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Ecological Communities

Author : Takayuki Ohgushi
ISBN : 9781139462112
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 79 MB
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To gain a more complete understanding of plant-based ecological community structure requires knowledge of the integration of direct and indirect effects in plant herbivore systems. Trait modification of plants as a result of herbivory is very common and widespread in terrestrial plants, and this initiates indirect interactions between organisms that utilise the same host plant. This 2007 book argues that food webs by themselves are inadequate models for understanding ecological communities, because they ignore important indirect, nontrophic links. This subject is of great importance in understanding not only community organisation but also in identifying the underlying mechanisms of maintenance of biodiversity in nature. This book will be an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students interested in community and population ecology, evolutionary biology, biodiversity, botany and entomology.

Ecological Communities

Author : Donald R. Strong Jr.
ISBN : 9781400857081
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 96 MB
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This work is the first to focus systematically on a much-debated topic: the conceptual issues of community ecology, including the nature of evidence in ecology, the role of experiments, attempts to disprove hypotheses, and the value of negative evidence in the discipline. Originally published in 1984. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Monitoring Threatened Species And Ecological Communities

Author : Sarah Legge
ISBN : 9781486307722
Genre : Nature
File Size : 27. 30 MB
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Monitoring is integral to all aspects of policy and management for threatened biodiversity. It is fundamental to assessing the conservation status and trends of listed species and ecological communities. Monitoring data can be used to diagnose the causes of decline, to measure management effectiveness and to report on investment. It is also a valuable public engagement tool. Yet in Australia, monitoring threatened biodiversity is not always optimally managed. Monitoring Threatened Species and Ecological Communities aims to improve the standard of monitoring for Australia's threatened biodiversity. It gathers insights from some of the most experienced managers and scientists involved with monitoring programs for threatened species and ecological communities in Australia, and evaluates current monitoring programs, establishing a baseline against which the quality of future monitoring activity can be managed. Case studies provide examples of practical pathways to improve the quality of biodiversity monitoring, and guidelines to improve future programs are proposed. This book will benefit scientists, conservation managers, policy makers and those with an interest in threatened species monitoring and management.

Feminism And Ecological Communities

Author : Christine Cuomo
ISBN : 9781134726998
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 52. 61 MB
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Feminism and Ecological Communities presents a bold and passionate rethinking of the ecofeminist movement. It is one of the first books to acknowledge the importance of postmodern feminist arguments against ecofeminism whilst persuasively preseenting a strong new case for econolocal feminism. Chris J.Cuomo first traces the emergence of ecofeminism from the ecological and feminist movements before clearly discussing the weaknesses of some ecofeminist positions. Exploring the dualisms of nature/culture and masculing/feminine that are the bulwark of many contemporary ecofeminist positions and questioning traditional traditional feminist analyses of gender and caring, Feminism and Ecological Communities asks whether women are essentially closer to nature than men and how we ought to link the oppression of women, people of colour, and other subjugated groups to the degradation of nature. Chris J.Cuomo addresses these key issues by drawing on recent work in feminist ethics as well as teh work of diverse figures such as Aristotle, John Dewey, Donna Haraway adn Maria Lugones. A fascinating feature of the book is the use of the metaphor of the cyborg to highlight the fluidity of the nature/culture distinction and how this can enrich econfeminist ethics and politics. An outstanding new argument for an ecological feminism that links both theory and practice, Feminism and Ecological Communities bravely redraws the ecofeminist map. It will be essential reading for all those interested in gender studies, environmental studies and philosophy.

The Theory Of Ecological Communities Mpb 57

Author : Mark Vellend
ISBN : 9780691208992
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 16 MB
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A plethora of different theories, models, and concepts make up the field of community ecology. Amid this vast body of work, is it possible to build one general theory of ecological communities? What other scientific areas might serve as a guiding framework? As it turns out, the core focus of community ecology—understanding patterns of diversity and composition of biological variants across space and time—is shared by evolutionary biology and its very coherent conceptual framework, population genetics theory. The Theory of Ecological Communities takes this as a starting point to pull together community ecology's various perspectives into a more unified whole. Mark Vellend builds a theory of ecological communities based on four overarching processes: selection among species, drift, dispersal, and speciation. These are analogues of the four central processes in population genetics theory—selection within species, drift, gene flow, and mutation—and together they subsume almost all of the many dozens of more specific models built to describe the dynamics of communities of interacting species. The result is a theory that allows the effects of many low-level processes, such as competition, facilitation, predation, disturbance, stress, succession, colonization, and local extinction to be understood as the underpinnings of high-level processes with widely applicable consequences for ecological communities. Reframing the numerous existing ideas in community ecology, The Theory of Ecological Communities provides a new way for thinking about biological composition and diversity.

Parasites In Ecological Communities

Author : Melanie J. Hatcher
ISBN : 9781139496988
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 24 MB
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Interactions between competitors, predators and their prey have traditionally been viewed as the foundation of community structure. Parasites – long ignored in community ecology – are now recognized as playing an important part in influencing species interactions and consequently affecting ecosystem function. Parasitism can interact with other ecological drivers, resulting in both detrimental and beneficial effects on biodiversity and ecosystem health. Species interactions involving parasites are also key to understanding many biological invasions and emerging infectious diseases. This book bridges the gap between community ecology and epidemiology to create a wide-ranging examination of how parasites and pathogens affect all aspects of ecological communities, enabling the new generation of ecologists to include parasites as a key consideration in their studies. This comprehensive guide to a newly emerging field is of relevance to academics, practitioners and graduates in biodiversity, conservation and population management, and animal and human health.

Scale Heterogeneity And The Structure And Diversity Of Ecological Communities

Author : Mark E. Ritchie
ISBN : 9781400831685
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 63 MB
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Understanding and predicting species diversity in ecological communities is one of the great challenges in community ecology. Popular recent theory contends that the traits of species are "neutral" or unimportant to coexistence, yet abundant experimental evidence suggests that multiple species are able to coexist on the same limiting resource precisely because they differ in key traits, such as body size, diet, and resource demand. This book presents a new theory of coexistence that incorporates two important aspects of biodiversity in nature--scale and spatial variation in the supply of limiting resources. Introducing an innovative model that uses fractal geometry to describe the complex physical structure of nature, Mark Ritchie shows how species traits, particularly body size, lead to spatial patterns of resource use that allow species to coexist. He explains how this criterion for coexistence can be converted into a "rule" for how many species can be "packed" into an environment given the supply of resources and their spatial variability. He then demonstrates how this rule can be used to predict a range of patterns in ecological communities, such as body-size distributions, species-abundance distributions, and species-area relations. Ritchie illustrates how the predictions closely match data from many real communities, including those of mammalian herbivores, grasshoppers, dung beetles, and birds. This book offers a compelling alternative to "neutral" theory in community ecology, one that helps us better understand patterns of biodiversity across the Earth.

Ecological Communities And Processes In A Mojave Desert Ecosystem

Author : Philip W. Rundel
ISBN : 0521021413
Genre : Nature
File Size : 58. 51 MB
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Deserts provide a harsh and inhospitable environment for plants and animals, and the ecosystem is correspondingly fragile and prone to disruption by a variety of external factors. This book presents an overview of plant and animal ecology in the Mojave Desert, concentrating on data from a number of major research projects in Rock Valley, Nevada. The resulting synthesis describes community structure and dynamics in desert e cosystems, and will be valuable to graduate students and researchers interested in desert ecology.

Habitats And Ecological Communities Of Indiana

Author : John O. Whitaker, Jr.
ISBN : 9780253005205
Genre : Nature
File Size : 42. 5 MB
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In Habitats and Ecological Communities of Indiana, leading experts assess the health and diversity of Indiana’s eight wildlife habitats, providing detailed analysis, data-generated maps, color photographs, and complete lists of flora and fauna. This groundbreaking reference details the state’s forests, grasslands, wetlands, aquatic systems, barren lands, and subterranean systems, and describes the nature and impact of two man-made habitats—agricultural and developed lands. The book considers extirpated and endangered species alongside invasives and exotics, and evaluates floral and faunal distribution at century intervals to chart ecological change.

Ecological Communities Of South Atlantic Barrier Islands

Author : Richard Spencer Martin
ISBN : OCLC:1091191549
Genre : Barrier islands
File Size : 41. 26 MB
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Community Ecology

Author : R.J. Putman
ISBN : 0412545004
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 15 MB
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"Chapter 1 establishes the context of such a search for pattern, presenting essential definitions and exploring early work on community structure and organization. The various biotic and abiotic factors which may influence communities and their dynamics are reviewed in Chapter 2, while the way in which the interrelationships between organisms are structured within the community in food webs or in the partitioning of available resources are considered in separate chapters on food webs, niche relationships and species guilds. Later chapters explore the factors determining the assembly of communities, species composition and pattern of relative abundance and the relative roles of deterministic and stochastic processes in determining community structure. The concluding section explores the implications of observed patterns of structure and organization for stability. The mathematical analyses which are an essential component of this topic are included only where essential for understanding and are presented in special box features. Each mathematical section has been carefully structured and fully explained in biological terms. Community Ecology presents a refreshingly readable course text for advanced undergraduates in ecology."--BOOK JACKET.

The Ecological Community

Author : Roger S. Gottlieb
ISBN : 9781136669460
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38. 25 MB
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First Published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Species Diversity In Ecological Communities

Author : Robert E. Ricklefs
ISBN : 0226718239
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 80 MB
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A pioneering work, Species Diversity in Ecological Communities looks at biodiversity in its broadest geographical and historical contexts. For many decades, ecologists have studied only small areas over short time spans in the belief that diversity is regulated by local ecological interactions. However, to understand fully how communities come to have the diversity they do, and to properly address urgent conservation problems, scientists must consider global patterns of species richness and the historical events that shape both regional and local communities. The authors use new theoretical developments, analyses, and case studies to explore the large-scale mechanisms that generate and maintain diversity. Case studies of various regions and organisms consider how local and regional processes interact to determine patterns of species richness. The contributors emphasize the fact that ecological processes acting quickly on a local scale do not erase the effects of regional and historical events that occur more slowly and less frequently. This book compels scientists to rethink the foundations of community ecology and sets the stage for further research using comparative, experimental, geographical, and historical data.

Multivariate Analysis Of Ecological Data Using Canoco

Author : Jan Lepš
ISBN : 0521891086
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 77. 63 MB
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Ordination, experimental design, gradient analysis, permutation, similarity.

Landscape Restoration Handbook Second Edition

Author : Donald Harker
ISBN : 142004866X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 24 MB
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Five years after the first edition of Landscape Restoration Handbook was published, its natural landscaping and ecological restoration techniques have become standard-and successful-practice throughout the nation. Now, the Landscape Restoration Handbook: Second Edition substantially widens the scope of the original work. Approximately 250 pages larger than the first edition, new and expanded chapters offer guidance on: Development of natural landscaping and ecological restoration programs Education, regional planning, and increased biological diversity Ecological communities species listings Scientific and common plant names associated with ecological communities Nurseries that propagate and sell native plants throughout the United States Naturalization has proven to be a "win-win" situation all around. Monetary costs that landowners are saving on maintenance and chemicals also translates to environmental benefits for the greater community. Landscape and golf course architects, urban planners, horticulturists, golf course superintendents and consultants have already put the Landscape Restoration Handbook to the test. Let the Second Edition bring you up-to-date on the numerous benefits of naturalization.

Mutualism And Competition In Ecological Communities

Author : Jason Dale Hoeksema
ISBN : UCAL:X64555
Genre :
File Size : 36. 10 MB
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The Ecology Of Bird Communities

Author : John A. Wiens
ISBN : 0521426359
Genre : Nature
File Size : 87. 9 MB
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A major study of avian community ecology.

The Ecological World View

Author : Charles Krebs
ISBN : 9780643100015
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 82 MB
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This new textbook fills an important niche by offering a lively overview of the principles of ecology for a broad range of university-level science and biology courses. Written for those who need to understand key ecological concepts but may specialise in other fields, it is filled with many vivid examples of topical issues and current events. The Ecological World View briefly covers the history of ecology and describes the general approach of the scientific method, then takes a wide-ranging look at basic principles of population dynamics and applies them to everyday practical problems. Each chapter clearly presents key concepts and learning objectives, combined with thought-provoking, open-ended questions to facilitate discussion. Stimulating, appealing and written in non-technical language, this is an essential resource for understanding how the ecological world works.

Ecological Versatility And Community Ecology

Author : Ralph C. MacNally
ISBN : 052140553X
Genre : Nature
File Size : 66. 5 MB
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A comprehensive analysis of ecological specialisation and generalisation in natural communities, first published in 1995.

Dam That River

Author : William S. Abruzzi
ISBN : 0819191264
Genre : Religion
File Size : 72. 15 MB
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This is an explicit ecological model through which Abruzzi explains successful Mormon colonization of the Colorado River Basin in northeastern Arizona. His model is an adaptation of the general model developed by plant and animal ecologists to account for the evolution of complex ecological communities. Using a detailed systematic materialist analysis, Abruzzi explains several specific historical developments associated with the settlement process. Contents: Introduction; Colonizing the Little Colorado River Basin; The Evolution of Ecological Communities; The Little Colorado River Basin; Dam Construction; Exploiting Environmental Diversity; External Impacts on the Settlement Process; Conclusion; Maps, Tables and Figures throughout.

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