the cultural dialogues between New England's native peoples and European traders, urbane Virginians and their "country cousins", Southern slaves and their owners, agrarian potters and industrial capitalists, and nineteenth-century Americans and the brokers of consumer culture. In the second section, "'In the Active Voice': Remaking the American Landscape", the attention shifts from people to the land they inhabited and changed. Through close reading of multiple data sources at many scales, from microscopic pollen grains to urban plans, the authors of these four essays trace the remaking of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century American farms and cities. In the third section, "Working toward Meaning: The Scopeof Historical Archaeology", the authors work outward from the preceding studies, directly engaging the reader in the process of reinventing historical archaeology. Together with the other contributions to this volume, these three concluding essays demonstrate the important place of historical archaeology in the interdisciplinary arena of material culture studies.

Report On Technical And Interpretive Studies For Historical Archaeology

Author : Michelle C. St. Clair
ISBN : STANFORD:36105122273266
Genre : Archaeology and history
File Size : 88. 41 MB
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Household Chores And Household Choices

Author : Kerri Saige Barile
ISBN : UOM:39015059134166
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 72. 54 MB
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Because archaeology seeks to understand past societies, the concepts of "home," "house," and "household" are important. Yet they can be the most elusive of ideas. Are they the space occupied by a nuclear family or by an extended one? Is it a built structure or the sum of its contents? Is it a shelter against the elements, a gendered space, or an ephemeral place tied to emotion? We somehow believe that the household is a basic unit of culture but have failed to develop a theory for understanding the diversity of households in the historic (and prehistoric) periods.

The Archaeology And History Of An Arctic Mission Herschel Island Yukon

Author : Nancy Saxberg
ISBN : UOM:39015058854103
Genre : Archaeology and history
File Size : 71. 28 MB
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This interpretation of the results of the excavation of an early twentieth-century refuse pit at St. Patrick's Anglican Mission, Pauline Covve, Herschel Island (off the north coast of Yukon), focusses on the evidence of the colonial process in the north and of the effects of the whaling industry.

The Archaeology Of Kentucky

Author : David Pollack
ISBN : UOM:39015029092395
Genre : Archaeology
File Size : 47. 45 MB
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Historic Archaeology At The Tucson Community Center

Author : James E. Ayres
ISBN : UCR:31210012420913
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 25. 30 MB
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Summarizes excavations in downtown Tucson in a historic turn-of-the-century neighborhood that had been leveled for prior development. Many of the excavated areas could be identified to occupants around 1900.

Underwater Archaeology Proceedings From The Society For Historical Archaeology Conference

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105043143325
Genre : Navigation
File Size : 79. 49 MB
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Approaches To The Historical Archaeology Of Mexico Central South America

Author : Janine Gasco
ISBN : UCBK:C063324392
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56. 78 MB
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A collection of articles by scholars working in the field of historical archaeology in Mexico, Central, and South America. Even though archaeologists have conducted investigations on historical sites in Latin America for many years, international borders have often limited interaction among researchers and the exchange of pertinent literature among interested readers. As a result, there has been little awareness or understanding of the breadth of research focused on the archaeology of poscpeey a sense of work underway and the direction in which future research might be headed.

Maritime Archaeology And Social Relations

Author : Virginia Dellino-Musgrave
ISBN : 9780387336008
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 55. 18 MB
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This book analyses British action in the Southern hemisphere in the late 18th century, examining two Royal Navy ships, one off the Argentinean coast and one off the Southeast Australian coast. The author goes beyond a descriptive analysis of wrecks by treating them and their cargoes as embodiments of 18th century social relations. The book challenges traditional approaches, providing a perspective that emphasises the richness, diversity and complexity of British action.

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