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Ethnopharmacology Of Medicinal Plants

Author : Christophe Wiart
ISBN : 9781597451604
Genre : Medical
File Size : 45. 69 MB
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In 1860, Oliver Wendell Holmes pointedly expressed himself to the Massachusetts Medical Society: “I firmly believe that if the whole Material Medica, as now used, could be sunk to the bottom of the sea, it would be all the better for mankind, and all the worst for the fishes.” Should one think the same about the current approach in drug discovery from plants? Probably yes. Despite the spending of billions of US dollars, and three decades of efforts, high-throughput screenings have only allowed the discovery of a couple of drugs. One could have reasonably expected the discovery of an arsenal of drugs from the millions of plant extracts randomly tested, but “hits” can be inactive in vitro or too toxic, some molecules need to be metabolized first to be active, and false-positive and false-negative results are common. The bitter truth is that the robotic approach in discovering drugs from plants has proven, to date, its inability to excavate the hundreds of molecules that will contribute to the health progress of Man. However, one can reasonably see that the last patches of primary rainforest on earth hold still hundreds of spectacularly active drugs that await discovery.

Ethnopharmacology And Biodiversity Of Medicinal Plants

Author : Jayanta Kumar Patra
ISBN : 9780429675379
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 33. 61 MB
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Ethnopharmacology and Biodiversity of Medicinal Plants provides a multitude of contemporary views on the diversity of medicinal plants, discussing both their traditional uses and therapeutic claims. This book emphasizes the importance of cataloging ethnomedical information as well as examining and preserving the diversity of traditional medicines. It also discusses the challenges present with limited access to modern medicine and the ways in which research can be conducted to enhance these modern practices. The book also explores the conservation procedures for endangered plant species and discusses their relevance to ethnopharmacology. Each chapter of this book relays the research of experts in the field who conducted research in diverse landscapes of India, providing a detailed account of the basic and applied approaches of ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology. The book reviews multiple processes pertaining to medicinal plants, such as collecting the traditional therapeutic values and validation methods. It also explores developments in the field such as the diversity and medicinal potential of unexplored plant species and applications in drug formulation to fight against anti-microbial resistance (AMR).

Ethnopharmacology Volume I

Author : Elaine Elisabetsky
ISBN : 9781905839964
Genre :
File Size : 44. 52 MB
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Ethnopharmacology is a component of Encyclopedia of Biological, Physiological and Health Sciences in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Ethnopharmacology is the scientific study correlating ethnic groups, their health, and how it relates to their physical habits and methodology in creating and using medicines. This Theme on Ethnopharmacology presents the field as an amalgam of perspectives, primarily those of pharmacology, pharmacognosy, anthropology, and botany. It highlights the uniquely biocultural perspective on ethnopharmacology offered by medical anthropology, which underscores that health and healing are culturally constructed and socially negotiated. The definition of ethnopharmacology that frames this volume is: the study of indigenous medical systems that connects the ethnography of health and healing with the physiological relevance of its medical practices. The history of botanical medicines is traced from primate self-medication to contributions to biomedicine. The methods of ethnopharmacologic inquiry are presented from pharmacologic, ecological, ethnographic, data management, and ethical perspectives. Chapters are devoted to plants used in the treatment of specific disorders: cancer, parasitic infection, AIDS, inflammation, diabetes, and cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disorders. The important role that plant medicines play in the developing world is revealed in discussion of ritual and ceremony, safety issues, health care, and biodiversity. These two volumes are aimed at the following a wide spectrum of audiences from the merely curious to those seeking in-depth knowledge: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Medicinal Plants Of Bangladesh And West Bengal

Author : Christophe Wiart
ISBN : 9781351737128
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 30 MB
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Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh and West Bengal is a complete compendium. It provides the scientific name, classification, local name(s), historical background, local medicinal uses, botanical description, chemical constituents, pharmacological activity and toxicology of more than 100 medicinal spices used in Bengal. Chemical structures of active constituents are provided as well as numerous references. This book is an indispensable tool for researchers, as well as graduates in various disciplines, including pharmacy, pharmacology, medicine, biotechnology, nutrition, cosmetology and drug development. It is also suitable for anyone who is looking for natural products as leads to be developed in therapeutics, functional nutrition or cosmetology. Focuses on a group of herbs with economic importance – the spices. These herbs demonstrate the richness of chemical diversity and potential pharmacological applications Features field photos with local healers, markets and mode of preparation as well as providing a complete monograph for each plant Discusses the collection and observation of each medicinal spice and presents the ethnopharmacology recorded by the author in Bengal Provides a wealth of scientific information on medicinal spices from an expert in the field Fills an important niche due to the increasing global interests in natural foods and botanical drugs

Ethnopharmacology Of Some Medicinal Plants

Author : Oyepata Simeon Joseph
ISBN : 3330043105
Genre :
File Size : 57. 80 MB
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Author : Michael Heinrich
ISBN : 9781118930748
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27. 54 MB
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Ethnopharmacology is one of the world’s fastest-growing scientific disciplines encompassing a diverse range of subjects. It links natural sciences research on medicinal, aromatic and toxic plants with socio-cultural studies and has often been associated with the development of new drugs. The Editors of Ethnopharmacology have assembled an international team of renowned contributors to provide a critical synthesis of the substantial body of new knowledge and evidence on the subject that has emerged over the past decade. Divided into three parts, the book begins with an overview of the subject including a brief history, ethnopharmacological methods, the role of intellectual property protection, key analytical approaches, the role of ethnopharmacology in primary/secondary education and links to biodiversity and ecological research. Part two looks at ethnopharmacological contributions to modern therapeutics across a range of conditions including CNS disorders, cancer, bone and joint health and parasitic diseases. The final part is devoted to regional perspectives covering all continents, providing a state-of-the –art assessment of the status of ethnopharmacological research globally. A comprehensive, critical synthesis of the latest developments in ethnopharmacology. Includes a section devoted to ethnopharmacological contributions to modern therapeutics across a range of conditions. Contributions are from leading international experts in the field. This timely book will prove invaluable for researchers and students across a range of subjects including ethnopharmacology, ethnobotany, medicinal plant research and natural products research. Ethnopharmacology- A Reader is part of the ULLA Series in Pharmaceutical Sciences

Ethnopharmacology In Central And Eastern Europe In The Context Of Global Research Developments

Author : Judit Hohmann
ISBN : 9782889458905
Genre :
File Size : 36. 78 MB
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Herbalism Phytochemistry And Ethnopharmacology

Author : Amritpal Singh
ISBN : 9781439853610
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 73. 17 MB
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Bridging the gap between the ancient art of herbalism and the emerging sciences of ethnopharmocology and phytopharmacotherapy, this book highlights the major breakthroughs in the history of the field and focuses on future directions in the discovery and application of herb-derived medicines. Implementing the concept of reverse pharmacology, it inte

Medicinal Plants In Asia And Pacific For Parasitic Infections

Author : Christophe Wiart
ISBN : 9780128168127
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53. 49 MB
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Medicinal Plants in Asia and Pacific for Parasitic Infections: Botany, Ethnopharmacology, Molecular Basis, and Future Prospect offers an in-depth view into antiprotozoal pharmacology of natural products from medicinal plants in Asia with an emphasis on their molecular basis, cellular pathways, and cellular targets. This book provides scientific names, botanical classifications, botanical description, medicinal uses, chemical constituents and antiprotozoal activity of more than 100 Asian medicinal plants, with high quality original botanical plates, chemical structures, and pharmacological diagrams and lists hundreds of carefully selected references. It also examines the pharmacological and medicinal applications of Asian medicinal plants especially in drug development for protozoan prevention and treatment. Medicinal Plants in Asia and Pacific for Parasitic Infections is a research tool and resource for the discovery of leads for the treatment of protozoal diseases based on interrelated botanical, biochemical, ethnopharmacological, phylogenetic, pharmacological, and chemical information. A critical reference for any researcher involved in the discovery of leads for the treatment of antiprotozoal leads From Asian medicinal plants Written by an expert in the field, this truly unique text fills an important niche do to the increasing global interest in botanical drugs Provide scientific names, botanical classification, botanical description, medicinal uses, chemical constituents and pharmacological activity of more than 100 Asian plants

Underexplored Medicinal Plants From Sub Saharan Africa

Author : Namrita Lall
ISBN : 9780128168219
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86. 80 MB
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Underexplored Medicinal Plants from Sub-Saharan Africa: Plants with Therapeutic Potential for Human Health examines a comprehensive selection of rarely explored plants that have been underestimated for their therapeutic value. The book contains monographs of medicinal plants, outlining their botanical description, geographical distribution, ethnobotanical usage, chemical constituents, sample and standard preparations and methods, and pharmacological properties. With expert contributors from South Africa, Mauritius, Seychelles, Cameroon and Nigeria, and the compilation of ethnobotanical, taxonomic and pharmacologic information for each species, this book is a valuable resource for researchers, academics in pharmacology, ethnopharmacology, medicinal plant sciences, and more. Explores the therapeutic potential of a comprehensive selection of underexplored and underutilized medicinal plants in sub-Sahara Africa Provides a summary table of structures of any known natural products, including details of plant source (chapter) and observed activity (e.g. anticancer, antibacterial) Includes contributions from experts from South African, Mauritius, Seychelles, Cameroon and Nigeria

Secondary Metabolites Of Medicinal Plants

Author : Bharat Singh
ISBN : 9783527825585
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21. 87 MB
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Covers the structurally diverse secondary metabolites of medicinal plants, including their ethnopharmacological properties, biological activity, and production strategies Secondary metabolites of plants are a treasure trove of novel compounds with potential pharmaceutical applications. Consequently, the nature of these metabolites as well as strategies for the targeted expression and/or purification is of high interest. Regarding their biological and pharmacological activity and ethnopharmacological properties, this book offers a comprehensive treatment of 100 plant species, including Abutilon, Aloe, Cannabis, Capsicum, Jasminum, Malva, Phyllanthus, Stellaria, Thymus, Vitis, Zingiber, and more. It also discusses the cell culture conditions and various strategies used for enhancing the production of targeted metabolites in plant cell cultures. Secondary Metabolites of Medicinal Plants: Ethnopharmacological Properties, Biological Activity and Production Strategies is presented in four parts. Part I provides a complete introduction to the subject. Part II looks at the ethnomedicinal and pharmacological properties, chemical structures, and culture conditions of secondary metabolites. The third part examines the many strategies of secondary metabolites production, including: biotransformation; culture conditions; feeding of precursors; genetic transformation; immobilization; and oxygenation. The last section concludes with an overview of everything learned. -Provides information on cell culture conditions and targeted extraction of secondary metabolites confirmed by relevant literature -Presents the structures of secondary metabolites of 100 plant species together with their biological and pharmacological activity -Discusses plant species regarding their distribution, habitat, and ethnopharmacalogical properties -Presents strategies of secondary metabolites production, such as organ culture, pH, elicitation, hairy root cultures, light, and mutagenesis Secondary Metabolites of Medicinal Plants is an important book for students, professionals, and biotechnologists interested in the biological and pharmacological activity and ethnopharmacological properties of plants.

Medicinal Plants In Asia For Metabolic Syndrome

Author : Christophe Wiart
ISBN : 9781351711333
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20. 71 MB
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Medicinal Plants in Asia for Metabolic Syndrome: Natural Products and Molecular Basis offers an in-depth view into the metabolic syndrome pharmacology of natural products with an emphasis on their molecular basis, cellular pathways, metabolic organs, and endocrine regulations. This sensational volume provides the scientific names, botanical classifications, botanical descriptions, medicinal uses, chemical constituents, and pharmacological activities of more than 100 Asian plants, with high quality original botanical plates, chemical structures, and pharmacological diagrams. It also lists hundreds of carefully selected bibliographical references, constituents on insulin resistance, obesity, atherosclerosis, atherogenic dyslipidemia, and endothelial dysfunction.

Medicinal Plants 2

Author : Schmelzer, G.H. & Gurib-Fakim, A.
ISBN : 9789290815204
Genre : Medicinal plants
File Size : 65. 75 MB
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Handbook Of Medicinal Plants

Author : Zohara Yaniv
ISBN : 1560229950
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 46 MB
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Stay up-to-date with this important contribution to rationalized botanical medicine The Handbook of Medicinal Plants explores state-of-the-art developments in the field of botanical medicine. Nineteen experts from around the world provide vital information on natural products and herbal medicines—from their earliest relevance in various cultures to today’s cutting-edge biotechnologies. Educated readers, practitioners, and academics of natural sciences will benefit from the text’s rich list of references as well as numerous tables, figures, and color photographs and illustrations. The Handbook of Medicinal Plants is divided into three main sections. The first section covers the use of herbal medicines throughout history in China, Australia, the Americas, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean, emphasizing the need for future medicinal plant research. The second section discusses the latest technologies in production and breeding, crop improvement, farming, and plant research. The third section focuses on groundbreaking advances in the medicinal application of therapeutic herbs. In the Handbook of Medicinal Plants, you will gain new knowledge about: recent research and development in Chinese herbal medicine modern methods of evaluating the efficacy of medicinal plants by “screening” the newest developments of in vitro cultivation prevention and therapy of cancer and other diseases using medicinal plants the challenges and threats to medicinal plant research today trends in phytomedicine in the new millennium The Handbook of Medicinal Plants demonstrates the global relevance of sharing local knowledge about phytomedicines, and highlights the need to make information on plants available on a worldwide basis. With this book, you can help meet the challenge to find scientifically rationalized medicines that are safer, more effective, and readily available to patients from all walks of life.

An Ethnopharmacological Study Of Medicinal Plants Of The Kamilaroi And Muruwari Aboriginal Communities In Northern New South Wales

Author : Qian Liu
ISBN : OCLC:434764868
Genre : Ethnobotany
File Size : 80. 31 MB
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Ethnoecology And Medicinal Plants Of The Highland Maya

Author : John Richard Stepp
ISBN : 9783319693156
Genre : Nature
File Size : 69. 36 MB
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Plants play a central role in human existence. Medicinal plants, in particular, have allowed for the continued survival of the human species. This book, based on over a decade of research in Southern Mexico with the Highland Maya, explores the relationship between medicinal plants, traditional ecological knowledge and the environment. The biodiversity of the region remains among the highest in the world, comprising more than 9000 plant species. Over 1600 employed for medicinal uses and knowledge for approximately 600 species is widespread. Medicinal plants play an overwhelmingly primary role in the daily health care of the Highland Maya. Three principal objectives are addressed: 1) identifying which medicinal plants are used; 2) determining the role of environmental variation on use and selection of medicinal plants; and 3) identifying which habitats are preferred for medicinal plant procurement. Findings demonstrate the overwhelming importance of human modified environments for medicinal plants. Explanations are presented from human ecology and biochemical ecology. Implications for conservation, health and the environment are discussed.

Ethnobotany And Ethnopharmacology Of Q Eqchi Maya Medicinal Plants From Southern Belize Used For Ethnopsychiatric And Neurological Purposes

Author : Natalie Bourbonnais-Spear
ISBN : OCLC:156910444
Genre : University of Ottawa theses
File Size : 88. 38 MB
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Author : José L. Martinez
ISBN : 9780429841798
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 50. 55 MB
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Ethnobotany includes the traditional use of plants in different fields like medicine and agriculture. This book incorporates important studies based on ethnobotany of different geographic zones. The book covers medicinaland aromatic plants, ethnopharmacology, bioactive molecules, plants used in cancer, hypertension, disorders of the central nervous system, and also as antipsoriatic, antibacterial, antioxidant, antiurolithiatic. The book will be useful for a diverse group of readers including plant scientists, pharmacologists, clinicians, herbalists, natural therapy experts, chemists, microbiologists, NGOs and those who are interested in traditional therapies.

Ethnomedicinal Plants

Author : V R Mohan
ISBN : 9388173007
Genre :
File Size : 90. 71 MB
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At first fleeting look, "Ethnomedicinal Plants: A Biodiversity Treasure" appears to be a medical compendium of plants intended as a guide and reference resource for professionals in the field. Anyone who picks up this book, it contains nuggets of information that would interest a great many readers, from school children to teachers, from undergraduates to researchers, from homemakers to business people and of course, the healthcare professionals. The aim of this book was to review the current status of ethnomedicinal plants research in light of the surge in the demand for herbal medicine. A great deal of information about the traditional uses of plants is still intact with tribal peoples. This book focuses on the ethnobotanical survey and ethnopharmacology of medicinal plants as a whole. The primary intention in writing such a book is to attract graduate students and spur their interests in medicinal plant research. As a result of teaching many undergraduate and graduate students about plant natural products in a wide range of plant biology courses, the need for a comprehensive yet thorough collection of information on what kinds of natural products plants produce, including why they produce them, became very apparent. The strength of this book are, the topics were carefully selected and user friendly for the serious reader or researcher. This book has added more to the existing discoveries of the relevance of plants and its usefulness in various ailments. Hope, this book will give impetus to the conservation of ethnopharmacologically useful plants.

Herbal Medicines

Author : Giacinto Bagetta
ISBN : 9781439837696
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 36. 1 MB
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The deregulation of dietary supplements and natural products marketing by the FDA has widened the natural products market in Europe and worldwide. While the discussion about the validity of the plant approach to nutrition and diseases treatment continues, the explosion of the use of whatever is considered "natural" has generated concern about effec

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