cooperation without trust

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Cooperation Without Trust

Author : Karen S. Cook
ISBN : 0871541653
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 32. 22 MB
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Some social theorists claim that trust is necessary for the smooth functioning of a democratic society. Yet many recent surveys suggest that trust is on the wane in the United States. Does this foreshadow trouble for the nation? In Cooperation Without Trust? Karen Cook, Russell Hardin, and Margaret Levi argue that a society can function well in the absence of trust. Though trust is a useful element in many kinds of relationships, they contend that mutually beneficial cooperative relationships can take place without it. Cooperation Without Trust? employs a wide range of examples illustrating how parties use mechanisms other than trust to secure cooperation. Concerns about one's reputation, for example, could keep a person in a small community from breaching agreements. State enforcement of contracts ensures that business partners need not trust one another in order to trade. Similarly, monitoring worker behavior permits an employer to vest great responsibility in an employee without necessarily trusting that person. Cook, Hardin, and Levi discuss other mechanisms for facilitating cooperation absent trust, such as the self-regulation of professional societies, management compensation schemes, and social capital networks. In fact, the authors argue that a lack of trust—or even outright distrust—may in many circumstances be more beneficial in creating cooperation. Lack of trust motivates people to reduce risks and establish institutions that promote cooperation. A stout distrust of government prompted America's founding fathers to establish a system in which leaders are highly accountable to their constituents, and in which checks and balances keep the behavior of government officials in line with the public will. Such institutional mechanisms are generally more dependable in securing cooperation than simple faith in the trustworthiness of others. Cooperation Without Trust? suggests that trust may be a complement to governing institutions, not a substitute for them. Whether or not the decline in trust documented by social surveys actually indicates an erosion of trust in everyday situations, this book argues that society is not in peril. Even if we were a less trusting society, that would not mean we are a less functional one. A Volume in the Russell Sage Foundation Series on Trust

Trust In International Cooperation

Author : Brian C. Rathbun
ISBN : 9781139505253
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52. 63 MB
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Trust in International Cooperation challenges conventional wisdoms concerning the part which trust plays in international cooperation and the origins of American multilateralism. Brian C. Rathbun questions rational institutionalist arguments, demonstrating that trust precedes rather than follows the creation of international organizations. Drawing on social psychology, he shows that individuals placed in the same structural circumstances show markedly different propensities to cooperate based on their beliefs about the trustworthiness of others. Linking this finding to political psychology, Rathbun explains why liberals generally pursue a more multilateral foreign policy than conservatives, evident in the Democratic Party's greater support for a genuinely multilateral League of Nations, United Nations and North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Rathbun argues that the post-World War Two bipartisan consensus on multilateralism is a myth, and differences between the parties are growing continually starker.

Cooperation In Chinese Communities

Author : Charles Stafford
ISBN : 9781350077201
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 57. 20 MB
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When humans cooperate, what are the social and psychological mechanisms that enable them to do so successfully? Is cooperativeness something natural for humans, built in to our species over the course of evolution, or rather something that depends on cultural learning and social interaction? This book addresses these central questions concerning human nature and the nature of cooperation. The editors present a wide range of vivid anthropological case-studies focused on everyday cooperation in Chinese communities, for example, between children in Nanjing playing a ballgame; parents in Edinburgh organising a community school; villagers in Yunnan dealing with “common pool” resource problems; and families in Kinmen in Taiwan worshipping their dead together. On the one hand, these case studies illustrate some uniquely Chinese cultural factors, such as those related to kinship ideals and institutions that shape the experience and practice of cooperation. They also illustrate, on the other hand, how China's recent history, not least the rise and fall of collectivism in various forms, continues to shape the experience of cooperation for ordinary people in China today. Finally, they show that in spite of the cultural and historical particularity of Chinese cooperation, it does share some underlying features that would be familiar to people coming from radically different backgrounds.

The Oxford Handbook Of Social And Political Trust

Author : Eric M. Uslaner
ISBN : 9780190274818
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55. 77 MB
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This volume explores the foundations of trust, and whether social and political trust have common roots. Contributions by noted scholars examine how we measure trust, the cultural and social psychological roots of trust, the foundations of political trust, and how trust concerns the law, the economy, elections, international relations, corruption, and cooperation, among myriad societal factors. The rich assortment of essays on these themes addresses questions such as: How does national identity shape trust, and how does trust form in developing countries and in new democracies? Are minority groups less trusting than the dominant group in a society? Do immigrants adapt to the trust levels of their host countries? Does group interaction build trust? Does the welfare state promote trust and, in turn, does trust lead to greater well-being and to better health outcomes? The Oxford Handbook of Social and Political Trust considers these and other questions of critical importance for current scholarly investigations of trust.

Regime Consolidation And Transitional Justice

Author : Anja Mihr
ISBN : 9781108423069
Genre : Law
File Size : 86. 1 MB
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Explores the effect of justice measures on 'regime consolidation' in a post-transition context.

An Investigation Into The Antecedents Of Trust In Cooperative Buyer Supplier Relationships

Author : Christian Bechtel
ISBN : MSU:31293017128863
Genre : Business ethics
File Size : 84. 94 MB
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Trust Management

Author : Ketil Stølen
ISBN : 9783540342953
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 29. 86 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Trust Management, iTrust 2006, held in Pisa, Italy, in May 2006. The 30 revised full papers and 4 revised short papers presented together with 1 keynote paper and 7 trust management tool and systems demonstration reports were carefully reviewed and selected from 88 submissions. Besides technical issues in distributed computing and open systems, topics from law, social sciences, business, and philosophy are addressed in order to foster the development of new paradigms in the area of trust management in dynamic open systems and their integration within the emerging architectures for grid computing and virtual organizations.

Handbook Of Social Psychology

Author : John DeLamater
ISBN : 9789400767720
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 81. 22 MB
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This handbook provides a broad overview of the field of social psychology and up-to-date coverage of current social psychological topics. It reflects the recent and substantial development of the field, both with regard to theory and empirical research. It starts out by covering major theoretical perspectives, including the inter actionist, identity, social exchange, social structure and the person perspectives. Next, it discusses development and socialization in childhood, adolescence and adulthood. In addition to updated discussions of topics that were included in the first edition, the part examining personal processes includes entirely new topics, such as social psychology and the body and individual agency and social motivation. Interpersonal processes are discussed from a contemporary perspective with a focus on stress and health. The final section examines the person in sociocultural context and includes another topic new to the second edition, the social psychology of race and gender and intersectionality.

Strategic Cooperation

Author : Michael O. Slobodchikoff
ISBN : 9780739178812
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 41. 37 MB
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By examining the bilateral relationships between Russia and each of the former Soviet republics, this book answers how and why states that are in power asymmetry and have mistrust of one another are able to build cooperative bilateral relationships. It argues that strong treaty networks account for a more cooperative relationship between states, allowing both states to cooperate by alleviating the problems of mistrust and power asymmetry.

The Day After Tomorrow

Author : Otaviano Canuto
ISBN : 9780821385463
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 68. 28 MB
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This book is a vision of how economic policy will evolve in developing countries over the next three-to-five years, delivered by renown practitioners working at the world's leading development institution.

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