geometry-and-physics

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Geometry Topology And Physics

Author : Mikio Nakahara
ISBN : 9781420056945
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 69. 97 MB
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Differential geometry and topology have become essential tools for many theoretical physicists. In particular, they are indispensable in theoretical studies of condensed matter physics, gravity, and particle physics. Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition introduces the ideas and techniques of differential geometry and topology at a level suitable for postgraduate students and researchers in these fields. The second edition of this popular and established text incorporates a number of changes designed to meet the needs of the reader and reflect the development of the subject. The book features a considerably expanded first chapter, reviewing aspects of path integral quantization and gauge theories. Chapter 2 introduces the mathematical concepts of maps, vector spaces, and topology. The following chapters focus on more elaborate concepts in geometry and topology and discuss the application of these concepts to liquid crystals, superfluid helium, general relativity, and bosonic string theory. Later chapters unify geometry and topology, exploring fiber bundles, characteristic classes, and index theorems. New to this second edition is the proof of the index theorem in terms of supersymmetric quantum mechanics. The final two chapters are devoted to the most fascinating applications of geometry and topology in contemporary physics, namely the study of anomalies in gauge field theories and the analysis of Polakov's bosonic string theory from the geometrical point of view. Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition is an ideal introduction to differential geometry and topology for postgraduate students and researchers in theoretical and mathematical physics.

Geometry And Physics

Author : Jürgen Jost
ISBN : 3642005411
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 37. 72 MB
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"Geometry and Physics" addresses mathematicians wanting to understand modern physics, and physicists wanting to learn geometry. It gives an introduction to modern quantum field theory and related areas of theoretical high-energy physics from the perspective of Riemannian geometry, and an introduction to modern geometry as needed and utilized in modern physics. Jürgen Jost, a well-known research mathematician and advanced textbook author, also develops important geometric concepts and methods that can be used for the structures of physics. In particular, he discusses the Lagrangians of the standard model and its supersymmetric extensions from a geometric perspective.

The Geometry Of Physics

Author : Theodore Frankel
ISBN : 9781139505611
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 47. 5 MB
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This book provides a working knowledge of those parts of exterior differential forms, differential geometry, algebraic and differential topology, Lie groups, vector bundles and Chern forms that are essential for a deeper understanding of both classical and modern physics and engineering. Included are discussions of analytical and fluid dynamics, electromagnetism (in flat and curved space), thermodynamics, the Dirac operator and spinors, and gauge fields, including Yang–Mills, the Aharonov–Bohm effect, Berry phase and instanton winding numbers, quarks and quark model for mesons. Before discussing abstract notions of differential geometry, geometric intuition is developed through a rather extensive introduction to the study of surfaces in ordinary space. The book is ideal for graduate and advanced undergraduate students of physics, engineering or mathematics as a course text or for self study. This third edition includes an overview of Cartan's exterior differential forms, which previews many of the geometric concepts developed in the text.

Discrete Integrable Geometry And Physics

Author : Alexander I. Bobenko
ISBN : 0198501609
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 47. 3 MB
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Recent interactions between the fields of geometry, classical and quantum dynamical systems, and visualization of geometric objects such as curves and surfaces have led to the observation that most concepts of surface theory and of the theory of integrable systems have natural discreteanalogues. These are characterized by the property that the corresponding difference equations are integrable, and has led in turn to some important applications in areas of condensed matter physics and quantum field theory, amongst others. The book combines the efforts of a distinguished team ofauthors from various fields in mathematics and physics in an effort to provide an overview of the subject. The mathematical concepts of discrete geometry and discrete integrable systems are firstly presented as fundamental and valuable theories in themselves. In the following part these concepts areput into the context of classical and quantum dynamics.

Geometry And Physics Volume I

Author : Jørgen Ellegaard Andersen
ISBN : 9780192522368
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 21. 27 MB
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Nigel Hitchin is one of the world's foremost figures in the fields of differential and algebraic geometry and their relations with mathematical physics, and he has been Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford since 1997. Geometry and Physics: A Festschrift in honour of Nigel Hitchin contain the proceedings of the conferences held in September 2016 in Aarhus, Oxford, and Madrid to mark Nigel Hitchin's 70th birthday, and to honour his far-reaching contributions to geometry and mathematical physics. These texts contain 29 articles by contributors to the conference and other distinguished mathematicians working in related areas, including three Fields Medallists. The articles cover a broad range of topics in differential, algebraic and symplectic geometry, and also in mathematical physics. These volumes will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in geometry and mathematical physics.

Differential Geometry And Physics

Author : Mo-Lin Ge
ISBN : 9789812772527
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 69. 49 MB
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This volumes provides a comprehensive review of interactions between differential geometry and theoretical physics, contributed by many leading scholars in these fields. The contributions promise to play an important role in promoting the developments in these exciting areas. Besides the plenary talks, the coverage includes: models and related topics in statistical physics; quantum fields, strings and M-theory; Yang-Mills fields, knot theory and related topics; K-theory, including index theory and non-commutative geometry; mirror symmetry, conformal and topological quantum field theory; development of integrable systems; and random matrix theory. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: Yangian and Applications (787 KB). Contents: Yangian and Applications (C-M Bai et al.); The Hypoelliptic Laplacian and the ChernOCoGaussOCoBonnet (J-M Bismut); S S Chern and ChernOCoSimos Terms (R Jackiw); Localization and Conjectures from String Duality (K F Liu); Topologization of Electron Liquids with ChernOCoSimons Theory and Quantum Computation (Z H Wang); Topology and Quantum Information (L H Kauffman); Toeplitz Quantization and Symplectic Reduction (X N Ma & W P Zhang); Murphy Operators in Knot Theory (H R Morton); Separation Between Spin and Charge in SU(2) YangOCoMills Theory (A J Niemi); LAwner Equations and Dispersionless Hierarchies (K Takasaki & T Takebe); and other papers. Readership: Graduate students and professional researchers in geometry and physics."

Geometry And Physics

Author : H. Pedersen
ISBN : 0824797914
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 50. 39 MB
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"Based on the proceedings of the Special Session on Geometry and Physics held over a six month period at the University of Aarhus, Denmark and on articles from the Summer school held at Odense University, Denmark. Offers new contributions on a host of topics that involve physics, geometry, and topology. Written by more than 50 leading international experts."

Geometry And Physics Volume 2

Author : Jørgen Ellegaard Andersen
ISBN : 9780192522375
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 38. 26 MB
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Nigel Hitchin is one of the world's foremost figures in the fields of differential and algebraic geometry and their relations with mathematical physics, and he has been Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford since 1997. Geometry and Physics: A Festschrift in honour of Nigel Hitchin contain the proceedings of the conferences held in September 2016 in Aarhus, Oxford, and Madrid to mark Nigel Hitchin's 70th birthday, and to honour his far-reaching contributions to geometry and mathematical physics. These texts contain 29 articles by contributors to the conference and other distinguished mathematicians working in related areas, including three Fields Medallists. The articles cover a broad range of topics in differential, algebraic and symplectic geometry, and also in mathematical physics. These volumes will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in geometry and mathematical physics.

Geometry And Physics

Author : Fernando Etayo
ISBN : UCSD:31822037777737
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 44. 19 MB
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These are the 2008 Proceedings of an international workshop that happens every fall since 1992, in Spain or Portugal. It brings together geometers and physicists, to discuss the ideas and developments, in the areas of Lie algebroids, mechanics, Poisson, symplectic, Riemannian and Semi-Riemannian geometries, quantum mechanics, theory of fields, supergravity and supersymmetry.

Geometry And Physics

Author : Rui Loja Fernandes
ISBN : UCSD:31822036955730
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63. 68 MB
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Lisbon, Portugal, 5-8 September 2007

Geometry And Physics Of Branes

Author : U Bruzzo
ISBN : 9781000687699
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 93 MB
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Branes are solitonic configurations of a string theory that are represented by extended objects in a higher-dimensional space-time. They are essential for a comprehension of the non-perturbative aspects of string theory, in particular, in connection with string dualities. From the mathematical viewpoint, branes are related to several important theo

Applications Of Contact Geometry And Topology In Physics

Author : Arkady Leonidovich Kholodenko
ISBN : 9789814412094
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 27. 27 MB
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Although contact geometry and topology is briefly discussed in V I Arnol''d''s book Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics (Springer-Verlag, 1989, 2nd edition), it still remains a domain of research in pure mathematics, e.g. see the recent monograph by H Geiges An Introduction to Contact Topology (Cambridge U Press, 2008). Some attempts to use contact geometry in physics were made in the monograph Contact Geometry and Nonlinear Differential Equations (Cambridge U Press, 2007). Unfortunately, even the excellent style of this monograph is not sufficient to attract the attention of the physics community to this type of problems. This book is the first serious attempt to change the existing status quo. In it we demonstrate that, in fact, all branches of theoretical physics can be rewritten in the language of contact geometry and topology: from mechanics, thermodynamics and electrodynamics to optics, gauge fields and gravity; from physics of liquid crystals to quantum mechanics and quantum computers, etc. The book is written in the style of famous Landau-Lifshitz (L-L) multivolume course in theoretical physics. This means that its readers are expected to have solid background in theoretical physics (at least at the level of the L-L course). No prior knowledge of specialized mathematics is required. All needed new mathematics is given in the context of discussed physical problems. As in the L-L course some problems/exercises are formulated along the way and, again as in the L-L course, these are always supplemented by either solutions or by hints (with exact references). Unlike the L-L course, though, some definitions, theorems, and remarks are also presented. This is done with the purpose of stimulating the interest of our readers in deeper study of subject matters discussed in the text.

The Geometry And Physics Of Knots

Author : Michael Atiyah
ISBN : 0521395542
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 23. 90 MB
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These notes deal with an area that lies at the crossroads of mathematics and physics and rest primarily on the pioneering work of Vaughan Jones and Edward Witten, who related polynomial invariants of knots to a topological quantum field theory in 2+1 dimensions.

Geometry And Physics Volume 1

Author : Andrew Dancer
ISBN : 9780198802013
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 88. 8 MB
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Nigel Hitchin is one of the world's foremost figures in the fields of differential and algebraic geometry and their relations with mathematical physics, and he has been Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford since 1997. Geometry and Physics: A Festschrift in honour of Nigel Hitchin contain the proceedings of the conferences held in September 2016 in Aarhus, Oxford, and Madrid to mark Nigel Hitchin's 70th birthday, and to honour his far-reaching contributions to geometry and mathematical physics. These texts contain 29 articles by contributors to the conference and other distinguished mathematicians working in related areas, including three Fields Medallists. The articles cover a broad range of topics in differential, algebraic and symplectic geometry, and also in mathematical physics. These volumes will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in geometry and mathematical physics.

Noncommutative Geometry And Physics 3

Author : Giuseppe Dito
ISBN : 9789814425018
Genre : D-branes
File Size : 21. 22 MB
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Noncommutative differential geometry has many actual and potential applications to several domains in physics ranging from solid state to quantization of gravity. The strategy is to formulate usual differential geometry in a somewhat unusual manner, using in particular operator algebras and related concepts, so as to be able to plug in noncommutativity in a natural way. Algebraic tools such as K-theory and cyclic cohomology and homology play an important role in this field.

Noncommutative Geometry And Physics

Author : Alan L. Carey
ISBN : 3037190086
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 72. 53 MB
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This collection of expository articles grew out of the workshop ``Number Theory and Physics'' held in March 2009 at The Erwin Schrodinger International Institute for Mathematical Physics, Vienna. The common theme of the articles is the influence of ideas from noncommutative geometry (NCG) on subjects ranging from number theory to Lie algebras, index theory, and mathematical physics. Matilde Marcolli's article gives a survey of relevant aspects of NCG in number theory, building on an introduction to motives for beginners by Jorge Plazas and Sujatha Ramdorai. A mildly unconventional view of index theory, from the viewpoint of NCG, is described in the article by Alan Carey, John Phillips, and Adam Rennie. As developed by Alain Connes and Dirk Kreimer, NCG also provides insight into novel algebraic structures underlying many analytic aspects of quantum field theory. Dominique Manchon's article on pre-Lie algebras fits into this developing research area. This interplay of algebraic and analytic techniques also appears in the articles by Christoph Bergbauer, who introduces renormalization theory and Feynman diagram methods, and Sylvie Paycha, who focuses on relations between renormalization and zeta function techniques.

Spinor Structures In Geometry And Physics

Author : Olga Vladimirovna Veko
ISBN : 1634636252
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 8 MB
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This book is devoted to investigating the spinor structures in particle physics and in polarization optics. In fact, it consists of two parts joined by the question: Which are the manifestations of spinor structures in different branches of physics. It is based on original research. The main idea is the statement that the physical understanding of geometry should be based on physical field theories. The book contains numerous topics with the accent on field theory, quantum mechanics and polarization optics of the light, and on the spinor approach.

Geometry And Physics

Author : Asim Orhan Barut
ISBN : UOM:39015019624744
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 45 MB
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Geometry And Theoretical Physics

Author : Joachim Debrus
ISBN : 9783642763533
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 61 MB
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The interaction between geometry and theoretical physics has often been very fruitful. A highlight in this century was Einstein's creation of the theory of general relativity. Equally impressive was the recognition, starting from the work of Yang and Mills and culminating in the Weinberg-Salam theory of the electroweak interaction and quantum chromodynamics, that the fundamental interactions of elementary particles are governed by gauge fields, which in ma thematical terms are connections in principal fibre bundles. Theoretical physi cists became increasingly aware of the fact that the use of modern mathematical methods may be necessary in the treatment of problems of physical interest. Since some of these topics are covered at most summarily in the usual curricu lum, there is a need for extra-curricular efforts to provide an opportunity for learning these techniques and their physical applications. In this context we arranged a meeting at the Physikzentrum Bad Ronnef 12-16 February 1990 on the subject "Geometry and Theoretical Physics", in the series of physics schools organized by the German Physical Society. The participants were graduate students from German universities and research institutes. Since the meeting occurred only a short time after freedom of travel between East and West Germany became a reality, this was for many from the East the first opportunity to attend a scientific meeting in the West, and for many from the West the first chance to become personally acquainted with colleagues from the East.

Noncommutative Geometry And Physics 4 Workshop On Strings Membranes And Topological Field Theory

Author : Kotani Motoko
ISBN : 9789813144620
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 55. 42 MB
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This book is a collection of the lectures and talks presented in the Tohoku Forum for Creativity in the thematic year 2015 "Fundamental Problems in Quantum Physics: Strings, Black Holes and Quantum Information", and related events in the period 2014–2016. This volume especially contains an overview of recent developments in the theory of strings and membranes, as well as topological field theory.

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