# general relativity springer undergraduate mathematics series

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## General Relativity

**Author :**N.M.J. Woodhouse

**ISBN :**1846284872

**Genre :**Science

**File Size :**27. 98 MB

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Based on a course taught for years at Oxford, this book offers a concise exposition of the central ideas of general relativity. The focus is on the chain of reasoning that leads to the relativistic theory from the analysis of distance and time measurements in the presence of gravity, rather than on the underlying mathematical structure. Includes links to recent developments, including theoretical work and observational evidence, to encourage further study.

## Special Relativity

**Author :**N.M.J. Woodhouse

**ISBN :**9781447100836

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**63. 60 MB

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This book provides readers with the tools needed to understand the physical basis of special relativity and will enable a confident mathematical understanding of Minkowski's picture of space-time. It features a large number of examples and exercises, ranging from the rather simple through to the more involved and challenging. Coverage includes acceleration and tensors and has an emphasis on space-time diagrams.

## The Geometry Of Spacetime

**Author :**James J. Callahan

**ISBN :**9781475767360

**Genre :**Science

**File Size :**46. 58 MB

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Hermann Minkowski recast special relativity as essentially a new geometric structure for spacetime. This book looks at the ideas of both Einstein and Minkowski, and then introduces the theory of frames, surfaces and intrinsic geometry, developing the main implications of Einstein's general relativity theory.

## General Relativity

**Author :**Norbert Straumann

**ISBN :**9783662118276

**Genre :**Science

**File Size :**59. 57 MB

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The foundations are thoroughly developed together with the required mathematical background from differential geometry developed in Part III. The author also discusses the tests of general relativity in detail, including binary pulsars, with much space is devoted to the study of compact objects, especially to neutron stars and to the basic laws of black-hole physics. This well-structured text and reference enables readers to easily navigate through the various sections as best matches their backgrounds and perspectives, whether mathematical, physical or astronomical. Very applications oriented, the text includes very recent results, such as the supermassive black-hole in our galaxy and first double pulsar system

## Analytic Hyperbolic Geometry And Albert Einstein S Special Theory Of Relativity

**Author :**Abraham A. Ungar

**ISBN :**9789812772305

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**36. 57 MB

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This book presents a powerful way to study Einstein's special theory of relativity and its underlying hyperbolic geometry in which analogies with classical results form the right tool. It introduces the notion of vectors into analytic hyperbolic geometry, where they are called gyrovectors . Newtonian velocity addition is the common vector addition, which is both commutative and associative. The resulting vector spaces, in turn, form the algebraic setting for the standard model of Euclidean geometry. In full analogy, Einsteinian velocity addition is a gyrovector addition, which is both gyrocommutative and gyroassociative . The resulting gyrovector spaces, in turn, form the algebraic setting for the Beltrami-Klein ball model of the hyperbolic geometry of Bolyai and Lobachevsky. Similarly, MAbius addition gives rise to gyrovector spaces that form the algebraic setting for the Poincar(r) ball model of hyperbolic geometry. In full analogy with classical results, the book presents a novel relativistic interpretation of stellar aberration in terms of relativistic gyrotrigonometry and gyrovector addition. Furthermore, the book presents, for the first time, the relativistic center of mass of an isolated system of noninteracting particles that coincided at some initial time t = 0. The novel relativistic resultant mass of the system, concentrated at the relativistic center of mass, dictates the validity of the dark matter and the dark energy that were introduced by cosmologists as ad hoc postulates to explain cosmological observations about missing gravitational force and late-time cosmic accelerated expansion. The discovery of the relativistic center of mass in this book thus demonstrates once again the usefulness of the study of Einstein's special theory of relativity in terms of its underlying analytic hyperbolic geometry. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: Introduction (145 KB). Contents: Gyrogroups; Gyrocommutative Gyrogroups; Gyrogroup Extension; Gyrovectors and Cogyrovectors; Gyrovector Spaces; Rudiments of Differential Geometry; Gyrotrigonometry; Bloch Gyrovector of Quantum Information and Computation; Special Theory of Relativity: The Analytic Hyperbolic Geometric Viewpoint; Relativistic Gyrotrigonometry; Stellar and Particle Aberration. Readership: Undergraduates, graduate students, researchers and academics in geometry, algebra, mathematical physics, theoretical physics and astronomy."

## Analytic Hyperbolic Geometry

**Author :**Abraham A Ungar

**ISBN :**9789814479592

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**76. 72 MB

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' This is the first book on analytic hyperbolic geometry, fully analogous to analytic Euclidean geometry. Analytic hyperbolic geometry regulates relativistic mechanics just as analytic Euclidean geometry regulates classical mechanics. The book presents a novel gyrovector space approach to analytic hyperbolic geometry, fully analogous to the well-known vector space approach to Euclidean geometry. A gyrovector is a hyperbolic vector. Gyrovectors are equivalence classes of directed gyrosegments that add according to the gyroparallelogram law just as vectors are equivalence classes of directed segments that add according to the parallelogram law. In the resulting “gyrolanguage” of the book one attaches the prefix “gyro” to a classical term to mean the analogous term in hyperbolic geometry. The prefix stems from Thomas gyration, which is the mathematical abstraction of the relativistic effect known as Thomas precession. Gyrolanguage turns out to be the language one needs to articulate novel analogies that the classical and the modern in this book share. The scope of analytic hyperbolic geometry that the book presents is cross-disciplinary, involving nonassociative algebra, geometry and physics. As such, it is naturally compatible with the special theory of relativity and, particularly, with the nonassociativity of Einstein velocity addition law. Along with analogies with classical results that the book emphasizes, there are remarkable disanalogies as well. Thus, for instance, unlike Euclidean triangles, the sides of a hyperbolic triangle are uniquely determined by its hyperbolic angles. Elegant formulas for calculating the hyperbolic side-lengths of a hyperbolic triangle in terms of its hyperbolic angles are presented in the book. The book begins with the definition of gyrogroups, which is fully analogous to the definition of groups. Gyrogroups, both gyrocommutative and non-gyrocommutative, abound in group theory. Surprisingly, the seemingly structureless Einstein velocity addition of special relativity turns out to be a gyrocommutative gyrogroup operation. Introducing scalar multiplication, some gyrocommutative gyrogroups of gyrovectors become gyrovector spaces. The latter, in turn, form the setting for analytic hyperbolic geometry just as vector spaces form the setting for analytic Euclidean geometry. By hybrid techniques of differential geometry and gyrovector spaces, it is shown that Einstein (Möbius) gyrovector spaces form the setting for Beltrami-Klein (Poincaré) ball models of hyperbolic geometry. Finally, novel applications of Möbius gyrovector spaces in quantum computation, and of Einstein gyrovector spaces in special relativity, are presented. Contents: GyrogroupsGyrocommutative GyrogroupsGyrogroup ExtensionGyrovectors and CogyrovectorsGyrovector SpacesRudiments of Differential GeometryGyrotrigonometryBloch Gyrovector of Quantum ComputationSpecial Theory of Relativity: The Analytic Hyperbolic Geometric Viewpoint Readership: Undergraduates, graduate students, researchers and academics in geometry, algebra, mathematical physics, theoretical physics and astronomy. Keywords:Analytic Hyperbolic Geometry;Gyrogroup;Gyrovector Space;Hyperbolic Geometry;Relativistic Mass;Special RelativityKey Features:Develops an elegant conversion formula from the hyperbolic triangle hyperbolic angles to its hyperbolic side lengthsIntroduces hyperbolic vectors, called “gyrovectors", and demonstrates that Einstein velocity addition is nothing but a gyrovector addition in a gyrovector space just as Newton velocity addition is a vector addition in a vector spaceShows that Einstein's relativistic mass meshes extraordinarily well with analytic hyperbolic geometry, where it captures remarkable analogies with Newton's classical mass and the analytic Euclidean geometry of the center of momentumReviews:“This new book by Ungar is very well-written, with plenty of references and explanatory pictures. Almost all chapters include exercises which ensure that the book will reach a large audience from undergraduate and graduate students to researchers and academics in different areas of mathematics and mathematical physics. In this book, the author sets out his improved gyrotheory, capturing the curiosity of the reader with discernment, elegance and simplicity.”Mathematical Reviews “This book under review provides an efficient algebraic formalism for studying the hyperbolic geometry of Bolyai and Lobachevsky, which underlies Einstein special relativity … It is of interest both to mathematicians, working in the field of geometry, and the physicists specialized in relativity or quantum computation theory … It is recommended to graduate students and researchers interested in the interrelations among non-associative algebra, hyperbolic and differential geometry, Einstein relativity theory and the quantum computation theory.”Journal of Geometry and Symmetry in Physics “This book represents an exposition of the author's single-handed creation, over the past 17 years, of an algebraic language in which both hyperbolic geometry and special relativity find an aesthetically pleasing formulation, very much like Euclidean geometry and Newtonian mechanics find them in the language of vector spaces.”Zentralblatt MATH '

## A Short Course In General Relativity

**Author :**James A. Foster

**ISBN :**0387275835

**Genre :**Science

**File Size :**78. 28 MB

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Suitable for a one-semester course in general relativity for senior undergraduates or beginning graduate students, this text clarifies the mathematical aspects of Einstein's theory of relativity without sacrificing physical understanding.

## Essential Relativity

**Author :**W. Rindler

**ISBN :**9781475711356

**Genre :**Science

**File Size :**30. 56 MB

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This book is an attempt to bring the full range of relativity theory within reach of advanced undergraduates, while containing enough new material and simplifications of old arguments so as not to bore the expert teacher. Roughly equal coverage is given tospecial relativity, general relativity, and cosmology. With many judicious omissions it can be taught in one semester, but it would better serve as the basis of a year's work. It is my hope, anyway, that its level and style of presentation may appeal also to wider c1asses of readers unrestricted by credit considerations. General relativity, the modern theory of gravitation in which free particles move along "straightest possible" lines in curved spacetime, and cosmology, with its dynamics for the whole possibly curved uni verse, not only seem necessary for a scientist's balanced view of the world, but offer some of the greatest intellectual thrills of modern physics. Nevertheless, considered luxuries, they are usu ally squeezed out of the graduate curriculum by the pressure of specialization. Special relativity escapes this tag with a ven geance, and tends to be taught as a pure service discipline, with too little emphasis on its startling ideas. What better time, there fore, to enjoy these subjects for their own sake than as an und- v vi PREFACE graduate? In spite of its forbidding mathematical reputation, even general relativity is accessible at that stage.

## Mathematical Reviews

**Author :**

**ISBN :**UOM:39015078588582

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**31. 86 MB

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## Basic Relativity

**Author :**Richard A. Mould

**ISBN :**0387952101

**Genre :**Science

**File Size :**71. 56 MB

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This comprehensive textbook develops in a logical and coherent way both the formalism and the physical ideas of special and general relativity. Part one focuses on the special theory and begins with the study of relativistic kinematics from three points of view. Part two begins with a chapter introducing differential geometry. Subsequent chapters cover: rotation, the electromagnetic field, and material media. A second chapter on differential geometry provides the background for Einstein's gravitational-field equation and Schwarzschild's solution. The book is aimed at advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in physics or astrophysics.