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From Brains To Systems

Author : Carlos Hernández
ISBN : 9781461401643
Genre : Medical
File Size : 57. 52 MB
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Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems - BICS 2010 aims to bring together leading scientists and engineers who use analytic and synthetic methods both to understand the astonishing processing properties of biological systems and specifically of the brain, and to exploit such knowledge to advance engineering methods to build artificial systems with higher levels of cognitive competence. BICS is a meeting point of brain scientists and cognitive systems engineers where cross-domain ideas are fostered in the hope of getting emerging insights on the nature, operation and extractable capabilities of brains. This multiple approach is necessary because the progressively more accurate data about the brain is producing a growing need of a quantitative understanding and an associated capacity to manipulate this data and translate it into engineering applications rooted in sound theories. BICS 2010 is intended for both researchers that aim to build brain inspired systems with higher cognitive competences, and for life scientists who use and develop mathematical and engineering approaches for a better understanding of complex biological systems like the brain. Four major interlaced focal symposia are planned for this conference and these are organized into patterns that encourage cross-fertilization across the symposia topics. This emphasizes the role of BICS as a major meeting point for researchers and practitioners in the areas of biological and artificial cognitive systems. Debates across disciplines will enrich researchers with complementary perspectives from diverse scientific fields. BICS 2010 will take place July 14-16, 2010, in Madrid, Spain.

From Brains To Systems

Author : Carlos Hernández
ISBN : 1461401631
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67. 2 MB
Format : PDF
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Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems - BICS 2010 aims to bring together leading scientists and engineers who use analytic and synthetic methods both to understand the astonishing processing properties of biological systems and specifically of the brain, and to exploit such knowledge to advance engineering methods to build artificial systems with higher levels of cognitive competence. BICS is a meeting point of brain scientists and cognitive systems engineers where cross-domain ideas are fostered in the hope of getting emerging insights on the nature, operation and extractable capabilities of brains. This multiple approach is necessary because the progressively more accurate data about the brain is producing a growing need of a quantitative understanding and an associated capacity to manipulate this data and translate it into engineering applications rooted in sound theories. BICS 2010 is intended for both researchers that aim to build brain inspired systems with higher cognitive competences, and for life scientists who use and develop mathematical and engineering approaches for a better understanding of complex biological systems like the brain. Four major interlaced focal symposia are planned for this conference and these are organized into patterns that encourage cross-fertilization across the symposia topics. This emphasizes the role of BICS as a major meeting point for researchers and practitioners in the areas of biological and artificial cognitive systems. Debates across disciplines will enrich researchers with complementary perspectives from diverse scientific fields. BICS 2010 will take place July 14-16, 2010, in Madrid, Spain.

From Brain To Body The Impact Of Nervous System Declines On Muscle Performance In Aging

Author : Brian C. Clark
ISBN : 9782889196869
Genre : Electronic book
File Size : 85. 65 MB
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Download PDF Download EPUB The deterioration of skeletal muscle performance (e.g., declines in muscle strength and motor performance) with advancing age has long been anecdotally recognized as Shakespeare pointed out nearly a half millennium ago in his monologue The Seven Ages of Man, and has been of scientific interest for well over a century. Over the past several decades the scientific and medical communities have recognized that reduced skeletal muscle performance is a debilitating and life threatening condition in the elderly. For example, the age-associated loss of muscle strength, as well as impairment in the ability to finely control movement, is highly associated with physical disability and difficulty performing activities of daily living. While the nervous system is widely recognized for its role in controlling skeletal muscle during motor function, its role in determining the performance characteristics of aged skeletal muscle has largely been understudied. Historically, it was believed that these reductions in muscle performance were primarily resultant of age-associated adaptations in skeletal muscle (e.g., muscle atrophy). However, aging is associated with widespread qualitative and quantitative changes in both the central and peripheral nervous systems that are likely to influence numerous aspects of muscle performance, such as muscle strength, fatigue, and motor control, as well as mobility. In this research topic, we sought to examine a broad range of issues surrounding: 1) the age-related changes in nervous system anatomical, physiological, and biochemical changes in the central and/or peripheral nervous systems; 2) the functional role of these nervous system changes in contributing to altered skeletal muscle performance and/or mobility; and 3) physical and pharmacologic interventions that act via the nervous system to enhance muscle performance and/or mobility. Researchers and academicians engaged in aging, neuroscience, and/or applied physiology research focused within the scope of this research topic, were encouraged to contribute an original research article, review article, clinical case study, hypothesis and theory article, method article, opinion article, or technology report to this research topic. Herein, we present a series of outstanding articles within this scope of work, including a last minute addition article from Wiesmeier, Dalin and Maurer that is not mentioned in the editorial, that we hope will help to vertically advance the intersecting fields of aging/geriatrics and neuroscience. Lastly, as the editors, we wish to thank all article contributors and peer reviewers for their efforts in contributing to this Research Topic journal issue/book. Additionally, we would like to thank people everywhere who volunteer their time and body for human subjects research studies, such that are presented herein. It is the wonderful individuals who are willing to participate in experiments that make scientific exploration and health and medical advancements possible.

Advances In Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems

Author : Huaguang Zhang
ISBN : 3642315607
Genre : Computers
File Size : 49. 37 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems, BICS 2012, held in Shenyang, Liaoning, China in July 2012. The 46 high-quality papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 116 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on biologically inspired systems, cognitive neuroscience, models of consciousness, and neural computation.

Brain Asymmetry And Neural Systems

Author : David W. Harrison
ISBN : 9783319130699
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20. 72 MB
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The proposed book investigates brain asymmetry from the perspective of functional neural systems theory, a foundational approach for the topic. There is currently no such book available on the market and there is a need for a neuroscience book, with a focus on the functional asymmetry of these two integrated and dynamic brains using historical and modern clinical and experimental research findings with the field. The book provides evidence from multiple methodologies, including clinical lesion studies, brain stimulation, and modern imaging techniques. The author has successfully used the book in doctoral and advances undergraduate courses on neuroscience and neuropsychology. It has also been used to teach a course on the biological basis of behavior and could be used in a variety of contexts and courses.

Complex Integration Of Multiple Brain Systems In Therapy Ipnb

Author : Beatriz Sheldon
ISBN : 9780393713282
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 54. 30 MB
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Enabling patients’ minds to change the structure of their brains. Beatriz and Albert Sheldon have spent the last 20 years developing the novel therapeutic paradigm called Complex Integration of Multiple Brain Systems (CIMBS). They have pioneered new methodology for "reading" and assessing emotional states using their patients’ carefully observed psychophysiological phenomena as empirical evidence. CIMBS also incorporates the latest groundbreaking research on neuroplasticity, brain development, and therapeutic change. This book details their novel neurobiological and psychotherapeutic paradigm—and reveals how therapists can use it for more successful treatment. Clients come to therapy troubled by deeply ingrained neural circuits and emotional habits. The authors demonstrate how they use psychophysiological perspectives to recognize limitations in brain systems that are interfering with their patients’ functioning. And through “physiopsychotherapy,” they activate self-affirming, nonconscious emotional resources to change rigid, maladaptive neural circuits. CIMBS offers a way of “integrating” these [brain system] resources to foster more complex and flexible mental functioning and to produce more successful psychotherapeutic outcomes. The therapeutic attachment relationship between therapist and patient, and “present moment” experiences within the session rather than recollections of past trauma, are key elements in this unique emotional resource-based mode of therapy. This book is wide-ranging in documenting CIMBS' success at operationalizing neuroscience research. Translating their academic, scientific, and clinical research and successful training courses into a reference work that you can hold in your hands and savor at leisure, the Sheldons have produced an approachable, intriguing, yet comprehensive milestone in the psychotherapeutic literature.

Medical Imaging Systems Technology Methods In Cardiovascular And Brain Systems

Author : Cornelius T. Leondes
ISBN : 9789812569899
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31. 81 MB
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This scholarly set of well-harmonized volumes provides indispensable and complete coverage of the exciting and evolving subject of medical imaging systems. Leading experts on the international scene tackle the latest cutting-edge techniques and technologies in an in-depth but eminently clear and readable approach.Complementing and intersecting one another, each volume offers a comprehensive treatment of substantive importance to the subject areas. The chapters, in turn, address topics in a self-contained manner with authoritative introductions, useful summaries, and detailed reference lists. Extensively well-illustrated with figures throughout, the five volumes as a whole achieve a unique depth and breath of coverage.As a cohesive whole or independent of one another, the volumes may be acquired as a set or individually.

Medical Imaging Systems Technology

Author : Cornelius T Leondes
ISBN : 9789814480192
Genre : Diagnostic imaging
File Size : 88. 15 MB
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This scholarly set of well-harmonized volumes provides indispensable and complete coverage of the exciting and evolving subject of medical imaging systems. Leading experts on the international scene tackle the latest cutting-edge techniques and technologies in an in-depth but eminently clear and readable approach. Complementing and intersecting one another, each volume offers a comprehensive treatment of substantive importance to the subject areas. The chapters, in turn, address topics in a self-contained manner with authoritative introductions, useful summaries, and detailed reference lists. Extensively well-illustrated with figures throughout, the five volumes as a whole achieve a unique depth and breath of coverage. As a cohesive whole or independent of one another, the volumes may be acquired as a set or individually.

Cognitive Systems Information Processing Meets Brain Science

Author : Richard G.M. Morris
ISBN : 9780080458267
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 36. 11 MB
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Cognitive Systems - Information Processing Meets Brain Science presents an overview of the exciting, truly multidisciplinary research by neuroscientists and systems engineers in the emerging field of cognitive systems, providing a cross-disciplinary examination of this cutting-edge area of scientific research. This is a great example of where research in very different disciplines touches to create a new emerging area of research. The book illustrates some of the technical developments that could arise from our growing understanding of how living cognitive systems behave, and the ability to use that knowledge in the design of artificial systems. This unique book is of considerable interest to researchers and students in information science, neuroscience, psychology, engineering and adjacent fields. Represents a remarkable collection of relevant experts from both the life sciences and computer science Includes state-of-the-art reviews of topics in cognitive systems from both a life sciences and a computer science perspective Discusses the impact of this research on our lives in the near future

Brain Reward Stress Systems In Addiction

Author : Nicholas W Gilpin
ISBN : 9782889194575
Genre : Brain
File Size : 64. 57 MB
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Addiction to drugs and alcohol is a dynamic and multi-faceted disease process in humans, with devastating health and financial consequences for the individual and society-at-large. In humans, drug and alcohol use disorders (i.e., abuse and dependence) are defined by clusters of behavioral symptoms that can be modeled to various degrees in animals. Hallmark behavioral symptoms associated with drug and alcohol dependence are compulsive drug use, loss of control during episodes of drug use, the emergence of a negative emotional state in the absence of the drug, and chronic relapse vulnerability during drug abstinence. The transition to drug dependence is defined by neuroadaptations in brain circuits that, in the absence of drugs, mediate a variety of critical behavioral and physiological processes including natural reward, positive and negative emotional states, nociception, and feeding. Chronic drug exposure during the transition to dependence spurs (1) within-systems changes in neural circuits that contribute to the acute rewarding effects of the drug and (2) recruitment of brain stress systems (neuroendocrine and extra-hypothalamic). There are substantial genetic contributions to the propensity to use and abuse drugs, and drug abuse is highly co-morbid with various other psychiatric conditions (e.g., anxiety disorders, major depressive disorder) that may precede or follow the development of drug use problems. Across drugs of abuse, there are overlapping and dissociable aspects of the behavioral and neural changes that define the transition to dependence. Even within a single drug, people abuse drugs for a variety of reasons. The picture is further complicated by the fact that humans often abuse more than one drug concurrently. Even in the face of these challenges, pre-clinical and clinical research is making exponential gains into understanding the neurobiology of drug addiction. With the advent of new technologies and their combination with traditional approaches, the field is able to ask and answer addiction-related research questions in increasingly sophisticated ways. Here, we hope to assemble a collection of articles that provide an up-to-the-moment snapshot of the prevailing empirical, theoretical and technical directions in the addiction research field. We encourage submissions from all investigators working to understand the neurobiology of addiction, especially as it pertains to reward and stress pathways in the brain.

Development And Brain Systems In Autism

Author : Marcel Adam Just
ISBN : 9781135103125
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 34. 60 MB
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This volume covers several perspectives on autism which bring together the most recent scientific views of the nature of this disorder. A number of themes organize major developments and emerging areas in autism: Cognitive and neural systems development: how autism arises in the behavior and thought of very young children. Discovering brain mechanisms underlying social and cognitive deficits in autism: how we can explain "social awkwardness" and poor language comprehension in terms of malfunctions of brain mechanisms, revealed by fMRI studies of people with autism. Integrating information about genes, brain, and biological mechanisms with behavioral evidence. Linking the science of autism with lives lived: how the new information about autism impacts people with autism and real-world considerations.

Brain Theory From A Circuits And Systems Perspective

Author : John Robert Burger
ISBN : 9781461464129
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72. 35 MB
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This book models an idealized neuron as being driven by basic electrical elements, the goal being to systematically characterize the logical properties of neural pulses. In order to constitute a system, neurons as pulsating devices may be represented using novel circuit elements as delineated in this book. A plausible brain system is implied by the delineated elements and logically follows from known and likely properties of a neuron. New to electrical science are novel pulse-related circuit elements involving recursive neurons. A recursive neuron, when properly excited, produces a self-sustaining pulse train that when sampled, provides a true output with a specified probability, and a false output with complementary probability. Because of its similarity to the qubits of quantum mechanics, the recursive pulsating neuron is termed a simulated qubit. Recursive neurons easily function as controlled toggle devices and so are capable of massively parallel calculations, this being a new dimension in brain functioning as described in this book. Simulated qubits and their possibilities are compared to the qubits of quantum physics. Included in the book are suggested neural circuits for associative memory search via a randomized process of cue selection, and neural circuits for priority calculations. These serve to select returns from long term memory, which in turn determines one's next conscious thought or action based on past memorized experiences. The book reports on proposals involving electron tunneling between synapses, and quantum computations within neurons. Although not a textbook, there are easy exercises at the ends of chapters, and in the appendix there are twelve simulation experiments concerning neurons. ​

Teaching To The Brain S Natural Learning Systems

Author : Barbara K. Given
ISBN : 9780871205698
Genre : Education
File Size : 71. 50 MB
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Uses the brain's five major learning systems--emotional, social, cognitive, physical, and reflective--to provide a framework for designing lessons and determining teaching approaches.

Brain Opioid Systems In Reproduction

Author : Richard G. Dyer
ISBN : UOM:39015017902076
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78. 27 MB
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Many aspects of reproduction, including ovulation, birth, and lactation, depend on signals from the brain that control hormone secretion from the pituitary gland. This brain-endocrine interaction also ensures that the animal's behavior is appropriate for changing reproductive states. This volume presents new knowledge on the neural control of reproductive processes from studies of how opioid peptides act within the brain to regulate sexual behavior and reproduction in humans and other mammals. The role of brain opioid in the control of gonadotrophin secretion and the onset of puberty, the regulation of seasonal breeding and sexual behavior, and the release of oxytocin and its involvement in parturition and lactation are discussed. The findings and the perspectives they bring will be of great value to clinicians, veterinarians, research scientists, and students interested in this growing field.

Task Related Brain Systems Revealed By Human Imaging Experiments

Author : Kuniyoshi L. Sakai
ISBN : 9782889761258
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 45 MB
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The Hand Eye Brain System Of Intelligent Robot

Author : Hong Qiao
ISBN : 9789811635755
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57. 12 MB
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This book reports the new results of intelligent robot with hand-eye-brain, from the interdisciplinary perspective of information science and neuroscience. It collects novel research ideas on attractive region in environment (ARIE), intrinsic variable preserving manifold learning (IVPML) and biologically inspired visual congnition, which are theoretically important but challenging to develop the intelligent robot. Furthermore, the book offers new thoughts on the possible future development of human-inspired robotics, with vivid illustrations. The book is useful for researchers, R&D engineers and graduate students working on intelligent robots.

Theory Of Neural Analog Reinforcement Systems And Its Application To The Brain Model Problem

Author : Marvin Minsky
ISBN : STANFORD:36105031827798
Genre : Biomathematics
File Size : 66. 93 MB
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Brain Like Computing And Intelligent Information Systems

Author : Shunichi Amari
ISBN : UOM:39015040177696
Genre : Computers
File Size : 35. 30 MB
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This book introduces a new, rapidly expanding area in computer science and artificial intelligence. Brain-like computing combines traditional computational techniques with cognitive models inspired by the brain, for building information systems. Image and speech processing, creative planning and design, adaptive control, knowledge acquisition, and database mining, are only a few areas where brain-like computing is applied.

Advances In Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems

Author : Jinchang Ren
ISBN : 9783030394318
Genre : Computers
File Size : 51. 76 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Advances in Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems, BICS 2019, held in Guangzhou, China, in July 2019. The 57 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 129 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections named: neural computation; biologically inspired systems; image recognition: detection, tracking and classification; and data analysis and natural language processing.

Ethical And Legal Issues In Neurology

Author : James L. Bernat
ISBN : 9780444535047
Genre : Medical
File Size : 47. 44 MB
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Advances in our understanding of the brain and rapid advances in the medical practice of neurology are creating questions and concerns from an ethical and legal perspective. Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology provides a detailed review of various general aspects of neuroethics, and contains chapters dealing with a vast array of specific issues such as the role of religion, the ethics of invasive neuroscience research, and the impact of potential misconduct in neurologic practice. The book focuses particular attention on problems related to palliative care, euthanasia, dementia, and neurogenetic disorders, and concludes with examinations of consciousness, personal identity, and the definition of death. This volume focuses on practices not only in North America but also in Europe and the developing world. It is a useful resource for all neuroscience and neurology professionals, researchers, students, scholars, practicing clinical neurologists, mental health professionals, and psychiatrists. A comprehensive introduction and reference on neuroethics Includes coverage of how best to understand the ethics and legal aspects of dementia, palliative care, euthanasia and neurogenetic disorders Brings clarity to issues regarding ethics and legal responsibilities in the age of rapidly evolving brain science and related clinical practice

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