fragile by design

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Fragile By Design

Author : Charles W. Calomiris
ISBN : 9780691168357
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 77. 57 MB
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Why are banking systems unstable in so many countries—but not in others? The United States has had twelve systemic banking crises since 1840, while Canada has had none. The banking systems of Mexico and Brazil have not only been crisis prone but have provided miniscule amounts of credit to business enterprises and households. Analyzing the political and banking history of the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Brazil through several centuries, Fragile by Design demonstrates that chronic banking crises and scarce credit are not accidents. Calomiris and Haber combine political history and economics to examine how coalitions of politicians, bankers, and other interest groups form, why they endure, and how they generate policies that determine who gets to be a banker, who has access to credit, and who pays for bank bailouts and rescues. Fragile by Design is a revealing exploration of the ways that politics inevitably intrudes into bank regulation.

Fragile Design A

Author : Tracie Peterson
ISBN : 9780764226892
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 78. 99 MB
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Arabella flees her Shaker upbringing for the independence in Lowell and soon finds both waiting love and grave danger. The Bells of Lowell Book 2.

Takagi Sugeno Fuzzy Systems Non Fragile H Infinity Filtering

Author : Xiao-Heng Chang
ISBN : 9783642286322
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81. 82 MB
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Takagi-Sugeno Fuzzy Systems Non-fragile H-infinity Filtering investigates the problem of non-fragile H-infinity filter design for Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy systems. Given a T-S fuzzy system, the objective of this book is to design an H-infinity filter with the gain variations such that the filtering error system guarantees a prescribed H-infinity performance level. Furthermore, it demonstrates that the solution of non-fragile H-infinity filter design problem can be obtained by solving a set of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). The intended audiences are graduate students and researchers both from the fields of engineering and mathematics. Dr. Xiao-Heng Chang is an Associate Professor at the College of Engineering, Bohai University, Jinzhou, Liaoning, China.

Linear Systems

Author : Guang-Hong Yang
ISBN : 9781466580367
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 86 MB
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Linear Systems: Non-Fragile Control and Filtering presents the latest research results and a systematic approach to designing non-fragile controllers and filters for linear systems. The authors combine the algebraic Riccati technique, the linear matrix inequality (LMI) technique, and the sensitivity analysis method to establish a set of new non-fragile (insensitive) control methods. This proposed method can optimize the closed-loop system performance and make the designed controllers or filters tolerant of coefficient variations in controller or filter gain matrices. A Systematic Approach to Designing Non-Fragile Controllers and Filters for Linear Systems The text begins with developments and main research methods in non-fragile control. It then systematically presents novel methods for non-fragile control and filtering of linear systems with respect to additive/multiplicative controller/filter gain uncertainties. The book introduces the algebraic Riccati equation technique to solve additive/multiplicative norm-bounded controller/filter gain uncertainty, and proposes a structured vertex separator to deal with the numerical problem resulting from interval-bounded coefficient variations. It also explains how to design insensitive controllers and filters in the framework of coefficient sensitivity theory. Throughout, the book includes numerical examples to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed design methods. More Effective Design Methods for Non-Fragile Controllers and Filters The design and analysis tools described will help readers to better understand and analyze parameter uncertainties and to design more effective non-fragile controllers and filters. Providing a coherent approach, this book is a valuable reference for researchers, graduate students, and anyone who wants to explore the area of non-fragile control and filtering.

Digital Controller Implementation And Fragility

Author : Robert Istepanian
ISBN : 1852333901
Genre : Computers
File Size : 60. 67 MB
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In the usual process of control system design, the assumption is made that the controller is implemented exactly. This assumption is usually reasonable, since clearly, the plant uncertainty is the most significant source of uncertainty in the control system, while controllers are implemented with high-precision hardware. However, inevitably, there will be some amount of uncertainty in the controller, a fact that is largely ignored in existing modern advanced robust control techniques. If the controller is implemented by analogue means, there are some tolerances in the analogue components. More commonly, the controller will be implemented digitally, and consequently there will be uncertainty involved with the quantization in the analogue-digital conversion and rounding in the parameter representation and in the numerical computations. A failure to account for these uncertainties in the controller may result in a controller that is "fragile". A controller is fragile in the sense that very small perturbations in the coefficients of the designed controller destabilize the closed-loop control system. This book collects a number of articles which consider the problems of finite-precision computing in digital controllers and filters. Written by leading researchers, topics that the book covers include: - analysis of fragility and finite-precision effects; - design of optimal controller realizations; - design of non-fragile robust controllers; - design of low-complexity digital controllers; - analysis of quantization effects in fuzzy controllers.

Information Technology And Computer Application Engineering

Author : Hsiang-Chuan Liu
ISBN : 9781315813288
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63. 59 MB
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This proceedings volume brings together some 189 peer-reviewed papers presented at the International Conference on Information Technology and Computer Application Engineering, held 27-28 August 2013, in Hong Kong, China. Specific topics under consideration include Control, Robotics, and Automation, Information Technology, Intelligent Computing and Telecommunication, Computer Science and Engineering, Computer Education and Application and other related topics. This book provides readers a state-of-the-art survey of recent innovations and research worldwide in Information Technology and Computer Application Engineering, in so-doing furthering the development and growth of these research fields, strengthening international academic cooperation and communication, and promoting the fruitful exchange of research ideas. This volume will be of interest to professionals and academics alike, serving as a broad overview of the latest advances in the dynamic field of Information Technology and Computer Application Engineering.

Computational Approaches For Aerospace Design

Author : Andy Keane
ISBN : 9780470855478
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 37. 65 MB
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Over the last fifty years, the ability to carry out analysis as a precursor to decision making in engineering design has increased dramatically. In particular, the advent of modern computing systems and the development of advanced numerical methods have made computational modelling a vital tool for producing optimized designs. This text explores how computer-aided analysis has revolutionized aerospace engineering, providing a comprehensive coverage of the latest technologies underpinning advanced computational design. Worked case studies and over 500 references to the primary research literature allow the reader to gain a full understanding of the technology, giving a valuable insight into the world’s most complex engineering systems. Key Features: Includes background information on the history of aerospace design and established optimization, geometrical and mathematical modelling techniques, setting recent engineering developments in a relevant context. Examines the latest methods such as evolutionary and response surface based optimization, adjoint and numerically differentiated sensitivity codes, uncertainty analysis, and concurrent systems integration schemes using grid-based computing. Methods are illustrated with real-world applications of structural statics, dynamics and fluid mechanics to satellite, aircraft and aero-engine design problems. Senior undergraduate and postgraduate engineering students taking courses in aerospace, vehicle and engine design will find this a valuable resource. It will also be useful for practising engineers and researchers working on computational approaches to design.

Swarm Evolutionary And Memetic Computing

Author : Bijaya Ketan Panigrahi
ISBN : 9783319037561
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63. 40 MB
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The two-volume set LNCS 8297 and LNCS 8298 constitutes the proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Swarm, Evolutionary and Memetic Computing, SEMCCO 2013, held in Chennai, India, in December 2013. The total of 123 papers presented in this volume was carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the proceedings. They cover cutting-edge research on swarm, evolutionary and memetic computing, neural and fuzzy computing and its application.

An Applied Guide To Process And Plant Design

Author : Sean Moran
ISBN : 9780128003824
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34. 22 MB
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An Applied Guide to Process and Plant Design is a guide to process plant design for both students and professional engineers. The book covers plant layout and the use of spreadsheet programmes and key drawings produced by professional engineers as aids to design; subjects which are usually learned on the job rather than in education. You will learn how to produce smarter plant design through the use of computer tools, including Excel and AutoCAD, "What If Analysis", statistical tools, and Visual Basic for more complex problems. The book also includes a wealth of selection tables, covering the key aspects of professional plant design which engineering students and early-career engineers tend to find most challenging. Professor Moran draws on over 20 years' experience in process design to create an essential foundational book ideal for those who are new to process design, compliant with both professional practice and the IChemE degree accreditation guidelines. Explains how to deliver a process design that meets both business and safety criteria Covers plant layout and the use of spreadsheet programmes and key drawings as aids to design Includes a comprehensive set of selection tables, covering those aspects of professional plant design which early-career designers find most challenging

Fuzzy Systems And Knowledge Discovery

Author : Lipo Wang
ISBN : 9783540459163
Genre : Computers
File Size : 36. 2 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery, FSKD 2006, held in federation with the Second International Conference on Natural Computation ICNC 2006. The book presents 115 revised full papers and 50 revised short papers. Coverage includes neural computation, quantum computation, evolutionary computation, DNA computation, fuzzy computation, granular computation, artificial life, innovative applications to knowledge discovery, finance, operations research, and more.

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