gandharan-buddhist-reliquaries

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Gandharan Buddhist Reliquaries

Author : David Jongeward
ISBN : 0295992360
Genre : Art
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Gandhara, the ancient name for the region around modern Peshawar in northern Pakistan, was of pivotal importance in the production of Buddhist texts and art in the first centuries CE. Since the mid-nineteenth century, excavations of Gandharan monastery sites have revolutionized the study of early Buddhism. Among the treasures unearthed are hundreds of reliquaries--containers housing relics of the Buddha. This volume combines art history, Buddhist history, ancient Indian history, archaeology, epigraphy, linguistics, and numismatics to clarify the significance and function of these reliquaries. The story begins with the Buddha's last days, his death and funerary arrangements, and the distribution of the cremated remains, which initiated a relic cult. Chapters describe Gandharan reliquary types and subgroups, the archaeological and historical significance of collections, and the paleographic and linguistic interpretation of the inscriptions on the reliquaries. The 400 reliquaries illustrated and surveyed are from museums and private collections in Pakistan, India, Japan, Europe, and North America. Stone is the primary material of construction, along with bronze, gold, and silver. Shapes range from spherical and cylindrical to miniature stupas, a configuration that provides valuable information about the history of this Buddhist monumental form. David Jongeward is a visiting scholar at the Asian Institute, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto. Elizabeth Errington is curator of the Charles Masson Project, British Museum Department of Coins and Medals. Richard Salomon is professor of Asian languages and literature at the University of Washington. Stefan Baums is assistant adjunct professor of South and Southeast Asian studies at the University of California, Berkeley, and a research fellow at the School of Asian Studies, Leiden University.

Gandharan Buddhism

Author : Kurt Behrendt
ISBN : 9780774841283
Genre : Religion
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The ancient region of Gandhara, with its prominent Buddhist heritage, has long fascinated scholars of art history, archaeology, and textual studies. Discoveries of inscriptions, text fragments, sites, and artworks in the last decade have redefined how we understand the region and its cultural complexity. The essays in this volume reassess Gandharan Buddhism in light of these findings, utilizing a multidisciplinary approach that illuminates the complex historical and cultural dynamics of the region. By integrating archaeology, art history, numismatics, epigraphy, and textual sources, the contributors articulate the nature of Gandharan Buddhism, its practices, and the significance of the relic tradition.

Problems Of Chronology In Gandh?ran Art

Author : Wannaporn Rienjang
ISBN : 9781784918552
Genre : Art
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Since the beginning of Gandhāran studies in the nineteenth century, chronology has been one of the most significant challenges to the understanding of Gandhāran art. Many other ancient societies, including those of Greece and Rome, have left a wealth of textual sources which have put their fundamental chronological frameworks beyond doubt. In the absence of such sources on a similar scale, even the historical eras cited on inscribed Gandhāran works of art have been hard to place. Few sculptures have such inscriptions and the majority lack any record of find-spot or even general provenance. Those known to have been found at particular sites were sometimes moved and reused in antiquity. Consequently, the provisional dates assigned to extant Gandhāran sculptures have sometimes differed by centuries, while the narrative of artistic development remains doubtful and inconsistent. Building upon the most recent, cross-disciplinary research, debate and excavation, this volume reinforces a new consensus about the chronology of Gandhāra, bringing the history of Gandhāran art into sharper focus than ever. By considering this tradition in its wider context, alongside contemporary Indian art and subsequent developments in Central Asia, the authors also open up fresh questions and problems which a new phase of research will need to address. Problems of Chronology in Gandhāran Art is the first publication of the Gandhāra Connections project at the University of Oxford’s Classical Art Research Centre, which has been supported by the Bagri Foundation and the Neil Kreitman Foundation. It presents the proceedings of the first of three international workshops on fundamental questions in the study of Gandhāran art, held at Oxford in March 2017.

Buddhism And Gandhara

Author : Himanshu Prabha Ray
ISBN : 9781351252744
Genre : History
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Gandhara is a name central to Buddhist heritage and iconography. It is the ancient name of a region in present-day Pakistan, bounded on the west by the Hindu Kush mountain range and to the north by the foothills of the Himalayas. ‘Gandhara’ is also the term given to this region’s sculptural and architectural features between the first and sixth centuries CE. This book re-examines the archaeological material excavated in the region in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and traces the link between archaeological work, histories of museum collections and related interpretations by art historians. The essays in the volume underscore the diverse cultural traditions of Gandhara – from a variety of sources and perspectives on language, ethnicity and material culture (including classical accounts, Chinese writings, coins and Sanskrit epics) – as well as interrogate the grand narrative of Hellenism of which Gandhara has been a part. The book explores the making of collections of what came to be described as Gandhara art and reviews the Buddhist artistic tradition through notions of mobility and dynamic networks of transmission. Wide ranging and rigorous, this volume will appeal to scholars and researchers of early South Asian history, archaeology, religion (especially Buddhist studies), art history and museums.

Coastal Shrines And Transnational Maritime Networks Across India And Southeast Asia

Author : Himanshu Prabha Ray
ISBN : 9781000166514
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 58 MB
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This book breaks new ground by examining trans-oceanic connectivity through the perspective of coastal shrines and maritime cultural landscapes across the Bay of Bengal and the South China Sea. It covers a period of expanding networks and cross-cultural encounters from the 3rd century BCE to the 13th century CE. The book examines the distinctiveness of these shrines, and highlights their interconnections, and their role in social integration in South and Southeast Asia. By drawing on data from shipwreck sites, the author elaborates on the material and religious intersections and transmissions between cultures across the seas. Many of these coastal shrines survived into the colonial period when they came to be admired for their aesthetic value as ‘monuments’. As nation states of the region became independent, these shrines were often inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List on account of their Outstanding Universal Values. The book argues that in the 21st century there is a need to promote the cultural connectivity of the past as transnational heritage on UNESCO’s global platform to preserve and protect our shared heritage. The volume will be essential reading for academics and researchers of archaeology, anthropology, museum and heritage studies, history of South and Southeast Asia, religious studies, cultural studies, and Asian studies.

Power Presence And Space

Author : Henry Albery
ISBN : 9781000168808
Genre : History
File Size : 22. 56 MB
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Patterns of ritual power, presence, and space are fundamentally connected to, and mirror, the societal and political power structures in which they are enacted. This book explores these connections in South Asia from the early Common Era until the present day. The essays in the volume examine a wide range of themes, including a genealogy of ideas concerning Vedic rituals in European thought; Buddhist donative rituals of Gandhara and Andhra Pradesh in the early Common Era; land endowments, festivals, and temple establishments in medieval Tamil Nadu and Karnataka; Mughal court rituals of the Mughal Empire; and contemporary ritual complexes on the Nilgiri Plateau. This volume argues for the need to redress a historical neglect in identifying and theorising ritual and religion in material contexts within archaeology. Further, it challenges existing theoretical and methodological forms of documentation to propose new ways of understanding rituals in history. This volume will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of South Asian history, religion, archaeology, and historical geography.

The Art Of Gandhara In The Metropolitan Museum Of Art

Author : Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)
ISBN : 9781588392244
Genre : Art
File Size : 58. 59 MB
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Buddhist Art Of Gandhara

Author : David Jongeward
ISBN : 1910807222
Genre : Art, Gandhara
File Size : 65. 66 MB
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* Featuring many Gandharan objects never published before, and featuring all new photography, this is the complete catalog of the Ashmolean's Buddhist sculpture collection and related art of the historic Gandhara regionBuddhist Art of Gandhara is a scholarly catalog of the Ashmolean Museum's important but still largely unpublished holdings of the Buddhist sculpture and related art of the historic Gandhara region (modern North West Pakistan / East Afghanistan) in the early centuries AD (c. 0-600 AD). This region was a major center of Buddhist culture and facilitated the transmission of Buddhism and its art from India via the Silk Road to Central Asia, China and the Far East. The book contains introductory essays, with additional illustrations, suitable for the general reader as well as the specialist.

The Materials Of Sculpture

Author : Nicholas Penny
ISBN : 0300065817
Genre : Art
File Size : 56. 34 MB
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This beautiful and authoritative book surveys the sculpture of many civilizations--from ancient Egypt, Greece and China to fifteenth-century Italy, nineteenth-century France and twentieth-century North America--to explain how sculpture is made. Nicholas Penny provides a basic introduction to the nature of the materials used by sculptures, examining how these were regarded as well as how they were worked in different periods and in different cultures.

Gandhara The Buddhist Heritage Of Pakistan

Author : Dorothee von Drachenfels
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132361333
Genre : Art
File Size : 42. 2 MB
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Kushan Mystique

Author : David Jongeward
ISBN : 1912667460
Genre : Antiques & Collectibles
File Size : 71. 48 MB
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Kushan Mystique is in part a personal narrative, and in part a profile of people and places encountered as a result of David Jongeward's Kushan research and travels. The story begins in a lakeside cottage in northern California where the author describes circumstances leading to his departure from a career in cultural anthropology to a slowly evolving interest in the ancient history of Central Asia, eventually specialising in Kushan coinage and the Buddhist sculpture of Gandhara. The narrative includes accounts of meetings with collectors and curators and other specialists, detailed descriptions of Mr. Jongeward's museum-based research, as well as his visits to major archaeological sites in Pakistan that date to the Kushan era. The book includes discussions on the succession of Kushan kings and the Kushan pantheon of deities.

The Crossroads Of Asia

Author : Elizabeth Errington
ISBN : UOM:39015029854778
Genre : Art
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Handbuch Der Orientalistik

Author : Kurt A. Behrendt
ISBN : 9004135952
Genre : Religion
File Size : 41. 78 MB
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Kurt Behrendt in this book for the first time and convincingly offers a description of the development of 2nd century B.C.E. to 8th century C.E. Buddhist sacred centers in ancient Gandhara, today northwest Pakistan.

Gandh?ran Art The World Of The Buddha

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015060112029
Genre : Buddhist sculpture
File Size : 44. 21 MB
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Relics Of The Buddha

Author : John Strong
ISBN : 812083139X
Genre : Buddhismus
File Size : 75. 29 MB
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Buddhism is popularly seen as a religion stressing the truth of impermanence. How, then, to account for the long-standing veneration, in Asian Buddhist communities, of bone fragments, hair, teeth and other bodily bits said to come from the historic Buddha? Early European and American scholars of religion, influenced by a characteristic Protestant bias against relic worship, declared such practices to be superstitious and fraudulent, and far from the true essence of Buddhism. John Strong`s Book, by contrast, argues that relic veneration has played a serious and integral role in Buddhist traditions in south and Southeast Asia and that it is in no way foreign to Buddhism. The book is structured around the life story of the Buddha, starting with traditions about relics of previous buddhas and relics from the past lives of the Buddha Sakyamuni. It then considers the death of the Buddha, the collection of his bodily relics after his cremation, and stories of their spread to different parts of Asia. The Book ends with a consideration of the legend of the future parinirvana (extinction) of the relics prior to the advent of the next Buddha, Maitreya. Throughout, the author does not hesitate to explore the many versions of these legends and to relate them to their ritual, doctrinal, artistic, and social contexts. In 1561, an interesting ceremony ing a military operation in Sri Lanka, Portuguese troops had captured what local idolaters (i.e., Buddhists) claimed was the tooth of the Buddha, and had delivered it as a prize to their viceroy, Don Constantino da Braganca. The viceroy had hoped to hold it for ransom, but now the archbishop of Goa, Don Gaspar, was insisting that it be destroyed. On a porch overlooking the river, in the presence of a great crowd of Christians and pagans, he called for the tooth and placed it in a mortar, and with his own hand reduced it to powder, and cast the pieces into a brazier which stood ready for the purpose; after which the ashes and the charcoal together were cast into the river, in sight of all those who were crowding the verandahs and windows which looked upon the water (Tennent 1859, 2:215. See also chapter 7 in this book). As benighted as such an action may seem to us today, it can at least be said that the Portuguese archbishop appreciated the nature of relics. Conscious of the power of holy objects from his own tradition, he felt that the tooth had to be utterly and permanently eradicated. In his mind, this was not just a piece of bone that he was destroying but a relic of the devil (reliquia do demonio) something alive that had to be killed (Tennent 1859, 2:214; text in De Couto 1783, 17:429) Rather different were the attitudes of some of Don Gaspar`s Protestant contemporaries in Europe. John Calvin, to my knowledge, never said anything about Buddhist relics, but in 1543 he wrote a whole treatise on Roman Catholic ones (Calvin 1970). And although he too, given the chance, would probably have crushed the Buddha`s tooth to bits, he would have done so for different reasons. For him, relics embodied no sacred or even demonic presence, and it was wrong and exploitative to pretend that they did. Relics were nothing but material things, as he pointed out when he got rid of what had been two of Geneva`s prized relics-the arm of Saint Anthony and the brain of Saint peter; the one, he proclaimed, was but the bone of a stag, and the other a piece of pumice (Calvin 1970:53) Contents List of Tables, Preface, Note and Abbreviations, Introduction: Relics of the Buddha, Relics and the Biographical process, Types of Buddha Relics, Bones and Books, Bones and Beads, Relics, Bones, and Burial Practices in India and Beyond, Bones and Bodies, Relics and images, Limitations of this study, outline, 1. Relics of previous buddhas, 2. Relics of the Bodhisattva, 3. Relics of the Still-Living Buddha: Hairs and Rootprints, 4. The Parinirvana of the Buddha, 5. Asoka and the Buddha Relics, 6. Predestined Relics: The extension of the Buddha's life story in some sri lankan traditions, 7. Further Extensions of the Buddha's Life Story: Some Tooth Relic Traditions, 8. Relics and Eschatology, Conclusions, Bibliography, index.

A Catalogue Of The Gandh?ra Sculpture In The British Museum Text

Author : British Museum
ISBN : UOM:39015042995343
Genre : Art
File Size : 36. 7 MB
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This catalogue publishes the British Museum's collection of Gandhara sculpture. It illustrates and describes 680 objects, and where possible includes comparisons and literary references. The catalogue also contains an extensive bibliography as well as concordances and indexes.

Buddhist Reliquaries From Ancient India

Author : Michael D. Willis
ISBN : UOM:39015053763051
Genre : Art
File Size : 38. 34 MB
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Relics played a key role in early Buddhism. As Buddhism spread across Asia, so did the cult of relics and practice of building shrines to contain them. The 24 reliquaries from Sanchi and neighbouring sites in central India are the earliest examples known. This is a catalogue of this important material. All the reliquaries are illustrated, and critical editions of all the inscriptional texts are provided. The introduction examines early relic worship and the control of sacred space by the early monastic community, provides a reassessment of early Indian history, based on inscriptions and numismatics, and re-evaluates the chronology of early Indian sculpture.

East And West

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105020924184
Genre :
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Ratna Chandrik?

Author : Devendra Handa
ISBN : UOM:39015032845987
Genre : Art
File Size : 25. 18 MB
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A Commemorative Volume To Shri Ratna Chandra Agrawala, Indologist And Art Historian Of International Repute, With Articles From Both Indian And Foreign Scholars.

Silk Road Art And Archaeology

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015042492424
Genre : Art
File Size : 42. 36 MB
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