experimental combustion an introduction

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Experimental Combustion

Author : D. P. Mishra
ISBN : 9781466517363
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 48 MB
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Fulfilling the need for a classical approach, Experimental Combustion: An Introduction begins with an overview of the key aspects of combustion—including chemical kinetics, premixed flame, diffusion flame, and liquid droplet combustion—followed by a discussion of the general elements of measurement systems and data acquisition and analysis. In addition to these aspects, thermal flow measurements, gas composition measurements, and optical combustion diagnostics are covered extensively. Building upon this foundation in the fundamentals, the text addresses measurements, instruments, analyses, and diagnostics specific to combustion experiments, as well as: Describes the construction, working principles, application areas, and limitations of the necessary instruments for combustion systems Familiarizes the reader with the procedure for uncertainty analysis in combustion experiments Discusses advanced optical techniques, namely particle image velocimetry (PIV), laser Doppler anemometry (LDA), and planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) methods From stoichiometry to smoke meters and statistical analysis, Experimental Combustion: An Introduction provides a solid understanding of the underlying concepts and measurement tools required for the execution and interpretation of practical combustion experiments.

Introduction To Catalytic Combustion

Author : R.E. Hayes
ISBN : 9056990926
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 19 MB
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In a clear and concise manner, this book explains how to apply concepts in chemical reaction engineering and transport phenomena to the design of catalytic combustion systems. Although there are many textbooks on the subject of chemical reaction engineering, catalytic combustion is mentioned either only briefly or not at all. The authors have chosen three examples where catalytic combustion is utilized as a primary combustion process and natural gas is used as a fuel - stationary gas turbines, process fluid heaters, and radiant heaters; these cover much of the area where research is currently most active. In each of these there are clear environmental benefits to be gained illustrating catalytic combustion as a "cleaner primary combustion process" . The dominant heat transfer processes in each of the applications are different, as are the support systems, flow geometrics and operating conditions.

An Introduction To Thermodynamic Cycle Simulations For Internal Combustion Engines

Author : Jerald A. Caton
ISBN : 9781119037569
Genre : TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING
File Size : 48. 59 MB
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This book provides an introduction to basic thermodynamic engine cycle simulations, and provides a substantial set of results. Key features includes comprehensive and detailed documentation of the mathematical foundations and solutions required for thermodynamic engine cycle simulations. The book includes a thorough presentation of results based on the second law of thermodynamics as well as results for advanced, high efficiency engines. Case studies that illustrate the use of engine cycle simulations are also provided.

Experiments And Numerical Simulations Of Turbulent Combustion Of Diluted Sprays

Author : Bart Merci
ISBN : 9783319046785
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24. 40 MB
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This book reflects the results of the 2nd and 3rd International Workshops on Turbulent Spray Combustion. The focus is on progress in experiments and numerical simulations for two-phase flows, with emphasis on spray combustion. Knowledge of the dominant phenomena and their interactions allows development of predictive models and their use in combustor and gas turbine design. Experts and young researchers present the state-of-the-art results, report on the latest developments and exchange ideas in the areas of experiments, modelling and simulation of reactive multiphase flows. The first chapter reflects on flame structure, auto-ignition and atomization with reference to well-characterized burners, to be implemented by modellers with relative ease. The second chapter presents an overview of first simulation results on target test cases, developed at the occasion of the 1st International Workshop on Turbulent Spray Combustion. In the third chapter, evaporation rate modelling aspects are covered, while the fourth chapter deals with evaporation effects in the context of flamelet models. In chapter five, LES simulation results are discussed for variable fuel and mass loading. The final chapter discusses PDF modelling of turbulent spray combustion. In short, the contributions in this book are highly valuable for the research community in this field, providing in-depth insight into some of the many aspects of dilute turbulent spray combustion.

Advances In Combustion Toxicology

Author : Gordon E. Hartzell
ISBN : 0877628866
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 27. 2 MB
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Introduction To Combustion Phenomena

Author : Kanury A Murty
ISBN : 0677026900
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36. 87 MB
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Experimental And Computational Studies Of Combustion And Instantaneous Heat Transfer In A Ceramic Diesel Engine

Author : Stefan Simescu
ISBN : WISC:89066546482
Genre :
File Size : 59. 5 MB
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Introduction To Modeling And Control Of Internal Combustion Engine Systems

Author : L. Guzzella
ISBN : 354022274X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71. 94 MB
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Internal combustion engines still have a potential for substantial improvements, particularly with regard to fuel efficiency and environmental compatibility. These goals can be achieved with help of control systems. Modeling and Control of Internal Combustion Engines (ICE) addresses these issues by offering an introduction to cost-effective model-based control system design for ICE. The primary emphasis is put on the ICE and its auxiliary devices. Mathematical models for these processes are developed in the text and selected feedforward and feedback control problems are discussed. The appendix contains a summary of the most important controller analysis and design methods, and a case study that analyzes a simplified idle-speed control problem. The book is written for students interested in the design of classical and novel ICE control systems.

Modeling Engine Spray And Combustion Processes

Author : Gunnar Stiesch
ISBN : 3540006826
Genre : Computers
File Size : 81. 80 MB
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The utilization of mathematical models to numerically describe the performance of internal combustion engines is of great significance in the development of new and improved engines. Today, such simulation models can already be viewed as standard tools, and their importance is likely to increase further as available com puter power is expected to increase and the predictive quality of the models is constantly enhanced. This book describes and discusses the most widely used mathematical models for in-cylinder spray and combustion processes, which are the most important subprocesses affecting engine fuel consumption and pollutant emissions. The relevant thermodynamic, fluid dynamic and chemical principles are summarized, and then the application of these principles to the in-cylinder processes is ex plained. Different modeling approaches for the each subprocesses are compared and discussed with respect to the governing model assumptions and simplifica tions. Conclusions are drawn as to which model approach is appropriate for a specific type of problem in the development process of an engine. Hence, this book may serve both as a graduate level textbook for combustion engineering stu dents and as a reference for professionals employed in the field of combustion en gine modeling. The research necessary for this book was carried out during my employment as a postdoctoral scientist at the Institute of Technical Combustion (ITV) at the Uni versity of Hannover, Germany and at the Engine Research Center (ERC) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

Combustion Calorimetry

Author : Stig Sunner
ISBN : 9781483151083
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 76 MB
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Combustion Calorimetry deals with expertise knowledge concerning the calorimetry of combustion reactions of an element or compound. After defining the use of units and physical constants, the book discusses the basic principles of combustion calorimetry and the various instruments and calorimeters used in the experiments to measure operations concerning temperatures and its time variations. One paper discusses the theory and design criteria of combustion calorimeter calibration. Another paper discusses the results obtained from a combustion calorimeter after it has measured the energy or enthalpy of combustion of an element or compound. The book then presents the need to define accurately the exact process in which a measured energy or enthalpy change is acknowledged. One paper then presents how to find an assessment of uncertainty for any experimentally determined value through analysis of random errors and the propagation of errors. Several papers discuss the combustion calorimetry of metals, of organometallic compounds, and of fluorine. One paper presents the technological applications of heat reaction especially in the design of a chemical production plant where a reactor volume should desirably be least expensive. The book then discusses the trends in combustion calorimetry such as the prevalence of a miniaturized bomb combustion calorimetry. This volume will be beneficial to researches, technicians, and scientists in the field of catalysis, biochemistry, synthetic chemistry, and medicine.

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