famine-affluence-and-morality

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Famine Affluence And Morality

Author : Peter Singer
ISBN : 9780190219208
Genre : Famines
File Size : 52. 17 MB
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First published in 1972, Singer's essay argued that choosing not to send life-saving money to starving people on the other side of the earth is the moral equivalent of neglecting to save drowning children because we prefer not to muddy our shoes. In this publication, his essay is accompanied by other pieces on our obligations to others, as well as a new introduction that discusses Singer's current thinking.

World Hunger And Moral Obligation

Author : William Aiken
ISBN : UOM:39015008269196
Genre : Food relief
File Size : 87. 83 MB
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Lifeboat ethics : the case against helping the poor / Garrett Hardin -- Famine, affluence, and morality / Peter Singer -- Rights and the duty to bring aid / John Arthur -- Morality and starvation / Jan Narveson -- Moral philosophy and world hunger / William K. Frankena -- The right to be saved from starvation / William Aiken -- Give if it helps but not if it hurts / Joseph Fletcher -- Reason and morality in a world of limited food / Richard A. Watson -- The morality of wealth / Michael A. Slote -- Lifeboat earth / Onora O'Neill -- Productive justice / Howard Richards -- Vegetarianism and "The other weight problem" / James Rachels.

Oxford Studies In Normative Ethics

Author : Mark C. Timmons
ISBN : 9780198828310
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 63. 98 MB
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Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics is an annual forum for new work in normative ethical theory. Leading philosophers present original contributions to our understanding of a wide range of moral issues and positions, from analysis of competing approaches to normative ethics (including moral realism, constructivism, and expressivism) to questions of how we should act and live well. OSNE will be an essential resource for scholars and students working in moral philosophy.

Facing Up To Scarcity

Author : Barbara Fried
ISBN : 9780198847878
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 78. 75 MB
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Facing Up to Scarcity offers a powerful critique of the nonconsequentialist approaches that have been dominant in Anglophone moral and political thought over the last fifty years. In these essays Barbara H. Fried examines the leading schools of contemporary nonconsequentialist thought, including Rawlsianism, Kantianism, libertarianism, and social contractarianism. In the realm of moral philosophy, she argues that nonconsequentialist theories grounded in the sanctity of "individual reasons" cannot solve the most important problems taken to be within their domain. Those problems, which arise from irreducible conflicts among legitimate (and often identical) individual interests, can be resolved only through large-scale interpersonal trade-offs of the sort that nonconsequentialism foundationally rejects. In addition to scrutinizing the internal logic of nonconsequentialist thought, Fried considers the disastrous social consequences when nonconsequentialist intuitions are allowed to drive public policy. In the realm of political philosophy, she looks at the treatment of distributive justice in leading nonconsequentialist theories. Here one can design distributive schemes roughly along the lines of the outcomes favoured--but those outcomes are not logically entailed by the normative premises from which they are ostensibly derived, and some are extraordinarily strained interpretations of those premises. Fried concludes, as a result, that contemporary nonconsequentialist political philosophy has to date relied on weak justifications for some very strong conclusions.

The Methods Of Bioethics

Author : John McMillan
ISBN : 9780199603756
Genre : Medical
File Size : 62. 13 MB
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This is the first book in bioethics that explains how it is that you actually go about doing good bioethics. Bioethics has made a mistake about its methods, and this has led not only to too much theorizing, but also fragmentation within bioethics. The unhelpful disputes between those who think bioethics needs to be more philosophical, more sociological, more clinical, or more empirical, continue. While each of these claims will have some point, they obscure what should be common to all instances of bioethics. Moreover, they provide another phantom that can lead newcomers to bioethics down blind alleyways stalked by bristling sociologists and philosophers. The method common to all bioethics is bringing moral reason to bear upon ethical issues, and it is more accurate and productive to clarify what this involves than to stake out a methodological patch that shows why one discipline is the most important. This book develops an account of the nature of bioethics and then explains how a number of methodological spectres have obstructed bioethics becoming what it should. In the final part, it explains how moral reason can be brought to bear upon practical issues via an 'empirical, Socratic' approach.

Oxford Studies In Normative Ethics

Author : Mark Timmons
ISBN : 9780198846253
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 74. 54 MB
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Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics is an annual forum for new work in normative ethical theory. Leading philosophers present original contributions to our understanding of a wide range of moral issues and positions, from analysis of competing approaches to normative ethics (including moral realism, constructivism, and expressivism) to questions of how we should act and live well. OSNE will be an essential resource for scholars and students working in moral philosophy.

The Oxford Handbook Of Consequentialism

Author : Douglas W. Portmore
ISBN : 9780190905323
Genre : Consequentialism (Ethics)
File Size : 86. 13 MB
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"This handbook contains thirty-two previously unpublished contributions to consequentialist ethics by leading scholars, covering what's happening in the field today as well as pointing to new directions for future research. Consequentialism is a rival to such moral theories as deontology, contractualism, and virtue ethics. But it's more than just one rival among many, for every plausible moral theory must concede that the goodness of an act's consequences is something that matters even if it's not the only thing that matters. Thus, all plausible moral theories will accept both that the fact that an act would produce good consequences constitutes a moral reason to perform it and that the better that act's consequences the moral reason there is to perform it. Now, if this is correct, then much of the research concerning consequentialist ethics is important for ethics in general. For instance, one thing that consequentialist researchers have investigated is what sorts of consequences matter: the consequences that some act would have or the consequences that it could have-if, say, the agent were to follow up by performing some subsequent act. And it's reasonable to suppose that the answer to such questions will be relevant for normative ethics regardless of whether the goodness of consequences is the only thing matters (as consequentialists presume) or just one of many things that matter (as non-consequentialists presume)"--

World Hunger And Morality

Author : William Aiken
ISBN : UOM:39015034531031
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 73. 21 MB
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World Hunger and Morality contains the best current thinking about the appropriate moral response to world hunger. KEY TOPICS: The focus and content of this second edition is radically different from the first. Most of the essays are new to this volume. In fact, most of the new essays were written especially for this volume. It presents essays which helped shape the changing understanding of world hunger; includes work by some of today's pre-eminent ethicists; discusses the problem of intra-national as well as international hunger; and considers how gender differences play a part in understanding, and solving world hunger.

Social Ethics Morality And Social Policy

Author : Thomas A. Mappes
ISBN : STANFORD:36105124304960
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 28. 81 MB
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Provides material that encourages reflective and critical examination of key contemporary moral problems. This book enhances the teachability and maintains its ability to bring the central issues into clear focus, while allowing supporting arguments for diverse positions to be presented by those who embrace them.

Vice Virtue In Everyday Life

Author : Christina Hoff Sommers
ISBN : UCSC:32106016182070
Genre : Ethics
File Size : 20. 72 MB
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Michigan Academician

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015032056122
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 23 MB
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The Right Thing To Do Basic Readings In Moral Philosophy

Author : Stuart Rachels
ISBN : UOM:39015078800979
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 80. 40 MB
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"Moral philosophy is the study of how one should live. This anthology is an introduction to the that great subject. The readings cover the main moral theories and present a wealth of ideas about various practical matters."--

The Global Politics Of Aids

Author : Paul G. Harris
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123227733
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73. 99 MB
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"With more than 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS, and more than 25 million dead from related diseases since the early 1980s, the need to understand the causes and impact of the pandemic is manifest. In response, The Global Politics of AIDS explores power and politics at multiple levels, ranging from individual behavior to corporate boardrooms to international institutions and forces." "The authors combine careful scholarship with sensitivity to both the suffering of those afflicted and the frustration of those seeking to bring about meaningful change. All royalties from sales of the book will be donated to AIDS-related charities."--BOOK JACKET.

Morality Matters

Author : Jeffrey R. Di Leo
ISBN : IND:30000085299364
Genre : Applied ethics
File Size : 80. 64 MB
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How do race, class, and gender issues affect moral philosophy? This question is the focus of this ambitious new applied ethics anthology. Author Jeffrey R. Di Leo complements classical and contemporary readings with materials drawn from film, fiction, court cases, and current events to create this highly flexible and versatile volume.

Ethics And Poverty

Author : R. A. Akanmidu
ISBN : PSU:000043391080
Genre : Ethics
File Size : 61. 1 MB
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Liberty And Justice

Author : Brian Barry
ISBN : 0198272995
Genre : Democracy
File Size : 60. 55 MB
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Brian Barry enjoys a reputation as a leading political thinker, interested both in theories about how social institutions ought to work and theories about how they do work. He is particularly concerned with the connections between the two kinds of theory. There is widely perceived to be a crisis in liberal political philosophy, and a number of the pieces collected here ask what intellectual resources are available to defend a system of liberal rights. The volume also contains Barry's writings on international and intergeneration justice as well as an essay on the general topic of distributive justice that reflects his most recent thinking on the subject. Written in an accessible style which does not presuppose any previous knowledge of the field, this book should prove indispensable to students as well as for the enthusiast with an interest in the central problems of political theory.

Western Philosophy

Author : John Cottingham
ISBN : UOM:39015041734321
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 67. 63 MB
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From ancient Greece to the leading philosophers of today, Western Philosophy: An Anthology provides the most comprehensive and authoritative survey of the Western philosophical tradition.In 100 substantial and carefully chosen extracts, the volume covers all the main branches of philosophy - theory of knowledge and metaphysics, philosophy of mind, religion and science, moral philosophy (theoretical and applied), political theory and aesthetics. Chronologically and thematically arranged, the readings are introduced and linked together by a lucid philosophical commentary which guides the reader through the key arguments.This outstanding text will support a wide variety of introductory courses in philosophy, as well as providing more advanced students with a handy collection of classic source materials.

Morality Play

Author : Jessica Pierce
ISBN : UVA:X004861299
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 63. 82 MB
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The Right Thing To Do

Author : James Rachels
ISBN : UOM:39015050168221
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 58. 28 MB
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THE RIGHT THING TO DO is a collection of readings in moral theory and practical moral issues from major Western philosophers. It is the successful companion reader for the Rachels text, THE ELEMENTS OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY. This anthology explores further the theories and issues introduced in that volume, in their original and classic formulations. The collection can stand on its own as the text for a course in moral philosophy, or it can be used to supplement any introductory text. The reader begins with two essays by Rachels which provide a short introduction to moral philosophy and some basic points about arguments. Part I consists of classic and contemporary readings about the nature of morality and Part II provides contemporary essays on current moral issues. Fourteen of the 28 readings are new in the second edition (Readings 2, 8, 9, 10, 12, 16, 18, 20, 21,22, 23, 24, 25, and 28).

Contemporary Moral Problems

Author : James E. White
ISBN : 0314027386
Genre : Applied ethics
File Size : 62. 58 MB
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