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From The Pleistocene To The Holocene

Author : C. Britt Bousman
ISBN : 9781603447607
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 67. 56 MB
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The end of the Pleistocene era brought dramatic environmental changes to small bands of humans living in North America: changes that affected subsistence, mobility, demography, technology, and social relations. The transition they made from Paleoindian (Pleistocene) to Archaic (Early Holocene) societies represents the first major cultural shift that took place solely in the Americas. This event—which manifested in ways and at times much more varied than often supposed—set the stage for the unique developments of behavioral complexity that distinguish later Native American prehistoric societies. Using localized studies and broad regional syntheses, the contributors to this volume demonstrate the diversity of adaptations to the dynamic and changing environmental and cultural landscapes that occurred between the Pleistocene and early portion of the Holocene. The authors' research areas range from Northern Mexico to Alaska and across the continent to the American Northeast, synthesizing the copious available evidence from well-known and recent excavations.With its methodologically and geographically diverse approach, From the Pleistocene to the Holocene: Human Organization and Cultural Transformations in Prehistoric North America provides an overview of the present state of knowledge regarding this crucial transformative period in Native North America. It offers a large-scale synthesis of human adaptation, reflects the range of ideas and concepts in current archaeological theoretical approaches, and acts as a springboard for future explanations and models of prehistoric change.

Humans At The End Of The Ice Age

Author : Lawrence Guy Straus
ISBN : 9781461311454
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 85. 93 MB
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Humans at the End of the Ice Age chronicles and explores the significance of the variety of cultural responses to the global environmental changes at the last glacial-interglacial boundary. Contributions address the nature and consequences of the global climate changes accompanying the end of the Pleistocene epoch-detailing the nature, speed, and magnitude of the human adaptations that culminated in the development of food production in many parts of the world. The text is aided by vital maps, chronological tables, and charts.

The Organisation Of The Commission

Author : International Association on Quaternary Research
ISBN : OCLC:638409611
Genre :
File Size : 29. 63 MB
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Late Pleistocene And Holocene Environmental Change On The Olympic Peninsula Washington

Author : Daniel G. Gavin
ISBN : 9783319110141
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 26 MB
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This study brings together decades of research on the modern natural environment of Washington's Olympic Peninsula, reviews past research on paleoenvironmental change since the Late Pleistocene, and finally presents paleoecological records of changing forest composition and fire over the last 14,000 years. The focus of this study is on the authors’ studies of five pollen records from the Olympic Peninsula. Maps and other data graphics are used extensively. Paleoecology can effectively address some of these challenges we face in understanding the biotic response to climate change and other agents of change in ecosystems. First, species responses to climate change are mediated by changing disturbance regimes. Second, biotic hotspots today suggest a long-term maintenance of diversity in an area, and researchers approach the maintenance of diversity from a wide range and angles (CITE). Mountain regions may maintain biodiversity through significant climate change in ‘refugia’: locations where components of diversity retreat to and expand from during periods of unfavorable climate (Keppel et al., 2012). Paleoecological studies can describe the context for which biodiversity persisted through time climate refugia. Third, the paleoecological approach is especially suited for long-lived organisms. For example, a tree species that may typically reach reproductive sizes only after 50 years and remain fertile for 300 years, will experience only 30 to 200 generations since colonizing a location after Holocene warming about 11,000 years ago. Thus, by summarizing community change through multiple generations and natural disturbance events, paleoecological studies can examine the resilience of ecosystems to disturbances in the past, showing how many ecosystems recover quickly while others may not (Willis et al., 2010).

Pleistocene And Holocene Palaeoenvironments And Recent Processes Across Ne Europe

Author : Jonas Satkūnas
ISBN : OCLC:552386158
Genre :
File Size : 52. 58 MB
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The Pleistocene Holocene Boundary In South Western Sweden

Author : Eric Olausson
ISBN : 9171582673
Genre : Geology
File Size : 65. 18 MB
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A Paleoecological Study Of The Pleistocene Holocene Transition In The Kap Farvel Area South Greenland

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:923840983
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Upper Pleistocene And Holocene Climatic Variations

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000044845179
Genre : Climatic changes
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Late Pleistocene And Early Holocene Occupations In The Upper Atbara River Valley

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:696194931
Genre :
File Size : 70. 45 MB
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The Pleistocene And Early Holocene Archeology Of Mainland Northeast Asia

Author : William Roger Powers
ISBN : WISC:89098583842
Genre : Excavations (Archaeology)
File Size : 57. 77 MB
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Pleistocene And Holocene Fauna Of Crete And Its First Settlers

Author : David S. Reese
ISBN : 1881094170
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 58 MB
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Advancing Pleistocene And Holocene Climate Change Research In The Carpathian Balkan Region

Author : Daniel Veres
ISBN : OCLC:931092301
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File Size : 63. 86 MB
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Hunters In A Changing World

Author : International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences. Commission XXXII
ISBN : UOM:39015061015650
Genre : Europe, Central
File Size : 26. 74 MB
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This volume presents the proceedings of the Workshop of the UISPP Commission XXXII held at Greifswald in 2002 which focused on man's reaction to the dramatic climatic, and subsequent environmental, change that marked the end of the Pleistocene and the beginning of the warmer Holocene. Focusing on northern and central Europe, contributors discuss the types of changes that took place in vegetation, fauna and landscape across this region before looking at specific case studies. These examine, for example, the problems of dating environmental deposits or bone artefacts. Sites discussed include Lundby and Bornholm in Denmark, Norregard, the Polish plain, Kreis Schleswig-Flensburg in Germany, the Havelland, northern Germany and Italy. A final study examines evidence from this transitional period further afield on the Japanese islands. All papers are in English.

Upper Pleistocene Holocene Climate And Vegetation Of The Northern Jordan Valley Israel

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ISBN : OCLC:55023820
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Zooarchaeology Of The Pleistocene Holocene Boundary

Author : International Council for Archaeozoology. Congress
ISBN : UVA:X006094339
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74. 98 MB
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The approach of these papers is to evaluate the rapid environmental changes across the Pleistocene/Holocene boundary through its impact on human subsistence patterns. These patterns vary enormously in different regional areas and, in response to this, papers are drawn from Spain, Russia, Western Europe, the Levant, Mesopotamia, the Americas and Canada.

Late Pleistocene And Early Holocene Microblade Based Industries In Northeastern Asia

Author : Meng Zhang
ISBN : 1407358480
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39. 66 MB
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This book provides an explanation of variation and change among late Pleistocene and early Holocene microblade-based societies in northeastern Asia.

Los Primeros Mexicanos

Author : Guadalupe Sánchez
ISBN : 9780816533756
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 83. 5 MB
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In 1927, near the town of Folsom, New Mexico, a spectacular discovery altered our understanding of early humans on the American continent. Scientists excavating a bison from the late Pleistocene age discovered a fluted projectile point wedged between the animal’s ribs—forceful evidence that humans existed during the Ice Age together with now-extinct animals. Subsequent discoveries at nearby Clovis introduced scientists to the first large-scale occupation of the Americas—Clovis culture—with a time span of 13,250 to 12,500 years ago. Los Primeros Mexicanos explores the Clovis occupation of Mexico’s northwest region of Sonora. Using extensive primary data concerning specific artifacts, assemblages, and Paleoindian archaeology, Mexican archaeologist Guadalupe Sánchez presents a synopsis and critical review of current data and a unique summary of information about the First People of México that is difficult to find in Spanish and until now not available in English. Sánchez’s essential framework for early Sonora prehistory includes the Sonoran landscape, the biotic communities, a history of investigations, the regional cultural-historical chronology of Sonora, and the Clovis record in the surrounding area. The Sonoran settlement pattern, she asserts, indicates that Clovis groups were hunter-gatherers who exploited a wide range of environments, locating their settlements near lithic sources for tool-making, water sources, large-prey animals, and a variety of edible plants and small animals. In 1592, a Jesuit priest, José de Acosta, chronicled his puzzlement over when man first arrived in the New World. Four hundred years later, the peopling of the American continent is still intensely interesting to scientists and researchers. Los Primeros Mexicanos offers an exhaustive synthesis of available archaeological evidence to shed light on Clovis occupation in Sonora, Mexico.

As The World Warmed

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:479031866
Genre :
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Phytolith Analysis Applied To Pleistocene Holocene Archaeological Sites In The Australian Arid Zone

Author : Doreen Bowdery
ISBN : STANFORD:36105021086371
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 55. 25 MB
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Application of phytolith analysis to three archaeological sites in the Australian arid zone - Puritjarra(Cleland Hill, NT), JSN (Strzelecki Desert, SA) and N145 / Allen's Cave (Nullarbor, SA); background summary of the sites; analytic procedures; phytolith classification; summary of the phytolith profiles; climate and vegetation change.

The Large Mammals Of The Upper Pleistocene Holocene In Israel

Author : Simon Davis
ISBN : OCLC:782062390
Genre :
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