engineering the human human enhancement between fiction and fascination

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Engineering The Human

Author : Bert Jaap Koops
ISBN : 9783642350962
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 25 MB
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The volume is collection of articles treating the topic of human improvement/enhancement from a variety of perspectives – philosophical, literary, medical, genetic, sociological, legal etc. The chapters in this volume treat not only those aspects that most immediately come to mind when one thinks of ‘human enhancement’, such as genetic engineering, cloning, artificial implants and artificial intelligence etc. Somewhat less obvious aspects include evolutionary perspectives in connection with the prolongation of the human lifespan, plastic surgery since its beginnings, and questions such as whether the distinction between ‘natural’ and ‘artificial’ can really be drawn at all and how it has been conceived across the ages, or what the legal implications are of recent developments and techniques. Many papers make links to the representation of these developments in popular culture, from Jules Verne through Aldous Huxley to the movie Gattaca, address the hopes and fears that come with them as well as the question how realistic these are. While all chapters are written by scientists at the international top of their respective fields, all are accessible to a non-specialist audience and eminently readable. We believe that they represent a state-of-the art overview of questions that are of interest to a large audience. The book thus targets a non-specialist audience with an interest in philosophical, sociological, scientific and legal issues involved in both traditional and recent matters concerning the desire of mankind to improve itself, the human body, the human mind and the human condition. It is unique in that it brings together all these aspects within a coherent and cohesive collection.

Human Rights And Human Nature

Author : Marion Albers
ISBN : 9789401786720
Genre : Law
File Size : 62. 69 MB
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This book explores both the possibilities and limits of arguments from human nature in the context of human rights. Can the concept of human nature provide a basis for understanding fundamental rights? Is it plausible to justify the claim to universal validity of human rights by reference to human nature? Or does the idea of human rights in its modern, post-1945 manifestation go, in essence, beyond human nature? The essays in this volume introduce naturalistic positions and their concomitant critiques. They address the role that human nature both actually does and potentially may play in forming a foundation for and acting as an exemplification of fundamental rights. Beyond that, they give attention to the challenges caused by Life Sciences. Human nature itself is subject to transformation and transgression in an unprecedented manner. The essays reflect on issues such as reproduction, species manipulation, corporeal autonomy and enhancement. Contributors are jurists, philosophers and political scientists from Germany, Switzerland, Turkey, Poland and Japan.

The Vampire

Author : Nick Groom
ISBN : 9780300240818
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 20. 84 MB
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An authoritative new history of the vampire, two hundred years after it first appeared on the literary scene Published to mark the bicentenary of John Polidori’s publication of The Vampyre, Nick Groom’s detailed new account illuminates the complex history of the iconic creature. The vampire first came to public prominence in the early eighteenth century, when Enlightenment science collided with Eastern European folklore and apparently verified outbreaks of vampirism, capturing the attention of medical researchers, political commentators, social theorists, theologians, and philosophers. Groom accordingly traces the vampire from its role as a monster embodying humankind’s fears, to that of an unlikely hero for the marginalized and excluded in the twenty-first century. Drawing on literary and artistic representations, as well as medical, forensic, empirical, and sociopolitical perspectives, this rich and eerie history presents the vampire as a strikingly complex being that has been used to express the traumas and contradictions of the human condition.

Psychoanalysis Of Technoscience

Author : Hub Zwart
ISBN : 9783643910509
Genre :
File Size : 44. 63 MB
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This book presents a psychoanalysis of technoscience. Basic concepts and methods developed by Freud, Jung, Bachelard and Lacan are applied to case histories (palaeoanthropology, classical conditioning, virology). Rather than by disinterested curiosity, technoscience is driven by desire, resistance and the will to control. Moreover, psychoanalysis focusses on primal scenes (Dubois' quest for the missing link, Pavlov's discovery of the conditioned reflex) and opts for triangulation: comparing technoscience to "different scenes" provided by novels, so that Dubois's work is compared to missing link novels by Verne and London and Pavlov's experiments with Skinner's Walden Two, while virology is studied through the lens of viral fiction.

Origin Of Evil

Author : Alexander Clifford
ISBN : 1477116095
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 22. 47 MB
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The day dawns and Professor Hamish Herbert Balfour has an inkling of an idea of how to first, fight the now ever present threat of Global Terrorism, secondly how to identify the needs to combat terrorism, not with weapons or military force but with the power of thought, the power of the internet, the power of as yet to be found new frontiers of computing power. His agile brain thinks ‘out of the box’ and channels his thoughts into the development of a hitherto un-thought of solution to thwart the ever growing threat of terrorism and the global network of people willing to maim or kill their ‘fellow man’ in the name of idealistic fanaticism. His passion to find a solution leads him from his hitherto ‘safe haven’ of a government ‘think tank’ to the cloak and dagger world of spies and the secret life of a international intelligence, intrigue, danger and murderous deeds..

Technophobia

Author : Daniel Dinello
ISBN : UOM:39015062866788
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 62. 69 MB
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Techno-heaven or techno-hell? If you believe many scientists working in the emerging fields of twenty-first-century technology, the future is blissfully bright. Initially, human bodies will be perfected through genetic manipulation and the fusion of human and machine; later, human beings will completely shed the shackles of pain, disease, and even death, as human minds are downloaded into death-free robots whereby they can live forever in a heavenly "posthuman" existence. In this techno-utopian future, humanity will be saved by the godlike power of technology. If you believe the authors of science fiction, however, posthuman evolution marks the beginning of the end of human freedom, values, and identity. Our dark future will be dominated by mad scientists, rampaging robots, killer clones, and uncontrollable viruses. In this timely new book, Daniel Dinello examines "the dramatic conflict between the techno-utopia promised by real-world scientists and the techno-dystopia predicted by science fiction." Organized into chapters devoted to robotics, bionics, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, biotechnology, nanotechnology, and other significant scientific advancements, this book summarizes the current state of each technology, while presenting corresponding reactions in science fiction. Dinello draws on a rich range of material, including films, television, books, and computer games, and argues that science fiction functions as a valuable corrective to technological domination, countering techno-hype and reflecting the "weaponized, religiously rationalized, profit-fueled" motives of such science. By imaging a disastrous future of posthuman techno-totalitarianism, science fiction encourages us to construct ways to contain new technology, and asks its audience perhaps the most important question of the twenty-first century: is technology out of control?

Proceedings Ieee International Conference On Robotics And Automation

Author : International Conference on Robotics and Automation
ISBN : 0818646950
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 55. 7 MB
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Memory Trade

Author : Murray McKeich
ISBN : 9057041812
Genre : Art
File Size : 39. 68 MB
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The notion of "culture" is changing at the speed of information itself. Computer technology is creating a new kind of public, a cyberculture with all its utopian & apocalyptic possibilities. But is it that new? Popular debate generally ignores cyberculture's historical context. The official history begins in the nineteenth century & tracks the evolution of telecommunications, the egalitarian dream of the global village, & the emergence of the military-industrial complex. However, this omits the deeper, prehistory of technological transformations of culture that are everywhere felt but nowhere seen in the telematic landscape of the late twentieth century. Cyberculture is an extension, rather than innovation, of human engagement with communication & information technologies. A work of archeology, Memory Trade scrapes away the surfaces of the contemporary world to detect the sedimentary traces of the past: a past that inflects the present with the echoes of ancient, unresolved philosophical questions about the relationships between humans & technology, creativity & artifice, reality & representations of reality. Memory Trade is an exploration, in text & image, of the unconscious of cyberculture, its silent, secret prehistory. From Plato's Cave to Borges' literary labyrinths, Freud's Mystic Writing-Pad, & Joyce's reinvention of language in Finnegans Wake, Memory Trade is a reflection of contemporary culture.

Contemporary

Author :
ISBN : UVA:X030047761
Genre : Arts, Modern
File Size : 89. 53 MB
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Cities In Transition

Author : Andrew Webber
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131781499
Genre : Art
File Size : 66. 87 MB
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The city is one of the greatest unsung heroes in cinema -- a modernist inspiration for silent classics such asMetropolis (1926) and a dense urban jungle in The Matrix(1999) -- yet there have been few attempts to grasp thecultural and aesthetic nature of its role in film. Thisvolume is an ambitious collection of writings and photo-essays discussing this complex yet enduring relationship,and how early cinema, digital technology and changingurban geographies have all impacted upon notions andrepresentations of the modern city. Amongst the filmsdiscussed are Peeping Tom (1960), Performance (1970),Sans Soleil (1983) and Amores perros (2000).Contributions come from the fields of film studies,cultural theory, architecture and design, as well asfilmmakers Patrick Keiller and Chris Petit.

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