defining darwin essays on the history and philosophy of evolutionary biology

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Defining Darwin

Author : Michael Ruse
ISBN : STANFORD:36105124181079
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 24 MB
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Discusses the influence of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution on the field of science as well as its cultural influences, and challenges the origins and methods of Darwin's research.

The Nature Of Nature

Author : Bruce Gordon
ISBN : 9781497644373
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 40. 97 MB
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The intellectual and cultural battles now raging over theism and atheism, conservatism and secular progressivism, dualism and monism, realism and antirealism, and transcendent reality versus material reality extend even into the scientific disciplines. This stunning new volume captures this titanic clash of worldviews among those who have thought most deeply about the nature of science and of the universe itself. Unmatched in its breadth and scope, The Nature of Nature brings together some of the most influential scientists, scholars, and public intellectuals—including three Nobel laureates—across a wide spectrum of disciplines and schools of thought. Here they grapple with a perennial question that has been made all the more pressing by recent advances in the natural sciences: Is the fundamental explanatory principle of the universe, life, and self-conscious awareness to be found in inanimate matter or immaterial mind? The answers found in this book have profound implications for what it means to do science, what it means to be human, and what the future holds for all of us.

Defining Species

Author : John S. Wilkins
ISBN : 1433102161
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 75. 9 MB
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This book was listed as a CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title in 2011. Defining Species: A Sourcebook from Antiquity to Today provides excerpts and commentary on the definition of «species» from source material ranging from the Greeks, through the middle ages, to the modern era. It demonstrates that the logical meaning of species is in direct contrast to the use of kind terms and concepts in natural history and biology, and that the myth that biologists or natural historians were ever essentialists about kinds is mistaken.

The Units Of Evolution

Author : Marc Ereshefsky
ISBN : 0262050447
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 67. 62 MB
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The Units of Evolution is the first anthology devoted solely to the nature ofspecies, one of the most hotly debated issues in biology and the philosophy of biology. Theanthology is evenly balanced between biological and philosophical issues, making it equally usefulfor workers in both fields.In his general introduction, Marc Ereshefsky sketches the framework forthe debate, explaining how biologists disagree over the definition of the term species, andphilosophers struggle to evaluate the scientific utility of a categorization device that might lacka single defining characteristic.Essays in the first section offer various definitions of thespecies category, starting with Ernst Mayr's seminal work on species and including essays by RobertSokal and Theodore Crovello, Paul Ehrlich and Peter Raven, Leigh Van Valen, Edward Wiley, JoelCracraft, Brent Mishler and Michael Donoghue, Hugh Paterson, and Alan Templeton.The essays in thesecond section focus on such philosophical issues as whether species taxa are individuals or naturalkinds, whether a monistic or pluralistic approach to systematics should be adopted, and thedistinction between species and higher taxa. Contributors to this section include Michael Ghiselin,David Hull, John Beatty, Michael Ruse, Elliott Sober, Philip Kircher, and Marc Ereshefsky.MarcEreshefsky is Assistant Professor in Philosophy at the University of Calgary.

Conceptual Issues In Modern Human Origins Research

Author : Geoffrey A. Clark
ISBN : 0202365026
Genre : Social Science
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While those who study human origins now agree that the evolution of modern human form extends back much further in time than the evolution of modern human behavior, they disagree sharply as to how to interpret the substantive data. Two fundamentally incommensurate interpretations of our origins, the "Replacement" camp and the "Continuity" camp, have now emerged out of pre-existing models and theories that go back to the last quarter of the 19th century. This book contends that these positions are based on radically different biases and assumptions about what the remote human past was like. The purpose of this volume is to examine those conceptual differences, not to arrive at a consensus, but rather to explore the reasons why a consensus might never be possible.

Thinking About Evolution

Author : Rama S. Singh
ISBN : 0521620708
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 70 MB
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Originally published in 2001, this is the second of two volumes published by Cambridge University Press in honour of Richard Lewontin. This second volume of essays honours the philosophical, historical and political dimensions of his work. It is fitting that the volume covers such a wide range of perspectives on modern biology, given the range of Lewontin's own contributions. He is not just a very successful practitioner of evolutionary genetics, but a rigorous critic of the practices of genetics and evolutionary biology and an articulate analyst of the social, political and economic contexts and consequences of genetic and evolutionary research. The volume begins with an essay by Lewontin on Natural History and Formalism in Evolutionary Genetics, and includes contributions by former students, post-docs, colleagues and collaborators, which cover issues ranging from the history and conceptual foundations of evolutionary biology and genetics, to the implications of human genetic diversity.

A Companion To The Philosophy Of Biology

Author : Sahotra Sarkar
ISBN : 9781444337853
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 35 MB
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Comprised of essays by top scholars in the field, this volume offers detailed overviews of philosophical issues raised by biology. Brings together a team of eminent scholars to explore the philosophical issues raised by biology Addresses traditional and emerging topics, spanning molecular biology and genetics, evolution, developmental biology, immunology, ecology, mind and behaviour, neuroscience, and experimentation Begins with a thorough introduction to the field Goes beyond previous treatments that focused only on evolution to give equal attention to other areas, such as molecular and developmental biology Represents both an authoritative guide to philosophy of biology, and an accessible reference work for anyone seeking to learn about this rapidly-changing field

An Essay Concerning Sociocultural Evolution

Author : J rgen Kl ver
ISBN : 1402007507
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 82. 42 MB
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Writing about sociocultural evolution is always a complicated enterprise, because the subject is not only difficult in a scientific way but also in a political one. In particular since the events of September 11, 2001 the debates about the differences between cultures and their evolutionary developments have left the fields of pure scientific research once and for all. However, there have probably never been scientific discourses that did not touch the realms of political discussions - Darwin, Marx, the atomic physicists and the recent debates about genetic engineering are just a few examples. The aim of this book is not to take part in these debates but it is written as a contribution to the foundations of evolutionary theories in the social sciences. The readers will have to judge if I have succeeded with it. Perhaps essays like this one will help to clarify the problems we all have to face just now in regard to intercultural discourses. Theoretically and mathematically grounded insights into cultural development as the source of many political problems will not solve to how to deal with them them immediately but may serve as signposts in the long run.

Functions

Author : André Ariew
ISBN : 0199255806
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 32. 64 MB
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This title includes the following features: a hot topic; eminent contributors; brings together philosophy, biology, and psychology; all essays specially written for this volume

Evolution And The Diversity Of Life

Author : Ernst Mayr
ISBN : 067427105X
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 78 MB
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The diversity of living forms and the unity of evolutionary processes are themes that have permeated the research and writing of Ernst Mayr, a Grand Master of evolutionary biology. The essays collected here are among his most valuable and durable: contributions that form the basis for much of the contemporary understanding of evolutionary biology.

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