fungi and lignocellulosic biomass

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Fungi And Lignocellulosic Biomass

Author : Christian P. Kubicek
ISBN : 9780470960097
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 58 MB
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Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass offers a comprehensive review of the use of fungi in efficient and cost-effective conversion of cellulosic biomass into fuel. Complete, up-to-date coverage ranges from the biochemical basis of cellulose degradation by fungi to the application of key fungal enzymes in the biofuel industry. The enzymology of cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin degradation are all examined. Written by a leading researcher in the field, this book is a valuable tool for researchers, engineers, and industry professionals interested in advancing the development and production of bi.

Storage Of Fungal Treated Lignocellulosic Biomass And Its Acceptance By Goats

Author :
ISBN : 9463439064
Genre :
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Vast amounts of organic residues (including wheat straw) are produced as a result of agricultural activities. Because of a lignin content, many of these biomasses cannot be effectively used as feedstuffs. Selective white-rot fungi uniquely degrade lignin and, thereby, can increase the value of lignified biomasses as a feedstuff. A number of important issues need to be solves to allow for application of this biotechnology in practice. Among these are the stability of fungal treated biomass during long term storage, the compounds produced during fungal treatment and storage, and acceptance of fungal treated biomass by ruminant animals. The research reported in the present thesis showed that wheat straw treated by the fungi Ceriporiopsis subvermispora or Lentinula edodes could be anaerobically stored, with or without additives, at 20 °C up to 64 days with minor effect on its composition. Both fungi acidified the wheat straw by producing a number of organic acids and soluble sugars which accumulated during the fungal treatment. Accumulation of specific ceriporic acids were observed during the C. subvermispora treatment. No common mycotoxins were found to be produced in the two fungal cultures, indicating that the treated wheat straw was safe for animals to consume, at least from the perspective of the 34 analysed mycotoxins. Storing fungal treated wheat straw at different temperatures showed small but significant differences in hemicellulose and lignin content at higher temperatures, but did not affect fermentability in rumen fluid. A number of metabolites accumulated with increased storage temperatures and time. Preference studies with goats showed that the fungal treated wheat straw was well accepted as part of a grass silage and corn silage based ration. Storage of fungal treated wheat straw at elevated temperatures increased its palatability. By adding wheat bran before fungal treatment, a more rapid colonization by C. subvermispora, but not L. edodes, occurred but did not affect the extent of lignin degradation.

Pretreatment Of Lignocellulosic Biomass For Biofuel Production

Author : Pratima Bajpai
ISBN : 9789811006876
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 67 MB
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The book describes the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for biomass-to-biofuel conversion processes, which is an important step in increasing ethanol production for biofuels. It also highlights the main challenges and suggests possible ways to make these technologies feasible for the biofuel industry. The biological conversion of cellulosic biomass into bioethanol is based on the chemical and biological breakdown of biomass into aqueous sugars, for example using hydrolytic enzymes. The fermentable sugars can then be further processed into ethanol or other advanced biofuels. Pretreatment is required to break down the lignin structure and disrupt the crystalline structure of cellulose so that the acids or enzymes can easily access and hydrolyze the cellulose. Pre-treatment can be the most expensive process in converting biomass to fuel, but there is great potential for improving the efficiency and lowering costs through further research and development. This book is aimed at academics and industrial practitioners who are interested in the higher production of ethanol for biofuels.

Lignocellulosic Biomass Production And Industrial Applications

Author : Arindam Kuila
ISBN : 9781119323853
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 62 MB
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Lignocellulosic Biomass Production and Industrial Applications describes the utilization of lignocellulosic biomass for various applications. Although there have been numerous reports on lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel application, there have been very few other applications reported for lignocellulosic biomass-based chemicals and polymers. Therefore, this book covers all of the possible lignocellulosic biomass applications. Besides describing the different types of biofuel production, such as bioethanol, biobutanol, biodiesel and biogas from lignocellulosic biomass, it also presents various other lignocellulosic biomass biorefinery applications for the production of chemicals, polymers, paper and bioplastics. In addition, there are chapters on valorization of lignocellulosic materials, alkali treatment to improve the physical, mechanical and chemical properties of lignocellulosic natural fibers, and a discussion of the major benefits, limitations and future prospects of the use of lignocellulosic biomass.

Single Cell Protein Production From Lignocellulosic Biomass

Author : Pratima Bajpai
ISBN : 9789811058738
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59. 60 MB
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This book focuses on bioconversion of lignocellulosic residues into single-cell protein, which offers an alternative to conventional proteins (such as soybean meal, egg protein or meat protein in animal feed) that is not affected by the climate. It provides an overview of the general uses of lignocellulosic residues and their bioconversion into single-cell protein using microorganisms, as well as the recovery of the valuable by-products. It also explores the benefits and potential drawbacks of single-cell protein, with an emphasis on the economic advantages of such processes. Given its multidisciplinary scope, the book represents a valuable resource for academics and industry practitioners interested in the production of single-cell protein from lignocellulosic residues.

Advances In Computational Biology

Author : Luis F. Castillo
ISBN : 9783319015682
Genre : Computers
File Size : 24. 9 MB
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This volume compiles accepted contributions for the 2nd Edition of the Colombian Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Congress CCBCOL, after a rigorous review process in which 54 papers were accepted for publication from 119 submitted contributions. Bioinformatics and Computational Biology are areas of knowledge that have emerged due to advances that have taken place in the Biological Sciences and its integration with Information Sciences. The expansion of projects involving the study of genomes has led the way in the production of vast amounts of sequence data which needs to be organized, analyzed and stored to understand phenomena associated with living organisms related to their evolution, behavior in different ecosystems, and the development of applications that can be derived from this analysis.

Fungal Biorefineries

Author : Sachin Kumar
ISBN : 9783319903798
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 53 MB
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This book covers the applications of fungi used in biorefinery technology. As a great many different varieties of fungal species are available, the text focuses on the various applications of fungi for production of useful products including organic acids (lactic, citric, fumaric); hydrolytic enzymes (amylase, cellulases, xylanases, ligninases, lipases, pectinases, proteases); advanced biofuels (ethanol, single cell oils); polyols (xylitol); single cell protein (animal feed); secondary metabolites; and much more.

Mycofactories

Author : Ana Lcia Monteiro Duro Leito
ISBN : 9781608052233
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 69 MB
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Fungi are extremely versatile microorganisms as a biotechnology tool having the advantage of being relatively easy to grow, thus making them suitable for large scale production. Fungi have been successfully employed for biotransformations ranging from food manufacturing to drug design. Mycofactories comprise a substantial share of significant current research in the area of fungal biotechnology, and constitutes an effort to compile high level research in this domain. Topics include applications of fungi as a main source for the production of enzymes, manufacture of food derivatives, pigments and additives, and applications in bioremediation.

Glycoside Hydrolases Advances In Research And Application 2012 Edition

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ISBN : 9781464992735
Genre : Medical
File Size : 61. 7 MB
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Glycoside Hydrolases—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Glycoside Hydrolases. The editors have built Glycoside Hydrolases—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Glycoside Hydrolases in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Glycoside Hydrolases—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Fungal Enzymes

Author : Maria de Lourdes T. M. Polizeli
ISBN : 9781466594555
Genre : Medical
File Size : 57. 11 MB
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This book presents a detailed account of different enzymes including pectinolytic and amylolytic systems, invertases, cellulases and hemicellulases, pectinases, proteases, laccases, phytases, alpha-glucuronidases, mannanases, lipases produced by different fungi. It also deals with many applications, including the transesterification and biodiesel production. The text incorporates different approaches to diverse enzyme systems—for a better understanding of the substrates involved in catalysis—as well as different processes of enzyme production, purification processes, gene and metabolic regulations, and engineering of enzymes.

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