global-change-and-river-ecosystems-implications-for-structure-function-and-ecosystem-services

Download Book Global Change And River Ecosystems Implications For Structure Function And Ecosystem Services in PDF format. You can Read Online Global Change And River Ecosystems Implications For Structure Function And Ecosystem Services here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Global Change And River Ecosystems Implications For Structure Function And Ecosystem Services

Author : R. Jan Stevenson
ISBN : 9789400706088
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 42 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 696
Read : 561

Get This Book


Rivers around the world are threatened by changes in land use, climate, hydrologic cycles, and biodiversity. Global changes in rivers include, but are not restricted to water flow interruptions, temperature increases, loss of hydrological connectivity, altered water residence times, changes in nutrient loads, increasing arrival of new chemicals, simplification of the physical structure of the systems, occurrence of invasive species, and biodiversity losses. All of them affect the structure and functioning of the river ecosystem, and thereby, their ecosystem services. Understanding the responses of river ecosystems and their services to global change is essential for protecting human well being in all corners of the planet. Rivers provide critical benefits by providing food from fisheries and irrigation, regulating biogeochemical balances, and enriching our aesthetic and cultural experience. Predicting responses of rivers to global change is challenged by the complexity of interactions among these man-made drivers across a mosaic of natural hydrogeomorphic and climatic settings. This book explores the broad range of determinants defining global change and their effects on river ecosystems. Authors have provided thoughtful and insightful treatments of specific topics that relate to the broader theme of global change regulation of river ecosystems.

Modeling Control And Optimization Of Water Systems

Author : Thomas Rauschenbach
ISBN : 9783642160264
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41. 64 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 314
Read : 850

Get This Book


This book provides essential background knowledge on the development of model-based real-world solutions in the field of control and decision making for water systems. It presents system engineering methods for modelling surface water and groundwater resources as well as water transportation systems (rivers, channels and pipelines). The models in turn provide information on both the water quantity (flow rates, water levels) of surface water and groundwater and on water quality. In addition, methods for modelling and predicting water demand are described. Sample applications of the models are presented, such as a water allocation decision support system for semi-arid regions, a multiple-criteria control model for run-of-river hydropower plants, and a supply network simulation for public services.

Advances In Biomonitoring For The Sustainability Of Vulnerable African Riverine Ecosystems

Author : Frank Onderi Masese
ISBN : 9782889742233
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 44 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 597
Read : 901

Get This Book



Ecological Significance Of River Ecosystems

Author : Sughosh Madhav
ISBN : 9780323903431
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 19 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 489
Read : 198

Get This Book


Ecological Significance of Riparian Ecosystems: Challenges and Management Strategies examines the current issues related to river ecosystems, their environmental importance, pollution issues and potential management strategies. The book is divided into 4 key themes: Basics of river ecosystem, Natural phenomenon of river ecosystem, Human-induced problems of river ecosystem, and Management measures for the river ecosystem. Through these four themes, the contributors present both practical and theoretical aspects of river ecosystem in changing climate. An emphasis has been made on the recent research of climate change and its impact on the river ecosystem. River ecosystems have tremendous potential to store CO2, however, with changing climatic and anthropogenic activities, these habitats are under threat, and river ecosystems are losing the very vital service of storing carbon. Unlike well documented terrestrial biodiversity, the biodiversity in aquatic ecosystems is still unrecognized to some extent. Presents an understanding of the biogeochemical processes of river ecosystems achieved by food webs and diverse biogeochemical processes Covers sediment dynamics and nutrient chemistry - hot topics in river ecosystems Includes environmental pollution issues in river ecosystems from various anthropogenic activities

Physiological Performance Curves Across Phylogenetic And Functional Boundaries When Are They Useful?

Author : Frank Seebacher
ISBN : 9782889763474
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 88 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 390
Read : 173

Get This Book



Tropical Ecosystems Structure Functions And Challenges In The Face Of Global Change

Author : Satish Chandra Garkoti
ISBN : 9789811382499
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 87 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 573
Read : 950

Get This Book


The book brings together research topics having a broad focus on human and climate change impacts on the terrestrial ecosystems in the tropics in general and more specifically from the most significant and vulnerable Himalayan ecosystem. A total of 16 contributions included in the book cover a diverse range of global change themes such as the impacts of changing temperature and precipitation on soil ecosystems, forest degradation, extent and impacts of invasive species, plant responses to pollution, climate change impacts on biodiversity and tree phenology, environmental changes associated with land use, importance of traditional knowledge in climate change adaptation, timberline ecosystems, and role of integrated landscape modeling for sustainable management of natural resources. The book is a collective endeavour of an international multidisciplinary group of scientists focused on improving our understanding of the impacts of global change on the structure and functioning of tropical ecosystems and addressing the challenges of their future sustainable management. We hope that the book will help researchers working in the areas of ecology and environmental science to update their knowledge. We also expect that natural resource managers and policy planners will find explanations for some of their observations and hypotheses on multiple global change factors impacting tropical ecosystems and especially Himalayan ecosystems.

Emerging And Priority Pollutants In Rivers

Author : Helena Guasch
ISBN : 9783642257216
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 30 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 247
Read : 563

Get This Book


The enduring changes in the aquatic environment and the increasing influx of contaminants call for novel conceptual and methodological approaches to relating chemical pollution and ecological alterations in ecosystems. This volume highlights the latest advances concerning the sampling, analyses, occurrence, bioavailability, and effects of emerging and priority pollutants in European rivers, the current status of the River Management Plans in Europe, and the applicability of the newly developed techniques for water monitoring purposes. The topics are discussed in the context of the EU Water Framework Directive, evaluating their shortcomings and providing a basis for doing away with them. Linking scientific research and river management practices, this book is an invaluable source of information for environmental chemists, aquatic scientists, ecologists and water managers.

Multiple Stressors In River Ecosystems

Author : Sergi Sabater
ISBN : 9780128118009
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 25 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 939
Read : 229

Get This Book


Multiple Stressors in River Ecosystems: Status, Impacts and Prospects for the Future provides a comprehensive and current overview on the topic as written by leading river scientists who discuss the relevance of co-occurring stressors for river ecosystems. River ecosystems are subject to multiple stressors that threaten their ecological status and the ecosystem services they provide. This book updates the reader’s knowledge on the response and management of river ecosystems to multi-stress situations occurring under global change. Detailing the risk for biodiversity and functioning in a case-study approach, it provides insight into methodological issues, also including the socioeconomic implications. Presents a case study approach and geographic description on the relevance of multiple stressors on river ecosystems in different biomes Gives a uniquely integrated perspective on different stressors, including their interactions and joint effects, as opposed to the traditional one-by-one approach Compiles state-of-the-art methods and technologies in monitoring, modeling and analyzing river ecosystems under multiple stress conditions

Water Scarcity In The Mediterranean

Author : Sergi Sabater
ISBN : 9783642039713
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52. 98 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 918
Read : 1249

Get This Book


Water scarcity affects hydrologic resources, systems connectivity, biodiversity, water quality, and river ecosystem functioning. It has direct impacts on economic sectors that use and depend on water, such as agriculture, tourism, industry, energy and transport. The Mediterranean Basin is one of the regions in the world most vulnerable to climate changes, as well as one of the most impacted by human water demand. This volume provides an in-depth view of the water quality and quantity implications of water scarcity. It highlights its possible causes and describes the effects in regions under Mediterranean climate. The topics covered include climate effects, water resources (use, storage and new sources), water quality (chemical and microbiological), and the effects on ecosystems suffering from water scarcity. This book is addressed to scientists and students, but also to managers involved in the necessary decision making process to face future periods of drought.

Mangrove Ecosystems A Global Biogeographic Perspective

Author : Victor H. Rivera-Monroy
ISBN : 9783319622064
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 33 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 526
Read : 791

Get This Book


This book presents a comprehensive overview and analysis of mangrove ecological processes, structure, and function at the local, biogeographic, and global scales and how these properties interact to provide key ecosystem services to society. The analysis is based on an international collaborative effort that focuses on regions and countries holding the largest mangrove resources and encompasses the major biogeographic and socio-economic settings of mangrove distribution. Given the economic and ecological importance of mangrove wetlands at the global scale, the chapters aim to integrate ecological and socio-economic perspectives on mangrove function and management using a system-level hierarchical analysis framework. The book explores the nexus between mangrove ecology and the capacity for ecosystem services, with an emphasis on thresholds, multiple stressors, and local conditions that determine this capacity. The interdisciplinary approach and illustrative study cases included in the book will provide valuable resources in data, information, and knowledge about the current status of one of the most productive coastal ecosystem in the world.

Stream Ecology

Author : J. David Allan
ISBN : 9783030612863
Genre : Science
File Size : 68. 99 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 186
Read : 1156

Get This Book


Stream Ecology: Structure and Function of Running Waters is designed to serve as a textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and as a reference source for specialists in stream ecology and related fields. This Third Edition is thoroughly updated and expanded to incorporate significant advances in our understanding of environmental factors, biological interactions, and ecosystem processes, and how these vary with hydrological, geomorphological, and landscape setting. The broad diversity of running waters – from torrential mountain brooks, to large, lowland rivers, to great river systems whose basins occupy sub-continents – makes river ecosystems appear overwhelming complex. A central theme of this book is that although the settings are often unique, the processes at work in running waters are general and increasingly well understood. Even as our scientific understanding of stream ecosystems rapidly advances, the pressures arising from diverse human activities continue to threaten the health of rivers worldwide. This book presents vital new findings concerning human impacts, and the advances in pollution control, flow management, restoration, and conservation planning that point to practical solutions. Reviews of the first edition: ".. an unusually lucid and judicious reassessment of the state of stream ecology" Science Magazine "..provides an excellent introduction to the area for advanced undergraduates and graduate students..." Limnology & Oceanography "... a valuable reference for all those interested in the ecology of running waters." Transactions of the American Fisheries Society Reviews of the second edition: "Overall, a must for the field centre and a good starter text in stream ecology." (TEN News, October, 2007) "Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty." (P. R. Pinet, CHOICE, Vol. 45 (7), 2008) "... a very good, fluidly readable book which contains the latest key scientific knowledge of the ecology of running waters." (Daniel Graeber, International Review of Hydrobiology, Vol. 94 (2), 2009)

Encyclopedia Of The World S Biomes

Author :
ISBN : 9780128160978
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 82 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 953
Read : 258

Get This Book


Encyclopedia of the World’s Biomes is a unique, five volume reference that provides a global synthesis of biomes, including the latest science. All of the book's chapters follow a common thematic order that spans biodiversity importance, principal anthropogenic stressors and trends, changing climatic conditions, and conservation strategies for maintaining biomes in an increasingly human-dominated world. This work is a one-stop shop that gives users access to up-to-date, informative articles that go deeper in content than any currently available publication. Offers students and researchers a one-stop shop for information currently only available in scattered or non-technical sources Authored and edited by top scientists in the field Concisely written to guide the reader though the topic Includes meaningful illustrations and suggests further reading for those needing more specific information

Climate Change Science Compendium 2009

Author : Catherine P. McMullen
ISBN : 9280730347
Genre : Nature
File Size : 70. 43 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 795
Read : 256

Get This Book


This Climate Change Science Compendium presents some of the issues and ideas that have emerged since the close of research for consideration by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report over three years ago. Focusing on work that brings new insights to aspects of Earth System Science at various scales, it discusses findings from the International Polar Year and from new technologies that enhance our abilities to see the Earth’s Systems in new ways. Evidence of unexpected rates of change in Arctic sea-ice extent, ocean acidification, and species loss emphasizes the urgency needed to develop management strategies for addressing climate change.

Sustainability Of Integrated Water Resources Management

Author : Shimelis Gebriye Setegn
ISBN : 9783319121949
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 41 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 191
Read : 1151

Get This Book


The main focus of this book is sustainable management of water resources in a changing climate. The book also addresses the question of how to define and measure the sustainability of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). The sustainability of IWRM is an important issue when planning and/or developing policies that consider the impact of climate change, water governance and ecohydrology in the context of a more holistic approach to ensure sustainable management of water resources. Sustainable IWRM is more about processes, and relatively little systematic or rigorous work has been done to articulate what components are the most essential to ensure the ongoing sustainability of IWRM efforts. The chapters cover topics including global prospective of IWRM; allocation of environmental flows in IWRM; echohydrology, water resources and environmental sustainability; climate change and IWRM; IWRM and water governance including social, economic, public health and cultural aspects; climate change resiliency actions related to water resources management sustainability and tools in support of sustainability for IWRM. This book will be of interest to researchers, practitioners, water resources mangers, policy and decision makers, donors, international institutions, governmental and non-governmental organizations, educators, as well as graduate and undergraduate students. It is a useful reference for Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM), ecohydrology, climate change impact and adaptations, water governance, environmental flows, geographic information system and modeling tools, water and energy nexus and related topics.

Wetlands Ecosystem Services Restoration And Wise Use

Author : Shuqing An
ISBN : 9783030148614
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 83 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 271
Read : 1301

Get This Book


This volume explores major wetland ecosystem services, such as climate cooling and water quality improvement, and discusses the recent wetland conservation and restoration activities in China and neighboring countries. The role of wetlands in either cooling or warming the climate is analyzed as the net balance between carbon sequestration and emissions of methane and nitrous oxide. Wetlands start off having a net warming effect on the climate but in time switch to net cooling. Further, they remove 40% of the N and P from run-off and groundwater flow in agricultural areas, but wetlands need to amount to 10% of the total catchment area to make a difference. Reflecting on the recent large investment in wetland ecological studies in China and neighboring countries, the book addresses invasive species in coastal wetlands as well as the protection and wise use of tidal flats around the Yellow Sea. It also presents promising regional case studies on wetland restoration. The book is intended for academics, students and practitioners in the field of wetland ecology, management and restoration, as well as consultants and professionals working in conservation, wise use and environmental policy.

Large Rivers

Author : Avijit Gupta
ISBN : 9781119412601
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 46 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 866
Read : 1035

Get This Book


An updated treatment of management and geomorphology of large rivers around the world The newly revised Second Edition of Large Rivers: Geomorphology and Management delivers a thoroughly updated exploration of the form and function of major rivers. The book brings together a set of papers on the large rivers of the world, offering readers an insightful examination of a demanding subject. The new Second Edition of the book includes fully updated and revised chapters, as well as two entirely new chapters on the Ayeyarwady and the Arctic rivers. This fascinating volume describes the environmental requirements for creating and maintaining a major river system, case studies on over a dozen large rivers from different continents in a variety of physical environments, and the measurement and management of large rivers. Unmatched in scope, Large Rivers sheds light on a subject lacking in comprehensive study. Readers will benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to the geology of large river systems, hydrology and discharge, transcontinental moving and storage of sediment, and the greatest floods and largest rivers An exploration of the classification, architecture, and evolution of large-river deltas Discussions of sedimentology and stratigraphy of large river deposits, including their recognition in the ancient record and the distinction from incised valley fills An examination of the effects of tectonism, climate change, and sea-level change on the form and behavior of the modern Amazon river and its floodplain Measurement and management of large rivers The effect of climatic change on large rivers Perfect for postgraduate students and researchers in fluvial geomorphology, hydrology, sedimentary geology, and river management, Large Rivers: Geomorphology and Management will also earn a place in the libraries of engineers and environmental consultants in the private and public sectors working on major rivers around the world.

Interior Environment And Related Agencies Appropriations For 2009

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
ISBN : SRLF:AX0001765577
Genre : United States
File Size : 80. 95 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 336
Read : 1224

Get This Book



Loch Leven 40 Years Of Scientific Research

Author : Linda May
ISBN : 9789400743335
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 13 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 879
Read : 416

Get This Book


Shallow lakes are important for their amenity value and the ecosystem services that they support. However, many are located in areas of high population density and intensive farming activity. As such, they are subject to many stressors, including eutrophication and climate change. This book examines 40 years of data from Loch Leven, a shallow lake in the lowlands of Scotland, UK, to gain a better understanding of the links between pollution, climate change and ecological response at the landscape scale. A wide range of topics is presented, including long term changes in nutrient inputs, internal phosphorus loading, water quality, algal concentrations, and the biodiversity of macrophytes, zooplankton, benthic invertebrates, fish and waterfowl. The book provides evidence that attempts to improve ecosystem services at this site in the past have often resulted in unintended consequences for the lake and the local community. It concludes that successful management actions in the future are likely to be those that incorporate lessons learned from previous decisions. This book will be of great interest to freshwater ecologists working in the field and managers responsible for the protection and monitoring of natural areas. It is also suitable as a supplementary text for courses in freshwater science and environmental management​

Carbon Management For Promoting Local Livelihood In The Hindu Kush Himalayan Hkh Region

Author : Zhanhuan Shang
ISBN : 9783030205911
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 60 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 449
Read : 1269

Get This Book


This book contributes to our understanding of linkages between carbon management and local livelihoods by taking stock of the existing evidence and drawing on field experiences in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region, an area that provides fresh water to more than 2 billion people and supports the world’s largest population of pastoralists and millions of livestock. This edited volume addresses two main questions: 1. Does carbon management offer livelihood opportunities or present risks, and what are they? 2. Do the attributes of carbon financing alter the nature of livelihood opportunities and risks? Chapters analyze the most pressing deficiencies in understanding carbon storage in both soils and in above ground biomass, and the related social and economic challenges associated with carbon sequestration projects. Chapters deliver insights to both academics from diverse disciplines (natural sciences, social sciences and engineering) and to policy makers.

Science For The Protection Of Indonesian Coastal Ecosystems Spice

Author : Tim C. Jennerjahn
ISBN : 9780128150511
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 23 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 300
Read : 902

Get This Book


Science for the Protection of Indonesian Coastal Ecosystems (SPICE) provides key information on all aspects related to the management of coastal ecosystems. This includes the coastal management involved, the ecology of this area, and the relationship between humans and the environment found here. The book presents guidelines defined by scientific experts, allowing for proper application of science products into ecosystem management. The bio-geo-physical importance of coastal ecosystems of Indonesia makes this a book of global importance and interest. Written by an Indonesian-German author team, giving a unique and global perspective on the coastal ecosystems Presents text boxes with research gaps and policy implications, giving the reader an easy grasp of what needs to be done in terms of research and management Features best practice case-studies that can be applied to coastal ecosystems around the world, offered through the lens of Indonesia, a region of global relevance in terms of climate and environmental change

Top Download:

Best Books