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Firms Markets And Contracts

Author : Ekkehart Schlicht
ISBN : 9783642469886
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 84. 24 MB
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Modern institutional economics witnesses a merging of formal and informal strands of theorizing. This development has offered new and vigorous perspectives which avoid both arbitrariness and theoretical sterility. The essays on contract theory gathered here exemplify this development. They propone new results on central issues in contractual theorizing. The theory of the firm in its variegated aspects forms, naturally, the core of the present set of contributions. Issues of ownership, integration, delegation, and finan ce are analyzed. Some contributions use the theoretical approach of contract theory to explore other issues, like medical care, public good problems, the economics of crime, environmental economics, and international trade. The contributors are leading young economists. They have participated in one or se veral classes of the 'International Summer School on the New Institutional Economics' which has been organized by Rudolf Richter in the years 1988 through 1994 and is now continued by Urs Schweizer. The theoretical style of these contributions has been influ enced by this experience. This collection of essays is intended to express the thanks of the contributors to Rudolf Richter. His initiatives for scholarly instruction and for inter national exchange of ideas have helped to create and to diffuse the understanding of and the engagement for the new institutional economics in Europe.

Firms Markets And Contracts

Author : Ekkehart Schlicht
ISBN : 3642469892
Genre :
File Size : 68. 27 MB
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Markets Contracts And Firms

Author : Piergiovanna Natale
ISBN : OCLC:60121689
Genre :
File Size : 29. 37 MB
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Firms Contracts And Markets

Author : Josep Tribó Giné
ISBN : OCLC:807560801
Genre :
File Size : 89. 88 MB
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Firms And Markets

Author : K. Tucker
ISBN : 9781351239646
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 41. 17 MB
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Industrial and business economics is a very important field with a great deal of relevance to the commercial world and to business studies students as well as to economists. It is a rapidly developing field in which many new research advances have been made in recent years. This book, first published in 1986, considers many aspects of both the theory of and the evidence on economic behaviour, and in particular the operations of firms and markets. The book was written in honour of Basil Yamey by his former research students.

Managing Derivatives Contracts

Author : Khader Shaik
ISBN : 9781430262756
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 87. 39 MB
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"I am sure practitioners, auditors, and regulators will find the content of Mr Shaik's book of value. The accessible style is also welcome. All in all, a worthwhile addition to the finance literature and one that hopefully helps plug the knowledge gap in this field." — from the foreword by Professor Moorad Choudhry, Brunel University Managing Derivatives Contracts is a comprehensive and practical treatment of the end-to-end management of the derivatives contract operations, systems, and platforms that support the trading and business of derivative products. This book focuses on the processes and systems in the derivatives contract life cycle that underlie and implement the activities of derivatives trading, pricing, and risk management. Khader Shaik, a Wall Street derivatives platform implementation expert, lays out all the fundamentals needed to understand, conduct, and manage derivatives operations. In particular, he provides both introductory and in-depth treatment of the following topics: derivative product classes; the market structure, mechanics, and players of derivatives markets; types of derivative contracts and life cycle management; derivatives technology platforms, software systems, and protocols; derivatives contracts management; and the new regulatory landscape as shaped by reforms such as Dodd-Frank Title VII and EMIR. Managing Derivatives Contracts focuses on the operational processes and market environment of the derivatives life cycle; it does not address the mathematics or finance of derivatives trading, which are abundantly treated in the standard literature. Managing Derivatives Contracts is divided into four parts. The first part provides a structural overview of the derivatives markets and product classes. The second part examines the roles of derivatives market players, the organization of buy-side and sell-side firms, critical data elements, and the Dodd-Frank reforms. Within the framework of total market flow and straight-through processing as constrained by regulatory compliance, the core of the book details the contract life cycle from origination to expiration for each of the major derivatives product classes, including listed futures and options, cleared and bilateral OTC swaps, and credit derivatives. The final part of the book explores the underlying information technology platform, software systems, and protocols that drive the end-to-end business of derivatives. In particular, it supplies actionable guidelines on how to build a platform using vendor products, in-house development, or a hybrid approach.

Firms Organizations And Contracts

Author : Peter J. Buckley
ISBN : 0198774362
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 38. 64 MB
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The idea of the firm being based on a set of internal and external contracts is increasingly common. Outsourcing and subcontracting are both examples of external contracts. This reader provides students of economics or business management with an accessibl

Social Contracts And Economic Markets

Author : J.R. Blau
ISBN : 9780585281872
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 59. 44 MB
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The thesis of this book is that people enter into social contracts because they are different from one another and have incentives to cooperate. In economic life, people have identical interests—namely, their own se- interests—so they have an incentive to compete. The social worlds that we create, or map, and those that are already mapped for us are increasingly complex, and thus the tracking of rationality is not so straightforward, although it is everywhere evident. In a sense, this book grew out of two questions: Why hasn't the United States had a second revolution? Or is the revolution yet to come? Many have discussed the current crises that confront contemporary society, such as great economic inequalities, poverty, the declining quality of jobs, the growing power of corporate elites, and racial antago nisms. I attempt to understand these problems in terms of the radical restructuring of social life by economic and spatial forces. My specula tive thesis is that social organizations must reinforce social contracts and nurture the opportunities for them to be forged. However, contemporary organizations, particularly economic ones, have internalized the princi ples of economic markets, thereby inducing competition and easing out cooperation. In defining social contracts, I draw from Rousseau and also from Marx and his analysis of use value. One hopes that new organiza tional forms based on principles of democracy and community will evolve. In a diverse, multicultural society, this requires great mutual understanding and cooperation and the recognition of differences.

Trade In Ideas

Author : Eskil Ullberg
ISBN : 1461412722
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 68. 2 MB
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The economic system is generally understood to operate on the premise of exchange. The most important factor in economic development has always been technology, as a way to expand a limited resource base. Such increase in technology and knowledge is generally accepted by economists, but the mechanisms of exchange through which this happens are much less studied. Generally, a static analysis of product exchange, incorporating new technology, has been undertaken. This book explores the transition of trade in ideas from an exchange largely within firms and nations to an exchange between firms and nations. This process has been going on since the beginning of the patent system, where importing (trading) technology was made policy in 1474, more than 500 years ago. However, during the past 25-30 years, a growth in exchange of technology between specialized firms, cooperating based on patent licensing, has been phenomenal, with annual licensing transactions exceeding a trillion dollars, not counting value of cross-licensing. Such specialized exchange has been seen in history but not at this scale and level of coordination. Using principles of experimental economics, the author investigates the licensing contract and mechanisms of exchange (rules of trade) as this exchange moves towards organized markets with prices. A key issue concerns the effect of introducing demand side bidding, through which the patent system introduces specialization and multiple use of the same technology in different new products, thus expanding the use of technology a firm has to more actors, products, and consumers. The risk and uncertainty in market access for cheaper, better and unique products and services are reduced through new and competitive technology. Questions raised are related to the “optimal” integration of information and rules in dynamic exchange of patents through institutions. The view presented shows how inventors and traders can sell their intellectual property to buyers in a producer market, in this case in licensing contracts on patents, to diversify risk and monetize value based on an experimental economic study where the performance and behavioral properties of these institutions is the object of investigation. More fundamentally the work illustrates the theoretical, design, and patent system policy issues in a transition from personal to impersonal trade in ideas. This book explores the transition of trade in ideas from an exchange largely within firms and nations to an exchange between firms and nations. This process has been going on since the beginning of the patent system, where importing (trading) technology was made policy in 1474, more than 500 years ago. However, during the past 25-30 years, a growth in exchange of technology between specialized firms, cooperating based on patent licensing, has been phenomenal, with annual licensing transactions exceeding a trillion dollars, not counting value of cross-licensing. Such specialized exchange has been seen in history but not at this scale and level of coordination. Using principles of experimental economics, the author investigates the licensing contract and mechanisms of exchange (rules of trade) as this exchange moves towards organized markets with prices. A key issue concerns the effect of introducing demand side bidding, through which the patent system introduces specialization and multiple use of the same technology in different new products, thus expanding the use of technology a firm has to more actors, products, and consumers. The risk and uncertainty in market access for cheaper, better and unique products and services are reduced through new and competitive technology. Questions raised are related to the “optimal” integration of information and rules in dynamic exchange of patents through institutions. The view presented shows how inventors and traders can sell their intellectual property to buyers in a producer market, in this case in licensing contracts on patents, to diversify risk and monetize value based on an experimental economic study where the performance and behavioral properties of these institutions is the object of investigation. More fundamentally the work illustrates the theoretical, design, and patent system policy issues in a transition from personal to impersonal trade in ideas.

Essays On Optimal Contracts With Overconfidence

Author : Justin R. Downs
ISBN : OCLC:1246321630
Genre :
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This dissertation studies the effect of overconfidence on markets and organizations with asymmetric information. In the first chapter, I introduce overconfidence into a standard information gathering contracting model. A principal (she) hires an agent (he) to gather information about a project's cost before he implements the project, and the agent overestimates the probability of having a low implementation cost. The agent's overconfidence makes him more willing to sign the contract, but less willing to gather information, and increases in overconfidence may increase or decrease the principal's profit. In the second chapter, I study a labor market where firms hire overconfident workers who have private information about their productivity. I derive the optimal contracts for both a monopsonistic market, where one firm makes take-it-or-leave-it offers to the workers, as well as a competitive market, where many firms compete for the services of workers. Overconfidence causes the optimal contract to be distorted away from the efficient outcome in both markets, but a monopsonistic firm internalizes these distortions while a competitive firm does not. The main result is that monopsonistic markets can be more efficient than competitive markets. In the third chapter, I provide a review of several mathematical definitions of overconfidence used in the contract theory literature and apply them all to a generalized version of the information gathering model from Chapter 1. The effects overconfidence has on the agent's willingness to participate, to gather information, and on the principal's profit are all sensitive to the mathematical definition of overconfidence used in the model.

Competition Contracts And Electricity Markets

Author : Jean-Michel Glachant
ISBN : 9781849804806
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 61. 12 MB
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This book fills a gap in the existing literature by dealing with several issues linked to long-term contracts and the efficiency of electricity markets. These include the impact of long-term contracts and vertical integration on effective competition, generation investment in risky markets, and the challenges for competition policy principles. On the one hand, long-term contracts may contribute to lasting generation capability by allowing for a more efficient allocation of risk. On the other hand, they can create conditions for imperfect competition and thus impair short-term efficiency. The contributors – prominent academics and policy experts with inter-disciplinary perspectives – develop fresh theoretical and practical insights on this important concern for current electricity markets. This highly accessible book will strongly appeal to both academic and professional audiences including scholars of industrial, organizational and public sector economics, and competition and antitrust law. It will also be of value to regulatory and antitrust authorities, governmental policymakers, and consultants in electricity law and economics.

Markets In The Firm

Author : Tyler Cowen
ISBN : UCSC:32106014705146
Genre : Changement organisationnel
File Size : 70. 30 MB
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Businesses around the world face increasing turbulence in their economic and social environments. The pace of change in market economies seems to be ever accelerating. In this book, the authors consider some of the implications for management of different views of the firm. They point to the need, in these days of global markets and increased uncertainty, for firms to be flexible and responsive to market-place requirements.

The Economics Of Financial Markets

Author : Hendrik S. Houthakker
ISBN : 0198021321
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37. 74 MB
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This book puts economics to work on the daily problems faced by investors, traders, speculators and brokers as they wrestle with increasingly complex financial markets. Drawing on data direct from the financial behavior of households, corporations, and governments, through to the prices of individual securities, the authors show how accessible but rigorous economics can help the players make sense of the hour-by-hour reality of the way financial markets move. Many of the twists and turns that might seem random at first sight are, they contend, rational and often predictable. But inefficiencies do exist, and the authors also demonstrate how these can become unique profit opportunities. By bringing together information on the daily workings of financial markets with the concepts and tools of economics, Houthakker and Williamson have provided a valuable resource for practitioners and students alike.

The Economics Of Contracts

Author : Eric Brousseau
ISBN : 0521893135
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37. 24 MB
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A 2002 survey of economics of contracts appealing to scholars in economics, management and law.

Cornell Poultry Pointers

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924097714046
Genre : Poultry
File Size : 42. 58 MB
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Economics In Antitrust Policy

Author : Mark Steiner
ISBN : 9781581123708
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 51. 24 MB
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In the field of antitrust, the freedoms to contract and compete can and do contradict. Profit-maximizing companies desire perfectly competitive input markets to minimize their costs, but want monopolistic markets for their outputs to maximize their profits. Consequently, they have strong incentives to undermine competition in their output markets. In a world without antitrust laws, many companies would thus eliminate competition by using their freedom to contract, either by entering into legally enforceable agreements which fix prices or divide up markets, or by merging and acquiring rivals to gain market control. Therefore, guaranteeing and safeguarding companies' abilities to compete comes at the cost of restricting their freedoms to contract. The states role in this task is a delicate one though: government intervention itself necessarily limits the economic freedom of individuals and firms, and limiting the freedom of contract has potentially detrimental effects on economic activity as well. Hence, antitrust policy must find the right balance between the two freedoms of competition and contract, allowing competition to flourish while upholding the contractual freedoms necessary for a functioning market. The policies in the U.S. and Europe used to protect competition with per se rules, setting clear boundaries for the freedom to contract where it interfered with the freedom to compete. Over the past decades, improvements in economic analysis provided measurable dimensions for 'competition' through measures like efficiency and welfare. With these new and complex economic tools, the aim of an antitrust policy moved away from an 'indirect' mechanism which provided and enforced a strict framework of negative per se rules within which the competitive process was allowed to happen. The current policies directly aim at promoting welfare by attempting to 'balance' the welfare effects of individual business practices, permitting contracts or mergers with benign effects and prohibiting contracts with detrimental effects on welfare in potentially every case. These economic insights have promoted a better understanding of the competitive process and contributed to improved antitrust rules. However, in the actual enforcement of antitrust laws, recent developments caused by the influence of economic analysis have had a detrimental impact on antitrust policy in both the U.S. and the EU. First, it increased the discretion of competition authorities, lowering legal certainty for companies and increasing the potential for wrong decisions. Second, it gave companies incentives to waste resources on rent seeking activities by using economic analyses to demonstrate efficiencies in complicated and timely investigations and litigation. And third, the predominant use of economic analysis has massively increased the costs of enforcement. This thesis is the first one to depict these negative effects caused by recent developments and shows that a policy with clear limitations through proposed per se rules would be superior for it would eliminate the illustrated negative effects.

Exploration Of Role Of Market In Perishable Goods

Author : Dan Lin
ISBN : OCLC:191735437
Genre : Business logistics
File Size : 32. 19 MB
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Firms face a big challenge in matching the supply of perishable goods with uncertain demand in real time. In practice, the traditional supply chain models are proved not efficiently enough to lower firms' risk exposure. The purpose of the dissertation is to provide the theoretical framework of roles of several stylized markets in firms' risk management. In particular, we explore the influence of the spot business-to-business exchange market, forward contract market and credit-default swap market respectively. The dissertation is divided into the following three chapters. In chapter 1, we show that when the exchange market lacks perfect liquidity, a firm's capital structure has a greater influence on its output-level decisions, then the market is perfectly liquid. The impact may be even greater than that without an exchange market. This is primarily because the introduction of the exchange market causes firms to act strategically in absence of perfect liquidity. In chapter 2, we study the essential relationship between producers' forward contracts and their supply strategies in business-to-business exchange market. Specifically, we focus on the application of the electricity power exchange market in the US. Our model reveals that the strategic incentive makes producers to join in forward contract market voluntarily and increases social welfare. We show in chapter 1 that even when firms' risks are independent of each other, there is a chance that the realization of market uncertainty turns out to be the same. As a result, there is no exchange market as a platform to help firms hedge their risks. Therefore, we need other instruments in firms' risk management portfolio. In chapter 3, we propose a financial market, credit-default swap market, in which firm s can temporarily transfer default risks to outside investors. However, the "lemon" problem may cause social cost.

Contracts

Author : Randy E. Barnett
ISBN : 9781543826289
Genre : Law
File Size : 72. 65 MB
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Contracts: Cases and Doctrine features a mix of lightly-edited classic and contemporary cases that stresses current contract doctrine along with the essential lawyering skill of case analysis—how to sift through the facts of the case to discern the prevailing rules and theory. Randy Barnett and Nate Oman’s innovative text introduces each case and provides the historical background of the iconic cases that make the study of contract law engaging. Study Guide questions help students identify salient issues as they read each case. Judicial biographies of each judge provide additional context. The Seventh Edition has been edited to delete materials that are seldom covered in a 1L class. This edition adds new cases that have been chosen for their topicality, facts, or pedagogical usefulness. New areas covered include so-called “smart contracts” and the relationship between restitution and contract. As always, we have tried to focus on cases with facts that will be easier to teach. New cases in this edition include a contract with a spy that turns out to be a double agent for the KGB, the effect of pandemics on contractual obligations, the gambling shenanigans of a royal prince, and emotional support animals. New to the Seventh Edition: In order to keep the size of the book manageable, we have eliminated the section on the signature requirement under the statute of frauds and have slimmed down the materials on internet contracting, which is no longer the “cutting edge” area that once it was. New cases include: Attorney General v. Blake (restitution damages for breach of contract against a British spy who defected to the USSR) Snepp v. United States (squib) (constructive trust against an American spy for breach of contract) Al-Ibrahim v. Edde (denied an unjust enrichment remedy to unwind a contact declared unenforceable for illegality) Pelletier v. Johnson (claim for unjust enrichment allowed to unwind a contract declared unenforceable for illegality) Carter Baron Drilling v. Badger Oil Corp. (discussing the parole evidence rule under the UCC) C.R. Klewin Inc. v. Flagship Properties, Inc. (the exception to the 1-year requirement under the statute of frauds) Cohen v. Clark (case imposing liability on a breaching party that everyone agrees breached in “good faith”; illustrates the strictness of contractual liability) Hanford v. Connecticut Fair Ass’n, Inc. (public policy exception for public health in time of a pandemic) B2C2 Ltd v. Quoine Ltd Pte (unilateral mistake case dealing with “smart contracts”) Professors and student will benefit from: Case-based approach that gives students ample doctrinal materials to sift through for facts and analyze for prevailing rules and theory. Cases that are lightly edited, or presented as whole as possible, to give first-year students the opportunity to develop case-analysis skills. Restatement and UCC sections integrated to encourage students to consult them as they read the cases. Iconic and contemporary cases combined to show how the classic cases are still relevant. Chapters that begin with a brief, accessible textual introductions. Study Guide questions before each case help focus student attention on salient issues. Flexible organization begins with Remedies, but chapters can be taught in any order.

The Economics Of Imperfect Labor Markets Third Edition

Author : Tito Boeri
ISBN : 9780691208824
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 88. 9 MB
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The leading textbook on imperfect labor markets and the institutions that affect them—now completely updated and expanded Today's labor markets are witnessing seismic changes brought on by such factors as rising self-employment, temporary employment, zero-hour contracts, and the growth of the sharing economy. This fully updated and revised third edition of The Economics of Imperfect Labor Markets reflects these and other critical changes in imperfect labor markets, and it has been significantly expanded to discuss topics such as workplace safety, regulations on self-employment, and disability and absence from work. This new edition also features engaging case studies that illustrate key aspects of imperfect labor markets. Authoritative and accessible, this textbook examines the many institutions that affect the behavior of workers and employers in imperfect labor markets. These include minimum wages, employment protection legislation, unemployment benefits, family policies, equal opportunity legislation, collective bargaining, early retirement programs, and education and migration policies. Written for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students, the book carefully defines and measures these institutions to accurately characterize their effects, and discusses how these institutions are being transformed today. Fully updated to reflect today's changing labor markets Significantly expanded to discuss a wealth of new topics, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic Features quantitative examples, new case studies, data sets that enable users to replicate results in the literature, technical appendixes, and end-of-chapter exercises Unique focus on institutions in imperfect labor markets Self-contained chapters cover each of the most important labor-market institutions Instructor's manual available to professors—now with new exercises and solutions

Firms Contracts And Financial Structure

Author : Oliver Hart
ISBN : 9780191521720
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 27. 12 MB
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This book provides a framework for thinking about economic instiutions such as firms. The basic idea is that institutions arise in situations where people write incomplete contracts and where the allocation of power or control is therefore important. Power and control are not standard concepts in economic theory. The book begins by pointing out that traditional approaches cannot explain on the one hand why all transactions do not take place in one huge firm and on the other hand why firms matter at all. An incomplete contracting or property rights approach is then developed. It is argued that this approach can throw light on the boundaries of firms and on the meaning of asset ownership. In the remainder of the book, incomplete contacting ideas are applied to understand firms' financial decisions, in particular, the nature of debt and equity (why equity has votes and creditors have foreclosure rights); the capital structure decisions of public companies; optimal bankruptcy procedure; and the allocation of voting rights across a company's shares. The book is written in a fairly non-technical style and includes many examples. It is aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students, academic and business economists, and lawyers as well as those with an interest in corporate finance, privatization and regulation, and transitional issues in Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, and China. Little background knowledge is required, since the concepts are developed as the book progresses and the existing literature is fully reviewed.

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