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Genome Data Analysis

Author : Ju Han Kim
ISBN : 9789811319426
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 95 MB
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This textbook describes recent advances in genomics and bioinformatics and provides numerous examples of genome data analysis that illustrate its relevance to real world problems and will improve the reader’s bioinformatics skills. Basic data preprocessing with normalization and filtering, primary pattern analysis, and machine learning algorithms using R and Python are demonstrated for gene-expression microarrays, genotyping microarrays, next-generation sequencing data, epigenomic data, and biological network and semantic analyses. In addition, detailed attention is devoted to integrative genomic data analysis, including multivariate data projection, gene-metabolic pathway mapping, automated biomolecular annotation, text mining of factual and literature databases, and integrated management of biomolecular databases. The textbook is primarily intended for life scientists, medical scientists, statisticians, data processing researchers, engineers, and other beginners in bioinformatics who are experiencing difficulty in approaching the field. However, it will also serve as a simple guideline for experts unfamiliar with the new, developing subfield of genomic analysis within bioinformatics.

Big Data Analytics In Genomics

Author : Ka-Chun Wong
ISBN : 9783319412795
Genre : Computers
File Size : 89. 37 MB
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This contributed volume explores the emerging intersection between big data analytics and genomics. Recent sequencing technologies have enabled high-throughput sequencing data generation for genomics resulting in several international projects which have led to massive genomic data accumulation at an unprecedented pace. To reveal novel genomic insights from this data within a reasonable time frame, traditional data analysis methods may not be sufficient or scalable, forcing the need for big data analytics to be developed for genomics. The computational methods addressed in the book are intended to tackle crucial biological questions using big data, and are appropriate for either newcomers or veterans in the field.This volume offers thirteen peer-reviewed contributions, written by international leading experts from different regions, representing Argentina, Brazil, China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Spain, and the USA. In particular, the book surveys three main areas: statistical analytics, computational analytics, and cancer genome analytics. Sample topics covered include: statistical methods for integrative analysis of genomic data, computation methods for protein function prediction, and perspectives on machine learning techniques in big data mining of cancer. Self-contained and suitable for graduate students, this book is also designed for bioinformaticians, computational biologists, and researchers in communities ranging from genomics, big data, molecular genetics, data mining, biostatistics, biomedical science, cancer research, medical research, and biology to machine learning and computer science. Readers will find this volume to be an essential read for appreciating the role of big data in genomics, making this an invaluable resource for stimulating further research on the topic.

Primer To Analysis Of Genomic Data Using R

Author : Cedric Gondro
ISBN : 9783319144757
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81. 99 MB
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Through this book, researchers and students will learn to use R for analysis of large-scale genomic data and how to create routines to automate analytical steps. The philosophy behind the book is to start with real world raw datasets and perform all the analytical steps needed to reach final results. Though theory plays an important role, this is a practical book for graduate and undergraduate courses in bioinformatics and genomic analysis or for use in lab sessions. How to handle and manage high-throughput genomic data, create automated workflows and speed up analyses in R is also taught. A wide range of R packages useful for working with genomic data are illustrated with practical examples. The key topics covered are association studies, genomic prediction, estimation of population genetic parameters and diversity, gene expression analysis, functional annotation of results using publically available databases and how to work efficiently in R with large genomic datasets. Important principles are demonstrated and illustrated through engaging examples which invite the reader to work with the provided datasets. Some methods that are discussed in this volume include: signatures of selection, population parameters (LD, FST, FIS, etc); use of a genomic relationship matrix for population diversity studies; use of SNP data for parentage testing; snpBLUP and gBLUP for genomic prediction. Step-by-step, all the R code required for a genome-wide association study is shown: starting from raw SNP data, how to build databases to handle and manage the data, quality control and filtering measures, association testing and evaluation of results, through to identification and functional annotation of candidate genes. Similarly, gene expression analyses are shown using microarray and RNAseq data. At a time when genomic data is decidedly big, the skills from this book are critical. In recent years R has become the de facto tool for analysis of gene expression data, in addition to its prominent role in analysis of genomic data. Benefits to using R include the integrated development environment for analysis, flexibility and control of the analytic workflow. Included topics are core components of advanced undergraduate and graduate classes in bioinformatics, genomics and statistical genetics. This book is also designed to be used by students in computer science and statistics who want to learn the practical aspects of genomic analysis without delving into algorithmic details. The datasets used throughout the book may be downloaded from the publisher’s website.

High Performance In Memory Genome Data Analysis

Author : Hasso Plattner
ISBN : 9783319030357
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 41 MB
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Recent achievements in hardware and software developments have enabled the introduction of a revolutionary technology: in-memory data management. This technology supports the flexible and extremely fast analysis of massive amounts of data, such as diagnoses, therapies, and human genome data. This book shares the latest research results of applying in-memory data management to personalized medicine, changing it from computational possibility to clinical reality. The authors provide details on innovative approaches to enabling the processing, combination, and analysis of relevant data in real-time. The book bridges the gap between medical experts, such as physicians, clinicians, and biological researchers, and technology experts, such as software developers, database specialists, and statisticians. Topics covered in this book include - amongst others - modeling of genome data processing and analysis pipelines, high-throughput data processing, exchange of sensitive data and protection of intellectual property. Beyond that, it shares insights on research prototypes for the analysis of patient cohorts, topology analysis of biological pathways, and combined search in structured and unstructured medical data, and outlines completely new processes that have now become possible due to interactive data analyses.

Big Data Analytics In Computational Genome Sequence Analysis

Author : Dr. F. Amul Mary & Dr. S. Jyothi
ISBN : 9781716024481
Genre : Art
File Size : 30. 31 MB
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The genomes in human body programs the blueprint of one’s life but the functions of those genomes nearly three billion genome bases are not known. The genome sequence in human being gives the fundamental rules for human biology. Science makes every effort to reveal the laws of nature and critical understanding of the biology. Scientists in the life-science field are seeking genetic variants associated with multifaceted set of observable characteristics to advance our understanding about genetics. Technological advancements are assisting the scientists to quickly create, store and analyze the data as fast as possible and as efficient as possible. The NCBI and other organizations maintain genome sequences, proteins, RNA, DNA and other information of all species as well as their behavioral data. There is a lot and lot of data. Translating these data into useful insights which can be used for research and innovation is a main concern.

Next Generation Sequencing Data Analysis

Author : Xinkun Wang
ISBN : 9781482217896
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 23. 99 MB
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A Practical Guide to the Highly Dynamic Area of Massively Parallel SequencingThe development of genome and transcriptome sequencing technologies has led to a paradigm shift in life science research and disease diagnosis and prevention. Scientists are now able to see how human diseases and phenotypic changes are connected to DNA mutation, polymorphi

Statistical Methods For The Analysis Of Genomic Data

Author : Hui Jiang
ISBN : 9783039361403
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 47 MB
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In recent years, technological breakthroughs have greatly enhanced our ability to understand the complex world of molecular biology. Rapid developments in genomic profiling techniques, such as high-throughput sequencing, have brought new opportunities and challenges to the fields of computational biology and bioinformatics. Furthermore, by combining genomic profiling techniques with other experimental techniques, many powerful approaches (e.g., RNA-Seq, Chips-Seq, single-cell assays, and Hi-C) have been developed in order to help explore complex biological systems. As a result of the increasing availability of genomic datasets, in terms of both volume and variety, the analysis of such data has become a critical challenge as well as a topic of great interest. Therefore, statistical methods that address the problems associated with these newly developed techniques are in high demand. This book includes a number of studies that highlight the state-of-the-art statistical methods for the analysis of genomic data and explore future directions for improvement.

Computational Methods For Next Generation Sequencing Data Analysis

Author : Ion Mandoiu
ISBN : 9781119272168
Genre : Computers
File Size : 51. 80 MB
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Introduces readers to core algorithmic techniques for next-generation sequencing (NGS) data analysis and discusses a wide range of computational techniques and applications This book provides an in-depth survey of some of the recent developments in NGS and discusses mathematical and computational challenges in various application areas of NGS technologies. The 18 chapters featured in this book have been authored by bioinformatics experts and represent the latest work in leading labs actively contributing to the fast-growing field of NGS. The book is divided into four parts: Part I focuses on computing and experimental infrastructure for NGS analysis, including chapters on cloud computing, modular pipelines for metabolic pathway reconstruction, pooling strategies for massive viral sequencing, and high-fidelity sequencing protocols. Part II concentrates on analysis of DNA sequencing data, covering the classic scaffolding problem, detection of genomic variants, including insertions and deletions, and analysis of DNA methylation sequencing data. Part III is devoted to analysis of RNA-seq data. This part discusses algorithms and compares software tools for transcriptome assembly along with methods for detection of alternative splicing and tools for transcriptome quantification and differential expression analysis. Part IV explores computational tools for NGS applications in microbiomics, including a discussion on error correction of NGS reads from viral populations, methods for viral quasispecies reconstruction, and a survey of state-of-the-art methods and future trends in microbiome analysis. Computational Methods for Next Generation Sequencing Data Analysis: Reviews computational techniques such as new combinatorial optimization methods, data structures, high performance computing, machine learning, and inference algorithms Discusses the mathematical and computational challenges in NGS technologies Covers NGS error correction, de novo genome transcriptome assembly, variant detection from NGS reads, and more This text is a reference for biomedical professionals interested in expanding their knowledge of computational techniques for NGS data analysis. The book is also useful for graduate and post-graduate students in bioinformatics.

An Introduction To Statistical Genetic Data Analysis

Author : Melinda C. Mills
ISBN : 9780262538381
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 41 MB
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A comprehensive introduction to modern applied statistical genetic data analysis, accessible to those without a background in molecular biology or genetics. Human genetic research is now relevant beyond biology, epidemiology, and the medical sciences, with applications in such fields as psychology, psychiatry, statistics, demography, sociology, and economics. With advances in computing power, the availability of data, and new techniques, it is now possible to integrate large-scale molecular genetic information into research across a broad range of topics. This book offers the first comprehensive introduction to modern applied statistical genetic data analysis that covers theory, data preparation, and analysis of molecular genetic data, with hands-on computer exercises. It is accessible to students and researchers in any empirically oriented medical, biological, or social science discipline; a background in molecular biology or genetics is not required. The book first provides foundations for statistical genetic data analysis, including a survey of fundamental concepts, primers on statistics and human evolution, and an introduction to polygenic scores. It then covers the practicalities of working with genetic data, discussing such topics as analytical challenges and data management. Finally, the book presents applications and advanced topics, including polygenic score and gene-environment interaction applications, Mendelian Randomization and instrumental variables, and ethical issues. The software and data used in the book are freely available and can be found on the book's website.

Big Data In Omics And Imaging

Author : Momiao Xiong
ISBN : 9781351172622
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 53. 18 MB
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Big Data in Omics and Imaging: Integrated Analysis and Causal Inference addresses the recent development of integrated genomic, epigenomic and imaging data analysis and causal inference in big data era. Despite significant progress in dissecting the genetic architecture of complex diseases by genome-wide association studies (GWAS), genome-wide expression studies (GWES), and epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS), the overall contribution of the new identified genetic variants is small and a large fraction of genetic variants is still hidden. Understanding the etiology and causal chain of mechanism underlying complex diseases remains elusive. It is time to bring big data, machine learning and causal revolution to developing a new generation of genetic analysis for shifting the current paradigm of genetic analysis from shallow association analysis to deep causal inference and from genetic analysis alone to integrated omics and imaging data analysis for unraveling the mechanism of complex diseases. FEATURES Provides a natural extension and companion volume to Big Data in Omic and Imaging: Association Analysis, but can be read independently. Introduce causal inference theory to genomic, epigenomic and imaging data analysis Develop novel statistics for genome-wide causation studies and epigenome-wide causation studies. Bridge the gap between the traditional association analysis and modern causation analysis Use combinatorial optimization methods and various causal models as a general framework for inferring multilevel omic and image causal networks Present statistical methods and computational algorithms for searching causal paths from genetic variant to disease Develop causal machine learning methods integrating causal inference and machine learning Develop statistics for testing significant difference in directed edge, path, and graphs, and for assessing causal relationships between two networks The book is designed for graduate students and researchers in genomics, epigenomics, medical image, bioinformatics, and data science. Topics covered are: mathematical formulation of causal inference, information geometry for causal inference, topology group and Haar measure, additive noise models, distance correlation, multivariate causal inference and causal networks, dynamic causal networks, multivariate and functional structural equation models, mixed structural equation models, causal inference with confounders, integer programming, deep learning and differential equations for wearable computing, genetic analysis of function-valued traits, RNA-seq data analysis, causal networks for genetic methylation analysis, gene expression and methylation deconvolution, cell –specific causal networks, deep learning for image segmentation and image analysis, imaging and genomic data analysis, integrated multilevel causal genomic, epigenomic and imaging data analysis.

Computational Genome Analysis

Author : Richard C. Deonier
ISBN : 9780387288079
Genre : Computers
File Size : 55. 65 MB
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This book presents the foundations of key problems in computational molecular biology and bioinformatics. It focuses on computational and statistical principles applied to genomes, and introduces the mathematics and statistics that are crucial for understanding these applications. The book features a free download of the R software statistics package and the text provides great crossover material that is interesting and accessible to students in biology, mathematics, statistics and computer science. More than 100 illustrations and diagrams reinforce concepts and present key results from the primary literature. Exercises are given at the end of chapters.

Exploration And Analysis Of Dna Microarray And Protein Array Data

Author : Dhammika Amaratunga
ISBN : 9780470317969
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 69. 80 MB
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Statistical Analysis Of Next Generation Sequencing Data

Author : Somnath Datta
ISBN : 9783319072128
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82. 75 MB
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Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) is the latest high throughput technology to revolutionize genomic research. NGS generates massive genomic datasets that play a key role in the big data phenomenon that surrounds us today. To extract signals from high-dimensional NGS data and make valid statistical inferences and predictions, novel data analytic and statistical techniques are needed. This book contains 20 chapters written by prominent statisticians working with NGS data. The topics range from basic preprocessing and analysis with NGS data to more complex genomic applications such as copy number variation and isoform expression detection. Research statisticians who want to learn about this growing and exciting area will find this book useful. In addition, many chapters from this book could be included in graduate-level classes in statistical bioinformatics for training future biostatisticians who will be expected to deal with genomic data in basic biomedical research, genomic clinical trials and personalized medicine. About the editors: Somnath Datta is Professor and Vice Chair of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics at the University of Louisville. He is Fellow of the American Statistical Association, Fellow of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics and Elected Member of the International Statistical Institute. He has contributed to numerous research areas in Statistics, Biostatistics and Bioinformatics. Dan Nettleton is Professor and Laurence H. Baker Endowed Chair of Biological Statistics in the Department of Statistics at Iowa State University. He is Fellow of the American Statistical Association and has published research on a variety of topics in statistics, biology and bioinformatics.

Responsible Genomic Data Sharing

Author : Xiaoqian Jiang
ISBN : 9780128163399
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 66 MB
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Responsible Genomic Data Sharing: Challenges and Approaches brings together international experts in genomics research, bioinformatics and digital security who analyze common challenges in genomic data sharing, privacy preserving technologies, and best practices for large-scale genomic data sharing. Practical case studies, including the Global Alliance for Genomics and Health, the Beacon Network, and the Matchmaker Exchange, are discussed in-depth, illuminating pathways forward for new genomic data sharing efforts across research and clinical practice, industry and academia. Addresses privacy preserving technologies and how they can be applied to enable responsible genomic data sharing Employs illustrative case studies and analyzes emerging genomic data sharing efforts, common challenges and lessons learned Features chapter contributions from international experts in responsible approaches to genomic data sharing

Contemporary Issues In Communication Cloud And Big Data Analytics

Author : Hiren Kumar Deva Sarma
ISBN : 9789811642449
Genre :
File Size : 81. 8 MB
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Data Analysis And Visualization In Genomics And Proteomics

Author : Francisco Azuaje
ISBN : 9780470094402
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 50 MB
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Data Analysis and Visualization in Genomics and Proteomics is the first book addressing integrative data analysis and visualization in this field. It addresses important techniques for the interpretation of data originating from multiple sources, encoded in different formats or protocols, and processed by multiple systems. One of the first systematic overviews of the problem of biological data integration using computational approaches This book provides scientists and students with the basis for the development and application of integrative computational methods to analyse biological data on a systemic scale Places emphasis on the processing of multiple data and knowledge resources, and the combination of different models and systems

High Performance In Memory Genome Data Analysis

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:944497668
Genre :
File Size : 73. 48 MB
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Genome Scale Algorithm Design

Author : Veli Mäkinen
ISBN : 9781107078536
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 88 MB
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Provides an integrated picture of the latest developments in algorithmic techniques, with numerous worked examples, algorithm visualisations and exercises.


Author : David Edwards
ISBN : 9780387927381
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 6 MB
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Bioinformatics is a relatively new field of research. It evolved from the requirement to process, characterize, and apply the information being produced by DNA sequencing technology. The production of DNA sequence data continues to grow exponentially. At the same time, improved bioinformatics such as faster DNA sequence search methods have been combined with increasingly powerful computer systems to process this information. Methods are being developed for the ever more detailed quantification of gene expression, providing an insight into the function of the newly discovered genes, while molecular genetic tools provide a link between these genes and heritable traits. Genetic tests are now available to determine the likelihood of suffering specific ailments and can predict how plant cultivars may respond to the environment. The steps in the translation of the genetic blueprint to the observed phenotype is being increasingly understood through proteome, metabolome and phenome analysis, all underpinned by advances in bioinformatics. Bioinformatics is becoming increasingly central to the study of biology, and a day at a computer can often save a year or more in the laboratory. The volume is intended for graduate-level biology students as well as researchers who wish to gain a better understanding of applied bioinformatics and who wish to use bioinformatics technologies to assist in their research. The volume would also be of value to bioinformatics developers, particularly those from a computing background, who would like to understand the application of computational tools for biological research. Each chapter would include a comprehensive introduction giving an overview of the fundamentals, aimed at introducing graduate students and researchers from diverse backgrounds to the field and bring them up-to-date on the current state of knowledge. To accommodate the broad range of topics in applied bioinformatics, chapters have been grouped into themes: gene and genome analysis, molecular genetic analysis, gene expression analysis, protein and proteome analysis, metabolome analysis, phenome data analysis, literature mining and bioinformatics tool development. Each chapter and theme provides an introduction to the biology behind the data describes the requirements for data processing and details some of the methods applied to the data to enhance biological understanding.

Data Analytics And Management In Data Intensive Domains

Author : Leonid Kalinichenko
ISBN : 9783319965536
Genre : Computers
File Size : 45. 14 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Data Analytics and Management in Data Intensive Domains, DAMDID/RCDL 2017, held in Moscow, Russia, in October 2017. The 16 revised full papers presented together with three invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 75 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: data analytics; next generation genomic sequencing: challenges and solutions; novel approaches to analyzing and classifying of various astronomical entities and events; ontology population in data intensive domains; heterogeneous data integration issues; data curation and data provenance support; and temporal summaries generation.

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