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Foreign Operations Export Financing And Related Programs Appropriations For 2007 Part 1b 109 2 Hearings *

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ISBN : UOM:39015085443847
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Foreign Operations Export Financing And Related Programs Appropriations For 2007

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs
ISBN : UCR:31210021143837
Genre : Economic assistance, American
File Size : 51. 78 MB
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Disabilities Inclusive Education Systems And Policies Guide For Low And Middle Income Countries

Author : Anne M. Hayes
ISBN :
Genre : Education
File Size : 39. 10 MB
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Having a disability can be one of the most marginalizing factors in a child’s life. In education, finding ways to meet the learning needs of students with disabilities can be challenging, especially in schools, districts, regions, and countries with severely limited resources. Inclusive education—which fully engages all students, including students with disabilities or other learning challenges, in quality education—has proven particularly effective in helping all students learn, even while challenges to implementing inclusive education systems remain. This guide provides suggestions for developing inclusive education systems and policies, especially for low- and middle-income countries that are moving from a segregated system toward an inclusive system of education. We specifically address the needs of countries with limited resources for implementing inclusive education. However, our strategies and recommendations can be equally useful in other contexts where inclusive education practices have not yet been adopted.

The Origins And Development Of Education In Zambia

Author : Michael J. Kelly
ISBN : STANFORD:36105110512451
Genre : Education
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This comprehensive survey of the history and status of education in Zambia contains a selection of readings from published material. The readings and accompanying editorial notes highlight some key aspects of the background to education in Zambia and major factors that have influenced education development in the country over the years. The content include: the meaning and scope of education; education in the pre-colonial era: African indigenous education and education in the colonial era.

A Look At Zambia S Road Financing Strategies The Impact Of Incongruent Policies And Budgets

Author : Yohane Tembo
ISBN : 9783954893515
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 59. 79 MB
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There are various reasons why the road asset in Zambia has been deteriorating over the past five decades since independence. Much effort to restore the road asset to its original value and keep it maintained in a good and safe condition was initiated in mid 1990s with the launch of the Road Sector Investment Plan – Phase I, which was immediately followed by the launch of a Phase II to run from 2003 to 2013. It is my appreciation that many diagnostic studies into road financing strategies which could have led to inefficient road asset management in Zambia have been undertaken, and various solutions tendered. The author takes cognizance that resource mobilization for road construction and maintenance, and subsequent allocation to respective road programs can often be problematic for an emerging country like Zambia. It has the potential to lead to inefficiencies in road asset management as has evidently been demonstrated in the declining road asset value over time. The political, as well as the economic, landscape plays a vital role in resource mobilization and allocation strategies as much as the institutional and the legal framework do. The failure to clear the backlog of maintenance which normally results, largely, from deferment of scheduled maintenance due to insufficient annual budgetary allocation to the road sector maintenance programs has led to the significant deterioration in road network condition. Exorbitant road construction costs have posed additional challenges to the fiscus, thereby constraining both the quantity and quality of road infrastructure that could be constructed and maintained at any given time. Recent policy drives have been categorical in their preference of new road construction aimed at linking Zambia, over road maintenance, which plays a pivotal role in road asset management. This creates a perception that policy pronouncements are at variance to policy documents which promote sustainable economic development through efficient road investments and could be seen as being paradoxical in that the actual financing strategies are skewed towards road construction, a recipe of comfort for the next election challenge due to increased visibility on the ground, rather than to maintenance, as an astute and effective way of managing the road asset. The difficult of establishing congruence between government pronouncements and actual road business strategies in the implementing agencies has, over the years, posed challenges to the fiscal policy implementation. Consequently, this has often led to serious budget overruns due, firstly, to unplanned expenditure and, secondly, variations due to scope increase resulting from project implementation without having prior designs. This has led to high operating inefficiencies of existing roads due to the high level of pavement degradation, with the eventual effect of higher vehicle operating costs, longer travel-times, driver and passenger discomfort, and ultimately, higher agency pavement replacement costs. The damage caused to the economy is apparent in all this. The author carried out an analysis of road financing strategies in Zambia, taking a special look into the past decade, with the view to ascertaining the extent to which roads budgets have been employed to fund new construction and maintenance. This was necessary to establish whether there was a mismatch in allocation of resources for roads in terms of needs and policy, in which new road construction is highly favored in preference to maintenance. It was hoped that if the mismatch existed, it would espouse some paradoxes which existed between the road asset management policies and actual strategies.

Funding Higher Education In Sub Saharan Africa

Author : D. Teferra
ISBN : 9781137345783
Genre : Education
File Size : 71. 48 MB
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Virtually all countries in the world are struggling to provide the necessary resources to Higher Education. The challenges are particularly complex for economically poor countries in Africa, which have recorded massive expansion in the past decade. This book analyzes the state of funding and financing higher education in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Advances In Special Education Research And Praxis In Selected Countries Of Africa Caribbean And The Middle East

Author : Kagendo Mutua
ISBN : 9781617357732
Genre : Education
File Size : 41. 16 MB
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This edited volume explores various issues pertaining to the education of children with disabilities in Africa, the Caribbean and Middle East. As a group, persons with disabilities have been subjected to social, cultural and educational exclusions of various forms and for various socially-scripted reasons. In education, for instance, individuals with disabilities have been altogether excluded from educational participation in many parts of the developing world or they have been excluded from pursuing meaningfully beneficial higher levels of education in developed countries like the United States. One of the social responses/remedies to the widely-acknowledged exclusionary practices experienced by learners with disabilities has been the widespread implementation of inclusive practices in the education of individuals with disabilities across countries, in the west and the developing regions of the world. A distinctive marker of difference in the way inclusive practices have been enacted in western countries versus those in the developing world has primarily stemmed from the fact that majority of western countries operate under funded mandates that also regulate the provision of education to persons with disabilities. While the ideal of inclusion has been highly desirable, many of countries in the developing world have floundered in their implementation due to lack sound legislative framework to guide implementation coupled with socio-cultural factors related to negative perceptions of disabilities and limited funding sources. Chapters in this volume explore inclusive education from a variety of perspectives.

Student Financing Of Higher Education

Author : Donald E. Heller
ISBN : 9781135069452
Genre : Education
File Size : 58. 95 MB
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The financing of higher education is undergoing great change in many countries around the world. In recent years many countries are moving from a system where the costs of funding higher education are shouldered primarily by taxpayers, through government subsidies, to one where students pay a larger share of the costs. There are a number of factors driving these trends, including: A push for massification of higher education, in the recognition that additional revenue streams are required above and beyond those funds available from governments in order to achieve higher participation rates Macroeconomic factors, which lead to constraints on overall government revenues Political factors, which manifest in demands for funding of over services, thus restricting the funding available for higher (tertiary) education A concern that the returns to higher education accrue primarily to the individual, rather than to society, and thus students should bear more of the burden of paying for it This volume will help to contribute to an understanding of how these trends occur in various countries and regions around the world, and the impact they have on higher education institutions, students, and society as a whole. With contributions for the UK, USA, South Africa and China this vital new book gives a truly global picture of the rapidly changing situation

Supporting Zambia S Education Sector Under Structural Adjustment

Author : Finland. Ulkoasiainministeriö. Kehitysyhteistyöosasto
ISBN : STANFORD:36105008607546
Genre : Education
File Size : 20. 75 MB
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Global Education Monitoring Report 2020

Author : UNESCO
ISBN : 9789210051941
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 62. 14 MB
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This publication assesses progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4) on education and its ten targets, as well as other related education targets in the SDG agenda. It addresses inclusion in education, drawing attention to all those excluded from education, because of background or ability. The report is motivated by the explicit reference to inclusion in the 2015 Incheon Declaration, and the call to ensure an inclusive and equitable quality education in the formulation of SDG 4, the global goal for education. It reminds us that, no matter what argument may be built to the contrary, we have a moral imperative to ensure every child has a right to an appropriate education of high quality.

Financing Vocational Training In Sub Saharan Africa

Author : Adrian Ziderman
ISBN : 0821354612
Genre : Business & Economics
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For developing countries, vocational training is a vital component of the drive to enhance productivity, stimulate economic competitiveness, and lift people out of poverty. However, training provision in many countries is underfinanced and fragmented, and traditional state-funded training programs are proving inadequate to the task. Financing Vocational Training in Sub-Saharan Africa emphasizes the central role that financing strategies should play in enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of training systems as a whole, through incentives, greater competition, and the integration of private and public provision. This book describes the emerging consensus about best practice in the financing of training, drawing on experience in Latin America and Asia, and testing this consensus against findings from Sub-Saharan Africa. It sets out the case for financing interventions by governments and scrutinizes the role, and effectiveness, of national training agencies, payroll levies, and alternative transfer mechanisms for institutional funding. This discussion draws on lessons from the experience of Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. The book will be of particular interest to policymakers and practitioners of vocational training in developing countries, to development policy analysts, and to students and scholars of education and training systems worldwide.

The Right To Inclusive Education In International Human Rights Law

Author : Gauthier de Beco
ISBN : 9781107121188
Genre : Law
File Size : 90. 69 MB
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This volume studies the implications of the right to inclusive education in human rights law for disability law, policy and practice.

Citizenship Education And Social Development In Zambia

Author : Ali A. Abdi
ISBN : 9781607523949
Genre : Education
File Size : 55. 88 MB
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Zambia, the butterfly-shaped, central African country has a population of about 11 million people, and as other Sub-Saharan African countries, has been trying to democratize since the early 1990s. Clearly, though, the promise of political reform did not fulfill the expectations of the public, and with about 60 percent of the population living below the poverty line, many Zambians are no longer confident that more open political systems can improve their lives. But the problem may not be inherent in the political process itself, and could be found more in the apparent disconnection between people’s needs and the way the country’s affairs are run. It is with respect to these and related issues that this book emphasizes the crucial relationship between education and political participation, and specifically highlights citizenship education as essential for Zambia’s social development. Social development, which should comprise, inter alia, the economic, political, and cultural wellbeing of societies can be enhanced by citizenship education, which focuses on elevating people’s understanding of their rights and responsibilities vis-à -vis government institutions, structures and functions. Indeed, it is the centrality of the political component in people’s lives, especially its relationship with public policy and public programs that should underline the important role of citizenship education. In describing these issues, the book analyzes the role of the media, women’s groups and youth in enhancing the political, educational, and by extension, the economic lives of the Zambian people. The book should interest students and scholars of Zambian (as well as African) education, politics, and social development. It should also be useful for policy makers, institutional managers and both public and para-public leaders in Zambia and elsewhere in the continent.

Global Education Monitoring Report

Author : Global Education Monitoring Report Team
ISBN : 9789231004933
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 61. 9 MB
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Resources In Education

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000068697631
Genre : Education
File Size : 70. 63 MB
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Africa Research Bulletin

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105120083220
Genre : Africa
File Size : 28. 66 MB
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Research In Education

Author :
ISBN : UFL:31262083003441
Genre : Education
File Size : 71. 49 MB
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Annual Report To The President And To The Congress

Author : National Advisory Council on International Monetary and Financial Policies (U.S.)
ISBN : UOM:39015062258101
Genre : Balance of payments
File Size : 73. 60 MB
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Community Financing Of Education

Author : M. Bray
ISBN : 9781483297668
Genre : Education
File Size : 80. 1 MB
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This volume discusses the issues relating to community support for education, a topic which has come increasingly to the fore in recent years, especially in the Third World. The book is divided into four main areas: Firstly, an initial explanation of the conceptual framework of the book is given. Secondly, the issues surrounding community financing of education are explored, including community bodies engaged in fund-raising, generating resources, school fees, geographic and social inequalities and central guidance and control. The third section discusses case studies from seven countries, and finally the policy implications of this study are assessed.

United States Congressional Serial Set

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ISBN : UOM:39015087606565
Genre : United States
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