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Computational Number Theory And Modern Cryptography

Author : Song Y. Yan
ISBN : 9781118188583
Genre : Computers
File Size : 74. 86 MB
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The only book to provide a unified view of the interplay between computational number theory and cryptography Computational number theory and modern cryptography are two of the most important and fundamental research fields in information security. In this book, Song Y. Yang combines knowledge of these two critical fields, providing a unified view of the relationships between computational number theory and cryptography. The author takes an innovative approach, presenting mathematical ideas first, thereupon treating cryptography as an immediate application of the mathematical concepts. The book also presents topics from number theory, which are relevant for applications in public-key cryptography, as well as modern topics, such as coding and lattice based cryptography for post-quantum cryptography. The author further covers the current research and applications for common cryptographic algorithms, describing the mathematical problems behind these applications in a manner accessible to computer scientists and engineers. Makes mathematical problems accessible to computer scientists and engineers by showing their immediate application Presents topics from number theory relevant for public-key cryptography applications Covers modern topics such as coding and lattice based cryptography for post-quantum cryptography Starts with the basics, then goes into applications and areas of active research Geared at a global audience; classroom tested in North America, Europe, and Asia Incudes exercises in every chapter Instructor resources available on the book’s Companion Website Computational Number Theory and Modern Cryptography is ideal for graduate and advanced undergraduate students in computer science, communications engineering, cryptography and mathematics. Computer scientists, practicing cryptographers, and other professionals involved in various security schemes will also find this book to be a helpful reference.

Cryptology And Computational Number Theory

Author : Carl Pomerance
ISBN : 0821801554
Genre : Computers
File Size : 75. 76 MB
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In the past dozen or so years, cryptology and computational number theory have become increasingly intertwined. Because the primary cryptologic application of number theory is the apparent intractability of certain computations, these two fields could part in the future and again go their separate ways. But for now, their union is continuing to bring ferment and rapid change in both subjects. This book contains the proceedings of an AMS Short Course in Cryptology and Computational Number Theory, held in August 1989 during the Joint Mathematics Meetings in Boulder, Colorado. These eight papers by six of the top experts in the field will provide readers with a thorough introduction to some of the principal advances in cryptology and computational number theory over the past fifteen years. In addition to an extensive introductory article, the book contains articles on primality testing, discrete logarithms, integer factoring, knapsack cryptosystems, pseudorandom number generators, the theoretical underpinnings of cryptology, and other number theory-based cryptosystems. Requiring only background in elementary number theory, this book is aimed at nonexperts, including graduate students and advanced undergraduates in mathematics and computer science.

Cryptography And Computational Number Theory

Author : Kwok Y. Lam
ISBN : 9783034882958
Genre : Computers
File Size : 28. 33 MB
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This volume contains the refereed proceedings of the Workshop on Cryptography and Computational Number Theory, CCNT'99, which has been held in Singapore during the week of November 22-26, 1999. The workshop was organized by the Centre for Systems Security of the Na tional University of Singapore. We gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the Singapore National Science and Technology Board under the grant num ber RP960668/M. The idea for this workshop grew out of the recognition of the recent, rapid development in various areas of cryptography and computational number the ory. The event followed the concept of the research programs at such well-known research institutions as the Newton Institute (UK), Oberwolfach and Dagstuhl (Germany), and Luminy (France). Accordingly, there were only invited lectures at the workshop with plenty of time for informal discussions. It was hoped and successfully achieved that the meeting would encourage and stimulate further research in information and computer security as well as in the design and implementation of number theoretic cryptosystems and other related areas. Another goal of the meeting was to stimulate collaboration and more active interaction between mathematicians, computer scientists, practical cryptographers and engineers in academia, industry and government.

Public Key Cryptography And Computational Number Theory

Author : Kazimierz Alster
ISBN : 9783110881035
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60. 93 MB
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The Proceedings contain twenty selected, refereed contributions arising from the International Conference on Public-Key Cryptography and Computational Number Theory held in Warsaw, Poland, on September 11-15, 2000. The conference, attended by eightyfive mathematicians from eleven countries, was organized by the Stefan Banach International Mathematical Center. This volume contains articles from leading experts in the world on cryptography and computational number theory, providing an account of the state of research in a wide variety of topics related to the conference theme. It is dedicated to the memory of the Polish mathematicians Marian Rejewski (1905-1980), Jerzy Róøycki (1909-1942) and Henryk Zygalski (1907-1978), who deciphered the military version of the famous Enigma in December 1932 – January 1933. A noteworthy feature of the volume is a foreword written by Andrew Odlyzko on the progress in cryptography from Enigma time until now.

Quantum Computational Number Theory

Author : Song Y. Yan
ISBN : 9783319258232
Genre : Computers
File Size : 66. 77 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive introduction to advanced topics in the computational and algorithmic aspects of number theory, focusing on applications in cryptography. Readers will learn to develop fast algorithms, including quantum algorithms, to solve various classic and modern number theoretic problems. Key problems include prime number generation, primality testing, integer factorization, discrete logarithms, elliptic curve arithmetic, conjecture and numerical verification. The author discusses quantum algorithms for solving the Integer Factorization Problem (IFP), the Discrete Logarithm Problem (DLP), and the Elliptic Curve Discrete Logarithm Problem (ECDLP) and for attacking IFP, DLP and ECDLP based cryptographic systems. Chapters also cover various other quantum algorithms for Pell's equation, principal ideal, unit group, class group, Gauss sums, prime counting function, Riemann's hypothesis and the BSD conjecture. Quantum Computational Number Theory is self-contained and intended to be used either as a graduate text in computing, communications and mathematics, or as a basic reference in the related fields. Number theorists, cryptographers and professionals working in quantum computing, cryptography and network security will find this book a valuable asset.

Computational Number Theory

Author : Abhijit Das
ISBN : 9781482205824
Genre : Computers
File Size : 44. 15 MB
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Developed from the author's popular graduate-level course, Computational Number Theory presents a complete treatment of number-theoretic algorithms. Avoiding advanced algebra, this self-contained text is designed for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in engineering. It is also suitable for researchers new to the field and pract

A Course In Number Theory And Cryptography

Author : Neal Koblitz
ISBN : 0387942939
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 52. 88 MB
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This is a substantially revised and updated introduction to arithmetic topics, both ancient and modern, that have been at the centre of interest in applications of number theory, particularly in cryptography. As such, no background in algebra or number theory is assumed, and the book begins with a discussion of the basic number theory that is needed. The approach taken is algorithmic, emphasising estimates of the efficiency of the techniques that arise from the theory, and one special feature is the inclusion of recent applications of the theory of elliptic curves. Extensive exercises and careful answers are an integral part all of the chapters.

Number Theory And Cryptography

Author : Marc Fischlin
ISBN : 3642420001
Genre : Computers
File Size : 40. 29 MB
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Johannes Buchmann is internationally recognized as one of the leading figures in areas of computational number theory, cryptography and information security. He has published numerous scientific papers and books spanning a very wide spectrum of interests; besides R&D he also fulfilled lots of administrative tasks for instance building up and directing his research group CDC at Darmstadt, but he also served as the Dean of the Department of Computer Science at TU Darmstadt and then went on to become Vice President of the university for six years (2001-2007). This festschrift, published in honor of Johannes Buchmann on the occasion of his 60th birthday, contains contributions by some of his colleagues, former students and friends. The papers give an overview of Johannes Buchmann's research interests, ranging from computational number theory and the hardness of cryptographic assumptions to more application-oriented topics such as privacy and hardware security. With this book we celebrate Johannes Buchmann's vision and achievements.

Number Theory And Cryptography

Author : J. H. Loxton
ISBN : 9780521398770
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 48. 76 MB
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Papers presented by prominent contributors at a workshop on Number Theory and Cryptography, and the annual meeting of the Australian Mathematical Society.

Number Theoretic Algorithms In Cryptography

Author : Oleg Nikolaevich Vasilenko
ISBN : 0821840908
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 74. 91 MB
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Algorithmic number theory is a rapidly developing branch of number theory, which, in addition to its mathematical importance, has substantial applications in computer science and cryptography. Among the algorithms used in cryptography, the following are especially important: algorithms for primality testing; factorization algorithms for integers and for polynomials in one variable; applications of the theory of elliptic curves; algorithms for computation of discrete logarithms; algorithms for solving linear equations over finite fields; and, algorithms for performing arithmetic operations on large integers. The book describes the current state of these and some other algorithms. It also contains extensive bibliography. For this English translation, additional references were prepared and commented on by the author.

Number Theory For Computing

Author : Song Y. Yan
ISBN : 9783662047736
Genre : Computers
File Size : 33. 91 MB
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This book provides a good introduction to the classical elementary number theory and the modern algorithmic number theory, and their applications in computing and information technology, including computer systems design, cryptography and network security. In this second edition proofs of many theorems have been provided, further additions and corrections were made.

Cryptographic Applications Of Analytic Number Theory

Author : Igor Shparlinski
ISBN : 9783034880374
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 61. 19 MB
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The book introduces new techniques that imply rigorous lower bounds on the com plexity of some number-theoretic and cryptographic problems. It also establishes certain attractive pseudorandom properties of various cryptographic primitives. These methods and techniques are based on bounds of character sums and num bers of solutions of some polynomial equations over finite fields and residue rings. Other number theoretic techniques such as sieve methods and lattice reduction algorithms are used as well. The book also contains a number of open problems and proposals for further research. The emphasis is on obtaining unconditional rigorously proved statements. The bright side of this approach is that the results do not depend on any assumptions or conjectures. On the downside, the results are much weaker than those which are widely believed to be true. We obtain several lower bounds, exponential in terms of logp, on the degrees and orders of o polynomials; o algebraic functions; o Boolean functions; o linear recurrence sequences; coinciding with values of the discrete logarithm modulo a prime p at sufficiently many points (the number of points can be as small as pI/2+O:). These functions are considered over the residue ring modulo p and over the residue ring modulo an arbitrary divisor d of p - 1. The case of d = 2 is of special interest since it corresponds to the representation of the rightmost bit of the discrete logarithm and defines whether the argument is a quadratic residue.

Number Theory

Author : R.P. Bambah
ISBN : 9783034870238
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 74. 85 MB
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The Indian National Science Academy on the occasion ofthe Golden Jubilee Celebration (Fifty years of India's Independence) decided to publish a number of monographs on the selected fields. The editorial board of INS A invited us to prepare a special monograph in Number Theory. In reponse to this assignment, we invited several eminent Number Theorists to contribute expository/research articles for this monograph on Number Theory. Al though some ofthose invited, due to other preoccupations-could not respond positively to our invitation, we did receive fairly encouraging response from many eminent and creative number theorists throughout the world. These articles are presented herewith in a logical order. We are grateful to all those mathematicians who have sent us their articles. We hope that this monograph will have a significant impact on further development in this subject. R. P. Bambah v. C. Dumir R. J. Hans-Gill A Centennial History of the Prime Number Theorem Tom M. Apostol The Prime Number Theorem Among the thousands of discoveries made by mathematicians over the centuries, some stand out as significant landmarks. One of these is the prime number theorem, which describes the asymptotic distribution of prime numbers. It can be stated in various equivalent forms, two of which are: x (I) K(X) '" -I - as x --+ 00, ogx and Pn '" n log n as n --+ 00. (2) In (1), K(X) denotes the number of primes P ::s x for any x > O.

Cryptanalysis Of Number Theoretic Ciphers

Author : Samuel S. Wagstaff, Jr.
ISBN : 9781351991940
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 72. 88 MB
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At the heart of modern cryptographic algorithms lies computational number theory. Whether you're encrypting or decrypting ciphers, a solid background in number theory is essential for success. Written by a number theorist and practicing cryptographer, Cryptanalysis of Number Theoretic Ciphers takes you from basic number theory to the inner workings of ciphers and protocols. First, the book provides the mathematical background needed in cryptography as well as definitions and simple examples from cryptography. It includes summaries of elementary number theory and group theory, as well as common methods of finding or constructing large random primes, factoring large integers, and computing discrete logarithms. Next, it describes a selection of cryptographic algorithms, most of which use number theory. Finally, the book presents methods of attack on the cryptographic algorithms and assesses their effectiveness. For each attack method the author lists the systems it applies to and tells how they may be broken with it. Computational number theorists are some of the most successful cryptanalysts against public key systems. Cryptanalysis of Number Theoretic Ciphers builds a solid foundation in number theory and shows you how to apply it not only when breaking ciphers, but also when designing ones that are difficult to break.

Primality Testing And Integer Factorization In Public Key Cryptography

Author : Song Y. Yan
ISBN : 9780387772684
Genre : Computers
File Size : 89. 89 MB
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Intended for advanced level students in computer science and mathematics, this key text, now in a brand new edition, provides a survey of recent progress in primality testing and integer factorization, with implications for factoring based public key cryptography. For this updated and revised edition, notable new features include a comparison of the Rabin-Miller probabilistic test in RP, the Atkin-Morain elliptic curve test in ZPP and the AKS deterministic test.

Algebraic Aspects Of Digital Communications

Author : Tanush Shaska
ISBN : 9781607500193
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 19 MB
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Developments of the last few decades in digital communications have created a close link between mathematics and areas of computer science and electrical engineering. A collaboration between such areas now seems very natural, due to problems which require deep knowledge and expertise in each area. Algebra and some of its branches, such as algebraic geometry, computational algebra, group theory, etc., have played a special role in such collaboration.

Algebraic Aspects Of Cryptography

Author : Neal Koblitz
ISBN : 9783662036426
Genre : Computers
File Size : 67. 58 MB
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From the reviews: "This is a textbook in cryptography with emphasis on algebraic methods. It is supported by many exercises (with answers) making it appropriate for a course in mathematics or computer science. [...] Overall, this is an excellent expository text, and will be very useful to both the student and researcher." Mathematical Reviews

Topics In Computational Number Theory Inspired By Peter L Montgomery

Author : Joppe W. Bos
ISBN : 9781108666671
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 44. 51 MB
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Peter L. Montgomery has made significant contributions to computational number theory, introducing many basic tools such as Montgomery multiplication, Montgomery simultaneous inversion, Montgomery curves, and the Montgomery ladder. This book features state-of-the-art research in computational number theory related to Montgomery's work and its impact on computational efficiency and cryptography. Topics cover a wide range of topics such as Montgomery multiplication for both hardware and software implementations; Montgomery curves and twisted Edwards curves as proposed in the latest standards for elliptic curve cryptography; and cryptographic pairings. This book provides a comprehensive overview of integer factorization techniques, including dedicated chapters on polynomial selection, the block Lanczos method, and the FFT extension for algebraic-group factorization algorithms. Graduate students and researchers in applied number theory and cryptography will benefit from this survey of Montgomery's work.

Prime Numbers And Computer Methods For Factorization

Author : Hans Riesel
ISBN : 9781461202516
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 55. 37 MB
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In the modern age of almost universal computer usage, practically every individual in a technologically developed society has routine access to the most up-to-date cryptographic technology that exists, the so-called RSA public-key cryptosystem. A major component of this system is the factorization of large numbers into their primes. Thus an ancient number-theory concept now plays a crucial role in communication among millions of people who may have little or no knowledge of even elementary mathematics. The independent structure of each chapter of the book makes it highly readable for a wide variety of mathematicians, students of applied number theory, and others interested in both study and research in number theory and cryptography.

Computational Cryptography

Author : Joppe Bos
ISBN : 9781108795937
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 61. 53 MB
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A guide to cryptanalysis and the implementation of cryptosystems, written for students and security engineers by leading experts.

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