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From Taxonomy To Phylogenetics Life And Work Of Willi Hennig

Author : Michael Schmitt
ISBN : 9789004219298
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 23 MB
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Willi Hennig (1913-1976), laid the fundaments of a 'scientific revolution' in Biological Systematics by his method called "Phylogenetic Systematics". The book describes the historical development of this 'scientific revolution', and highlights the life and the work of a 'cautious revolutioniser' in a Germany of dictatorship, war, and separation.

The Future Of Phylogenetic Systematics

Author : David Williams
ISBN : 9781107117648
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 33 MB
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This book documents Willi Hennig's founding of phylogenetic systematics and the relevancy of his work for the future of cladistics.

Phylogenetic Systematics

Author : Olivier Rieppel
ISBN : 9781138032156
Genre : Nature
File Size : 32. 46 MB
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Phylogenetic Systematics: Haeckel to Hennig traces the development of phylogenetic systematics against the foil of idealistic morphology through 100 years of German biology. It starts with the iconic Ernst Haeckel-the German Darwin from Jena-and the evolutionary morphology he developed. It ends with Willi Hennig, the founder of modern phylogenetic

The Evolution Of Phylogenetic Systematics

Author : Andrew Hamilton
ISBN : 9780520276581
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 55 MB
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The Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics aims to make sense of the rise of phylogenetic systematics—its methods, its objects of study, and its theoretical foundations—with contributions from historians, philosophers, and biologists. This volume articulates an intellectual agenda for the study of systematics and taxonomy in a way that connects classification with larger historical themes in the biological sciences, including morphology, experimental and observational approaches, evolution, biogeography, debates over form and function, character transformation, development, and biodiversity. It aims to provide frameworks for answering the question: how did systematics become phylogenetic?

Cladistics

Author : David M. Williams
ISBN : 9781108882675
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 69 MB
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This new edition of a foundational text presents a contemporary review of cladistics, as applied to biological classification. It provides a comprehensive account of the past fifty years of discussion on the relationship between classification, phylogeny and evolution. It covers cladistics in the era of molecular data, detailing new advances and ideas that have emerged over the last twenty-five years. Written in an accessible style by internationally renowned authors in the field, readers are straightforwardly guided through fundamental principles and terminology. Simple worked examples and easy-to-understand diagrams also help readers navigate complex problems that have perplexed scientists for centuries. This practical guide is an essential addition for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers in taxonomy, systematics, comparative biology, evolutionary biology and molecular biology.

Conceptual Breakthroughs In Evolutionary Genetics

Author : John C. Avise
ISBN : 9780124202375
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 86 MB
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Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics is a pithy, lively book occupying a special niche—the conceptual history of evolutionary genetics— not inhabited by any other available treatment. Written by a world-leading authority in evolutionary genetics, this work encapsulates and ranks 70 of the most significant paradigm shifts in evolutionary biology and genetics during the century-and-a-half since Darwin and Mendel. The science of evolutionary genetics is central to all of biology, but many students and other practitioners have little knowledge of its historical roots and conceptual developments. This book fills that knowledge gap in a thought-provoking and readable format. This fascinating chronological journey along the many conceptual pathways to our modern understanding of evolutionary and genetic principles is a wonderful springboard for discussions in undergraduate or graduate seminars in evolutionary biology and genetics. But more than that, anyone interested in the history and philosophy of science will find much of value between its covers. Provides a relative ranking of 70 seminal breakthroughs and paradigm shifts in the field of evolutionary biology and genetics Modular format permits ready access to each described subject Historical overview of a field whose concepts are central to all of biology and relevant to a broad audience of biologists, science historians, and philosophers of science Extensively cross-referenced with a guide to landmark papers and books for each topic

Turtles As Hopeful Monsters

Author : Olivier Rieppel
ISBN : 9780253025074
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 17 MB
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Where do turtles hail from? Why and how did they acquire shells? These questions have spurred heated debate and intense research for more than two hundred years. Brilliantly weaving evidence from the latest paleontological discoveries with an accessible, incisive look at different theories of biological evolution and their proponents, Turtles as Hopeful Monsters tells the fascinating evolutionary story of the shelled reptiles. Paleontologist Olivier Rieppel traces the evolution of turtles from over 220 million years ago, examining closely the relationship of turtles to other reptiles and charting the development of the shell. Turtle issues fuel a debate between proponents of gradual evolutionary change and authors favoring change through bursts and leaps of macromutation. The first book-length popular history of its type, this indispensable resource is an engaging read for all those fascinated by this ubiquitous and uniquely shaped reptile.

Phylogeny Anatomy And Physiology Of Ancient Fishes

Author : Giacomo Zaccone
ISBN : 9781498707565
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 85 MB
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This book on ancient fishes unites the work of many specialists coming from different areas of biology. Hagfishes, lungfishes, Chondrosteans, and Holosteans constitute the main subject of study. Fossil records and extant species are compared to establish the conservation or the degeneration of specific characters. However, phylogenetic relationships have mostly been revisited in the light of new molecular and developmental data. The morphology of several organs is also revisited. This volume includes a phylogenetic account of the cardiac outflow tract, and the particulars of the heart and circulation in lungfishes. The control of breathing and the lung-swim bladder issue is discussed. The developmental anatomy of the sturgeon gut and accounts of the gut structure in lungfishes and garfishes are also included. Biochemical and physiological aspects of the behavior of lungfishes and gars are presented. Reports on the fish olfactory system, and on the amazing slime glands of hagfishes, are also covered.

Insect Biodiversity

Author : Robert G. Foottit
ISBN : 9781118945605
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 86 MB
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Volume Two of the new guide to the study of biodiversity in insects Volume Two of Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society presents an entirely new, companion volume of a comprehensive resource for the most current research on the influence insects have on humankind and on our endangered environment. With contributions from leading researchers and scholars on the topic, the text explores relevant topics including biodiversity in different habitats and regions, taxonomic groups, and perspectives. Volume Two offers coverage of insect biodiversity in regional settings, such as the Arctic and Asia, and in particular habitats including crops, caves, and islands. The authors also include information on historical, cultural, technical, and climatic perspectives of insect biodiversity. This book explores the wide variety of insect species and their evolutionary relationships. Case studies offer assessments on how insect biodiversity can help meet the needs of a rapidly expanding human population, and examine the consequences that an increased loss of insect species will have on the world. This important text: Offers the most up-to-date information on the important topic of insect biodiversity Explores vital topics such as the impact on insect biodiversity through habitat loss and degradation and climate change With its companion Volume I, presents current information on the biodiversity of all insect orders Contains reviews of insect biodiversity in culture and art, in the fossil record, and in agricultural systems Includes scientific approaches and methods for the study of insect biodiversity The book offers scientists, academics, professionals, and students a guide for a better understanding of the biology and ecology of insects, highlighting the need to sustainably manage ecosystems in an ever-changing global environment.

Methodologies For The Rhetoric Of Health Medicine

Author : Lisa Meloncon
ISBN : 9781315303734
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 28. 40 MB
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This volume charts new methodological territories for rhetorical studies and the emerging field of the rhetoric of health and medicine. In offering an expanded, behind-the-scenes view of rhetorical methodologies, it advances the larger goal of differentiating the rhetoric of health and medicine as a distinct but pragmatically diverse area of study, while providing rhetoricians and allied scholars new ways to approach and explain their research. Collectively, the volume’s 16 chapters: Develop, through extended examples of research, creative theories and methodologies for studying and engaging medicine’s high-stakes practices. Provide thick descriptions of and heuristics for methodological invention and adaptation that meet the needs of needs of new and established researchers. Discuss approaches to researching health and medical rhetorics across a range of contexts (e.g., historical, transnational, socio-cultural, institutional) and about a range of ethical issues (e.g., agency, social justice, responsiveness).

30 Second Zoology

Author : Mark Fellowes
ISBN : 9781782408567
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 89 MB
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Endowed with abundant water, extraordinary ecoystems, varied climates and biomes, our planet is teeming with creatures, great and small. What produced this rich diversity? How have so many species formed, evolved and adapted? What effects are humans having on the rest of the animal kingdom and on the natural environment we share? 30-Second Zoology explains the diversification process of evolution, then introduces the main groups of invertebrates and vertebrates. Breathing, seeing, communicating and other key features of animal physiology and behaviour are explored, as are the ecological relationships between Earth’s myriad species – the predators, the prey, the parasites and the positively poisonous – before assessing the anthropogenic effects of pollution, over-harvesting and a changing climate. Covering everything from the origins of life and the most basic of organisms, all the way through to the more complex creatures that we recognise today, 30-Second Zoology aims to showcase the most fantastic examples of life on our earth, all in 300 words and one stunning illustration per topic.

New Horizons In Insect Science Towards Sustainable Pest Management

Author : Akshay Kumar Chakravarthy
ISBN : 9788132220893
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 38 MB
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Insect science is fast changing as insects are evolving to a plethora of newer chemical molecules, climate change, management tactics and transformation of the landscapes. Through the International Conference, the editors have attempted to gather together newer aspects of Insect Sciences like Insect Taxonomy, DNA Barcoding, Physiology, Toxicology, Vectors and their Management, Molecular Biology, RNA interference in Pest Management, Semiochemicals and Pest Management using Host Plant Resistance and Biological Control appropriated especially for the developing world. Both basic and applied aspects of insect science have been included to stimulate comprehensive studies on insect science. The book not only deals with insect science but also environmental and ecological aspects in the hope that the book will be of immense use to students, researchers, extension workers, planners, administrators, farmers and other end users. The Chapters on diversified aspects of Insect Science are contributed by leading scientists for the coming 21st century in which entomology is witnessing a dramatic advancement in management of pests through in-depth investigations. The dimensions of Insect Science covered in the book are pest management approaches that can be adopted worldwide with ascent on sustainability.

Radiolarians In The Sedimentary Record

Author : P. De Wever
ISBN : 9781482283181
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 27 MB
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Radiolarians in the Sedimentary Record presents the current state of knowledge on fossil radiolarians. The author discusses the record, as well as new integrated taxonomic systems at the family level. The book provides comprehensive coverage of the fossil record of these unicellular organisms. It also discusses their important role in the history of the Earth and their development of the biosphere. This text will prove indispensable for graduate students and researchers in geology, oceanography and earth sciences.

Phylogenetic Inference Selection Theory And History Of Science

Author : Anthony William Fairbank Edwards
ISBN : 9781107111721
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 88. 36 MB
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Seminal papers by A. W. F. Edwards, published together for the first time with commentaries from leading experts to contextualise his contribution.

Scattered Skeletons In Our Closet

Author : Karen Mutton
ISBN : 9781935487715
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 52. 62 MB
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Australian researcher Mutton gives us the rundown on various hominids, skeletons, anomalous skulls and other “things” from our family tree, including hobbits, pygmies, giants and horned people. Chapters include: Human Origin Theories; Dating Techniques; Mechanisms of Darwinian Evolution; What Creationists Believe about Human Origins; Evolution Fakes and Mistakes; Creationist Hoaxes and Mistakes; The Tangled Tree of Evolution; The Australopithecine Debate; Homo Hablilis; Homo Erectus; Anatomically Modern Humans in Ancient Strata?; Ancient Races of the Americas; Robust Australian Prehistoric Races; Pre Maori Races of New Zealand; The Taklamakan Mummies-Caucasians in Prehistoric China; Strange Skulls; Dolichocephaloids (Coneheads); Pumpkin Head, M Head, Horned Skulls; The Adena Skull; The Boskop Skulls; ‘Starchild’; Pygmies of Ancient America; Pedro the Mountain Mummy; Hobbits-Homo Florensiensis; Palau Pygmies; Giants; Goliath; Holocaust of American Giants?; Giants from Around the World; more. Heavily illustrated.

The Rough Guide To Evolution

Author : Mark Pallen
ISBN : 9781409358558
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 91 MB
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Have you ever wondered what Charles Darwin would have had on his iPod? Or exactly how Cartman from South Park fits into the Theory of Evolution? The Rough Guide to Evolution delves into all of this and more, from the life and works of the eminent scientist to the impact of evolutionary thinking on modern times. Read about the evolutionary history of life on Earth, the stark evidence for evolution - including feathered dinosaurs - and how Darwin's breakthrough is still denied by creationists, who have repeatedly tried to ban evolution from the classroom. Providing a complete and authoritative overview of one of the most controversial topics of our age, the guide is an accessible one-stop-shop for all things Darwinian, while listing resources for those keen to dig deeper into our murky beginnings. Find out exactly how Charles Darwin and The Origin of Species have affected human life in the 150 years since its publication - everything from Darwinian tourism to the evolution of The Simpsons - as well as some new angles that make The Rough Guide to Evolution a must-have for die-hard Darwin fans. Rediscover Darwin's earth-shattering explanation for the diversity of life with The Rough Guide to Evolution.

Terms Of Inquiry

Author : James W. Davis
ISBN : 080188084X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65. 31 MB
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Following World War II, American social science research became increasingly characterized by its adherence to the scientific method. However, as research became less accessible to the general public, policymakers began to ignore the findings and advice given to them by political scientists.

The Natural History Book

Author : DK
ISBN : 9780241551516
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 40 MB
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A monumental and beautiful guide to Earth's wildlife and natural history - its rocks, minerals, animals, plants, fungi, and microorganisms - this landmark of reference publishing has been extended and updated. In the 11 years since the book was released, thousands of new species have been identified, and new revelations have redrawn the tree of life. Already featuring galleries of more than 5,000 species, The Natural History Book now includes discoveries such as the olinguito (the "kitty bear" of the Andean cloud forest), and a new species of deep-sea Bolosoma glass sponge photographed by the NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer. And it has reorganized the groups of living things to reflect the latest scientific understanding. All this ensures that this, the only ebook to offer a complete visual survey of all kingdoms of life, remains the benchmark of illustrated natural history reference. Written by a worldwide team of natural history experts, The Natural History Book is the perfect addition to every family bookshelf, as well as an ideal gift for any nature lover. From granites to grape vines, from microbes to mammals, The Natural History Book is the ultimate celebration of the diversity of the natural world.

The Hierarchy Of Life

Author : Lars Brundin
ISBN : UOM:39015016963509
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 61 MB
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The goal of the symposium on which these proceedings are based was to reach a consensus on the hierarchy of life. In some well studied areas, there is a good agreement between molecular data and morphology, for example among vertebrates and insects. In other well studied groups, such as birds and bacteria, fundamental disagreements reported in these proceedings may result from the use and interpretation of different methods. All these points were discussed during the meeting, and several problem areas were also indentified - resulting in new ideas and plans for future work in this field."

Plant Life

Author :
ISBN : UIUC:30112009650679
Genre : Botany
File Size : 37. 74 MB
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Vols. 5-39 contain Herbertia for 1949-1983 which was formerly issued separately. The section Herbertia later (1981-1983) called also Amaryllis year book.

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