cotton-precision-breeding

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Cotton Precision Breeding

Author : Mehboob-ur- Rahman
ISBN : 9783030645045
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 95 MB
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Cotton, the most important natural fiber crop, has been improved by conventional breeding—largely through planned hybridization of different cotton genotypes, since the discovery of Mendelian genetics. All these efforts resulted in the development of resilient high yielding cotton varieties. However, the progress through conventional breeding procedures is slow because of long lag periods for developing a variety, little control over the new genetic combinations, unwanted traits and lack of foolproof performance testing system. Genomic assays discovered over the last two decades have made it possible to understand the “language” of the genome by associating the genes with specific traits. Together with the more recently established gene-editing tools like CRISPR-Cas9, the cotton genome can be tailored much more precisely than ever before. In this regard, genetic information has been harnessed, through (i) sequencing of the progenitor and cultivated cotton species, (ii) ongoing mega pan-genome sequencing projects, (iii) genetic and physical mapping, and (iv) introgression of genes from alien sources, that resulted in the development of resilient cotton cultivars. These technologies have been deployed or are attempting to overcome the challenges of water shortage, excessive heat in most cotton growing regions, infectious diseases and infestation of insect pests, as well as rising production cost, for sustainable cotton production beyond 2030. In this book, new knowledge generated by the cotton research community and its application for developing resilient cotton are comprehensively summarized. This book contributed by well-known cotton researchers is a timely collection of the challenges and successes of precision cotton breeding in a changing environment.

Cotton Breeding And Biotechnology

Author : Zulqurnain Khan
ISBN : 9781000535624
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 80 MB
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Cotton Breeding and Biotechnology presents information on one of the most economically important crops of the world, cotton. This book contains chapters on the history of cotton; breeding approaches; technologies for increasing germination, crop growth and yield; and fiber quality issues. It emphasizes sustainable development in the cotton industry analysing the progress of breeding technologies under environmental adversity. The book explores the national and global status of cotton crop, including cotton production, possible impacts of climate change, and the vulnerability of cotton to pest infestations and disease attacks. Features Focuses on cotton breeding and biotechnology Proposes ideas, data, and strategies to mount breeding programs for enhancing cotton production Details strategies for cotton quality improvement against abiotic and biotic stresses Emphasizes the revival of cotton in Pakistan and South Asian region This book is useful to researchers, cotton breeders and growers, farmers, and the agriculture industry.

Accelerated Plant Breeding Volume 4

Author : Satbir Singh Gosal
ISBN : 9783030811075
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72. 30 MB
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Plant improvement has shifted its focus from yield, quality and disease resistance to factors that will enhance commercial export, such as early maturity, shelf life and better processing quality. Conventional plant breeding methods aiming at the improvement of a self-pollinating crop usually take 10-12 years to develop and release of the new variety. During the past 10 years, significant advances have been made and accelerated methods have been developed for precision breeding and early release of crop varieties. This book focuses on the accelerated breeding technologies that have been adopted for major oil crops. It summarizes concepts dealing with germplasm enhancement and development of improved varieties based on innovative methodologies that include doubled haploidy, marker assisted selection, marker assisted background selection, genetic mapping, genomic selection, high-throughput genotyping, high-throughput phenotyping, mutation breeding, reverse breeding, transgenic breeding, shuttle breeding, speed breeding, low cost high-throughput field phenotyping, etc. This edited volume is therefore an excellent reference on accelerated development of improved crop varieties.

Advances In Plant Breeding Strategies Industrial And Food Crops

Author : Jameel M. Al-Khayri
ISBN : 9783030232658
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86. 52 MB
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This book examines the development of innovative modern methodologies towards augmenting conventional plant breeding, in individual crops, for the production of new crop varieties under the increasingly limiting environmental and cultivation factors to achieve sustainable agricultural production, enhanced food security, in addition to providing raw materials for innovative industrial products and pharmaceuticals. This is Vol 6, subtitled Industrial and Food Crops, which consists of two parts. Included in Part I are 11 industrial plant species utilized as sources of raw materials for the production of industrial products including pulp and wood crops (acacia), fiber (cotton, jute and ramie), rubber (guayule and rubber tree), oil (jojoba and flax), biofuels and pharmaceutical (agave) and sugar source (sugarcane). Part II covers 7 food plants selected for their utilization in food industries for the production of chocolate (cacao), cooking oil (oil palm, safflower, sesame and sunflower) and natural flavors and aroma (saffron and vanilla). This volume is contributed by 60 internationally reputable scientists from 14 countries. Each chapter comprehensively reviews the modern literature on the subject and reflects the authors own experience.

Agricultural Research

Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951P00622992K
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 23. 93 MB
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Advances In Agronomy

Author :
ISBN : 0080563325
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 10 MB
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Advances in Agronomy

Plant Cyclotides

Author :
ISBN : 9780128007976
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 1 MB
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Advances in Botanical Research publishes in-depth and up-to-date reviews on a wide range of topics in plant sciences. Currently in its 76th volume, the series features several reviews by recognized experts on all aspects of plant genetics, biochemistry, cell biology, molecular biology, physiology and ecology. Publishes in-depth and up-to-date reviews on a wide range of topics in plant sciences Contains commentary by recognized experts on all aspects of plant genetics, biochemistry, cell biology, molecular biology, physiology, and ecology This volume features reviews of the fast moving field of plant cyclotides

Plant Ecophysiology And Adaptation Under Climate Change Mechanisms And Perspectives Ii

Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman
ISBN : 9789811521720
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 39 MB
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This book presents the state-of-the-art in plant ecophysiology. With a particular focus on adaptation to a changing environment, it discusses ecophysiology and adaptive mechanisms of plants under climate change. Over the centuries, the incidence of various abiotic stresses such as salinity, drought, extreme temperatures, atmospheric pollution, metal toxicity due to climate change have regularly affected plants and, and some estimates suggest that environmental stresses may reduce the crop yield by up to 70%. This in turn adversely affects the food security. As sessile organisms, plants are frequently exposed to various environmental adversities. As such, both plant physiology and plant ecophysiology begin with the study of responses to the environment. Provides essential insights, this book can be used for courses such as Plant Physiology, Environmental Science, Crop Production and Agricultural Botany. Volume 2 provides up-to-date information on the impact of climate change on plants, the general consequences and plant responses to various environmental stresses.

Genes Genomes And Society

Author : Röbbe Wünschiers
ISBN : 9783662640814
Genre : Biotechnology
File Size : 43. 13 MB
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We are currently experiencing a revolution in genetic engineering: CRISPR/Cas gene editing tools are used to modify the genetic material of living organisms in a more targeted way than ever before. These tools offer new possibilities in animal and plant breeding - and are already being used in humans. Where should the journey lead? Should we treat diseases or better repair them? Will the new genetic engineering, combined with modern reproductive biology, lead to designer babies? And: May we allow a liberalization of these techniques as citizen science? With the availability of genetic scissors, we face a great responsibility: Is it acceptable to use the new genetic technologies - or reprehensible not to use them? Where do we draw the line? Aimed at interested readers, the author explains in a clear and understandable way the background of breeding, the use of genetic engineering, and the possibilities of the gene editing. In addition, he spans a broad chronological arc from the genes of our ancestors to the fabrication of new living beings. What is your opinion of these developments? With the help of this book, you have the chance to form a differentiated opinion. This book is a translation of the original German 1st edition Generation Gen-Schere by Robbe Wunschiers, published by Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature in 2019. The translation was done with the help of artificial intelligence (machine translation by the service DeepL.com). The text was subsequently revised by the author. Springer Nature works continuously to further the development of tools for the production of books and on the related technologies to support the authors.

The Precision Farming Revolution

Author : James E. Addicott
ISBN : 9789811396861
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 69. 30 MB
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This book examines the precision farming revolution in Somerset, England. It reveals the reasons why local farmers invested in autonomous systems and traces the outcomes of adoption. It describes the local and global drivers of the fourth industrial revolution, from world population growth, climatic and ecological crises, profit driven farming and government agri-tech grants, to the Space Race era. A new cultural method of intelligence, ideas and thinking, new organisational and control powers, was precisely what precision farming offered farmers and off-farm firms, who were able to remotely monitor and control natural environments and aspects of on-farm activities. As a result of local farmers opting into precision farming systems the power dynamics of industrial agriculture were reorganised and this book will offer readers an understanding of how and why.

Advances In Plant Breeding Strategies Breeding Biotechnology And Molecular Tools

Author : Jameel M. Al-Khayri
ISBN : 9783319225210
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 67. 69 MB
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The basic concept of this book is to examine the use of innovative methods augmenting traditional plant breeding towards the development of new crop varieties under different environmental conditions to achieve sustainable food production. This book consists of two volumes: Volume 1 subtitled Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools and Volume 2 subtitled Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. This is Volume 1 which consists of 21 chapters covering domestication and germplasm utilization, conventional breeding techniques and the role of biotechnology. In addition to various biotechnological applications in plant breeding, it includes functional genomics, mutations and methods of detection, and molecular markers. In vitro techniques and their applications in plant breeding are discussed with an emphasis on embryo rescue, somatic cell hybridization and somaclonal variation. Other chapters cover haploid breeding, transgenics, cryogenics and bioinformatics.

Africa S Gene Revolution

Author : Matthew A. Schnurr
ISBN : 9780228000457
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 59. 44 MB
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As development donors invest hundreds of millions of dollars into improved crops designed to alleviate poverty and hunger, Africa has emerged as the final frontier in the global debate over agricultural biotechnology. The first data-driven assessment of the ecological, social, and political factors that shape our understanding of genetic modification, Africa's Gene Revolution surveys twenty years of efforts to use genomics-based breeding to enhance yields and livelihoods for African farmers. Matthew Schnurr considers the full range of biotechnologies currently in commercial use and those in development - including hybrids, marker-assisted breeding, tissue culture, and genetic engineering. Drawing on interviews with biotechnology experts alongside research conducted with more than two hundred farmers across eastern, western, and southern Africa, Schnurr reveals a profound incongruity between the optimistic rhetoric that accompanies genetic modification technology and the realities of the smallholder farmers who are its intended beneficiaries. Through the lens of political ecology, this book demonstrates that the current emphasis on improved seeds discounts the geographic, social, ecological, and economic contexts in which the producers of these crops operate. Bringing the voices of farmers to the foreground of this polarizing debate, Africa's Gene Revolution contends that meaningful change will come from a reconfiguration not only of the plant's genome, but of the entire agricultural system.

Salt Tolerance Molecular And Physiological Mechanisms And Breeding Applications

Author : Loredana F. Ciarmiello
ISBN : 9782832501443
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 58 MB
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Ars W

Author : United States. Agricultural Research Service
ISBN : MINN:31951P01093297P
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 24. 9 MB
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Agriculture Environmental And Consumer Protection Appropriations For 1973

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Agriculture--Environmental and Consumer Protection Appropriations
ISBN : UCAL:B4292084
Genre :
File Size : 45. 16 MB
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Agriculture Environmental And Consumer Protection Appropriations

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations
ISBN : UCAL:$B657140
Genre :
File Size : 35. 10 MB
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Hearings Reports And Prints Of The House Committee On Appropriations

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations
ISBN : UCAL:B3556747
Genre : Finance, Public
File Size : 68. 83 MB
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Genetic Mapping And Marker Assisted Selection

Author : N Manikanda Boopathi
ISBN : 9788132209584
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 17 MB
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Genetic mapping and marker assisted selection (MAS) is considered as one of the major tools in genetic improvement of crop plants in this genomics era. This book describes basics in linkage mapping, step-by-step procedure to perform MAS, achievements made so far in different crops, and limitations and prospects of MAS in plant breeding. It summarizes all this in a simple but comprehensive mode using suitable examples so as to explain the concept and its historical developments. To summarize, this book describes technologies for identification of genes of interest through genetic mapping, recaps the major applications of MAS to plant breeding; lists examples in which MAS is being applied to various breeding programs, and emphasizes the various difficulties that limit the application of MAS in plant breeding, providing possible solutions to overcome these difficulties, and finally tries to illustrate the future prospects. This book would be a valuable guide to the under-graduates and post-graduates of agricultural universities and institutes that are interested and/or involved in genetic improvement of crop plants using modern tools. Bibliography listed in this book constitutes two parts: literature cited and further reading. Literature cited contains references cited in the text and further information on the given concept/technique can be obtained from these references. Further reading provides a list of suggested readings for in-depth coverage of the topics.

Cotton

Author : Harry Bates Brown
ISBN : CORNELL:31924003329897
Genre : Cotton
File Size : 47. 53 MB
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Department Of Agriculture Appropriation Bill

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations
ISBN : UCAL:$B651282
Genre :
File Size : 79. 25 MB
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