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Exit Voice And Loyalty

Author : Albert O. Hirschman
ISBN : 0674276604
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 39. 17 MB
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An innovator in contemporary thought on economic and political development looks here at decline rather than growth. Albert O. Hirschman makes a basic distinction between alternative ways of reacting to deterioration in business firms and, in general, to dissatisfaction with organizations: one, “exit,” is for the member to quit the organization or for the customer to switch to the competing product, and the other, “voice,” is for members or customers to agitate and exert influence for change “from within.” The efficiency of the competitive mechanism, with its total reliance on exit, is questioned for certain important situations. As exit often undercuts voice while being unable to counteract decline, loyalty is seen in the function of retarding exit and of permitting voice to play its proper role. The interplay of the three concepts turns out to illuminate a wide range of economic, social, and political phenomena. As the author states in the preface, “having found my own unifying way of looking at issues as diverse as competition and the two-party system, divorce and the American character, black power and the failure of 'unhappy' top officials to resign over Vietnam, I decided to let myself go a little.”

Rethinking Albert O Hirschman S Exit Voice And Loyalty

Author : Selina Sher Ling Lim
ISBN : OCLC:144512142
Genre : Loyalty
File Size : 82. 18 MB
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Abstract: This research explores the concept of national loyalty within today's context of international migration and globalization. It seeks to provide a systematic understanding of national loyalty that, thus far, has been widely accepted by most citizens as a social fact and assumed to be an inherent trait. Probing deeper, however, we realize that our understanding of national loyalty is superficial, made ever more shaky by today's ease of international travel, increasingly porous territorial borders, and images of the global citizen who is at home anywhere in the world. Academically, our understanding of national loyalty has also been mired in intellectual, philosophical, and rhetorical debates over the concept of the nation and national identity. Still, the realization that national loyalty is particularly vital during times when the nation-state is at some major cross road, or faced with the greatest challenge ever yet, is not lost on political leaders throughout the world, especially since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, on the World Trade Center in New York. What, then, is national loyalty? How is it able to coexist with our claim to be global citizens and free-floating individuals who belong nowhere and everywhere? And how may we reinforce this feeling of national belonging, especially in a world that encourages flexibility and fluid identities? This study starts with the premise that all of us are, to a greater or lesser degree, national loyalists at heart. Using Albert O. Hirschman's exit-voice-loyalty concepts as the organizing framework, this dissertation systematizes and contributes to a more nuanced understanding national loyalty by elaborating on and adapting Hirschman's concepts to today's context of international migration, in addition to developing a typology of national loyalists. This typology is further fine-tuned, using information gathered from in-depth, one-on-one interviews with Singapore emigrants and residents. Finally, this study analyzes the participants' responses in the light of Singapore's cultural, political, and institutional contexts, and proposes several policy recommendations with the aim of enabling the Singapore government to better foster national loyalty among its emigrants and residents.

Exit Voice And Loyalty In Asia

Author : Takashi Inoguchi
ISBN : 9789811047244
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56. 64 MB
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This book provides insightful observations and analyses of Asian citizens’ behaviour associated with requests to get a permit in conditions typically characterized by bureaucratic callousness. Using the AsiaBarometer Survey data on quality of life, it studies various types of behaviour using the multi-level regression models for 32 countries. In doing so, the book provides insights into how these societies cope with the state’s bureaucratism using Albert Hirschman’s concepts of Exit, Voice and Loyalty. Arguments are then juxtaposed with issues such as rampant corruption, government regulatory principles and measures, and calls by international organisations and non-governmental groups for business firms to be more strictly bound. Given the generally receding tide of democracy in Asian societies, this book will be of interest to academics, business, mass media and other professionals.

Exit Voice And Loyalty In City Communities

Author : Alan Whitehead
ISBN : OCLC:1154889573
Genre :
File Size : 59. 40 MB
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Opposition In The Gdr

Author : Jonathan Grix
ISBN : OCLC:1154222783
Genre :
File Size : 65. 92 MB
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Exit Voice And Loyalty The Role Of Migration In The Process Of Development And Democratization

Author : Dominik Hueller
ISBN : 9783656862024
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 70. 64 MB
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The following thesis will examine the process of Development and Democratization. More precisely, it will prove whether Albert O. Hirschman’s “Exit, Voice, and Loyalty” (EVL)- framework allows for a more coherent explanation of the transitional mechanisms. In 1992 Paul Krugman raised the motion to rethink and resurrect the “high development theory” of the years prior to 1960. His “counter-counterrevolution” opposed the dominant neoclassical approach towards development and urged the scholarship to leave the intellectual parochialism and to take up the thread, laid out by scientists like Rosenstein-Rodan or Hirschman. Down to the present day, the scientific community of the development-science hasn’t been able to produce a “universally accepted doctrine or paradigm. Instead (there is) a continually, evolving pattern of insights and understandings that together provide the basis for learning the possibilities of contemporary development [...].” The four predominant theories in the history, namely Modernization Theory, Structural-Change, Dependency School and the Neoclassical Market-Fundamentalism will be introduced and shown how the role of migration is integrated respectively. Hereinafter the EVL-concept will be explained and whether it can give further insights into the nexus of development and democracy. The set-up hypothesis, which will be tested, is the following: The initial point is an authoritarian regime. Once a country achieved a certain threshold of development, the people do not only have the inherently volition of freedom but also the ability to articulate their demands. If we assume that the former mentioned concept of “Exit, Voice, and Loyalty” can be applied, the people have three options to do so. They can go literally or metaphorically on the streets and raise their voice against the incumbent regime or they can migrate from their homecountry to another state, where a modern political system is already in place. The last alternative is that they do neither and continue with their ordinary life, staying loyal to the current government. To encapsulate, we should be able to spot a higher degree of democracy in a particular country if the rate of emigration is lower, than in a country where the people just leave their patria.

Exit Voice Dynamics And The Collapse Of East Germany

Author : Steven Pfaff
ISBN : 0822337657
Genre : History
File Size : 69. 80 MB
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DIVA critical and comparative reexamination of the East German revolution of 1989 and its aftermath, suggesting which causal mechanisms account for the collapse of the East German state and German reunification./div

Local Community Responses To Effects Of The Colombian Conflict

Author : Sarah Elizabeth Holsen
ISBN : UCSD:31822009432386
Genre : Colombia
File Size : 60. 50 MB
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On The Fruitful Convergences Of Hirschman S Exit Voice And Loyalty And Shifting Involvements

Author : Guillermo A. O'Donnell
ISBN : UTEXAS:059173018695621
Genre : Argentina
File Size : 84. 69 MB
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A Propensity To Self Subversion

Author : Albert O. Hirschman
ISBN : 0674715586
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 71. 75 MB
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In the substantial essays that open this collection, Hirschman reappraises points he made in such books as Exit, Voice, and Loyalty, The Strategy of Economic Development, and the Rhetoric of Reaction. Subsequent essays fruitfully reexplore the themes of Latin American development and market society that have occupied him throughout his career. Hirschman also forays into new puzzles, such as the likely impact, negative or otherwise, of the Eastern European revolutions of 1989 on the Third World, the on-and-off connections between political and economic progress, and the role of conflict in enhancing community spirit in a liberal democracy.

The European Community In Change

Author : Joseph H. H. Weiler
ISBN : OCLC:182913672
Genre : International and municipal law
File Size : 60. 46 MB
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Predicting Exit Voice Loyalty And Neglect

Author : Michael J. Withey
ISBN : CORNELL:31924071669877
Genre : Employees
File Size : 54. 5 MB
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Powers Of Theory

Author : Robert R. Alford
ISBN : 0521316359
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 29. 9 MB
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An evaluation of different theories of the nature of the state in capitalist democracies.

Rival Views Of Market Society And Other Recent Essays

Author : Albert O. Hirschman
ISBN : 0674773039
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 83. 29 MB
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Since the mid-twentieth century Albert O. Hirschman has been known for his innovative, lucid, and brilliantly argued contributions to economics, the history of ideas, and the social sciences. Two central and already widely admired essays in this collection explore new territory. The title essay distinguishes among four very different conceptions of the characteristics and dynamics of capitalist societies. A related plea for embracing complexity is made in "Against Parsimony," a wide-ranging critique of traditional economic models. In other writings Hirschman revisits his own views on economic development, the concept of interest, and the roles of "exit" and "voice" in economic and social systems. This volume reaffirms the powerful originality and enduring value of Hirschman's work.

Nathan Boone And The American Frontier

Author : R. Douglas Hurt
ISBN : 0826260837
Genre : History
File Size : 81. 39 MB
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Celebrated as one of America's frontier heroes, Daniel Boone left a legacy that made the Boone name almost synonymous with frontier settlement. Nathan Boone, the youngest of Daniel's sons, played a vital role in American pioneering, following in much the same steps as his famous father. In Nathan Boone and the American Frontier, R. Douglas Hurt presents for the first time the life of this important frontiersman. Based on primary collections, newspaper articles, government documents, and secondary sources, this well-crafted biography begins with Nathan's childhood in present-day Kentucky and Virginia and then follows his family's move to Missouri. Hurt traces Boone's early activities as a hunter, trapper, and surveyor, as well as his leadership of a company of rangers during the War of 1812. After the war, Boone returned to survey work. In 1831, he organized another company of rangers for the Black Hawk War and returned to military life, making it his career. The remainder of the book recounts Boone's activities with the army in Iowa and the Indian Territory, where he was the first Boone to gain notice outside Missouri or Kentucky. Even today his work is recognized in the form of state parks, buildings, and place-names. Although Nathan Boone was an important figure, he lived much of his life in the shadow of his father. R. Douglas Hurt, however, makes a strong case for Nathan's contribution to the larger context of life in the American backcountry, especially the execution of military and Indian policy and the settlement of the frontier. By recognizing the significant role that Nathan Boone played, Nathan Boone and the American Frontier also provides the recognition due the many unheralded frontiersmen who helped settle the West. Anyone with an interest in the history of Missouri, the frontier, or the Boone name will find this book informative and compelling.


Author : Sara Lawrence-Lightfoot
ISBN : 9781429942744
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38. 44 MB
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From a renowned sociologist, the wisdom of saying goodbye Sara Lawrence-Lightfoot is enthralled by exits: long farewells, quick goodbyes, sudden endings, the ordinary and the extraordinary. There's a relationship, she attests, between small goodbyes and our ability "to master and mark the larger farewells." In Exit, her tenth book, she explores the ways we leave one thing and move on to the next; how we anticipate, define, and reflect on our departures; our epiphanies that something is over and done with. Lawrence-Lightfoot, a sociologist and a professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, has interviewed more than a dozen women and men in states of major change, and she paints their portraits with sympathy and insight: a gay man who finds home and wholeness after coming out; a sixteen-year-old boy forced to leave Iran in the midst of the violent civil war; a Catholic priest who leaves the church he has always been devoted to, he life he has loved, and the work that has been deeply fulfilling; an anthropologist who carefully stages her departure from he "field" after four years of research; and many more. Too often, Lawrence-Lightfoot believes, we exalt new beginnings t the expense of learning from our goodbyes. Exit finds isdom and perspective in the possibility of moving on and marks the start of a new conversation, to help us discover how we might make our exits with purpose and dignity.

Public Choice Iii

Author : Dennis C. Mueller
ISBN : 0521894751
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 25. 80 MB
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Adolescent Identities

Author : Deborah L. Browning
ISBN : 9781135830113
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 81. 48 MB
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Adolescent Identities draws the reader into the inner world of the adolescent to examine the process of identity formation through the various lenses of history, anthropology, sociology, psychology, and psychoanalysis. The volume reveals there is no single "normal" adolescent, nor is there a singular adolescent experience. Editor Deborah L. Browning illustrates that in the course of development, each individual must integrate one’s unique biologically-given constitution and temperament, personal life history, and the influence of the social and cultural milieu. The book consists of six sections, arranged by concentric circles of influence, from the most exterior, identifiable, and potentially overt and conscious, to the most internal, private, and potentially unconscious concerns. Opening papers are drawn from sociology, European history, and cross-cultural anthropology, and address the question of whether and how adolescence can be considered a stage in development. The second section explores how visible or potentially knowable minority statuses are experienced, and how these interact with individual identity processes. Moving closer to the adolescent’s interpersonal world, the third section presents papers about intimate relationships between adolescents and about the conscious preoccupations of adolescents when they are alone. Extensive excerpts of Erikson’s most important contributions on identity formation and adolescence are offered in the fourth section. Papers on the most internal, private, and potentially unconscious conflicts comprise the fifth section. The book concludes with a section of papers on "failed solutions" to the challenge of adolescent identity consolidation: homelessness, drug abuse, eating disorders, and suicide. Adolescent Identities provides mental health practitioners, teachers, and graduate students in both fields with a variety of perspectives on the internal experience of adolescents.

Responses To Psychological Contract Breach

Author : Kohyar Kiazad
ISBN : 9781921775239
Genre : Employee rights
File Size : 36. 12 MB
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On Exit

Author : Dagmar Borchers
ISBN : 9783110270860
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 60. 49 MB
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On Exit provides fresh, new perspectives on the debates on the rights of individuals against their own cultural or religious groups. It brings together scholars from different disciplines to discuss some of the key questions concerning the relations of cultural and religious groups, group members, citizens, and the state within Western liberal democracies. The volume revisits some of the theoretical controversies revolving around the right of exit, and provides insights into the more practical problems of cultural accommodation.

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