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Ethics Of War And Peace In Iran And Shi I Islam

Author : Mohammad Jafar Amir Mahallati
ISBN : 9781442629516
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 71. 78 MB
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5 War and Peace in Shi'i Primary Narratives and Sources -- 6 Traditional Shi'i Ethics of War and Peace Untested: Jihad, Ideology, Revolution, and War -- 7 Postwar Revision and the Reconstruction of Modern Iranian-Shi'i Ethics of War and Peace -- 8 Terrorism and Shi'i Theologies of Martyrdom, Nonviolence, and Forgiveness -- 9 Diplomacy in between Nuclear Technology and Antibomb Theology -- Conclusion: Beyond a Minority Mentality: The Emerging Shi'i-Iranian Cosmopolitanism

Islam And War

Author : John Kelsay
ISBN : 0664253024
Genre : Religion
File Size : 35. 27 MB
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This book explores questions regarding the justice of war and addresses the lack of comparative perspectives on the ethics of war, particularly with respect to Islam. Focusing on the role of Islamic symbols in the rhetoric of Saddam Hussein, Kelsay provides an overview of the Islamic tradition regarding war and peace, and investigates the notion of religion as a just cause for war.

War And Military Ethics In Shi A Islam

Author : Davud Feirahi
ISBN : 1543048161
Genre :
File Size : 49. 27 MB
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Davud Feirahi's War and Military Ethics in Shi'a Islam is a scholarly exposition of the principles of jehad and defense in Shi'i jurisprudence together with that of the ethics of war according to the Shi'a magisterium. The principles of jehad and defense in Shi'i jurisprudence include: The Priority of Peace, The Defensive Aspect of Jehad during the Era of the Occultation (and the subsequent The Prohibition against Initiating War), the requirement to endeavor to return to a state of peace, and finally, the prohibition against betrayal and the breaking of promises). Topics treated in the chapter on the ethics of war according to the Shi'a magisterium include: the prohibition against maligning the enemy; the prohibition against terror; the prohibition of guile and deception; the prohibition against weapons of mass destruction; the prohibition against attacking non-combatant; consideration for the environment; the prohibition against damage to trees and agricultural fields; the prohibition against the destruction of buildings and developed areas; and the prohibition against harming animals. Davud Feirahi is Associate Professor at the Faculty of Political Science in the Department of Law and Political Science of Tehran University.

Religion War And Ethics

Author : Nicole M. Hartwell
ISBN : 9780521450386
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 23. 95 MB
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This volume offers a comprehensive selection of texts from the world's major religions on the ethical dimensions of war and armed conflict. Despite a considerable rise of interest in Eastern and Western religious teachings on issues of war and peace, the principal texts in which these teachings are expounded have in most cases remained inaccessible to all but a handful of specialists. This is especially true of traditions such as Islam, Buddhism, and Judaism, where the key authoritative treatments are often embedded in texts (e.g., Koranic jurisprudence, religious epics, or Talmudic commentary) that are not overtly about matters pertaining to the ethics of war, thus requiring a difficult process of interpretation and selection, and for which English translations frequently do not exist. Topical and timely for today's debates in the public arena and essential reading for students of religious ethics and the relationship between religion and politics, this book aims to give the reader a proper knowledge of the textual traditions that inform the key struggles over issues of peace and security, identity and land.

Diverging Approaches Of Political Islamic Thought In Iran Since The 1960s

Author : Seyed Mohammad Lolaki
ISBN : 9789811504785
Genre : Religion
File Size : 79. 38 MB
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This book argues that Political Islam in the Iranian context evolved into three main schools of thought during the 1960s and 1970s: Jurisprudential Islam led by Ayatollah Khomeini, Leftist Islam led by Shariati, and Liberal Islam led by Bazargan. Despite the fact that all schools seek an Islamic state, their chosen methods and philosophical approaches diverge considerably. The synthesis of these three contrasting socio-political views is structured here to provide a coherent interpretation by means of ongoing comparison. This method has so far not been presented in academic studies within the field of Political Islam. Furthermore, this book provides a critical analysis of the aforementioned ‘Political Islam’ schools in Iran, their similarities and differences, relative success or failure, their contribution to the revolution of 1979 and how they have evolved from the pre-revolution era to the present.

Comparative Religious Ethics

Author : Darrell J. Fasching
ISBN : 1444396129
Genre : Religion
File Size : 31. 43 MB
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This popular textbook has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect recent global developments, whilst retaining its unique and compelling narrative-style approach. Using ancient stories from diverse religions, it explores a broad range of important and complex moral issues, resulting in a truly reader-friendly and comparative introduction to religious ethics. A thoroughly revised and expanded new edition of this popular textbook, yet retains the unique narrative-style approach which has proved so successful with students Considers the ways in which ancient stories from diverse religions, such as the Bhagavad Gita and the lives of Jesus and Buddha, have provided ethical orientation in the modern world Updated to reflect recent discussions on globalization and its influence on cross-cultural and comparative ethics, economic dimensions to ethics, Gandhian traditions, and global ethics in an age of terrorism Expands coverage of Asian religions, quest narratives, the religious and philosophical approach to ethics in the West, and considers Chinese influences on Thich Nhat Hanh’s Zen Buddhism, and Augustine’s Confessions Accompanied by an instructor’s manual (coming soon, see which shows how to use the book in conjunction with contemporary films

World Religions And Norms Of War

Author : Vesselin Popovski
ISBN : UOM:39015079289248
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 70. 73 MB
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Over more than two millennia, the world's leading religious traditions have provided the guidance in questions of when war can be justified, and of what methods and targets are permissible in war. Linking deep historical analysis to contemporary issues, this volume provides insight to the understanding of the role and influence of religion in the state politics. The book examines the norms of war in Hinduism, in Theravada Buddhism, in Japanese religion, in Judaism, in Roman Catholic Christianity, in Eastern Orthodox Christianity, in Protestant Christianity, in Shia Islam and in Sunni Islam, and discusses norms of war in cross-religious perspective.--Publisher's description.

Mideast File

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105070434803
Genre : Middle East
File Size : 34. 14 MB
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The Shari A And Islamic Criminal Justice In Time Of War And Peace

Author : M. Cherif Bassiouni
ISBN : 9781107471153
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 35. 84 MB
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This innovative and important book applies classical Sunni Muslim legal and religious doctrine to contemporary issues surrounding armed conflict. In doing so it shows that the shari'a and Islamic law are not only compatible with contemporary international human rights law and international humanitarian law norms, but are appropriate for use in Muslim societies. By grounding contemporary post-conflict processes and procedures in classical Muslim legal and religious doctrine, it becomes more accessible to Muslim societies who are looking for appropriate legal mechanisms to deal with the aftermath of armed conflict. This book uniquely presents a critique of the violent practices of contemporary Muslims and Muslim clerics who support these practices. It rebuts Islamophobes in the West that discredit Islam on the basis of the abhorrent practices of some Muslims, and hopes to reduce tensions between Western and Islamic civilizations by enhancing common understanding of the issues.


Author : Judith Presler
ISBN : 9042015624
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 52. 90 MB
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Peacemaking includes a large array of activities from local to global attempts to attain peace. It includes consideration of international, interstate, and intertribal conflict resolution; communal, personal, and interpersonal social justice; deterrence of the use of nuclear weapons; design of international treaties that prevent war or other forms of international conflict; disarmament; international organizations that secure the order among nations; and even, from some points of view, war. As the 20th century drew to a close, we have witnessed peacemakers trying to end ethnic cleansing, reinstate justly elected political leaders, and reach compromises in the ideological differences that perpetuate age-old conflicts. We also see peacemaking in our schools, homes, and workplaces. Philosophers have long been interested in peacemaking in one form or another, and philosophical accounts of peacemaking reflect the variety of perspectives, methods, and activities developed in pursuing peacemaking. In some instances, philosophers expand upon the situations, activities, and methods of the peacemaker in the field. The essays in this volume propose some theoretical arguments for various aspects of peacemaking, offer nonmilitary alternatives to war, and discuss practical examples of peacemaking in daily life. The contributors analyze power relations, language, social groupings, and distribution of resources. At times, they draw insight from social and historical models of conflict and conflict-resolution. This collection of essays on peacemaking aims to enlighten contemporary social and political discussions and contribute to achieving the ever-challenging goal of peace.


Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105007049047
Genre :
File Size : 48. 72 MB
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The New York Times Magazine

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105005458380
Genre :
File Size : 59. 98 MB
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The Axis Of Evil

Author : Shaul Shay
ISBN : 141281779X
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 74. 48 MB
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In the nearly 25 years since the ascent of an Islamic regime, Iran has become one of the most prominent supporters of terror worldwide. Today Iran actively employs terror to achieve its international objectives. The Axis of Evil outlines the operations and goals of Shiite and Iranian terror. As Shaul Shay shows, Iran has done its utmost to conceal its involvement in terror activities and avoids leaving incriminating "fingerprints" that might prompt retaliatory action by victims of this terrorism. In consequence, most of what we know about Iranian terror activity has been gleaned from the capture and trials of Iranian terrorists or terrorists acting on Iran's behalf. The Axis of Evil deals extensively with Iran's involvement in terrorist activity against Israel through Hizballah after the Israel Defense Forces' withdrawal from Lebanon (May 2000) and the instigation of the Al-Aksa Intifada (September 2000-2003). It examines Iran's attitude towards the State of Israel since the rise of Knomeini, confirming that Iran sees Israel as a primary source of the world's wrongdoings and the epitome of evil. In turn, Israel has become one of Iran's archenemies. Over the years, Iran has strengthened its ideological links with radical Arab and Palestinian circles. In addition, it actively supports Hizballah, which acts on behalf of Iran from its base in Lebanon and perpetrates terror attacks against Israel and against representatives of Western and Arab countries in Lebanon as well as in the international arena. This book is a comprehensive and in-depth study of Shiite and Iranian terror activity. In addition to drawing attention to the significance of Iran's contributions to terror, it provides readers with a better understanding of Iran's activities in light of the global war against terrorism as well as the deployment of American troops along Iran's borders with Afghanistan and Iraq.

Journey Into Islam

Author : Akbar Ahmed
ISBN : 9780815701330
Genre : Religion
File Size : 42. 20 MB
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Globalization, the war on terror, and Islamic fundamentalism—followed closely by a rise in Islamophobia—have escalated tensions between Western nations and the Muslim world. Yet internationally renowned Islamic scholar Akbar Ahmed believes that through dialogue and understanding, these cultures can coexist peacefully and respectfully. That hope and belief result in an extraordinary journey. To learn what Muslims think and how they really view America, Ahmed traveled to the three major regions of the Muslim world the Middle East, South Asia, and East Asia. Journey into Islam: The Crisis of Globalization is the riveting story of his search for common ground. His absorbing narrative and personal photos bring the reader on a tour of Islam and its peoples. Ahmed sought to understand the experiences and perceptions of ordinary Muslims. Visiting mosques, madrassahs, and universities, he met with people ranging from Pakastan President Pervez Musharraf to prime ministers, princes, sheikhs, professors, and students. He observed, listened, and asked them questions. For example, who inspires them? What are they reading? How do the Internet and international media impact their lives? How do they view America, the West, and changes in society? Ahmed's anthropological expedition enjoyed extensive access to women and youths, revealing unique information on large yet often misunderstood populations. Lamentably, he found high levels of anti-Americanism and anti-Semitism and a widespread perception that Islam is under attack from the West. But he also brought back reason for hope. He returned from his groundbreaking travels both impressed with the concerned, kind nature of the individuals he encountered and invigorated with the vitality and passion they displayed. Journey into Islam makes a powerful plea for forming friendships across religion, race, and tradition to create lasting peace between Islam and the West.


Author : John K. Roth
ISBN : UOM:39015062570661
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 74. 19 MB
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Applied ethics is the main focus of this revised edition, with a particular emphasis on current ethics issues. Includes religious issues, business and labor ethics, political and economic issues, personal and social ethics issues, and bioethics.

Between Terror And Tolerance

Author : Timothy D. Sisk
ISBN : 9781589017979
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83. 15 MB
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Civil war and conflict within countries is the most prevalent threat to peace and security in the opening decades of the twenty-first century. A pivotal factor in the escalation of tensions to open conflict is the role of elites in exacerbating tensions along identity lines by giving the ideological justification, moral reasoning, and call to violence. Between Terror and Tolerance examines the varied roles of religious leaders in societies deeply divided by ethnic, racial, or religious conflict. The chapters in this book explore cases when religious leaders have justified or catalyzed violence along identity lines, and other instances when religious elites have played a critical role in easing tensions or even laying the foundation for peace and reconciliation. This volume features thematic chapters on the linkages between religion, nationalism, and intolerance, transnational intra-faith conflict in the Shi’a-Sunni divide, and country case studies of societal divisions or conflicts in Egypt, Israel and Palestine, Kashmir, Lebanon, Nigeria, Northern Ireland, Sri Lanka, Sudan, and Tajikistan. The concluding chapter explores the findings and their implications for policies and programs of international non-governmental organizations that seek to encourage and enhance the capacity of religious leaders to play a constructive role in conflict resolution.

The Middle East

Author : William Spencer
ISBN : 1561342920
Genre : History
File Size : 78. 28 MB
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Conatains current information on the cultural social, political, and economic differences and similarities between the countries in the Middle East.

The Nation

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105133485065
Genre :
File Size : 46. 71 MB
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Author : JR Pierce
ISBN : 9781466917354
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 61. 52 MB
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Boots Johnson, an unproductive young man, experienced a serendipity event that eventually leads to his invention of the Electric Highway. He launched his invention at a time of great anxiety and soring expenses for energy and quickly amassed a great fortune. Secure in this position of wealth, Boots turned his attention to politics out of a sense of over privelege and conceived a long-term campaign to be elected President of the United States. This book is the interview where ideas he wanted to explore from the vantage point of a political campaign became known. Some of these ideas are serious, scary, and scandalous from conservative points of view. He has harsh convictions against the Iraq misadventures and decries the military strategy of occupying the country when GPS precision ordinance were possessed only by us. "Shock and Awe" dergading into whimpering incompetence. Human cultures self-assembled to where six billion are healthier, wealthier, and wiser than a few million emerging barbarians eight thousand years ago. For many the basic assumption of Heaven prevailed. But now greater knowledge spans the globe and Evolution is irrefutable. Evolution takes place in identifiable and measurable time and space, not a supposed space, and has knowledge of beginning and ending, refuting heavenly eternity. The Book of True Revelations guides the moderns who hunger and thirst after knowledge. Light and electromagnetism, gravity, space-time cosmology, DNA biology, continental drift; all are hidden elements of essential nature and it is the human job to protect and improve our earth.

My Truth From The Top

Author : Sergeant Major Patrick Durr
ISBN : 9781479765454
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 87. 51 MB
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After 9/11, controversy had stirred when news broke that the U.S. military was conducting a War on Terror initiative. Many American civilians and civic groups have relentlessly expressed their disdain against sending American soldiers to Afghanistan to participate in this war-on-terror. Nonetheless, despite these protests, off-shore military operations still continue. What many Americans need to understand is why these kinds of military actions and interventions are necessary. MY TRUTH FROM THE TOP offers perspective on the necessity of taking the war outside the borders of America in order to protect the American people. Created by author Sergeant Major Patrick Durr, this book takes readers to an up-close and personal glimpse into the daily battles of American soldiers stationed halfway across the globe. Through the one-years worth of daily notes and writings of the author, readers can learn to appreciate what the American leaders and soldiers in Afghanistan are doing in order to preserve the peace and freedom of their homeland. Citing the amount of sacrifice they have endured in order to bring the war outside and away from the gates of America, this book reveals the real-life situations and compelling truths that describe what it is really like to defend ones own country. With illustrations, letters, communications and narratives, this work highlights the events that have been obscured from the knowledge of many Americans. Insightful and informative, MY TRUTH FROM THE TOP is a groundbreaking book that provides understanding, learning and growth. Engaging, it leads people out of the confines of ignorance about what really goes on in the world, beyond the comforts of their civilized societies. It educates Americans on the streets about what their government leaders, politicians and military forces know.

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