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Glimpses In Plant Sciences And Biotechnology

Author : Pravin Chandra Trivedi
ISBN : 8171323197
Genre : Biotechnology
File Size : 33. 30 MB
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The Book Contains 20 Articles On The Varied Aspects Of Plant Sciences. Articles On The Application Of Biotechnology Includes Gene Cloning Vectors, Edible Vaccines, Am Fungal Biotechnology, In Vitro Production Of Alkaloids, Micropropagation Of Ornamental Plants And In Vitro Morphogenetic Studies. Topics Covering Carbon And Fatty Acid Metabolism In Oilseed, Sensing Mechanism In Plants, Herbicides As Growth Substances And Plant Responses Under Water Stress Have Been Included To Project Their Importance. Articles On Aeromycological Survey, Impact Of Air Pollution On Lichens, Morphology Of Dwarf Shoots And Phylogeny Of The Pentoxyleae, Current Information About Bioinformatics, Intellectual Rights And Management Of Phytonematodes, Etc. Have Added To The Value Of The Book.

Plant Biology And Biotechnology

Author : Bir Bahadur
ISBN : 9788132222866
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 93 MB
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This volume offers a much-needed compilation of essential reviews on diverse aspects of plant biology, written by eminent botanists. These reviews effectively cover a wide range of aspects of plant biology that have contemporary relevance. At the same time they integrate classical morphology with molecular biology, physiology with pattern formation, growth with genomics, development with morphogenesis, and classical crop-improvement techniques with modern breeding methodologies. Classical botany has been transformed into cutting-edge plant biology, thus providing the theoretical basis for plant biotechnology. It goes without saying that biotechnology has emerged as a powerful discipline of Biology in the last three decades. Biotechnological tools, techniques and information, used in combination with appropriate planning and execution, have already contributed significantly to economic growth and development. It is estimated that in the next decade or two, products and processes made possible by biotechnology will account for over 60% of worldwide commerce and output. There is, therefore, a need to arrive at a general understanding and common approach to issues related to the nature, possession, conservation and use of biodiversity, as it provides the raw material for biotechnology. More than 90% of the total requirements for the biotechnology industry are contributed by plants and microbes, in terms of goods and services. There are however substantial plant and microbial resources that are waiting for biotechnological exploitation in the near future through effective bioprospection. In order to exploit plants and microbes for their useful products and processes, we need to first understand their basic structure, organization, growth and development, cellular process and overall biology. We also need to identify and develop strategies to improve the productivity of plants. In view of the above, in this two-volume book on plant biology and biotechnology, the first volume is devoted to various aspects of plant biology and crop improvement. It includes 33 chapters contributed by 50 researchers, each of which is an expert in his/her own field of research. The book begins with an introductory chapter that gives a lucid account on the past, present and future of plant biology, thereby providing a perfect historical foundation for the chapters that follow. Four chapters are devoted to details on the structural and developmental aspects of the structures of plants and their principal organs. These chapters provide the molecular biological basis for the regulation of morphogenesis of the form of plants and their organs, involving control at the cellular and tissue levels. Details on biodiversity, the basic raw material for biotechnology, are discussed in a separate chapter, in which emphasis is placed on the genetic, species and ecosystem diversities and their conservation. Since fungi and other microbes form an important component of the overall biodiversity, special attention is paid to the treatment of fungi and other microbes in this volume. Four chapters respectively deal with an overview of fungi, arbuscularmycorrhizae and their relation to the sustenance of plant wealth, diversity and practical applications of mushrooms, and lichens (associated with a photobiont). Microbial endosymbionts associated with plants and phosphate solubilizing microbes in the rhizosphere of plants are exhaustively treated in two separate chapters. The reproductive strategies of bryophytes and an overview on Cycads form the subject matter of another two chapters, thus fulfilling the need to deal with the non-flowering Embryophyte group of plants. Angiosperms, the most important group of plants from a biotechnological perspective, are examined exhaustively in this volume. The chapters on angiosperms provide an overview and cover the genetic basis of flowers development, pre-and post-fertilization reproductive growth and development, seed biology and technology, plant secondary metabolism, photosynthesis, and plant volatile chemicals. A special effort has been made to include important topics on crop improvement in this volume. The importance of pollination services, apomixes, male sterility, induced mutations, polyploidy and climate changes is discussed, each in a separate chapter. Microalgalnutra-pharmaceuticals, vegetable-oil-based nutraceuticals and the importance of alien crop resources and underutilized crops for food and nutritional security form the topics of three other chapters in this volume. There is also a special chapter on the applications of remote sensing in the plant sciences, which also provides information on biodiversity distribution. The editors of this volume believe the wide range of basic topics on plant biology that have great relevance in biotechnology covered will be of great interest to students, researchers and teachers of botany and plant biotechnology alike.

A Glimpse On Plant Sciences

Author : S. Sandeep
Genre : Education
File Size : 59. 21 MB
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"A GLIMPSE ON PLANT SCIENCES" is designed to cater the need of agricultural graduates and post graduates by providing sufficient supplemental information for competitive examinations such as JRF, SRF AND ICAR–ASRB NET Examinations. The book covers all the areas of plant sciences viz., Genetics and Plant Breeding, Biotechnology, Seed science and technology, Plant Pathology and Agricultural Microbiology. It provides an understanding of the subject covering important areas of the topics for students preparing various competitive examinations. To fulfill the asaid aims an attempt was made to present the subjects in detail as per the requirements of students of all the universities. For convenience the book is furnished in various sections. The book deals with the fundamental facts in the field of plant sciences briefing introduction of various cell organelles and their functions, cell division, Mendelian genetics, Cytogenetics, plant breeding methods, breeding of field crops, seed science and molecular genetics aspects. Plant pathology dealing with various crop diseases, their casual organisms, epidemiology, diagnosis and detection and management of plant diseases were dealt. The basics of agricultural microbiology were also covered briefly keeping JRF and other competitive examinations in view. Scientists and their contributions have been thoroughly covered in various sections of plant sciences. We hope that the book will fulfil the desires of the students preparing various competitive examinations. We are thankful to everyone for the support in bringing out this book. Your suggestions are highly welcome for further improvement of the book.

Glimpses In Botany

Author : K G. Mukerji
ISBN : 8176482048
Genre : Botany
File Size : 89. 27 MB
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Crop Breeding And Biotechnology

Author : Chander Parkash Malik
ISBN : 8171325904
Genre : Plant biotechnology
File Size : 22. 26 MB
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Biotechnology has revolutionized the concepts in agriculture, food, industrial feed stocks and health care in the past three decades. It has furnished techniques to enhance agricultural productivity, raise value added products and health care systems and has ensured better environments. Rapid advances in diverse areas of biotechnology have ushered tremendous new tools to affect change in agriculture, medicine and cell biology. The present volume entitled Crop Breeding and Biotechnology furnishes information on recent advances in Biotechnology. Written by leading experts it offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date information on selected topics, most sought after by researchers and students at the graduate and postgraduate level. Each chapter discusses the current status. The strength of this volume is lavishly used images, and extensive literature citation in each chapter. Certain to become the standard reference for biotechnologists, molecular biologists, breeders, applied biologists, a must for teachers and students engaged in teaching and research in plant physiology, plant breeding, crop improvement and other aspects of plant sciences, the book is the definitive source for those who are keen to remain updated with the recent advances in biotechnology pertinent to crop breeding.

Biotechnology And Plant Biology

Author : Harley Macdonald & Donovan Stevens
ISBN : 9781839471803
Genre :
File Size : 28. 4 MB
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The term biotechnology refers to any technology, process or practice that modifies or harnesses any living organism or system to be useful to any human purpose. Plant biotechnology is essentially genetic engineering related to botanical science. Botany, branch of biology that deals with the study of plants, including their structure, properties, and biochemical processes. Also included are plant classification and the study of plant diseases and of interactions with the environment. The principles and findings of botany have provided the base for such applied sciences as agriculture, horticulture, and forestry. Modern biological systematics integrates a diverse array of disciplines ranging from molecular, cell and developmental biology, to ecology and evolutionary biology. Data-gathering techniques include DNA sequencing, protein electrophoresis, electron and light microscopy, controlled growth experiments, and field studies of ecology and distribution. The present book will be useful for the researchers to update their information on the topics dealt within this book. Book will be also useful to students, teachers, and, researchers in the field of biotechnology and plant biology. This book provides excellent glimpses on the current trends of plant biology.

Experiments In Microbiology Plant Pathology And Biotechnology

Author : K. R. Aneja
ISBN : 812241494X
Genre : Microbiology
File Size : 20. 47 MB
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Microorganisms Are Living Things Like Plants And Animals But Because Of Their Minute Size And Omnipresence, Performing Experiments With Microbes Requires Special Techniques And Equipment Apart From Good Theoretical Knowledge About Them. This Easy To Use Revised And Updated Edition Provides Knowledge About All The Three I.E., Techniques, Equipment And Principles Involved.The Notable Feature Of This Edition Is The Addition Of New Sections On Bacterial Taxonomy That Deals With The Criteria Used In Identification, Phylogeny And Current System Of Classification Of Procaryotes Based On The Second Edition Of Bergey Manual Of Systematic Bacteriology And The Section One On History Of Discovery Of Events That Covers Chronologically Important Events In Microbiology With The Contribution Of Pioneer Microbiologists Who Laid The Foundation Of The Science Of Microbiology. In The Subsequent Twenty-Two Sections, Various Microbiological Techniques Have Been Described Followed By Several Experiments Illustrating The Properties Of Microorganisms And Highlighting Their Involvement In Practically Every Sphere Of Life.Along With The Cultivation/Isolation/Purification Of Microbes, This Edition Also Contains Exercises Concerning Air, Soil, Water, Food, Dairy And AgriculturalMicrobiology, Bacterial Genetics, Plant Pathology, Plant Tissue Culture And Mushroom Production Technology. This Manual Contains 163 Experiments Spread Over 22 Different Sections. The Exercises Are Presented In A Simple Language With Explanatory Diagrams And A Brief Recapitulation Of Their Theory And Principle.The Exercises Are Selected By Keeping In Mind The Easy Availability Of Cultures, Culture Media And Equipment. Appendices At The End Of The Manual Provide A Reference To The Source For Obtaining Cultures Of Microbes, Culture Media And Preparation Of Various Stains, Reagents And Media In The Laboratory And Classification Of Procaryotes According To The First And Second Editions Of Bergey Is Manual Of Systematic Bacteriology.This Book Would Be Useful For The Undergraduate And Postgraduate Students, Teachers And Scientists In Diverse Areas Including The Biological Sciences, The Allied Health Services, Environmental Science, Biotechnology, Agriculture, Nutrition, Pharmacy And Various Other Professional Programmes Like Milk Processing Units, Diagnostic (Clinical) Microbiological Laboratories And Mushroom Cultivation At Small Or Large Scales.

Microbial Biotechnology For Sustainable Agriculture Horticulture Forestry

Author : D. Joseph Bagyaraj
ISBN : 9380235828
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 94 MB
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The book is a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the subject. The book will be useful to students, teachers and researchers interested in microbiology, biotechnology, natural resource management, organic farming and sustainable agriculture, horticulture and forestry.

Recent Advances In Plant Biotechnology And Its Applications

Author : Karl-Hermann Neumann
ISBN : 9788189866099
Genre : Plant biotechnology
File Size : 49. 65 MB
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The present book is divided into five sections. The first section deals with the methodology and bioresource generation, techniques related to genetic engineering, and gene transfer to the nuclear genome and chloroplast genome. The new techniques of genome profiling and gene silencing are also presented. The second section of the book deals with the classical aspect of plant biotechnology viz. tissue culture and micropropagation. Use of genetic engineering via Agrobacterium and direct transfer of DNA via particle bombardment to develop transformed plants in Artemesia, castor and orchids, and production of recombinant proteins in plant cells have been dealt with in the third section. The fourth section deals with the abiotic and biotic stress tolerance in plants. The basic biology of some of the stress responses, and designing plants for stress tolerance is discussed in this section. The fifth section deals with medicinal plants and alkaloid production.

Microbial Biotechnology In Horticulture

Author : R C Ray
ISBN : 9781482280432
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48. 13 MB
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The application of microbial biotechnology to horticulture is of great importance, because it has the potential to increase productivity, to enhance quality and shelf-life of the produce and to develop novel techniques in food processing and for conversion of horticultural wastes into renewal energy sources. In addition, a wide array of scientific

Biotechnology Of Va Mycorrhiza

Author : Dr. Sudhir Chandra
ISBN : 8189422227
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 51 MB
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knowledge on mycorrhiza-plant relationship has grown somewhat with slow pace until about 1970 when there was a sudden upsurge of interest on a specialized type of endomycorrhiza-vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza (VA Mycorrhiza). The prodigious research made during last three decades clearly established its widespread occurrence in various plant species and under different agro-climatic conditions covering broad ecological range including deserts, forest and mangroves. It was also established that this symbiotic association benefits the plants through enhanced nutrient uptake, biological control of root pathogens, and synergistic interaction with nitrogen fixing microorganisms, hormone production and drought resistance. In view of its utility to plants, this bio-tool has now attracted the attention of microbiologist. agronomist, horticulturist and foresters at global level.

Progress In Mycology

Author : Tulasi Satyanarayana
ISBN : 9789811623509
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 19 MB
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Indian mycologists have extensively studied various groups of fungi such as soil fungi, aquatic fungi, marine fungi, endophytic fungi, fungi associated with man and animals. Though several books on various aspects of fungi are published, this is the first account of the history and developments in mycology in India. It discusses at length various stages of development of mycology including both classical and biotechnological aspects. It begins with a historical account of Indian mycology, followed by a description of research on fossil fungi. Further chapters cover the latest updates on different taxonomic groups of fungi. A dedicated section describes the roles and applications of fungal endophytes. The book also includes research in other important areas such as mushrooms and wood rotting fungi. Different chapters are written by leading mycologists. This book is useful to students, teachers and researchers in botany, microbiology, biotechnology and life sciences, agriculture and industries using fungi to produce various valuable products.

Developments In Fungal Biology And Applied Mycology

Author : Tulasi Satyanarayana
ISBN : 9789811047688
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 19 MB
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This book explores the developments in important aspects of fungi related to the environment, industrial mycology, microbiology, biotechnology, and agriculture. It discusses at length both basic and applied aspects of fungi and provides up-to-date laboratory-based data. Of the estimated three million species of fungi on Earth, according to Hawksworth and coworkers, more than 100,000 have been described to date. Many fungi produce toxins, organic acids, antibiotics and other secondary metabolites, and are sources of useful biocatalysts such as cellulases, xylanases, proteases and pectinases, to mention a few. They can also cause diseases in animals as well as plants and many are able to break down complex organic molecules such as lignin and pollutants like xenobiotics, petroleum and polycyclic aromatic compounds. Current research on mushrooms focuses on their hypoglycemic, anti-cancer, anti-pathogenic and immunity-enhancing activities. This ready-reference resource on various aspects of fungi is intended for graduate and post-graduate students as well as researchers in life sciences, microbiology, botany, environmental sciences and biotechnology.

Microbial Biotechnology

Author : Jayanta Kumar Patra
ISBN : 9789811068478
Genre : Medical
File Size : 84. 42 MB
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This edited book, is a collection of 20 articles describing the recent advancements in the application of microbial technology for sustainable development of agriculture and environment. This book covers many aspects like agricultural nanotechnology, promising applications of biofuels production by algae, advancements and application of microbial keratinase, biocontrol agents, plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, bacterial siderophore, use of microbes in detoxifying organophosphate pesticides, bio-surfactants, biofilms, bioremediation degradation of phenol and phenolic compounds and bioprospecting of endophytes. This book intends to bring the latest research advancements and technologies in the area of microbial technology in one platform, providing the readers an up-to-date view on the area. This book would serve as an excellent reference book for researchers and students in the agricultural, environmental and microbiology fields.

Woody Plant Biotechnology

Author : M.R. Ahuja
ISBN : 9781468479324
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 11 MB
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This volume is based on a workshop on Woody Plant Biotechnology held at the Institute of Forest Genetics, USDA Forest Service, Placerville, California, USA, 15-19 October, 1989. This workshop was organized by the IUFRO (International Union of Forestry Research Organizations) Working Party S2.04-07 - Somatic Cell Genetics -, and supported by the NATO Scientific Affairs Division, Advanced Research Workshop (ARW 692/89) Programme. This was the second workshop of the IUFRO Working Party on Somatic Cell Genetics. The first meeting of this Working Party was held at the Institute of Forest Genetics and Forest Tree Breeding, Federal Research Centre for Forestry and Forest Products, Grosshansdorf, Federal Republic of Germany. The purpose of the present workshop was to bring together scientists from different countries of the world for discussions in the area of woody plant biotechnology. Tissues from woody plants, in particular forest trees, are in general difficult to grow and differentiate in vitro. However, recent advances in tissue culture technology nave paved the way for successful culture of organs, tissues, cells, and protoplasts of woody plants. By employing juvenile tissues, plant regeneration has been accomplished in a number of woody plant species. On the other hand, clonal propagation of mature trees, in particular conifers, is still very difficult by tissue culture.

Herbal Drugs Ethnomedicine To Modern Medicine

Author : Kishan Gopal Ramawat
ISBN : 9783540791164
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 95 MB
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Considerable progress has been made in our healthcare system, in particular with respect to sensitive diagnostic tools, reagents and very effective and precise drugs. On the other hand, high-throughput screening technology can screen vast numbers of compounds against an array of targets in a very short time, and leads thus - tained can be further explored. In developing countries, the exploding population exerts pressure not only on natural resources but also on the human population - self, whose members strive to become successful and advance in society. This leads to increased blood pressure, anxiety, obesity-associated lipid disorders, cardiov- cular diseases and diabetes. Most of these diseases result in disturbed family life, including sexual behaviour. Despite technological developments, herbal drugs still occupy a preferential place in a majority of the population in the Third World and terminal patients in the West. Herbal drugs, in addition to being cost effective and easily accessible, have been used since time immemorial and have passed the test of time without having any side effects. The multitarget effects of herbs (holistic approaches) are the fun- mental basis of their utilization. This approach is already used in traditional systems of medicine like Ayurveda, which has become more popular in the West in recent years. However, the integration of modern science with traditional uses of herbal drugs is of the utmost importance if ones wishes to use ancient knowledge for the betterment of humanity.

Microbial Technology

Author : Rajni Gupta
ISBN : 8176482161
Genre : Industrial microbiology
File Size : 63. 71 MB
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Herbal Medicine

Author : Pravin Chandra Trivedi
ISBN : STANFORD:36105129051699
Genre : Herbs
File Size : 37. 58 MB
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In Spite Of Increasing Urbanisation, A Large Proportion Of The Indian Population Has Retained Its Reliance Upon The Traditional Approach To Healthcare And Continues To Consult Traditional Medicinal Practitioners (Tmps) For Medical Treatment. India Is Sitting On A Gold Mine Of Well-Recorded And Well-Practised Knowledge Of Traditional Herbal Medicine. Amongst The Ancient Civilisations, India Has Been Known To Be A Rich Repository Of Medicinal Plants. The Rig Veda, Yajur Veda And Atharva Veda And Later On, The Charaka Samhita And The Sushruta Samhita Described The Properties And Uses Of Plants In Compounding Of Drugs And These Are Still Used In Classical Formulations. The Present Book Herbal Medicine: Traditional Practices Contains 17 Articles On Different Aspects Of The Subject. The Book Incorporates Articles On Traditional Phytotherapy For Jaundice; Medicinal Plants Used Against Gynaecological Morbidity; Indigenous Knowledge For Curing And Preventing Paediatric Diseases; Herbal Traditional Medicine For Sensory Organ Diseases And Other Ethnomedicinal Plants Used By Tribals Of India. Articles On Recent Approaches In The Development And Standardisation Of Formulations Of Herbal Drugs And The Role Of Biotechnology In Their Upgradation Provide Excellent Information On The Topic. The Book Also Covers Topics On Conservation Of Medicinal Plants In India, Strategy For Development Of Medicinal And Aromatic Plants And Application Of Industrial Wastes For Growth Of Medicinal And Aromatic Plants. Articles On Traditional Knowledge System About Veterinary Health Care Provide Information On Plants Used For Curing Animal Diseases. In Addition, General Articles Namely Soma Plants; Botanical Enigma And Hypoglycaemic Impact Of Spirulina Algae Have Added To The Value Of The Book. The Present Book Provides Excellent Glimpses Of The Rich Herbal Medicine And Traditional Knowledge Heritage Of India. The Present Book Will Serve Not Only As An Excellent Reference Material But Also As A Practical Guide For Herbal Healers, Vaidyas, Hakims, Research Workers And Students In The Field Of Medicinal Plants.

Annual Review Of Plant Pathology Vol 5

Author : G. Bagyanarayana
ISBN : 9789386237613
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59. 16 MB
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Biotrophic Plant Microbe Interactions

Author : Pietro D. Spanu
ISBN : 9782889451388
Genre :
File Size : 22. 47 MB
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Throughout their life, plants interact with all sorts of microbes. Some of these are detrimental and cause disease; some interactions are mutually beneficial for both partners. It is clear that most, if not all, of the interactions are regulated by highly complex checks and balances sustained by signalling and exchange of messengers and nutrients. The interactions where both partners are alive for a significant part of their time together are called biotrophic. In this e-book we bring together 33 articles representing the current state-of-the-art in research about diverse biotrophic plant-microbe associations aimed at describing and understanding how these complex and ubiquitous partnerships work and ultimately support much of the land-based biosphere.

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