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The English Infinitive

Author : Patrick Joseph Duffley
ISBN : 9781315504636
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 26. 42 MB
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This is a series which aims to meet the need for books on modern English that are both up-to-date and authoritative. The texts are ideal for the scholar, the teacher, and the student, but especially for English speaking students in overseas universities where English is the language of instruction, or advanced specialist students of English in foreign universities. Although English is probably the most studied language in the world, this is one of the first systematic comparisons of infinitives with and without the use of "to". Patrick Duffley examines these uses adopting the semantic approach, which shows that the two infinitive forms each have a basic meaning which is capable of explaining all of their particular uses. The author has carried out detailed research for this book, examining over 24,000 occurences of the infinitive, as well as taking into account the observations of previous grammarians. The book challenges old assumptions that grammar is independent of meaning and should be dealt with in purely formal terms. It also fulfils a need for literature on an area of English grammar which has sometimes been presumed to be chaotic and unsystematic. The text is aimed specialists in linguistics and advanced students of English as a second language.

The Infinitive The Gerund And The Participles Of The English Verb

Author : Hendrik Poutsma
ISBN : UOM:39015038929165
Genre : English language
File Size : 75. 57 MB
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English Gerunds And Infinitives For Esl Learners; Using Them Correctly After Common English Verbs

Author : Thomas Celentano
ISBN : 9780557016037
Genre : Education
File Size : 26. 14 MB
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ESL learners: Master the use of English gerunds and infinitives as they are used after common verbs. The quick reference layout allows students to quickly and conveniently find topics of importance. Explanations are clear and concise and are backed up with many examples. There are reviews and practice sessions throughout the text.

The Grammaticalization Of The English To Infinitive

Author : Kristina Schmelzer
ISBN : 9783656559733
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 84. 55 MB
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Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,7, RWTH Aachen University (Anglistische Sprachwissenschaft), course: Grammaticalization, language: English, abstract: Grammaticalization means the transition of a lexical, autonomous form to a grammatical, dependent form. It is a process in which syntactic structures develop out of free discourse structures and that extends over long time periods (cf. Diewald 1997: 11). Hardly any phenomenon of linguistics has raised as many questions as the grammaticalization of the infinitive. The English language differentiates between two infinitive types: The bare infinitive, which is only left in certain constructions, is sometimes described as “a sort of grammatical fossil” (Curme 1931: 456, quoted in Duffley 1992: 12) and the to-infinitive, on the other hand, demonstrates the widely-used form of the infinitive. Haspelmath (1989: 287) gives a glimpse into the prevalent view, that “the [to-] infinitive is the basic and unmarked form of the verb”, which “carries no meaning of its own”. The influential linguist Roman Jakobson states the definition as follows: Among all verbal forms, it is the infinitive which carries the minimal grammatical infor-mation. It says nothing either about the participants of the narrated event or about the relation of this event to other narrated events and to the speech event. (Jakobson 1957: 142; quoted in Haspelmath 1989: 287) Chomsky (1957:100) hypothesizes even more radically by saying that to is a morpheme that “can hardly be said to have a meaning in any independent sense” at all. However, there are different approaches and opinions about the grammaticalization of the to-infinitive and its status within linguistics. In his article “From purposive to infinitive – a universal path of grammaticization”, published in 1989 via Folia Linguistica Historica, Martin Haspelmath questions the traditional definition of the infinitive. Using the German infinitive development as an example, he demonstrates the infinitival evolution ranging from the Old English/Old German periods to the current use of language. He states that the infinitives occurring in most languages actu-ally “do have a meaning and also a form of their own” (Haspelmath 1989: 288), and that the grammaticalization process, which the infinitives underwent, follows a universal path. As a reaction to this, Olga Fischer published her article “The grammaticalisation of infinitival to in English compared with German and Dutch” in 1997. Functioning as an annotation to Haspelmath’s theses, she illustrates her view of the infinitival grammaticalization, [...]

The English Infinitive

Author : Patrick Joseph Duffley
ISBN : 9781315504643
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 42. 86 MB
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This is a series which aims to meet the need for books on modern English that are both up-to-date and authoritative. The texts are ideal for the scholar, the teacher, and the student, but especially for English speaking students in overseas universities where English is the language of instruction, or advanced specialist students of English in foreign universities. Although English is probably the most studied language in the world, this is one of the first systematic comparisons of infinitives with and without the use of "to". Patrick Duffley examines these uses adopting the semantic approach, which shows that the two infinitive forms each have a basic meaning which is capable of explaining all of their particular uses. The author has carried out detailed research for this book, examining over 24,000 occurences of the infinitive, as well as taking into account the observations of previous grammarians. The book challenges old assumptions that grammar is independent of meaning and should be dealt with in purely formal terms. It also fulfils a need for literature on an area of English grammar which has sometimes been presumed to be chaotic and unsystematic. The text is aimed specialists in linguistics and advanced students of English as a second language.

The Infinitive The Gerund And The Participles Of The English Verb

Author : HardPress
ISBN : 1313566276
Genre :
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Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos. (2) In books where there are images such as portraits, maps, sketches etc We have endeavoured to keep the quality of these images, so they represent accurately the original artefact. Although occasionally there may be certain imperfections with these old texts, we feel they deserve to be made available for future generations to enjoy.

Ergativity And Transitive Gradients In The Accusative And Infinitive Construction

Author : Javier Rivas
ISBN : 8481218138
Genre : Grammar, Comparative and general
File Size : 89. 43 MB
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Infinitives And Gerunds In Recent English

Author : Juhani Rudanko
ISBN : 9783319463131
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 68. 14 MB
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This book explores the grammar of to infinitives and gerundial -ing clauses, which is a central area at the interface of syntax and semantics, against the background of what has been called the Great Complement Shift. Over the course of six chapters, the author explores the semantic properties of constructions where the general spread of gerundial -ing clauses occurs at the expense of to infinitives. The author draws on large electronic corpora, ensuring that new perspectives are opened on the basis of authentic corpus evidence. He identifies trends of variation and change in the use of the two constructions and proposes The Choice Principle, an innovative perspective on the semantics of to infinitives and gerundial -ing complements. This book will be of interest to researchers and students working on English grammar or the recent history of English grammar.

Gerund Vs Infinitive

Author : Creativo
ISBN : 8366122344
Genre :
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The Rise Of The To Infinitive

Author : Bettelou Los
ISBN : 9780199274765
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 63. 29 MB
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This book describes the historical emergence and spread of the to-infinitive in English. It shows that to + infinitive emerged from a reanalysis of the preposition to plus a deverbal nominalization, which spread first to purpose clauses, then to other nonfinite environments. The book challenges the traditional reasoning that infinitives must have been nouns in Old English because they inflected for dative case and can follow prepositions. Dr Los shows that as earlyas Old English the to-infinitive was established in most of the environments in which it is found today. She argues that its spread was largely due to competition with subjunctive that-clauses, which it gradually replaced.Later chapters consider Middle English developments. The author provides a measured evaluation of the evidence that to undergoes a period of degrammaticalization. She concludes that the extent to which to gains syntactic freedom in Middle English is due to the fact that speakers began to equate it with the modal verbs and therefore to treat it syntactically as a modal verb.The exposition is clear and does not assume an up-to-date knowledge of generative theory. The book will appeal to the wide spectrum of scholars interested in the transformation of Old to Middle English as well as those studying the processes and causes of syntactic change more generally.

The Grammar Of English Grammars

Author : Goold Brown
ISBN : STANFORD:36105006498542
Genre : English language
File Size : 85. 97 MB
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Middle Egyptian

Author : James P. Allen
ISBN : 0521774837
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 75. 94 MB
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An accessible introduction to hieroglyphic writing and the language and civilisation of ancient Egypt.

English Grammar Methodical Analytical And Historical With A Treatise On The Orthography Prosody Inflections And Syntax Of The English Tongue; And Numerous Authorities

Author : Eduard Adolf Ferdinand Maetzner
ISBN : UCAL:$B14648
Genre :
File Size : 36. 81 MB
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An English Grammar

Author : Eduard Adolf Ferdinand Mätzner
ISBN : HARVARD:HX5AZJ
Genre : English language
File Size : 41. 28 MB
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The Infinitive The Gerund And The Participles Of The English Verb

Author : H. Poutsma
ISBN : 9354040713
Genre : History
File Size : 67. 61 MB
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The Infinitive The Gerund And The Participles Of The English Verb

Author : Hendrik 1856-1937 Poutsma
ISBN : 1013628772
Genre :
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Advanced English Grammar

Author : Ilse Depraetere
ISBN : 9781441149312
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 54. 50 MB
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An advanced English grammar that uses linguistic theory and techniques to elucidate and explain the central, crucial issues.

The Grammar Of English Grammars With An Introduction Historical And Critical

Author : Goold Brown
ISBN : IOWA:31858001924152
Genre : English language
File Size : 78. 22 MB
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The Infinitive The Gerund And The Participles Of The English Verb Primary Source Edition

Author : Hendrik Poutsma
ISBN : 1293815551
Genre :
File Size : 45. 24 MB
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This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.

Modality And The Biblical Hebrew Infinitive Absolute

Author : Scott N. Callaham
ISBN : 3447061588
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 70. 76 MB
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Alongside several related ancient languages, Biblical Hebrew possesses two infinitive forms. The rarer of the two is the infinitive absolute, for which no analogous structure exists in modern translation receptor languages such as English. In studying its use, Hebrew grammarians have long noted that the infinitive absolute often appears in modal contexts. However, until the present study this phenomenon has not received further scholarly attention. Employing contemporary cross-linguistic research on modality, Callaham's study presents a new and comprehensive analysis of the function of the infi nitive absolute in Biblical Hebrew. Collected data strongly imply that the combination of an infinitive absolute and a cognate verb is a construction expressing verb focus, which includes focus on any modality present in the cognate verb. Infinitives absolute can also function as full substitutes for finite verbs. Accordingly, these independent uses are also highly modal. Through wide-ranging interaction with previous research and exhaustive examination of textual data, this study advances new findings on the interplay of modality and infinitive absolute employment in the Hebrew Bible.

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