crystal-growth-of-silicon-for-solar-cells

Download Book Crystal Growth Of Silicon For Solar Cells in PDF format. You can Read Online Crystal Growth Of Silicon For Solar Cells here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Crystal Growth Of Silicon For Solar Cells

Author : Kazuo Nakajima
ISBN : 9783642020445
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30. 22 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 150
Read : 151

Get This Book


This book, a continuation of the series “Advances in Materials Research,” is intended to provide the general basis of the science and technology of crystal growth of silicon for solar cells. In the face of the destruction of the global environment,the degradationofworld-widenaturalresourcesandtheexha- tion of energy sources in the twenty-?rst century, we all have a sincere desire for a better/safer world in the future. In these days, we strongly believe that it is important for us to rapidly developanewenvironment-friendlycleanenergyconversionsystemusingsolar energyastheultimatenaturalenergysource. Forinstance,mostofournatural resources and energy sources will be exhausted within the next 100 years. Speci?cally, the consumption of oil, natural gas, and uranium is a serious problem. Solar energy is the only ultimate natural energy source. Although 30% of total solar energy is re?ected at the earth’s surface, 70% of total solar energy can be available for us to utilize. The available solar energy amounts to severalthousand times larger than the world’s energy consumption in 2000 of about 9,000 Mtoe (M ton oil equivalent). To manage 10% of the world’s energy consumption at 2050 by solar energy, we must manufacture 40 GW solar cells per year continuously for 40 years. The required silicon feedstock is about 400,000 ton per year. We believe that this is an attainable target, since it can be realized by increasing the world production of silicon feedstock by 12times asmuchasthe presentproductionat2005.

Crystal Growth For High Efficiency Silicon Solar Cells

Author : Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Flat-Plate Solar Array Project
ISBN : OCLC:865482554
Genre :
File Size : 90. 47 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 461
Read : 1190

Get This Book



Crystal Growth Of Si Ingots For Solar Cells Using Cast Furnaces

Author : Kazuo Nakajima
ISBN : 9780128200704
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22. 52 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 665
Read : 1272

Get This Book


Crystal Growth of Si Ingots for Solar Cells Using Cast Furnaces is the first book written to both comprehensively describe these concepts and technologies and compare the strengths and weaknesses of various techniques. Readers will learn about the basic growth and characterization of Si crystals, including sections on the history of cast methods for Si ingots for solar cells. Methods discussed include the dendrite cast method, as well as other significant technologies, including the high-performance (HP) cast and mono-like cast methods. These concepts, growth mechanisms, growth technologies, and the problems that still need to be solved are all included in this comprehensive volume. Covers the concept of crystal growth, providing an understanding of each growth method Discusses the quality of Si ingot, mainly from the viewpoint of crystal defects and their control Reviews fundamental characterization concepts to discern the quality of ingots and wafers Discusses concepts and technologies to establish a low-temperature region in a Si melt using the NOC method in order to obtain a uniform and large Si single ingot with low stress

Solar Energy Update

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015024361498
Genre : Solar energy
File Size : 50. 73 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 884
Read : 230

Get This Book



Handbook Of Crystal Growth

Author : Tom Kuech
ISBN : 9780444633057
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 23 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 557
Read : 1216

Get This Book


Volume IIIA Basic Techniques Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIIA (Basic Techniques), edited by chemical and biological engineering expert Thomas F. Kuech, presents the underpinning science and technology associated with epitaxial growth as well as highlighting many of the chief and burgeoning areas for epitaxial growth. Volume IIIA focuses on major growth techniques which are used both in the scientific investigation of crystal growth processes and commercial development of advanced epitaxial structures. Techniques based on vacuum deposition, vapor phase epitaxy, and liquid and solid phase epitaxy are presented along with new techniques for the development of three-dimensional nano-and micro-structures. Volume IIIB Materials, Processes, and Technology Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIIB (Materials, Processes, and Technology), edited by chemical and biological engineering expert Thomas F. Kuech, describes both specific techniques for epitaxial growth as well as an array of materials-specific growth processes. The volume begins by presenting variations on epitaxial growth process where the kinetic processes are used to develop new types of materials at low temperatures. Optical and physical characterizations of epitaxial films are discussed for both in situ and exit to characterization of epitaxial materials. The remainder of the volume presents both the epitaxial growth processes associated with key technology materials as well as unique structures such as monolayer and two dimensional materials. Volume IIIA Basic Techniques Provides an introduction to the chief epitaxial growth processes and the underpinning scientific concepts used to understand and develop new processes. Presents new techniques and technologies for the development of three-dimensional structures such as quantum dots, nano-wires, rods and patterned growth Introduces and utilizes basic concepts of thermodynamics, transport, and a wide cross-section of kinetic processes which form the atomic level text of growth process Volume IIIB Materials, Processes, and Technology Describes atomic level epitaxial deposition and other low temperature growth techniques Presents both the development of thermal and lattice mismatched streams as the techniques used to characterize the structural properties of these materials Presents in-depth discussion of the epitaxial growth techniques associated with silicone silicone-based materials, compound semiconductors, semiconducting nitrides, and refractory materials

Springer Handbook Of Crystal Growth

Author : Govindhan Dhanaraj
ISBN : 9783540747611
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 71 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 637
Read : 518

Get This Book


Over the years, many successful attempts have been chapters in this part describe the well-known processes made to describe the art and science of crystal growth, such as Czochralski, Kyropoulos, Bridgman, and o- and many review articles, monographs, symposium v- ing zone, and focus speci cally on recent advances in umes, and handbooks have been published to present improving these methodologies such as application of comprehensive reviews of the advances made in this magnetic elds, orientation of the growth axis, intro- eld. These publications are testament to the grow- duction of a pedestal, and shaped growth. They also ing interest in both bulk and thin- lm crystals because cover a wide range of materials from silicon and III–V of their electronic, optical, mechanical, microstructural, compounds to oxides and uorides. and other properties, and their diverse scienti c and The third part, Part C of the book, focuses on - technological applications. Indeed, most modern ad- lution growth. The various aspects of hydrothermal vances in semiconductor and optical devices would growth are discussed in two chapters, while three other not have been possible without the development of chapters present an overview of the nonlinear and laser many elemental, binary, ternary, and other compound crystals, KTP and KDP. The knowledge on the effect of crystals of varying properties and large sizes. The gravity on solution growth is presented through a c- literature devoted to basic understanding of growth parison of growth on Earth versus in a microgravity mechanisms, defect formation, and growth processes environment.

Electricity From Photovoltaic Solar Cells Silicon Sheet Wafers And Ribbons

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000013044183
Genre : Photovoltaic power generation
File Size : 21. 75 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 540
Read : 972

Get This Book



High Efficiency Solar Cells

Author : Xiaodong Wang
ISBN : 9783319019888
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 51 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 271
Read : 295

Get This Book


As part of the effort to increase the contribution of solar cells (photovoltaics) to our energy mix, this book addresses three main areas: making existing technology cheaper, promoting advanced technologies based on new architectural designs, and developing new materials to serve as light absorbers. Leading scientists throughout the world create a fundamental platform for knowledge sharing that combines the physics, materials, and device architectures of high-efficiency solar cells. While providing a comprehensive introduction to the field, the book highlights directions for further research, and is intended to stimulate readers’ interest in the development of novel materials and technologies for solar energy applications.

Seri Photovoltaic Advanced Research And Development Bibliography 1982 1985

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015026542483
Genre : Photoelectric cells
File Size : 49. 15 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 122
Read : 171

Get This Book



Silicon Crystal Growth And Wafer Processing For High Efficiency Solar Cells And High Mechanical Yield

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:68216058
Genre :
File Size : 80. 65 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 317
Read : 1106

Get This Book


Presented at the 2001 NCPV Program Review Meeting: Preliminary work on a novel process for external gettering by creating a band of silicon dioxide precipitation on top of a denuded zone via nitrogen doping is presented.

Scientific And Technical Aerospace Reports

Author :
ISBN : UIUC:30112075701596
Genre : Aeronautics
File Size : 84. 69 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 272
Read : 790

Get This Book


Lists citations with abstracts for aerospace related reports obtained from world wide sources and announces documents that have recently been entered into the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Database.

Crystal Growth And Evaluation Of Silicon For Vlsi And Ulsi

Author : Golla Eranna
ISBN : 9781482232820
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 869
Read : 1025

Get This Book


Silicon, as a single-crystal semiconductor, has sparked a revolution in the field of electronics and touched nearly every field of science and technology. Though available abundantly as silica and in various other forms in nature, silicon is difficult to separate from its chemical compounds because of its reactivity. As a solid, silicon is chemically inert and stable, but growing it as a single crystal creates many technological challenges. Crystal Growth and Evaluation of Silicon for VLSI and ULSI is one of the first books to cover the systematic growth of silicon single crystals and the complete evaluation of silicon, from sand to useful wafers for device fabrication. Written for engineers and researchers working in semiconductor fabrication industries, this practical text: Describes different techniques used to grow silicon single crystals Explains how grown single-crystal ingots become a complete silicon wafer for integrated-circuit fabrication Reviews different methods to evaluate silicon wafers to determine suitability for device applications Analyzes silicon wafers in terms of resistivity and impurity concentration mapping Examines the effect of intentional and unintentional impurities Explores the defects found in regular silicon-crystal lattice Discusses silicon wafer preparation for VLSI and ULSI processing Crystal Growth and Evaluation of Silicon for VLSI and ULSI is an essential reference for different approaches to the selection of the basic silicon-containing compound, separation of silicon as metallurgical-grade pure silicon, subsequent purification, single-crystal growth, and defects and evaluation of the deviations within the grown crystals.

Advances In Photovoltaics Part 4

Author :
ISBN : 9780128010686
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 38 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 433
Read : 358

Get This Book


Advances in Photovoltaics: Part Four provides valuable information on the challenges faced during the transformation of our energy supply system to more efficient, renewable energies. The volume discusses the topic from a global perspective, presenting the latest information on photovoltaics, a cornerstone technology. It covers all aspects of this important semiconductor technology, reflecting on the tremendous and dynamic advances that have been made on this topic since 1975, when the first book on solar cells—written by Harold J. Hovel of IBM—was published as volume 11 in the now famous series on Semiconductors and Semimetals. Readers will gain a behind the scenes look at the continuous and rapid scientific development that leads to the necessary price and cost reductions in global industrial mass-production. Written by leading, internationally known experts on his topic Provides an in-depth overview of the current status and perspectives of thin film PV technologies Discusses the challenges faced during the transformation of our energy supply system to more efficient, renewable energies Delves deep into photovoltaics, a cornerstone technolog

Handbook Of Silicon Based Mems Materials And Technologies

Author : Markku Tilli
ISBN : 9780128177877
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30. 63 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 301
Read : 849

Get This Book


Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies, Third Edition is a comprehensive guide to MEMS materials, technologies, and manufacturing with a particular emphasis on silicon as the most important starting material used in MEMS. The book explains the fundamentals, properties (mechanical, electrostatic, optical, etc.), materials selection, preparation, modeling, manufacturing, processing, system integration, measurement, and materials characterization techniques of MEMS structures. The third edition of this book provides an important up-to-date overview of the current and emerging technologies in MEMS making it a key reference for MEMS professionals, engineers, and researchers alike, and at the same time an essential education material for undergraduate and graduate students. Provides comprehensive overview of leading-edge MEMS manufacturing technologies through the supply chain from silicon ingot growth to device fabrication and integration with sensor/actuator controlling circuits Explains the properties, manufacturing, processing, measuring and modeling methods of MEMS structures Reviews the current and future options for hermetic encapsulation and introduces how to utilize wafer level packaging and 3D integration technologies for package cost reduction and performance improvements Geared towards practical applications presenting several modern MEMS devices including inertial sensors, microphones, pressure sensors and micromirrors

Crystal Growth For High Efficiency Silicon Solar Cells

Author : K. Dumas
ISBN : OCLC:247221147
Genre :
File Size : 85. 32 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 660
Read : 840

Get This Book



Energy Research Abstracts

Author :
ISBN : MINN:30000010505604
Genre : Power resources
File Size : 47. 10 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 161
Read : 181

Get This Book



Silicon

Author : J. Grabmaier
ISBN : 9783642681752
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 33 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 531
Read : 266

Get This Book


1.1 The Role of Silicon as a Semiconductor Silicon is unchallenged as a semiconductor base material in our present electronics indu stry. The reasons why it qualifies so strongly for this particular purpose are manyfold. The attractive combination of physical (electrical) properties of silicon and the unique properties of its native oxide layer have been the original factors for its breathtaking evolution in device technology. The majority of reasons, however, for its present status are correlated with industrial prosessing in terms of charge units ( economy), reliability (reproducibility), and flexibility, but also its availability. The latter point, in particular, plays an important role in the different long-term projects on the terrestrial application of solar cells. Practically inexhaustive resources of silicon dioxide form a sound basis even for the most pretentious programs on future alternatives to relieve the present situation in electrical power generation by photovol taics. Assuming a maximum percentage of 10% to be replaced by the year 2000 would roughly mean a cumulative annual production of 2 million metric tons of crude silicon (based on present solar cell standards)!). To illustrate the orders of magnitude that have to be discussed in pertinent programs: Today, the industrial silicon capacity of non-communistic countries (including ferrosili con and other alloys by their relative Si-content) amounts to some 2 million tons per year.

To Establish An Energy Research And Development Administration And A Nuclear Energy Commission

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Government Operations. Subcommittee on Reorganization, Research, and International Organizations
ISBN : LOC:00173028702
Genre : Digital images
File Size : 27. 52 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 346
Read : 1072

Get This Book



To Establish An Energy Research And Development Administration And A Nuclear Energy Commission

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Government Operations Committee
ISBN : STANFORD:36105110703985
Genre :
File Size : 48. 49 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 333
Read : 960

Get This Book



Transfer Of Technology To The Soviet Union And Eastern Europe

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Government Operations. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations
ISBN : UCAL:B5140229
Genre : Technical assistance, American
File Size : 31. 26 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 867
Read : 702

Get This Book



Top Download:

Best Books