farmers-gene-banks-and-crop-breeding-economic-analyses-of-diversity-in-wheat-maize-and-rice

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Farmers Gene Banks And Crop Breeding

Author : Melinda Smale
ISBN : 0792383680
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 87. 23 MB
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Addressing concerns about the loss of valuable genetic resources and crop vulnerability arising from widespread cultivation of genetically uniform varieties, this volume assembles a group of studies focusing on the fundamental economic issues related to genetic diversity in crop species, with reference to experiences in a number of developing countries. Topics include the valuation of crop genetic resources conserved ex situ; conserving crop diversity on farms; the impacts of crop diversity on productivity and stability; and policies and genetic resource utilization. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Farmers Gene Banks And Crop Breeding Economic Analyses Of Diversity In Wheat Maize And Rice

Author : Melinda Smale
ISBN : 9789400900110
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43. 32 MB
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Valuing Crop Biodiversity

Author : Melinda Smale
ISBN : 1845931505
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 84 MB
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This book examines the challenges faced by farmers trying to maintain crop biodiversity in developing and transitional economies. Using a collection of empirical case studies of farmers and crop scientists across a range of agricultural economies and income levels, it presents economic tools and methods for valuing and managing crop biodiversity. It discusses the economic benefits of crop biodiversity for farmers and suggests ways in which crop biodiversity can be supported by national policies. The book provides an indispensable 'tool kit' for all those concerned with the development of strategies to facilitate sustainable management and conservation of crop genetic diversity for future generations.

Agricultural Biodiversity And Biotechnology In Economic Development

Author : Joseph Cooper
ISBN : 9780387254098
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 80. 53 MB
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This volume summarizes the current state of knowledge in the economic literature of management of agricultural biotechnology and biodiversity in agricultural and economic development. It identifies key issues confronting policy makers in managing biodiversity and biotechnology and provides a broad, multi-disciplinary analysis of the linkage between the two. It is especially innovative in its use of plant genetic resource management as the basis for is analysis.

The Economics Of Conserving Agricultural Biodiversity On Farm

Author : Melinda Smale
ISBN : 9789290435440
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54. 20 MB
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Economic Analysis Of Diversity In Modern Wheat

Author : Erika C.H. Meng
ISBN : 9781439843529
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 83 MB
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Scientific breeding in the twentieth century greatly accelerated wheat`s evolution, producing high-yielding varieties that helped avoid famine in many developing countries. Emerging scientific tools hold promise for identifying and tapping new, useful genetic diversity within wheat`s primary and secondary gene pools and, through genetic engineering, beyond.The book describes generally how policies affect wheat genetic diversity; it looks at historical changes in wheat genetic diversity, as policy and priorities have evolved; it identifies factors that explain changes and differences in spatial diversity; and finally, it analyzes the productivity impacts of changes in diversity. Chapters define various types of crop genetic diversity and ways to measure them, framing the definitions and metrics in the contexts for which they are most relevant.

Tomorrow S Agriculture Incentives Institutions Infrastructure And Innovations Proceedings Of The Twenty Fouth International Conference Of Agricultural Economists

Author : G.H. Peters
ISBN : 9781351737159
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 29. 14 MB
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This title was first published in 2002: This volume represents some of the proceedings of the 24th conference of the International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) held in Berlin, Germany, in August 2000. The papers in this volume include the president's address, the Elmhirst Lecture and a selection of 20 contributed papers. It also includes panel discussion reports, reports on the discussion groups and mini-symposia, poster paper abstracts, and the synoptic view presented at the close of the conference by the new president of the IAAE, Joachin von Braun. The theme of the 24th conference was "Tomorrow's Agriculture: Incentives, Institutions, Infrastructure and Innovations", reflecting the rapid advances being made in the application of biotechnology in both the developed and developing worlds.

Agricultural Trade And Policy In China

Author : Scott D. Rozelle
ISBN : 9781351776714
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 35. 64 MB
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This title was first published in 2003. This prominent and commanding volume collates the best research available on China's agricultural trade. Critically analyzing the agricultural supply and demand factors that underlie trade patterns such as agricultural productivity and policy, it also explores China's agricultural trade and policy including implications for China and elsewhere. Long term issues and productivity growth are taken into consideration, as are specific issues such as WTO accession. The slate of authors combines the leading established scholars in the field and the best of the next generation, including those from China and the West.

A Training Guide For In Situ Conservation On Farm

Author : Devra I. Jarvis
ISBN : 9789290434528
Genre : Agricultural conservation
File Size : 58. 49 MB
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Farmers? Bounty

Author : Stephen B. Brush
ISBN : 9780300130140
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 73 MB
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div Biological diversity is as crucial in agriculture as it is in nature, and it is equally important to the economic health of both industrial and nonindustrial societies. This book offers a sweeping assessment of crop diversity and the potential for its preservation. Stephen B. Brush develops a framework for investigating biological diversity in agriculture that focuses on the knowledge and practice of farmers, and he shows how this human ecology perspective can be applied to three global issues that affect crop resources. Brush defines the dimensions of crop diversity and outlines the essential questions surrounding it. He describes the techniques used to maintain diversity in major crops of three cradles of agriculture in which he has worked: potatoes in the Peruvian Andes, maize in Mexico, and wheat in Turkey. Finally, he explores the policy issues surrounding genetic erosion of crop varieties, conservation of crop diversity, and ownership of genetic resources. /DIV

Farmers Scientists And Plant Breeding

Author : David Arthur Cleveland
ISBN : 085199881X
Genre : Agricultural extension work
File Size : 81. 67 MB
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The purpose of this book is to examine the nature of and relationship between the knowledge of farmers and of scientists, and how these can be best integrated in plant breeding.

Determinants Of Cereal Diversity In Communities And On House Hold Farms Of The Northern Ethiopian Highlands

Author : Samuel Benin
ISBN : 9789291461486
Genre : Agrobiodiversity
File Size : 52. 1 MB
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On farm conservation of crop diversity poses obvious policy challenges in terms of the design of appropriate incentive mechanisms and possible trade-offs between conservation and productivity. This paper compares factors explaining the inter-specific diversity (diversity among species) and infra-specific diversity (diversity among varieties within a species) of cereal crops grown in communities and on individual farms in the northern Ethiopian highlands.

International Law Of Relevance To Plant Genetic Resources A Practical Review For Scientists And Other Professionals Working With Plant Genetic Resources

Author : Susan Bragdon
ISBN : 9789290436140
Genre :
File Size : 57. 72 MB
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History and development. The FAO global system for the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. The International treaty on plant genetic resources for dood and agriculture. The Convention on Biological Diversity. Origin and movement of OGR: implications for acess and benefit-sharing policies. The TRIPS agreement. UPOV. Phytosanitary and biosafety measures. Development and improvement of genetic resources. Cross-cutting issues. Economic issues.

Determinants Of Cereal Diversity In Communities And On Households Farm Of The Northern Ethiopian Highlands

Author : Samuel Benin, Berhanu Gebremedhin, Melinda Smale, John Pender, and Simeon Ehui
ISBN :
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31. 95 MB
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Comparing Farm And Village Level Determinants Of Millet Diversity In Marginal Environments Of India The Context Of Seed Systems

Author : Latha Nagarajan, Melinda Smale, and Paul Glewwe
ISBN :
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26. 99 MB
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Cereal Genetic Resources In Europe

Author :
ISBN : 9789290436973
Genre : Crops
File Size : 56. 52 MB
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Genetic Diversity And Erosion In Plants

Author : M. R. Ahuja
ISBN : 9783319256375
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 86 MB
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Genetic erosion is the loss of genetic diversity within a species. It can happen very quickly, due to catastrophic events, or changes in land use leading to habitat loss. But it can also occur more gradually and remain unnoticed for a long time. One of the main causes of genetic erosion is the replacement of local varieties by modern varieties. Other causes include environmental degradation, urbanization, and land clearing through deforestation and brush fires. In order to conserve biodiversity in plants, it is important to targets three independent levels that include ecosystems, species and genes. Genetic diversity is important to a species’ fitness, long-term viability, and ability to adapt to changing environmental conditions. Chapters in this book are written by leading geneticists, molecular biologists and other specialists on relevant topics on genetic erosion and conservation genetic diversity in plants. This divisible set of two volumes deals with a broad spectrum of topics on genetic erosion, and approaches to biodiversity conservation in crop plants and trees. Volume 1 deals with indicators and prevention of genetic erosion, while volume 2 covers genetic diversity and erosion in a number of plants species. These two volumes will also be useful to botanists, biotechnologists, environmentalists, policy makers, conservationists, and NGOs working to manage genetic erosion and biodiversity.

Valuation And Sustainable Mangement Of Crop And Livestock Biodiversity A Review Of Appied Economics Literature

Author :
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 34. 60 MB
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Potato Diversity At Height

Author : de Haan, S.
ISBN : 9085853311
Genre :
File Size : 23. 78 MB
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ELISA tests were conduced for APMoV, PLRV, PMTV, PVY and PVX.

Managing Plant Genetic Diversity

Author : V. Ramanatha Rao
ISBN : 0851998860
Genre : Crops
File Size : 59. 68 MB
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This book contains edited and revised papers from a conference on 'Science and Technology for Managing Plant Genetic Diversity in the 21st Century' held in Malaysia in June 2000, organised by the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI). It includes keynote papers and some 40 additional ones, covering ten themes.The major scientific challenges to developing a global vision for the next century are identified and key research objectives are also discussed.

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