ecological-orbits

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Ecological Orbits

Author : Lev Ginzburg
ISBN : 9780190290597
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 96 MB
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A famous ecologist and a philosopher of science team up to offer a fresh new approach to population biology and ecology. Challenging the traditionally accepted Lotka-Volterra model, which is based on predator-prey interactions, this new model emphasizes maternal effects, specifically the significance of a mother's interest in the success of her female offspring.

Environmental Impacts Of Renewable Energy

Author : Frank R. Spellman
ISBN : 9781482249477
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70. 67 MB
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Renewable Energy Has a Good Side and a Bad Side Evaluate BothAll energy sources affect the environment in which we live. While fossil fuels may essentially do more harm, renewable energy sources can also pose a threat to the environment. Allowing for the various renewable energy sources: solar, wind, hydro, biomass, and geothermal, Environmental I

Ecological Time Series

Author : Thomas M. Powell
ISBN : 0412052016
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 75 MB
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This pioneering volume explores time series analysis and interpretation using a wide range of methods and examples from terrestrial, marine, and freshwater ecology. The book challenges readers to discern interdisciplinary processes that can unify fields as diverse as climatology and epidemiology. The first section of the book explores the basic concepts of environmental analysis, reviews state-of-the-art techniques and methodologies, and offers innovative solutions to analytical problems of longer time series with special attention to climate change, providing the reader with the conceptual and methodological tools to analyze environmental data accurately. The second section examines a variety of time scales used to describe change, and the variability within and between different ecosystems, so that diverse systems may be studied in an integrated way. The final section of the book illustrates key concepts and themes, based on the results of major investigations in various time scales, including studies from arctic sites to human epidemiology. Investigating time series in the context of ecological functions such as population processes, community structure, and patch dynamics, this insightful volume will stimulate cross fertilization among the ecological disciplines. The broad spectrum of ideas and applications examined in this volume makes it a useful resource for all ecologists.

Functions Selection And Mechanisms

Author : Philippe Huneman
ISBN : 9789400753044
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 66. 32 MB
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This volume handles in various perspectives the concept of function and the nature of functional explanations, topics much discussed since two major and conflicting accounts have been raised by Larry Wright and Robert Cummins’ papers in the 1970s. Here, both Wright’s ‘etiological theory of functions’ and Cummins’ ‘systemic’ conception of functions are refined and elaborated in the light of current scientific practice, with papers showing how the ‘etiological’ theory faces several objections and may in reply be revisited, while its counterpart became ever more sophisticated, as researchers discovered fresh applications for it. Relying on a firm knowledge of the original positions and debates, this volume presents cutting-edge research evincing the complexities that today pertain in function theory in various sciences. Alongside original papers from authors central to the controversy, work by emerging researchers taking novel perspectives will add to the potential avenues to be followed in the future. Not only does the book adopt no a priori assumptions about the scope of functional explanations, it also incorporates material from several very different scientific domains, e.g. neurosciences, ecology, or technology. In general, functions are implemented in mechanisms; and functional explanations in biology have often an essential relation with natural selection. These two basic claims set the stage for this book’s coverage of investigations concerning both ‘functional’ explanations, and the ‘metaphysics’ of functions. It casts new light on these claims, by testing them through their confrontation with scientific developments in biology, psychology, and recent developments concerning the metaphysics of realization. Rather than debating a single theory of functions, this book presents the richness of philosophical issues raised by functional discourse throughout the various sciences.​

Discontinuities In Ecosystems And Other Complex Systems

Author : Craig R. Allen
ISBN : 9780231516822
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 38. 26 MB
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Following the publication of C. S. Holling's seminal work on the relationship between animal body mass patterns and scale-specific landscape structure, ecologists began to explore the theoretical and applied consequences of discontinuities in ecosystems and other complex systems. Are ecosystems and their components continuously distributed and do they adhere to scaling laws, or are they discontinuous and more complex than early models would have us believe? The resulting propositions over the structure of complex systems sparked an ongoing debate regarding the mechanisms generating discontinuities and the statistical methods used for their detection. This volume takes the view that ecosystems and other complex systems are inherently discontinuous and that such fields as ecology, economics, and urban studies greatly benefit from this paradigm shift. Contributors present evidence of the ubiquity of discontinuous distributions in ecological and social systems and how their analysis provides insight into complex phenomena. The book is divided into three sections. The first focuses on background material and contrasting views concerning the discontinuous organization of complex systems. The second discusses discontinuous patterns detected in a number of different systems and methods for detecting them, and the third touches on the potential significance of discontinuities in complex systems. Science is still dominated by a focus on power laws, but the contributors to this volume are convinced power laws often mask the interesting dynamics of systems and that those dynamics are best revealed by investigating deviations from assumed power law distributions. In 2008, a grand conference on resilience was held in Stockholm, hosting 600 participants from around the world. There are now three big centers established with resilience, the most recent one being the Stockholm Resilience Center, with others in Australia (an international coral reef center), Arizona State University's new sustainability center focusing on anthropology, and Canada's emerging social sciences and resilience center. Activity continues to flourish in Alaska, South Africa, and the Untied Kingdom, and a new center is forming in Uruguay.

Mosquito Ecology

Author : John B. Silver
ISBN : 140206666X
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 7 MB
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The Third Edition of this popular reference work describes the methods and rationale for sampling mosquitoes. Originally written by Professor M. W. Service, the book has been updated by John B Silver. More than 1,000 new references have been added and out-of-date material has been removed. The book emphasizes the ecology and behavior of those species that play a role as vectors of human and animal diseases and infections. Designed to serve as a practical reference for field entomologists and mosquito control specialists, it describes sampling methods and trapping technologies and tools for the collection of mosquitoes from egg to adult.

Meteorological And Ecological Monitoring Of The Stratosphere And Mesosphere

Author : Reginald E. Newell
ISBN : UIUC:30112106860114
Genre : Mesosphere
File Size : 52. 68 MB
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Nested Ecology

Author : Edward T. Wimberley
ISBN : 9780801892899
Genre : Nature
File Size : 22. 72 MB
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Nested Ecology provides a pragmatic and functional approach to realizing a sustainable environmental ethic. Edward T. Wimberley asserts that a practical ecological ethic must focus on human decision making within the context of larger social and environmental systems. Think of a set of mixing bowls, in which smaller bowls sit within larger ones. Wimberley sees the world in much the same way, with personal ecologies embedded in social ecologies that in turn are nested within natural ecologies. Wimberley urges a complete reconceptualization of the human place in the ecological hierarchy. Going beyond the physical realms in which people live and interact, he extends the concept of ecology to spirituality and the “ecology of the unknown.” In doing so, Wimberley defines a new environmental philosophy and a new ecological ethic.

Indian Ocean Biogeochemical Processes And Ecological Variability

Author : Jerry D. Wiggert
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131280062
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 20 MB
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Indian Ocean Biogeochemical Processes and Ecological Variability provides a unique synthesis of current knowledge on Indian Ocean biogeochemistry and ecology, and an introduction of new concepts and topical paradigm challenges. It also reports on the development of more extensive/frequent observational capacity being deployed in the Indian Ocean. This book The volume is derived from invited plenary talks that were presented at the initial SIBER workshop held at the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) in Goa, India in October 2006. It includes contributions from some of the most esteemed oceanographers and Indian Ocean experts in the world. This volume will be valuable to academic and governmental researchers interested in oceanographic, atmospheric and hydrological questions and the interfaces between these processes that are prevalent within the Earth system and which are especially relevant to understanding the complex interactions in the Indian Ocean. The volume discusses: y The overlying physical processes set by monsoonal forcing and how these control biological production and variability y Nutrient cycling and limitation y Pelagic carbon cycling and air-sea exchange y Benthic biogeochemistry and ecology y The impact of climate and human activities on biogeochemistry and ecosystems.

Ecological Climatology

Author : Gordon B. Bonan
ISBN : 0521804760
Genre : Nature
File Size : 32. 72 MB
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Climate change and land-use are typically seen as independent environmental research problems. The causes of climate change are the venue of atmospheric scientists who describe climate change in light of various forcings: greenhouse gases, volcanic eruptions, and oceanic circulation. Land-use is the venue of ecologists, who are concerned with how, for example, deforestation affects biodiversity and biogeochemical cycles. This book integrates these two lines of study to present the idea that how people use land and alter the natural vegetation cover is also a significant feedback within the climate system.

Official Meeting Program

Author : Ecological Society of America. Meeting
ISBN : STANFORD:36105122120665
Genre : Ecology
File Size : 33. 15 MB
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Laws Theories And Patterns In Ecology

Author : Walter Kennedy Dodds
ISBN : STANFORD:36105134460729
Genre : Nature
File Size : 53. 70 MB
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"Physics and chemistry are distinguished from biology by the way generalizations are codified into theories tested by observation and experimentation. This work enumerates generalizations in ecology. It describes how the practice of science, in general, and ecology specifically, yields theories and laws." -- BOOK PUBLISHER WEBSITE.

Book Review Index

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ISBN : UOM:39015066027981
Genre : Books
File Size : 75. 75 MB
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Every 3d issue is a quarterly cumulation.

Ecology

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015019713489
Genre : Ecology
File Size : 50. 61 MB
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Encyclopedia Of Ecology And Environmental Management

Author :
ISBN : 9781444313246
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 14 MB
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The Encyclopedia of Ecology and Environmental Managementaddresses the core definitions and issues in pure and appliedecology. It is neither a short entry dictionary nor a long entryencyclopedia, but lies somewhere in between. The mixture of shortentry definitions and long entry essays gives a comprehensive andup-to-date alphabetical guide to over 3000 topics, and allows anysubject to be accessed to varying levels of detail; while thelonger entries provide general reviews of subjects, the shortdefinitions provide specific details on more specialised areas. Animportant feature of the Encyclopedia which sets it apart fromother similar works is the comprehensive cross-referencing. The most comprehensive and up-to-date reference work in pureand applied ecology. Definitions cover the entire spectrum of pure and appliedecological research. Distinguished editorial board: Dr Peter Moore, Professor JohnGrace, Professor Bryan Shorrocks, Professor Steven Stearns,Professor Don Falk. International team of distinguished authors - over 200contributors from 20 countries. 3000 headwords defined. Over 250 long entries review major topics. Heavily illustrated, with a section of colour plates. Complete one volume guide to pure and applied ecology. Presents cutting edge definitions in emerging fields as well asgrounding in well-established areas of ecology.

Bibliographic Index

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015057989710
Genre : Bibliographical literature
File Size : 36. 10 MB
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Evolution And Ecology

Author : K. D. Bennett
ISBN : 0521399211
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 49 MB
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Evolutionary synthesis using contribution of recent fossil record to understand mechanisms of macroevolutionary change.

Controlled Ecological Life Support System Life Support Systems In Space Travel

Author :
ISBN : NASA:31769000467327
Genre :
File Size : 54. 2 MB
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Environmental Psychology Man And His Physical Setting

Author : Harold M. Proshansky
ISBN : UOM:39015009407811
Genre : Environmental psychology
File Size : 85. 3 MB
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Child Mental Health Practice From The Ecological Perspective

Author : Richard L. Munger
ISBN : 0819183199
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 74. 5 MB
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The ecological perspective is a contextual approach which works at the interface between families and the broader ecology or ecosystem of the child; the approach is not new but has not been widely adopted due to the lack of illustrative material available for practitioners. Through an approach more descriptive and explanatory than empirical, the author shows the clinician (or other child care professional) why the child's environment is crucial and provides techniques to draw people in the child's environment into the healing process.

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