foundations-of-modernity

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Foundations Of Modernity

Author : Isa Blumi
ISBN : 9781136718144
Genre : History
File Size : 35. 43 MB
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Innovatively looking at the complex interactions between indigenous peoples and modern imperialism in Arabia and Balkans, Foundations of Modernity challenges previous analytical models that attempt to capture the complexity of human interactions during the1800-1912 period in ways that instigates the paradigmatic shift of the "Euro-centric" perspective of modern world history.

The Enlightenment And The Intellectual Foundations Of Modern Culture

Author : Louis K. Dupré
ISBN : 0300113463
Genre : Art
File Size : 90. 15 MB
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Studie over de Verlichting.

The Intellectual Foundations Of Chinese Modernity

Author : Edmund S. K. Fung
ISBN : 9781139488235
Genre : History
File Size : 68. 31 MB
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In the early twentieth century, China was on the brink of change. Different ideologies - those of radicalism, conservatism, liberalism, and social democracy - were much debated in political and intellectual circles. Whereas previous works have analyzed these trends in isolation, Edmund S. K. Fung shows how they related to one another and how intellectuals in China engaged according to their cultural and political persuasions. The author argues that it is this interrelatedness and interplay between different schools of thought that are central to the understanding of Chinese modernity, for many of the debates that began in the Republican era still resonate in China today. The book charts the development of these ideologies and explores the work and influence of the intellectuals who were associated with them. In its challenge to previous scholarship and the breadth of its approach, the book makes a major contribution to the study of Chinese political philosophy and intellectual history.

Modernity And Morality

Author : Mohammadreza Rahbari
ISBN : OCLC:48578386
Genre : Ethics, Modern
File Size : 78. 53 MB
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Fragment As A Paradigm Of Modernity

Author : Gabriela Barbara Šwitek
ISBN : OCLC:894601978
Genre :
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Modernity Social Order And Social Control Social And Political Foundations

Author : REZA. BARMAKI
ISBN : OCLC:977935959
Genre :
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Foundations Of Modern Arab Identity

Author : Stephen Sheehi
ISBN : 1616101342
Genre : Art
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"Examines a crucial period in Arabic literature which has received insufficient attention previously--the pre-modern writers of the 19th century . . . whose journalism and fiction not only shaped contemporary opinion but also subtly molded the contours and boundaries of discourse for the generations that followed."--Michael Beard, University of North Dakota Dynamic and original, this study of the formation of modern Arab identity discusses the work of "pioneers of the Arab Renaissance," both renowned and forgotten--a pantheon of intellectuals, reformers, and journalists whose writing until now has been mostly untranslated. Against the backdrop of European imperialism in the Arab world, these literati planted the roots of modernity though their experiments in language, rhetoric, and literature. In both fiction and nonfiction they generated a radically new sense of Arab identity. At the same time, Sheehi argues, they created the terrain that produced an Arab preoccupation with "failure" and a perception of Western "superiority"--the terms intellectuals themselves used in the 19th century in diagnosing their cultural crisis. Neglected by historians, this ambivalent and contradictory state of consciousness is at the heart of the ideology of Arab identity, Sheehi says, and it describes a variety of subjective positions that Arabs would adopt throughout the 20th century. It became the intellectual quicksand for the Arab world's confrontation with colonialism, capitalist expansion, and individual state formation. Using psychoanalytic and post-structuralist theory, Sheehi looks at texts by writers such as Butrus al-Bustani, Ahmad Faris al-Shidyaq, Muhammad al-Muwaylihi, and Muhammad Abduh. His analysis deconstructs popular and academic perceptions--especially prevalent after 9/11--that Arabs have failed to internalize modernity. Indeed, he says, Christian secularists, Islamic modernists, and romantic nationalists alike have produced a body of knowledge and shared an epistemology that constitute modernity in the Arab world. Starting in Middle Eastern literature and intellectual history and ending in postcolonial studies, this groundbreaking work offers a sophisticated counter-theoretical framework for understanding and reevaluating modern Arabic literature and also the history and historiography of Arab nationalism.

Calvin And The Foundations Of Modern Politics

Author : Ralph C. Hancock
ISBN : 158731102X
Genre : Philosophy
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Originally published: Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1989. With new pref.

Origins And Openings

Author : Will Kujala
ISBN : OCLC:961866799
Genre :
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This thesis examines the politics of foundations in modern political thought through a reading and immanent critique of Hobbes's Leviathan. I argue that his thought exemplifies a specifically modern problem of foundations insofar as he must establish political and scientific foundations on the basis of precisely the impossibility of foundation. Hobbes's account of political founding and the establishment of scientific foundations is first and foremost a response to a condition of finitude in which foundations are no longer given or available but nevertheless demanded. While it appears that Hobbes describes the finitude of ©Man' and natural bodies and derives his political theory from these, in fact for Hobbes these no longer provide given foundations for political thought, but must themselves be posited in acts of political and epistemological projection. Hobbes's politics of foundations therefore demands that we fabricate political and scientific foundations for ourselves and act as if they are not incalculable postulations but calculable necessities. I call this the problem of projection, in which political knowledge is possible only because we make it and posit it ourselves. Through a reading of the role of the metaphor of making in Hobbes's account of political origins and sovereignty, I argue that this reading of Hobbes's politics of origins as the institution of foundations in the face of the impossibility of foundation exposes finitude as a groundlessness to which there is no necessary political response. It does not necessarily demand the production of foundations through the institution of sovereignty. Hobbes's Leviathan therefore provides a site in which we might begin to ask more precise empirical and theoretical questions about the transformative possibilities in the modern politics of foundations.

Foundations Of Despotism

Author : Richard Lee Turits
ISBN : 0804751056
Genre : History
File Size : 25. 47 MB
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This book explores the history of the Dominican Republic as it evolved from the first European colony in the Americas into a modern nation under the rule of Rafael Trujillo. It investigates the social foundations of Trujillo’s exceptionally enduring and brutal dictatorship (1930-1961) and, more broadly, the way power is sustained in such non-democratic regimes. The author reveals how the seemingly unilateral imposition of power by Trujillo in fact depended on the regime’s mediation of profound social and economic transformations, especially through agrarian policies that assisted the nation’s large independent peasantry. By promoting an alternative modernity that sustained peasants’ free access to land during a period of economic growth, the regime secured peasant support as well as backing from certain elite sectors. This book thus elucidates for the first time the hidden foundations of the Trujillo regime.

The Natural Law Foundations Of Modern Social Theory

Author : Daniel Chernilo
ISBN : 9781107009806
Genre : History
File Size : 55. 76 MB
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Daniel Chernilo offers an original reconstruction of the history of universalism in modern social thought from Hobbes to Habermas.

The Intellectual Foundations Of Chinese Modernity

Author : Senior Lecturer in Chinese History Division of Asian and International Studies Edmund S K Fung
ISBN : 0511729278
Genre : China
File Size : 34. 47 MB
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Shows how Chinese intellectuals engaged according to their different cultural and political persuasions in the early twentieth century.

Modernity Religion And The War On Terror

Author : Richard Dien Winfield
ISBN : 9781317094449
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 57. 16 MB
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The war on terror cannot be truly understood without investigating the legitimacy of modernity, the challenge that religion presents to modernization, the inescapable conflicts attending the emergence and expansion of modernity, and the post-colonial predicament from which Islamist reaction arises. Richard Dien Winfield illuminates the war on terror in light of these issues, presenting an anti-foundationalist justification of the rationality and freedom of modernity, while assessing how religion can stand in opposition to modernity and why Islam has been a privileged vehicle of anti-modern religious revolt. Winfield shows that the privatization that religion must undergo to be compatible with modern freedom involves no capitulation to relativism, but rather is a theological imperative on which the truth of religion depends. Exposing the limits of any purely secular modernization of Islam, Winfield shows how Islam can draw upon its core tradition to repudiate the oppression of Islamist reaction and become at home in the modern world.

Restating Orientalism

Author : Wael B. Hallaq
ISBN : 9780231547383
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 87. 40 MB
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Since Edward Said’s foundational work, Orientalism has been singled out for critique as the quintessential example of Western intellectuals’ collaboration with oppression. Controversies over the imbrications of knowledge and power and the complicity of Orientalism in the larger project of colonialism have been waged among generations of scholars. But has Orientalism come to stand in for all of the sins of European modernity, at the cost of neglecting the complicity of the rest of the academic disciplines? In this landmark theoretical investigation, Wael B. Hallaq reevaluates and deepens the critique of Orientalism in order to deploy it for rethinking the foundations of the modern project. Refusing to isolate or scapegoat Orientalism, Restating Orientalism extends the critique to other fields, from law, philosophy, and scientific inquiry to core ideas of academic thought such as sovereignty and the self. Hallaq traces their involvement in colonialism, mass annihilation, and systematic destruction of the natural world, interrogating and historicizing the set of causes that permitted modernity to wed knowledge to power. Restating Orientalism offers a bold rethinking of the theory of the author, the concept of sovereignty, and the place of the secular Western self in the modern project, reopening the problem of power and knowledge to an ethical critique and ultimately theorizing an exit from modernity’s predicaments. A remarkably ambitious attempt to overturn the foundations of a wide range of academic disciplines while also drawing on the best they have to offer, Restating Orientalism exposes the depth of academia’s lethal complicity in modern forms of capitalism, colonialism, and hegemonic power.

Eric Voegelin And The Foundations Of Modern Political Science

Author : Barry Cooper
ISBN : UOM:39015047590446
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 69. 31 MB
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This important new work is a major analysis of the foundation of Eric Voegelin's political science. Barry Cooper maintains that the writings Voegelin undertook in the 1940s provide the groundwork for the brilliant book that is one of his best known, The New Science of Politics. At the time of that book's publication, however, few were aware of the enormous knowledge and accomplished scholarship that lay behind its illuminating, although sometimes baffling, formulations. By focusing on several of the key chapters in Voegelin's eight- volume History of Political Ideas, especially the studies of Bodin, Vico, and Schelling, Cooper shows how those studies provide the basis for Voegelin's thought. Investigating Voegelin's study of Oriental influences on Western political "ideas," especially Mongol constitutional law, and his study of Toynbee, Cooper seeks to demonstrate the vast range of materials Voegelin used. Cooper contends that, as with other great thinkers, political crisis, specifically the world war of 1939-1945, stimulated Voegelin's intellectual and spiritual achievement. He provides an analysis of Voegelin's immediate concern with the course of World War II, his ability to understand those dramatic events in a large context, and his ability to provide an insightful account of the causes, the significance, and the consequences of the spiritual and political disorder that was evident all around him. In Eric Voegelin and the Foundations of Modern Political Science, Cooper makes the connection between Voegelin's political writings of the 1940s and the meditative interpretations that began to appear with the publication of Anamnesis and with the later volumes of Order and History much more intelligible than does any existing discussion of Voegelin. Scholars in intellectual history and political science will benefit enormously from this valuable new addition to Voegelin studies.

The Foundations Of Modern Democracy

Author : Katherine Paton
ISBN : 0355299062
Genre : Philosophy
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In this dissertation, I focus on the role of the people in Machiavelli's political thought. Throughout the Discourses, Machiavelli advocates for an increased political role for the people, and the extension of citizenship to the lower classes. The ancient city found greatness by empowering the plebs against the nobles, until the balance of the humors was disrupted as the plebs took on an increasing amount of political power. In modernity, Rome has succumbed to corruption, as human nature is inherently self-interested and the city is no longer able to inculcate any sort of virtue. As a solution, Machiavelli envisions a strong plebeian class to protect itself against the grandi, but more importantly to aid in the institutional greatness of the city. This expansion of the people's place in the modern city requires a reassessment of the other components of modern politics, particularly the value of an aristocracy and the need for an executive. Machiavelli's modern grandi sheds all titles of nobility as a means to alleviate the potential for corruption, as a landed nobility is more likely to draw politics into the private realm in order to reap partisan benefit. Executive power is expanded as the executive belongs neither to the plebeian nor patrician class, and is thus in a good position to facilitate the political process. The modern city must reestablish political institutions in such a way as to connect self-interested human nature to the good of the city, and to dispel the damaging effects of corruption. All of this is evidence of Machiavelli's proto-liberalism, and his desire to move away from the classical republican tradition. However, while Machiavelli anticipates several strands of liberal political thought, his concerns for the trajectory of Rome suggest grave misgivings regarding the abandonment of greatness in favor of government predicated on self-interest. In the absence of republican virtue, the city must find some other motive to connect the well-being of the people to the city itself. Without this connection, self-interested individuals are likely to resort to partisanship and corruption to further their own welfare at the expense of greatness. Ultimately, Machiavelli's modern reestablishment of political institutions allows him to reconcile greatness and self-interest, rejecting the need for civic virtue in modernity.

Anarchy With A Tendency To Order Montesquieu And The Foundations Of Modern Liberty

Author : Stephen Butler
ISBN : 9781105747564
Genre : Political science
File Size : 77. 34 MB
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The Cultural Foundations Of Nations

Author : Anthony D. Smith
ISBN : 9781405182195
Genre : History
File Size : 37. 87 MB
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This major new work by Professor Anthony D. Smith challenges thenotion of nationalism as a product of modernity. Major new work by a leading historical sociologist Challenges the prevailing idea of nationalism as a product ofmodernity Demonstrates that different political forms of community andcollective identity from pre-modern times have contributed to theformation and character of nations Analyzes the chronology and nature of nations, from the ancientworld, to the European Middle Ages, the early modern, and themodern eras Discusses alternative destinies facing modern nationstoday

Critical Conjunctions

Author : Saurabh Dube
ISBN : 0822365499
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65. 78 MB
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What is the relationship between colonialism and modernity? is modernity an exclusive product of Western cultures? in scholarly understandings and commonplace conceptions, modernity has long appeared as a distinctive milestone of Western civilization. Accordingly, progress on the road to modernity has become the common measure to assess the worth of states and citizens, nations and peoples, In non-Western contexts. Critical Conjunctions gathers leading scholars from Latin America and South Asia—representing a range of disciplines and perspectives—to address questions of colonial modernities. The essays examine such topics as the abiding Eurocentric premises at the heart of authoritative trade agreements, such as the International Monetary Fund, And The expression by contemporary Zapatistas of an alternative modernity. This special issue of Nepantla initiates a dialogue among regions, disciplines, and perspectives, mutually recasting colonialism and modernity. Contributors. Santiago Castro-Gómez, Rubén Chuaqui, Saurabh Dube, Ishita Banerjee Dube, Madhu Dubey, Enrique Dussel, Edgardo Lander, Andrés Lira, María Josefina Saldaña-Portillo, Sudipta Sen, Ajay Skaria, Guillermo Zermeño

Social Science

Author : Delanty, Gerard
ISBN : 9780335217212
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 30. 53 MB
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What is social science? Does social scientific knowledge differ from other kinds of knowledge, such as the natural sciences and common sense? What is the relation between method and knowledge? This concise and accessible book provides a critical discussion and comprehensive overview of the major philosophical debates on the methodological foundations of the social sciences. From its origins in the sixteenth century when a new system of knowledge was created around the idea of modernity, the author shows how the philosophy of social science developed as a reflection on some of the central questions in modernity. Visions of modernity have been reflected in the self-understanding of the social sciences. From the positivist dispute on explanation vs. understanding to controversies about standpoint to debates about constructivism and realism, Delanty outlines the major shifts in the philosophy of social science. He argues that social science is an intellectual framework for the transformation of the social world. The new edition is updated and expanded throughout with the latest developments in the field, including a new chapter on feminist standpoint epistemology, and additional material on neo-positivism, pragmatism, and reflexivity. This is one of the most ambitious and wide-ranging texts in recent years on debates on method and the contemporary situation of social science. It is of interest to undergraduate students and postgraduates as well as to professional researchers with an interest in the philosophy of the social sciences and social theory.

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