energy efficiency in the cement industry

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Energy Efficiency Improvement Opportunities For The Cement Industry

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ISBN : OCLC:727352746
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This report provides information on the energy savings, costs, and carbon dioxide emissions reductions associated with implementation of a number of technologies and measures applicable to the cement industry. The technologies and measures include both state-of-the-art measures that are currently in use in cement enterprises worldwide as well as advanced measures that are either only in limited use or are near commercialization. This report focuses mainly on retrofit measures using commercially available technologies, but many of these technologies are applicable for new plants as well. Where possible, for each technology or measure, costs and energy savings per tonne of cement produced are estimated and then carbon dioxide emissions reductions are calculated based on the fuels used at the process step to which the technology or measure is applied. The analysis of cement kiln energy-efficiency opportunities is divided into technologies and measures that are applicable to the different stages of production and various kiln types used in China: raw materials (and fuel) preparation; clinker making (applicable to all kilns, rotary kilns only, vertical shaft kilns only); and finish grinding; as well as plant wide measures and product and feedstock changes that will reduce energy consumption for clinker making. Table 1 lists all measures in this report by process to which they apply, including plant wide measures and product or feedstock changes. Tables 2 through 8 provide the following information for each technology: fuel and electricity savings per tonne of cement; annual operating and capital costs per tonne of cement or estimated payback period; and, carbon dioxide emissions reductions for each measure applied to the production of cement. This information was originally collected for a report on the U.S. cement industry (Worrell and Galitsky, 2004) and a report on opportunities for China's cement kilns (Price and Galitsky, in press). The information provided in this report is based on publicly-available reports, journal articles, and case studies from applications of technologies around the world.

Energy Efficiency In The Cement Industry

Author : J. Sirchis
ISBN : 9781482290400
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 23. 22 MB
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Proceedings of a seminar organized by the CEC, Directorate-General for Energy and CIMPOR Cimentos de Portugal E.P. with the co-operation of Cembureau European Cement Association, held in Oporto, Portugal, 6-7 November 1989.

Cutting Air Pollution By Improving Energy Efficiency Of China S Cement Industry

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ISBN : OCLC:1052079343
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Abstract: In this study, the energy conservation supply curves (ECSC) combined with the GAINS (Greenhouse Gas and Air Pollution Interactions and Synergies) was used to estimate the co-benefits of energy savings on CO2 and air pollutants emission for implementation co-control options of energy efficiency measures and end-of-pipe options in the china's cement industry for the period 2011-2030. Results show the cost-effective energy saving potential (EEP1 scenario) and its costs is estimated to be 3.0 EJ and 4.1 Billion $ in 2030. The technical energy savings potential (EEP2 scenario) and its costs amounts to 4.2 EJ and 8.4 Billion $ at the same time. Energy efficiency measures can help decrease 5-8% of CO2, 3-5% of PM, 15-25% of SO2, and 12-20% of NOx emissions by 2030. Overall, the average marginal costs of energy efficiency measures will decrease by 20%, from 1.48 $/GJ to 1.19 $/GJ, when taking into account avoided investments in air pollution control measures. Therefore, implementation of energy efficiency measures is more cost-effective than a solely end-of-pipe based policy in China's cement industry. The plant managers and end users can consider using energy efficiency measures to reach new air pollutants emission standards in China's cement industry.

Energy Efficiency Guide For Industry In Asia

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ISBN : 9789280726473
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 33. 62 MB
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This guide has been developed for Asian companies who want to improve energy efficiency through Cleaner Production and for stakeholders who want to help them. It includes a methodology, case studies for more than 40 Asian companies in 5 industry sectors, technical information for 25 energy equipments, training materials, a contact and information database.--Publisher's description.

Energy Efficiency

Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: Science and Technology Committee
ISBN : 0104007249
Genre : Energy conservation
File Size : 77. 15 MB
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Energy Efficiency : 2nd report of session 2005-06, Vol. 2: Evidence

Energy Efficiency Finance

Author : World Bank
ISBN : 082138452X
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 27. 31 MB
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This evaluation assesses the performance of IFC s energy efficiency finance program in China aimed at stimulating energy efficiency investments through bank guarantees and technical assistance. The difference made by the program is traced along the chain of interventions: (i) at the level of banks, the program is narrowly based on one of the two partner banks, which, with the help of the program, expanded its energy efficiency lending as a new business line; (ii) at the level of energy management companies, the program s technical assistance improved the program participants access to finance; and (iii) at the end-user level, it promoted the use of energy efficiency investments that achieved reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The utilization of IFC s program has been rapid compared with other similar programs. The energy efficiency investments supported by the program have reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 14 million CO2 tons per year, slightly in excess of the target set at the beginning of the program. However, there is only a weak differentiation in behavior surrounding energy efficiency investment between end users supported by the program and other similar companies that were not. It is important to note that the performance of the program was heavily influenced by the government s policy actions and the earlier efforts of other players: The Chinese government and other players such as the World Bank. The CHUEE program, relying mainly on commercial funding through IFC s guarantees, builds on these efforts

Energy Conservation Potential In The Cement Industry

Author : Portland Cement Association
ISBN : UCSD:31822017259565
Genre : Cement industries
File Size : 75. 6 MB
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This study gives detailed background data needed to establish energy conservation objectives which are reasonable for the industry, to assess the potential for energy conservation within the industry, and to establish the probable impacts of certain levels and types of federal research, development, and demonstration support. It discusses basic materials, processes used in manufacturing, new technology available, and the controlling economics.

Energy Efficiency

Author : Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
ISBN : 9780123978875
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 63. 9 MB
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Energy Efficiency: Towards the End of Demand Growth is a detailed guide to new energy efficiency technologies and policy frameworks affecting the profitability of efficiency projects. The contributions drawn together by F.P. Sioshansi feature insights from recognized thought leaders, detailed examinations of evolving technologies, and practical case studies yielding best practices for project planners, implementers and financiers. This volume challenges the "more is better" paradigm in energy production, examining efficiency technologies and measurement across the supply chain. Comparative financial analysis of efficiency vs. increased generation Case studies from four continents highlight the examples of successful technologies and projects Explains how existing and developing regulatory frameworks impact cost and implementation

Energy Conservation In Indian Cement Industry

Author : National Council for Cement and Building Materials (India)
ISBN : UOM:39015056330445
Genre : Cement industries
File Size : 83. 38 MB
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Contributed articles.

Factor Five

Author : Ernst U. von Weizsa ̈cker
ISBN : 9781849774475
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 61. 61 MB
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"The 21st century will see monumental change. Either the human race will use its knowledge and skills and change the way it interacts with the environment, or the environment will change the way it interacts with its inhabitants. In the first case, the focus of this book, we would see our sophisticated understanding in areas such as physics, chemistry, engineering, biology, planning, commerce, business and governance accumulated over the last 1,000 years brought to bear on the challenge of dramatically reducing our pressure on the environment. The second case however is the opposite scenario, involving the decline of the planet's ecosystems until they reach thresholds where recovery is not possible, and following which we have no idea what happens. For instance, if we fail to respond to Sir Nicolas Stern's call to meet appropriate stabilisation trajectories for greenhouse gas emissions, and we allow the average temperature of our planets surface to increase by 4-6 degrees Celsius, we will see staggering changes to our environment, including rapidly rising sea level, withering crops, diminishing water reserves, drought, cyclones, floods ... allowing this to happen will be the failure of our species, and those that survive will have a deadly legacy. In this update to the 1997 International Best Seller, Factor Four, Ernst von Weizsäcker again leads a team to present a compelling case for sector wide advances that can deliver significant resource productivity improvements over the coming century. The purpose of this book is to inspire hope and to then inform meaningful action in the coming decades to respond to the greatest challenge our species has ever faced 6 that of living in harmony with our planet and its other inhabitants."--Publisher's description.

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